Toothbrushing efficiency in smokers and non-smokers.


:The present study was conducted to determine whether smokers have more plaque than non-smokers, and whether higher plaque scores subsequently found in smokers could be explained by differences in toothbrushing time, efficiency and frequency. Plaque was scored from photographs, before and after toothbrushing, in 64 smokers and 64 non-smokers, aged 20-40 years, matched for age and sex. The results showed that in both sexes smokers had more plaque than non-smokers. Male smokers brushed for a shorter time, and had more plaque after toothbrushing, than male non-smokers. A similar, though non-significant trend was found in females. There was no association between tobacco consumption and frequency of toothbrushing. It was concluded that the poorer oral cleanliness found in smokers both before and after toothbrushing may be explained, in part at least, by their shorter toothbrushing time.


J Clin Periodontol


MacGregor ID




Has Abstract


1984-05-01 00:00:00












  • Irrigation with chlorhexidine to resolve naturally occurring gingivitis. A methodologic study.

    abstract::This study compared oral irrigation and rinsing with chlorhexidine (CHX) and placebo in the treatment of naturally occurring chronic gingivitis. 44 subjects with at least 6 interproximal sites which bled on probing were randomly distributed on a double-blind basis into 4 treatment groups, placebo-rinse, CHX-rinse (0.1...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Brownstein CN,Briggs SD,Schweitzer KL,Briner WW,Kornman KS

    更新日期:1990-09-01 00:00:00

  • The role of RgpA in the pathogenicity of Porphyromonas gingivalis in the murine periodontitis model.

    abstract:AIM:To investigate the in vivo role of gingipains in Porphyromonas gingivalis' virulence, and suggest a possible host mechanisms through which the bacteria cause alveolar bone loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Mice were orally infected with P. gingivalis wild type, or the gingipains mutants (RgpA⁻, Kgp⁻, RgpA⁻/Kgp⁻). Mice w...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wilensky A,Polak D,Houri-Haddad Y,Shapira L

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • In-dental-office screening for diabetes mellitus using gingival crevicular blood.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Diabetes mellitus (DM) is undiagnosed in approximately 1/2 of the patients actually suffering from the disease. In addition, the prevalence of DM is more than 2x as high in patients with periodontitis when compared to periodontally healthy subjects. Thus, a high number of patients with periodontitis may have...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beikler T,Kuczek A,Petersilka G,Flemmig TF

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • The combined effects of plaque and physical stress on periodontal tissues.

    abstract::Experiments have been performed in beagle dogs in attempts to evaluate the effect of orthodontic- and jiggling-type trauma on the supporting structures of premolars. The results reported have unanimously demonstrated that in situations where orthodontic or jiggling forces were inflicted on teeth with a normal periodon...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ericsson I

    更新日期:1986-11-01 00:00:00

  • Formation and regeneration of a Wnt-responsive junctional epithelium.

    abstract:AIM:To identify the molecular mechanisms mediating the persistent defensive functions of the self-renewing junctional epithelium (JE). MATERIALS AND METHODS:Two strains of Wnt reporter mice, Axin2CreErt2/+ ;R26RmTmG/+ and Axin2LacZ/+ , were employed, along with three clinically relevant experimental scenarios where th...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yuan X,Chen J,Van Brunt LA,Grauer J,Xu Q,Pei X,Wang L,Zhao Y,Helms JA

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • A randomized controlled trial comparing surgical and non-surgical periodontal therapy: a 3-year clinical and cost-effectiveness analysis.

    abstract:AIM:To compare immediate surgery to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of advanced periodontitis focusing on the prevalence of residual pockets after treatment and cost-effectiveness (1); to elucidate the adjunctive effects of azithromycin in a second-treatment phase (2) up to 36 months. MATERIALS AND MET...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miremadi SR,De Bruyn H,Steyaert H,Princen K,Cosyn J

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Diode laser for harvesting de-epithelialized palatal graft in the treatment of gingival recession defects: a randomized clinical trial.

    abstract:AIMS:The aim of present randomized controlled clinical study was to evaluate the effects of the use of diode laser for graft harvesting and palatal wound irradiation on post-operative morbidity and root coverage outcomes after a coronally advanced flap (CAF) with de-epithelialized gingival grafts (DGG). METHODS:Fifty-...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Ozcelik O,Seydaoglu G,Haytac CM

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • A papillary-verrucous lesion in the gingiva, developing into squamous cell carcinoma.

    abstract::This report will focus attention on the diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties involved in a patient who presented with a gingival papillary-verrucous lesion, which subsequently developed into a squamous cell carcinoma. ...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Helldén L,Jonsson R

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Microbial identification and antibiotic sensitivity testing, an aid for patients refractory to periodontal therapy. A report of 3 cases.

    abstract::The importance of microbial surveillance is illustrated in 3 clinical cases. Each case demonstrated a continued lack of response to conventional periodontal treatment. Repeated bouts of periodontal abscess formation and bone loss occurred over a 3- to 4-year period, despite numerous surgeries supplemented with antibio...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fine DH

    更新日期:1994-02-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of triclosan and stannous fluoride toothpastes for inhibition of plaque regrowth. A crossover study designed to assess carry over.

    abstract::Some triclosan and stannous fluoride toothpastes have been shown effective in reducing plaque and more particularly gingivitis in home use studies. There have been few comparisons of such products for their chemical plaque inhibitory action divorced from the indeterminate variable of toothbrushing. This study was a ra...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Binney A,Addy M,Owens J,Faulkner J

    更新日期:1997-03-01 00:00:00

  • Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) levels in gingival crevicular fluid from adults with previous evidence of destructive periodontitis. A cross sectional study.

    abstract::We have estimated the levels of Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) by ELISA in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) at 58 sites from 37 patients with adult periodontitis. GCF was collected for 5 s on filter papers and a 2nd sample was collected for 30 s 1 min later. 68/116 strips yielded detectable levels of IL-1 beta. IL-1 be...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wilton JM,Bampton JL,Griffiths GS,Curtis MA,Life JS,Johnson NW,Powell JR,Harrap GJ,Critchley P

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • A radiographic survey of periodontal conditions in Greece.

    abstract::The present study used radiographic assessments to evaluate the pattern of destructive periodontal disease ina rural and an urban sample of 25-64 year old Greek adults. The rural sample (A) comprised 190 subjects and the urban sample (B) 400 subjects. 13% of the subjects in sample A and 8% in sample B were edentulous....

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Diamanti-Kipioti A,Afentoulidis N,Moraitaki-Tsami A,Lindhe J,Mitsis F,Papapanou PN

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • Aesthetic-And patient-related outcomes following root coverage procedures: A systematic review and network meta-analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Aim of this systematic review (SR) of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was to evaluate effect of different flap designs and graft materials for root coverage, in terms of aesthetics, patient satisfaction and self-reported morbidity (post-operative pain/discomfort). MATERIAL AND METHODS:A comprehensive li...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Cairo F,Barootchi S,Tavelli L,Barbato L,Wang HL,Rasperini G,Graziani F,Tonetti M

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Aging and microcirculatory dynamics in human gingiva.

    abstract::There have been no published reports characterizing gingival vascular function in humans of different ages. In this study, we compared gingival vascular dynamics in 60 healthy male humans ranging in age from 18-75 years (young, 18-25 years (Y); middle, 35-45 years (M); old, 65-75 years (O), 20 subjects/group). Both vi...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Matheny JL,Johnson DT,Roth GI

    更新日期:1993-08-01 00:00:00

  • Eruption cyst formation associated with cyclosporin A.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Cyclosporin A (CyA) is a potent immunomodulatory agent with a wide range of applications. Despite its therapeutic value, multiple adverse effects of CyA have been identified. This case report describes eruption cyst formation as a possible adverse effect of CyA administration during tooth eruption in a boy t...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kuczek A,Beikler T,Herbst H,Flemmig TF

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Bone modelling at fresh extraction sockets: immediate implant placement versus spontaneous healing: an experimental study in the beagle dog.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this investigation is to describe histologically the undisturbed healing of fresh extraction sockets when compared to immediate implant placement. METHODS:In eight beagle dogs, after extraction of the 3P3 and 4P4, implants were inserted into the distal sockets of the premolars, while the mesi...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vignoletti F,Discepoli N,Müller A,de Sanctis M,Muñoz F,Sanz M

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Black-pigmented Bacteroides species and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in subgingival plaque of adult Kenyans.

    abstract::A microbiological study was performed of the subgingival plaque on 2 sites in each of 20 adults originating from a rural area 40 km outside Nairobi, Kenya. The recovery rate of B. gingivalis was 70%, of B. intermedius 100% and of A. actinomycetemcomitans 40% of the subjects, and 50%, 90% and 28%, respectively, of the ...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dahlén G,Manji F,Baelum V,Fejerskov O

    更新日期:1989-05-01 00:00:00

  • Radiographic study of the prevalence of periodontal bone loss in Australian school-aged children attending the Royal Dental Hospital of Melbourne.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate the prevalence of alveolar bone loss around the first permanent molars, and first and second deciduous molars in Australian school-aged children attending the Royal Dental Hospital of Melbourne. METHOD:Nine hundred and ninety-five records were examined for useable bitewing radiographs. From t...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Darby IB,Lu J,Calache H

    更新日期:2005-09-01 00:00:00

  • Depth of alveolar bone dehiscences in relation to gingival recessions.

    abstract::Dehiscence depths were measured in vivo during surgical treatment of 113 teeth with gingival recession in 27 subjects. The average dehiscence depth determined was 5.43 mm with an average recession depth of 2.67 mm. Statistical evidence of a correlation between recession depth and dehiscence depth (average distance bet...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Löst C

    更新日期:1984-10-01 00:00:00

  • Full-mouth ultrasonic debridement and risk of disease recurrence: a 1-year follow-up.

    abstract:AIM:To evaluate the incidence of disease recurrence following a full-mouth pocket/root debridement approach with ultrasonic instrumentation versus that following a traditional approach of quadrant-wise scaling and root planing (Q-SRP) performed with hand instrumentation. METHODS:Thirty-seven patients were re-examined ...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Tomasi C,Bertelle A,Dellasega E,Wennström JL

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Statistical methods for testing plaque removal efficacy in clinical trials.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the ability of different statistical approaches in finding a statistically significant difference in plaque removal efficiency between brushes in clinical trials. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The approaches, which are evaluated, concern the scores after brushing only, the difference in scores before an...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Heynderickx I,Engel J

    更新日期:2005-06-01 00:00:00

  • Coronally advanced flap with and without connective tissue graft for the treatment of multiple gingival recessions: a comparative short- and long-term controlled randomized clinical trial.

    abstract:AIM:The aim of this study was to compare short- and long-term root coverage and aesthetic outcomes of the coronally advanced flap (CAF) alone or in combination with a connective tissue graft (CTG) for the treatment of multiple gingival recessions. METHODS:Fifty patients with multiple (≥2) adjacent gingival recessions ...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Zucchelli G,Mounssif I,Mazzotti C,Stefanini M,Marzadori M,Petracci E,Montebugnoli L

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • Cost-effectiveness of regular versus irregular supportive periodontal therapy or tooth removal.

    abstract:AIM:For periodontitis patients, regular supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) decreases risks of tooth loss, with savings for tooth replacement possibly compensating SPT-costs. We aimed to assess the cost-effectiveness of regular versus irregular SPT, and to compare both strategies with immediate tooth removal. METHODS...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schwendicke F,Stolpe M,Plaumann A,Graetz C

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Intra- and extra-oral halitosis: finding of a new form of extra-oral blood-borne halitosis caused by dimethyl sulphide.

    abstract:AIM:The aim of this study was to unravel the origen and cause of intra-oral and extra-oral halitosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS:We studied 58 patients complaining of halitosis, using gas chromatography of volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs) in mouth and nose breath, organoleptic scoring of mouth and nose breath, Halimeter re...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tangerman A,Winkel EG

    更新日期:2007-09-01 00:00:00

  • Change of antibiotic susceptibility following periodontal therapy. A pilot study in aggressive periodontal disease.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The hypothesis was tested that bacterial susceptibilities in aggressive periodontitis change upon administration of systemic antibiotics as adjuncts to periodontal therapy. METHODS:In 23 subjects (average age 38.9+/-6.7 years) with aggressive periodontitis, microbial parameters were assessed prior to and 1 ...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Buchmann R,Müller RF,Van Dyke TE,Lange DE

    更新日期:2003-03-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical and microbiological studies of periodontal disease in Sjögren syndrome patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Little is known about the periodontal status of patients with Sjögren's Syndrome (SS), a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease characterized by xerophthalmia and xerostomia. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the periodontal status of SS patients, in terms of clinical and microbiological ...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kuru B,McCullough MJ,Yilmaz S,Porter SR

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of a simplified mechanical oral hygiene regime plus supragingival irrigation with chlorhexidine or metronidazole on subgingival plaque.

    abstract::23 patients with pockets greater than or equal to 4 mm and evidence of bone loss on radiographs received thorough scaling and root planing followed by instruction in Bass brushing. They refrained from routine interdental cleaning for the first 28 days. A pulsating jet irrigator was used once daily supragingivally with...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Sanders PC,Linden GJ,Newman HN

    更新日期:1986-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of root surface alterations on periodontal healing. II. Citric acid treatment of the denuded root.

    abstract::A companion study reported that new connective tissue attachment did not occur to a surgically denuded root surface when transplanted into a normal periodontium. It was the purpose of this study to evaluate periodontal healing adjacent to a citric acid treated denuded root surface. In four squirrel monkeys, 12 teeth w...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Polson AM,Proye MP

    更新日期:1982-11-01 00:00:00

  • Periodontal infection as a possible severity factor for rheumatoid arthritis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Clinical effects of periodontal treatment on biochemical and clinical markers of disease severity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with periodontal disease were evaluated. METHODS:Forty-two patients were assigned to two groups, G1 (n=16) and G2 (n=26). G1 patients were submitted to oral hygiene instruct...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Ribeiro J,Leão A,Novaes AB

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • Immediate response to nonsurgical periodontal treatment in subjects with diabetes mellitus.

    abstract::The short-term response (3-4 months) to non-surgical periodontal treatment, i.e., oral hygiene instruction, scaling and root planing, was determined in 34 diabetic and 45 control subjects. Measurements of probing pocket depth and gingival bleeding (%) were used for evaluation. No significant difference could be observ...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tervonen T,Knuuttila M,Pohjamo L,Nurkkala H

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00