Application of the injury scales in homicides.


:Injury scales have two main applications on homicide investigations, namely, to evaluate the severity of the victims' injuries and to identify the profiles of the offenders. However, few studies have examined the quality of the various injury scales in serving the two purposes. In this study, homicides from Shanghai and Wuhan, China (n=439) have been used to examine nine injury scales. The results showed that seven out of the nine scales were useful. Compared to one-to-one homicides, offenders who killed two or more people tended to inflict more fatal injuries and made fewer number of attacks on the victims' heads and necks. Among all homicide cases, victims of stranger homicides tended to have fewer total number of wounds, as well as less severity of wounds on the heads, necks, and faces compared to those of intimate partner homicides. As to one-to-one homicides, only the severity of wounds on the face could assist to distinguish stranger homicides from intimate partner homicides. When a male victim died in a one-to-one homicide, the high number of total wounds along with the high number and severity of wounds on the head and neck could indicate that the offender was a female.


Forensic Sci Int


Li F,Liu S,Lu X,Ou Y,Yip PSF




Has Abstract


2018-11-01 00:00:00












  • Air bag injuries--a literature review in consideration of demands in forensic autopsies.

    abstract::Air bags have been implicated in saving lives and reducing morbidity associated with motor vehicle crashes since their introduction in the mid-1970s. However, there is increasing evidence showing that air bags can be a source of injury and even death in certain circumstances. As the number of air bag-equipped vehicles...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sato Y,Ohshima T,Kondo T

    更新日期:2002-08-28 00:00:00

  • DWI of the brain: postmortal DWI of the brain in comparison with in vivo data.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Changes in water diffusion can be quantified by diffusion-weighted MR imaging. However, there are only few reports about changes in post mortem brain. The aim of this study was to investigate the temporal pattern of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in the brain after death, to compare the values to in v...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schmidt TM,Fischer R,Acar S,Lorenzen M,Heinemann A,Wedegärtner U,Adam G,Yamamura J

    更新日期:2012-07-10 00:00:00

  • Development and commissioning of an instrumented pneumatic device to simulate blunt- and sharp-force trauma.

    abstract::Forensic investigators commonly interpret bone fracture patterns to estimate the force required to generate that trauma. Unfortunately, these estimates are limited to qualitative values such as "mild", "moderate" or "extreme" force. This work presents a new experimental forensic device developed to simulate blunt- and...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gaudet JR,Lievers WB,Fairgrieve SI

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::In the field, the muscid flies Muscina stabulans (Fallén) and Muscina prolapsa (Harris) only colonised buried baits in June, July and August. The two-species co-occurred on baits buried at 5cm but only M. prolapsa colonised baits buried at 10cm. Other species of insect were seldom recovered from buried baits regardles...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gunn A

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • The role of the forensic pathologist in the investigation of fatal traffic accidents--the Finnish system.

    abstract::In Finland about one-half of the fatal traffic accidents are investigated by special Boards of Inquiry. The cumulating data serves multidisciplinary sciences, juridical and insurance purposes and legislation. The participating physicians benefit from the systematic work of the Boards in many ways. As an example of the...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karkola K

    更新日期:1978-11-01 00:00:00

  • Roadside drug testing: comparison of two legal approaches in Belgium.

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Van der Linden T,Wille SM,Ramírez-Fernandez M,Verstraete AG,Samyn N

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Removing and identifying drug contamination in the analysis of human hair.

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cairns T,Hill V,Schaffer M,Thistle W

    更新日期:2004-10-29 00:00:00

  • Cannabinoid level in the leaves as a tool for the early discrimination of Cannabis chemiovariants.

    abstract::One hundred and seventy-six plants of 22 different lots of Cannabis sativa L., grown at the Botanical Garden of Siena (Italy) were chromatographically analysed in order to define the cannabinoid content in their leaves. The content of the major cannabinoids, delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol, cannabinol and ca...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barni-Comparini I,Ferri S,Centini F

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of lysergic acid diethylamide: comparison of capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence (CE-LIF) with conventional techniques.

    abstract::The increasing use of the potent hallucinogenic drug D-lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) makes the application of highly sensitive analytical techniques necessary. For an effective analysis of biological specimens a limit of detection in the sub-ng/ml range is required. Using capillary electrophoresis (CE), with laser-...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Frost M,Köhler H

    更新日期:1998-04-05 00:00:00

  • Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in Kalmyk population samples.

    abstract::Seventeen Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (STRs), DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385ab, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, GATA-H4, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635 were typed in DNA samples from the Kalmyk population (n=99). The population is characterized by a high proportion of duplicated DYS19 ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roewer L,Krüger C,Willuweit S,Nagy M,Rodig H,Kokshunova L,Rothämel T,Kravchenko S,Jobling MA,Stoneking M,Nasidze I

    更新日期:2007-12-20 00:00:00

  • Italian population data on thirteen short tandem repeat loci: HUMTH01, D21S11, D18S51, HUMVWFA31, HUMFIBRA, D8S1179, HUMTPOX, HUMCSF1PO, D16S539, D7S820, D13S317, D5S818, D3S1358.

    abstract::A population study on thirteen short tandem repeat (STR) loci was performed on 223 unrelated Italian Caucasians. The DNA was amplified by PCR. Separation and detection of the amplified STR fragments was carried out by use of 377 automated system (Applied Biosystems Division/Perkin Elmer). All loci meet Hardy-Weinberg ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Garofano L,Pizzamiglio M,Vecchio C,Lago G,Floris T,D'Errico G,Brembilla G,Romano A,Budowle B

    更新日期:1998-10-12 00:00:00

  • Molecularly imprinted photonic hydrogels for fast screening of atropine in biological samples with high sensitivity.

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meng L,Meng P,Tang B,Zhang Q,Wang Y

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  • Use of Lucilia species for forensic investigations in Southern Europe.

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vanin S,Tasinato P,Ducolin G,Terranova C,Zancaner S,Montisci M,Ferrara SD,Turchetto M

    更新日期:2008-05-02 00:00:00

  • Cadaver dogs--a study on detection of contaminated carpet squares.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Cadaver dogs are known as valuable forensic tools in crime scene investigations. Scientific research attempting to verify their value is largely lacking, specifically for scents associated with the early postmortem interval. The aim of our investigation was the comparative evaluation of the reliability, ac...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oesterhelweg L,Kröber S,Rottmann K,Willhöft J,Braun C,Thies N,Püschel K,Silkenath J,Gehl A

    更新日期:2008-01-15 00:00:00

  • ABO tissue antigens of Egyptian mummies.

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Crainic K,Durigon M,Oriol R

    更新日期:1989-10-01 00:00:00

  • Variability of fingerprint ridge density in a sample of Spanish Caucasians and its application to sex determination.

    abstract::Despite the fact that the differences in epidermal ridge density between men and women have been accepted for some time, they have only been thoroughly demonstrated in a small number of populations. The aim of this study is to determine whether such differences exist in a sample of the Spanish population by counting e...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gutiérrez-Redomero E,Alonso C,Romero E,Galera V

    更新日期:2008-08-25 00:00:00

  • Reconstruction of ripped-up documents using fragment stack analysis procedures.

    abstract::Reconstruction of ripped-up documents can be a very time-consuming task for forensic experts. Currently, this task is often carried out using various homespun or loosely defined procedures. Under the main assumption that a (partially) ordered set of fragments can be recovered, we propose and discuss a more formal anal...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: De Smet P

    更新日期:2008-04-07 00:00:00

  • The effectiveness of strong afterglow phosphor powder in the detection of fingermarks.

    abstract::There are numerous types of fluorescent fingermark powders or reagents used with the visualization of latent fingermarks deposited on multicolored substrate surfaces that can present a contrast problem if developed with regular fingermark powders. The developed fingermarks can show bright fluorescence upon exposure to...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu L,Zhang Z,Zhang L,Zhai Y

    更新日期:2009-01-10 00:00:00

  • Identification and detection of protein markers to differentiate between forensically relevant body fluids.

    abstract::The identification of body fluids at a crime scene is an important aspect of forensic casework analysis, being a source for investigative leads and contributing to case evidence. Yet, current methods for the forensic identification of body fluids suffer from several limitations, ranging from poor sensitivity and speci...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Beijer RP,de Graaf C,van Weert A,van Leeuwen TG,Aalders MCG,van Dam A

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  • Scanning electron microscope observations of heat-treated human bone.

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holden JL,Phakey PP,Clement JG

    更新日期:1995-06-30 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic stress disorder in a World War II concentration camp survivor caused by the attack of two German shepherd dogs: case report and review of the literature.

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

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    authors: Jovanović AA,Ivković M,Gašić MJ

    更新日期:2011-05-20 00:00:00

  • Forgotten in time: The state of legislation, recovery, identification, and repatriation of World War I and II soldiers in Slovakia.

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Putško M,Bordáč M,Beljak J,Krajčovič J

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00

  • Simple techniques to detect and identify phentermine adulteration.

    abstract::Phentermine capsules labelled Ionamin were suspected of being counterfeit. Examination of the contents revealed no phentermine, but caffeine and phenylpropanolamine. The usual microcrystalline and spectrodensitometry was used to confirm results of spectrophotometric identity tests. ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hadzija BW,Mattocks AM

    更新日期:1983-11-01 00:00:00

  • Haplotype of 12 Y-STR loci of the PowerPlex Y-system in Sichuan Han ethnic group in west China.

    abstract::Haplotypes and allele frequencies for 12 Y-STR loci were determined in Sichuan Han ethnic population samples of 237 unrelated males living in west China. Only one haplotype was encountered in triple. Twelve of the haplotypes were encountered in duplicate, while 210 haplotypes were unique. The gene diversity was 0.9952...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang H,Yun L,Li Y,Zhang J,Wu J,Yan J,Hou Y

    更新日期:2008-03-05 00:00:00

  • Determination of deslanoside in antemortem and postmortem specimens. Unusual case report.

    abstract::One case of the erroneous administration of deslanoside and high level of drug in antemortem plasma and postmortem specimens has been reported owing to the unusual surrounding circumstances. Deslanoside in antemortem plasma was determined by FPIA and the analysis was done by HPLC in the postmortem tissue samples. The ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Klys M,Gross A

    更新日期:1990-04-01 00:00:00

  • Using subsampling to estimate the strength of handwriting evidence via score-based likelihood ratios.

    abstract::The likelihood ratio paradigm has been studied as a means for quantifying the strength of evidence for a variety of forensic evidence types. Although the concept of a likelihood ratio as a comparison of the plausibility of evidence under two propositions (or hypotheses) is straightforward, a number of issues arise whe...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davis LJ,Saunders CP,Hepler A,Buscaglia J

    更新日期:2012-03-10 00:00:00

  • Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) genotyping on postmortem blood as a supplementary tool for interpretation of forensic toxicological results.

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Druid H,Holmgren P,Carlsson B,Ahlner J

    更新日期:1999-01-04 00:00:00

  • The effect of mark enhancement techniques on the subsequent detection of semen/spermatozoa.

    abstract::Fingermarks, footwear marks, blood and semen are amongst the most commonly encountered types of evidence at crime scenes. Previous work has extensively investigated fingermark and blood enhancement techniques and a sequence developed to maximise evidence recovery; however, there is limited research as to the effect of...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simmons R,Deacon P,Phillips DJ,Farrugia K

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Discovery of a mass grave from the Spanish Civil War using Ground Penetrating Radar and forensic archaeology.

    abstract::An estimated 500,000 people died from all causes during the Spanish Civil War between 1936 and 1939, with a further 135,000 killed after the war ended. There are currently over 2000 known mass burial locations throughout Spain but many more are unknown. This study details the successful search for an unmarked mass gra...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Fernández-Álvarez JP,Rubio-Melendi D,Martínez-Velasco A,Pringle JK,Aguilera HD

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Investigation of sterols as potential biomarkers for the detection of pig (S. s. domesticus) decomposition fluid in soils.

    abstract::This study was carried out to evaluate the potential of using cholesterol and coprostanol, as indicators for the detection of decomposition fluid of buried pigs (S. s. domesticus) in soils. In May 2007, four pig carcasses (∼35kg) were buried in shallow graves (∼40 cm depth) at the University of Ontario Institute of Te...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: von der Lühe B,Dawson LA,Mayes RW,Forbes SL,Fiedler S

    更新日期:2013-07-10 00:00:00