Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) in the domiciliary care of tumour patients.

Abstract:

:Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) was administered in the domiciliary environment in 143 pre-terminally and terminally ill tumour patients suffering either from excruciating chronic pain or severe chronic/acute complex pain that could not be relieved adequately by oral analgesia. Morphine solutions were infused subcutaneously in concentrations between 1% and 3%. The intravenous route was preferred in patients with indwelling catheters or those susceptible to inflammatory skin reactions at the infusion site. After initial dose adjustment, lasting 2-3 days, the morphine amounts infused by PCA reached a median of 93 mg day(-1) (range 12-464 mg day(-1)). The median was 28% lower than the median dose administered orally. A total of 84% of patients utilized the option of bolus self-administration. The median percentage administered via the bolus mode amounted to 5.3% of the total requirements. During the course of treatment, morphine requirements increased by a median of 2.3 mg day(-1) (range -29 +52 mg day(-1)). Most patients were treated continuously in the home care setting until death, the median duration being 27 days (range 1-437 days). The terminal morphine demands reached a median of 188 mg day(-1) (range 15-1008 mg day(-1)). PCA turned out to be safe and effective, attaining excellent results in 95 (66%) patients and satisfactory pain relief in 43 (30%). PCA proved to be insufficient in five (4%) cases. Side-effects were mild: constipation, fatigue, nausea and local inflammatory skin reactions occurred in 9%. Thus, with support from an experienced mobile nursing team, PCA can be safely administered in the terminal domiciliary care of tumour patients. PCA is superior to oral analgesia, especially in the treatment of severe oscillating pain. PCA provides adequate pain control in about 96% of patients who are poorly responsive to oral opioids.

journal_name

Cancer Treat Rev

journal_title

Cancer treatment reviews

authors

Meuret G,Jocham H

doi

10.1016/s0305-7372(96)90076-6

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1996-01-01 00:00:00

pages

137-40

eissn

0305-7372

issn

1532-1967

pii

S0305-7372(96)90076-6

journal_volume

22 Suppl A

pub_type

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