The identification of patients at high risk for recurrent disease after treatment for early-stage cervical cancer.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:To investigate prognostic factors in patients with recurrent cervical cancer after treatment of early-stage disease in order to identify high-risk patients who might benefit from alternative treatment strategies. STUDY DESIGN:The authors retrospectively analyzed clinical and pathology data from 130 recurrent cervical cancer patients after surgical treatment for early-stage disease. Patients were compared with a recurrence-free control group matched for age, FIGO Stage, and adjuvant treatment. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to determine prognostic factors for recurrence and survival. RESULTS:Of 889 patients, 130 (14.6%) developed recurrent disease after primary treatment for early-stage cervical cancer. Local or loco-regional metastasis was observed in 45%, distant metastasis in 31%, and combined pelvic and distant metastasis in 24%. Median survival after recurrence was 12 months (range 1-107 months). Median five-year survival was 96% in the control group and 29% in the recurrence group. Tumor size ≥ 40 mm and lymph node metastasis were independent unfavorable prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). The number of positive lymph nodes (≥ one) and bilateral occurrence of pelvic lymph node metastasis were associated with adverse clinical outcome. CONCLUSIONS:Tumor size ≥ 40 mm and lymph node metastasis were independent unfavorable prognostic factors in surgically treated, early-stage cervical cancer patients. The combination of these factors was particularly associated with recurrence. Future trials should focus on the role of alternative adjuvant treatment strategies in patients at high risk of recurrent disease (e.g., by chemotherapy, immunotherapy or combinations thereof).

journal_name

Eur J Gynaecol Oncol

authors

Van Meir H,du Burck IJ,de Kam ML,Welters MJP,van der Burg SH,Trimbos JBMZ,de Kroon CD,van Poelgeest MIE

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2017-01-01 00:00:00

pages

25-32

issue

1

eissn

0392-2936

issn

2709-0086

journal_volume

38

pub_type

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