Spinal deformity in idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis.


:Idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis is an unusual condition appearing in the prepubertal child who is otherwise normal. Characteristically, the condition is of variable severity and of limited duration and always affect the spine. One of the major complications of idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis has been residual kyphosis. The present paper reports two cases of this condition and reviews the literature. The results of treatment with a Milwaukee brace in one case have been particularly gratifying and would indicate that brace treatment should be considered when this condition is encountered.


Spine (Phila Pa 1976)




Jones ET,Hensinger RN




Has Abstract


1981-01-01 00:00:00














  • Biomechanical rationale for using polyetheretherketone (PEEK) spacers for lumbar interbody fusion-A finite element study.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:To determine the effect of cage/spacer stiffness on the stresses in the bone graft and cage subsidence. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effect of cage stiffness on the biomechanics of the fused segment in the lumbar region using finite element analysis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:There are a wide variety of...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vadapalli S,Sairyo K,Goel VK,Robon M,Biyani A,Khandha A,Ebraheim NA

    更新日期:2006-12-15 00:00:00

  • Results of lumbosacral fusion for degenerative disc disease with and without instrumentation. Two- to five-year follow-up.

    abstract::Functional and surgical outcomes are reported in two consecutive groups of patients who underwent one- and two-level lumbosacral fusion. The first group underwent standard posterolateral lumbosacral fusion, and the second group underwent lumbosacral fusion with compression U-rod instrumentation. Fusions were carried o...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grubb SA,Lipscomb HJ

    更新日期:1992-03-01 00:00:00

  • A Comparison of Anterior and Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusions: Complications, Readmissions, Discharge Dispositions, and Costs.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:Retrospective database review. OBJECTIVE:To understand medical complication rates, readmission rates, costs, and discharge dispositions in anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIFs) versus transforaminal lumbar interbody fusions (TLIFs)/posterior lumbar interbody fusions (PLIFs) for lumbar degenerative dise...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Qureshi R,Puvanesarajah V,Jain A,Shimer AL,Shen FH,Hassanzadeh H

    更新日期:2017-12-15 00:00:00

  • Atlantoaxial arthrodesis in the presence of posterior spondyloschisis (bifid arch) of the atlas. A report of three cases and an evaluation of alternative wiring techniques by computerized tomography.

    abstract::The presence of a bifid posterior arch of the atlas has been regarded as a contraindication to the wiring of C1-2 for atlantoaxial arthrodesis. Three cases with C1 posterior spondyloschisis are presented with successful atlantoaxial arthrodesis using laterally placed wires to avoid the midline defect of the atlas. An ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lipson SJ,Hammerschlag SB

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Augmentation of pedicle screw fixation strength using an injectable calcium phosphate cement as a function of injection timing and method.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:Axial pullout tests using fresh cadaveric thoracolumbar vertebral bodies. OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the effect of a new injectable calcium phosphate cement on the axial pullout strength of both revised and augmented pedicle screws in comparison with polymethyl methacrylate and in terms of injection method. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Renner SM,Lim TH,Kim WJ,Katolik L,An HS,Andersson GB

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • Can chronic disability be prevented? A randomized trial of a cognitive-behavior intervention and two forms of information for patients with spinal pain.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:A randomized controlled design superimposed on treatment as usual was used to compare the effects of a cognitive-behavior intervention aimed at preventing chronicity with two different forms of information. OBJECTIVE:To develop a coping-oriented preventive intervention applicable in primary care, and to c...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Linton SJ,Andersson T

    更新日期:2000-11-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of the flat torso versus the elevated torso shoulder pad removal techniques in a cadaveric cervical spine instability model.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:Controlled laboratory study in a cadaveric model. OBJECTIVE:To determine if removing shoulder pads using the elevated torso technique generated less spinal segment motion than using the flat torso method. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:Guidelines for care of the injured football player with a suspected spina...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Horodyski M,DiPaola CP,DiPaola MJ,Conrad BP,Del Rossi G,Rechtine GR 2nd

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Minimal clinically important change of the Neck Disability Index and the Numerical Rating Scale for patients with neck pain.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:Prospective, single-cohort study. OBJECTIVE:To assess the minimal clinically important change (MCIC) on the Neck Disability Index (NDI) and the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) for pain in patients with neck pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:Both measurement instruments are frequently used in research and cli...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pool JJ,Ostelo RW,Hoving JL,Bouter LM,de Vet HC

    更新日期:2007-12-15 00:00:00

  • Emerging repair, regeneration, and translational research advances for spinal cord injury.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:Literature review of basic scientific and clinical research in spinal cord injury (SCI). OBJECTIVE:To provide physicians with an overview of the neurobiologic challenges of SCI, the current status of investigation for novel therapies that have been translated to human clinical trials, and the preclinical,...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kwon BK,Sekhon LH,Fehlings MG

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • What works best for whom? An exploratory, subgroup analysis in a randomized, controlled trial on the effectiveness of a workplace intervention in low back pain patients on return to work.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:Exploratory subgroup analysis in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). OBJECTIVE:To detect possible moderators in the effectiveness of a workplace intervention in a population of workers with sick leave due to sub acute nonspecific low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:In a recently published RCT, a w...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Steenstra IA,Knol DL,Bongers PM,Anema JR,van Mechelen W,de Vet HC

    更新日期:2009-05-20 00:00:00

  • Comparison of methods for determining the presence and extent of anterior lumbar interbody fusion.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:Titanium alloy interbody fusion devices with autogenous bone were placed in the L5-L6 disc space of 31 adult pig-tailed monkeys through an anterolateral (retroperitoneal) approach. Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs, CT imaging, and histologic analysis of the specimens were performed. OBJECTIVES:This...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cook SD,Patron LP,Christakis PM,Bailey KJ,Banta C,Glazer PA

    更新日期:2004-05-15 00:00:00

  • Changes in physical function after palliative surgery for metastatic spinal tumor: association of the revised Tokuhashi score with neurologic recovery.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:A retrospective study of patients undergoing palliative surgery for metastatic spinal tumors. OBJECTIVE:To investigate short-term functional recovery and duration of improvement after palliative surgery, to correlate these outcomes with the revised Tokuhashi score, and to examine the relationship between ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yamashita T,Aota Y,Kushida K,Murayama H,Hiruma T,Takeyama M,Iwamura Y,Saito T

    更新日期:2008-10-01 00:00:00

  • A biomechanical definition of spinal segmental instability taking personal and disc level differences into account.

    abstract::The biomechanical definition of spinal segmental instability has not been clarified sufficiently, because of the great personal and level differences in intervertebral disc deformation. This article proposes a new method of judging spinal segmental instability regardless of these differences, using lateral functional ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ito M,Tadano S,Kaneda K

    更新日期:1993-11-01 00:00:00

  • Preoperative Factors Predict Postoperative Trajectories of Pain and Disability Following Surgery for Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:Longitudinal analysis of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE:Investigate potential predictors of poor outcome following surgery for degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:LSS is the most common reason for an older person to undergo spinal surgery, yet little information...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Hébert JJ,Abraham E,Wedderkopp N,Bigney E,Richardson E,Darling M,Hall H,Fisher CG,Rampersaud YR,Thomas KC,Jacobs WB,Johnson M,Paquet J,Attabib N,Jarzem P,Wai EK,Rasoulinejad P,Ahn H,Nataraj A,Stratton A,Manson N

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Anterior cervical screw extrusion leading to acute upper airway obstruction: case report.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:Case report of late postoperative complication. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:There have been a number of reports of migration and extrusion of cervical fusion instrumentation. The majority of such cases have a benign outcome. To our knowledge, cervical instrumentation extrusion resulting in prevertebral abs...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wong DT,Fehlings MG,Massicotte EM

    更新日期:2005-11-15 00:00:00

  • Can we convert between outcome measures of disability for chronic low back pain?

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:Retrospective database analysis. OBJECTIVE:A range of patient-reported outcomes were used to measure disability due to low back pain. There is not a single back pain disability measurement commonly used in all randomized controlled trials. We report here our assessment as to whether different disability m...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Morris T,Hee SW,Stallard N,Underwood M,Patel S

    更新日期:2015-05-15 00:00:00

  • Does plate fixation prevent disc degeneration after a lateral anulus tear?

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:The sheep model was used to investigate the development of disc degeneration after outer anular tearing. OBJECTIVES:The authors determined whether plate fixation promotes healing of peripheral anular tears and thereby minimizes disc degeneration. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:A limited outer anular tear (si...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moore RJ,Latham JM,Vernon-Roberts B,Fraser RD

    更新日期:1994-12-15 00:00:00

  • Biomechanical effects of laminoplasty versus laminectomy: stenosis and stability.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:In vitro human cadaveric study simultaneously quantifying sagittal plane flexibility and spinal canal stenosis. OBJECTIVE:To compare biomechanical stability and the change in cross-sectional area during flexion and extension after laminectomy and open-door laminoplasty. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:Spinal ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Subramaniam V,Chamberlain RH,Theodore N,Baek S,Safavi-Abbasi S,Senoğlu M,Sonntag VK,Crawford NR

    更新日期:2009-07-15 00:00:00

  • The role of inflammation in lumbar pain.

    abstract::The clinical features of many cases of low back pain is inadequately explained by anatomic abnormalities alone. A pathophysiologic mechanism that includes a combination of mechanical and biochemical factors is an alternative explanation that is accompanied by less paradox than a purely structural paradigm. A potential...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Saal JS

    更新日期:1995-08-15 00:00:00

  • Higher electrical stimulus intensities are required to activate chronically compressed nerve roots. Implications for intraoperative electromyographic pedicle screw testing.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:A comparison of the electrical thresholds required to evoke myogenic responses from direct stimulation of normal and chronically compressed nerve roots. OBJECTIVE:To determine whether intraoperative electromyographic testing to confirm the integrity of instrumented pedicles should be performed at higher s...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holland NR,Lukaczyk TA,Riley LH 3rd,Kostuik JP

    更新日期:1998-01-15 00:00:00

  • Magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography of the lumbar multifidus muscle. Comparison of two different modalities.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:An operator-blinded dual modality trial of measurement of lumbar multifidus muscle cross-sectional area was performed. OBJECTIVE:To compare two imaging modalities used for measurement of the lumbar multifidus muscle. METHODS:Ten normal female subjects aged 21-31 years were imaged on two separate days usi...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hides JA,Richardson CA,Jull GA

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Efficacy of traction for nonspecific low back pain. 12-week and 6-month results of a randomized clinical trial.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:A randomized clinical trial. OBJECTIVES:To assess the efficacy of motorized continuous traction for low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:The available studies on the efficacy of lumbar traction do not allow clear conclusions because of severe methodologic flaws. The current trial aimed to overcome t...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Beurskens AJ,de Vet HC,Köke AJ,Regtop W,van der Heijden GJ,Lindeman E,Knipschild PG

    更新日期:1997-12-01 00:00:00

  • A trial of modern rehabilitation for chronic low-back pain and disability. Vocational outcome and effect of pain modulation.

    abstract::Of 66 nonoperated low-back pain patients who entered a 4-week program of modern active rehabilitation after 13 months' sick leave, only 15 (23%) had returned to work at 18 months' follow-up. Effective pain modulation with pool traction did not influence the vocational status or pain level at the time of follow-up. The...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Oland G,Tveiten G

    更新日期:1991-04-01 00:00:00

  • Global Spinal Alignment in Patients With Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:A prospective radiographic analysis of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to clarify the pathophysiology of CSM, and use the characteristic of global spinal alignment for determining the surgical strategy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:Radiographic evaluation of CSM, ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yoshida G,Alzakri A,Pointillart V,Boissiere L,Obeid I,Matsuyama Y,Vital JM,Gille O

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • The osteogenic potential of rib autografts can be preserved in culture.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:This was an experimental study to compare various methods of storing rib autograft between stages of spinal surgery. OBJECTIVE:The authors' goal was to determine the optimum conditions for storing bone graft, while preserving its osteogenic potential. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:It never has been demonstr...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Evans CE,Williamson JB

    更新日期:1994-04-01 00:00:00

  • Predicting health-utility scores from the Cervical Spine Outcomes Questionnaire in a multicenter nationwide study of anterior cervical spine surgery.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:Cross-sectional analysis of the Cervical Spine Research Society Outcomes Study, a longitudinal multicenter cohort study. OBJECTIVE:To provide a statistical model for estimating health utility from the Cervical Spine Outcomes Questionnaire (CSOQ) domain scores. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:There is consensu...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Skolasky RL,Carreon LY,Anderson PA,Albert TJ,Riley LH 3rd

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Malignant triton tumor of the lumbar spine.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:A case report of surgically treated malignant triton tumor of the L2 nerve root. OBJECTIVES:To discuss treatment methods of the rare malignant triton tumor. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors are neoplasms that most often arise in peripheral nerves or in neurofibromas. Ma...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yimaz MR,Bek S,Bekmezci T,Gökduman C,Solak A AS

    更新日期:2004-09-15 00:00:00

  • Role of physical exercise in low back pain rehabilitation: a randomized controlled trial of a three-month exercise program in patients who have completed multidisciplinary rehabilitation.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:Randomized controlled trial with 1-year follow-up. OBJECTIVE:To analyze the effects of an exercise program or routine follow-up on patients with chronic low back pain who have completed functional multidisciplinary rehabilitation. The short- and long-term outcome in terms of symptoms and physical and soci...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Henchoz Y,de Goumoëns P,Norberg M,Paillex R,So AK

    更新日期:2010-05-20 00:00:00

  • The reliability of the clinical tests and questions recommended in international guidelines for low back pain.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:An intertester reliability study of the questions and tests recommended in guidelines for the management of low back pain (LBP). OBJECTIVE:This study undertook a reliability study to evaluate the reliability of the items of the LBP clinical examination with a large sample of LBP patients. SUMMARY OF BACK...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McCarthy CJ,Gittins M,Roberts C,Oldham JA

    更新日期:2007-04-15 00:00:00

  • Kinematics of cervical total disc replacement adjacent to a two-level, straight versus lordotic fusion.

    abstract:STUDY DESIGN:In vitro biomechanical study. OBJECTIVE:To characterize cervical total disc replacement (TDR) kinematics above two-level fusion, and to determine the effect of fusion alignment on TDR response. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:Cervical TDR may be a promising alternative for a symptomatic adjacent level after p...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martin S,Ghanayem AJ,Tzermiadianos MN,Voronov LI,Havey RM,Renner SM,Carandang G,Abjornson C,Patwardhan AG

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00