Evaluating resurgence procedures in a human operant laboratory.


:Resurgence of previously extinguished behavior may occur when a recently reinforced alternative response is placed on extinction. Understanding the conditions that produce and reduce resurgence is important for both basic and applied researchers. Research on resurgence of human behavior may benefit from methods that facilitate comparison and replication of nonhuman animal studies. These studies often include an inactive control response to differentiate resurgence from extinction-induced variability. In contrast, human research typically does not. Sweeney and Shahan (2016) tested a brief, trial-based procedure that included an inactive control response with human participants, but they did not observe resurgence. The current study extended their methods by examining four different conditions in a free-operant task lasting <1h. Modifications across conditions included changing the number of response options available in each phase and how signals associated with each response were presented. Only one condition resulted in responding resembling resurgence. Our results suggest the utility of the inactive control response and the influence of contextual cues in human research should be investigated further.


Behav Processes


Behavioural processes


Bolívar HA,Cox DJ,Barlow MA,Dallery J




Has Abstract


2017-07-01 00:00:00












  • Male rainbow darters (Etheostoma caeruleum) prefer larger conspecific females.

    abstract::Female mate choice is a well studied mechanism of sexual selection that can affect the evolution of male secondary sexual traits. However, males also exhibit selective mate choice in some animals, which can affect the evolution of female phenotypes. We tested for evidence of intraspecific male mate choice in the Rainb...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Soudry O,Kaira H,Parsa S,Mendelson T

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Dissecting the imitation faculty: the multiple imitation mechanisms (MIM) hypothesis.

    abstract::Is the imitation faculty one self-contained domain-general mechanism or an amalgamation of multiple content-specific systems? The multiple imitation mechanisms (MIM) hypothesis posits that the imitation faculty consists of distinct content-specific psychological systems that are dissociable both structurally and funct...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Subiaul F

    更新日期:2010-02-01 00:00:00

  • Forebrain-mediated control of visually guided prey-catching in toads: investigation of striato-pretectal connections with intracellular recording/labeling methods.

    abstract::Studies in anurans have shown that ablation of the whole telencephalon (or the caudal striatum) abolishes visual prey-catching behavior, whereas an additional lesion to the pretectum leads to hyperexcited, "disinhibited" prey-catching. This suggests a disinhibitory gating/arousal function mediated by two inhibitory pr...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Matsumoto N,Schwippert WW,Beneke TW,Ewert JP

    更新日期:1991-11-01 00:00:00

  • Manipulating monoamines reduces exploration and boldness of Mediterranean field crickets.

    abstract::Despite the prevalence and research interest of animal personality, its underlying mechanisms are not yet fully understood. Due to the essential role of monoamines in modulating behaviour, we manipulated the monoaminergic systems of Mediterranean field crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus) to explore whether this altered beh...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lundgren KA,Abbey-Lee RN,Garnham LC,Kreshchenko A,Ryding S,Løvlie H

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00

  • Song ontogeny in Nuttall's white-crowned sparrows tutored with individual phrases.

    abstract::Behavioral ontogeny involves the interaction of innate predispositions and experience. In bird song learning, one approach to exploring this interaction is to examine the songs rehearsed by young birds whose exposure to tutor models has been carefully controlled. Here, I analyzed the rehearsed repertoire in Nuttall's ...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Soha JA

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Choice of timeout from fixed-time schedules: Comparison of two procedures.

    abstract::Four rats obtained food on fixed-time (FT) 1-, 4-, and 16-min schedules. During FT schedules, a lever press produced a timeout period during which food could not be delivered. When timeout was in effect, a lever press ended the timeout period and reinstated the FT schedule. In different conditions, the timing of the F...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lydersen T

    更新日期:1997-07-01 00:00:00

  • Order in the absence of an effect: Identifying rate-dependent relationships.

    abstract::The heterogeneity of group data can obscure a significant effect of an intervention due to differential baseline scores. Instead of discarding the seemingly heterogeneous response set, an orderly lawful relationship could be present. Rate dependence describes a pattern between a baseline and the change in that baselin...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Snider SE,Quisenberry AJ,Bickel WK

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Animal cognition: 1900-2000.

    abstract::During the 20th century there has been considerable progress in the study of animal cognition, based on essential ideas that were developed earlier. These essential ideas include the metaphors of the animal, the questions, the sources of hypotheses, and the types of explanations. The progress cannot be generally chara...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Church RM

    更新日期:2001-05-03 00:00:00

  • An effect of inter-trial duration on the gambler's fallacy choice bias.

    abstract::The gambler's fallacy is defined as the avoidance of a winning outcome in a stochastic environment with a constant probability. We tested the possibility that the gambler's fallacy in humans is responsive to the amount of time between choice allocations. Two groups of subjects were placed in a six-choice betting game ...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Militana E,Wolfson E,Cleaveland JM

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates between ear postures and emotional reactivity in a wild type mouse species.

    abstract::Facial expressions have been extensively used to assess emotions in humans and thus could be extended to other species that also display facial movements. In mice both painful and fearful situations have been associated with particular shifts in facial expressions. Like other species, mice frequently show a great inte...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lecorps B,Féron C

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Energy conservation in infants.

    abstract::Energy acquisition through suckling has been widely studied in rat and human infants. Processes mediating energy conservation, however, have not received the attention that they deserve. This essay, in honor of Professor Jerry Hogan, discusses parallel behaviors used by rat and human mothers to minimize energy loss in...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blass E

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Emotional contagion: dogs and humans show a similar physiological response to human infant crying.

    abstract::Humans respond to an infant crying with an increase in cortisol level and heightened alertness, a response interpreted as emotional contagion, a primitive form of empathy. Previous results are mixed when examining whether dogs might respond similarly to human distress. We examined whether domestic dogs, which have a l...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yong MH,Ruffman T

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Species-specific response-topography of chickens' and pigeons' water-induced autoshaped responding.

    abstract::Four pigeons and eight chickens received autoshaping training where a keylight (conditioned stimulus) signaled response-independent deliveries of water (unconditioned stimulus). Pigeons drink while keeping their beaks submerged in water and moving their beaks to create suction ("mumbling"), whereas chickens drink by t...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ploog BO

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of training delays and start and stop markers on the choose-short effect in pigeons.

    abstract::Pigeons were trained in a matching-to-duration task using short and long filled intervals. Group 2/8 was trained with 2- and 8-s intervals, Group 4/10 with 4- and 10-s intervals, and group marker with 2- and 8-s intervals presented between 1-s start and stop markers. Extended-delay testing showed no significant choose...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Talarico DC,Grant DS

    更新日期:2006-02-28 00:00:00

  • Visual lateralization and development of spatial and social spacing behaviour of chicks (Gallus gallus domesticus).

    abstract::We investigated whether the development of spatial behaviour of the domestic chicken is influenced by light exposure of the embryo, as is known to be the case for some other lateralized visual functions. Ninety-six chicks were incubated in the dark or exposed to light during the final days of incubation. Half of the c...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wichman A,Rogers LJ,Freire R

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • Nonlinear time perception.

    abstract::Sensitivity to time was investigated to test the linear-timing hypothesis. A long duration was adjusted until accuracy was 75% correct for a short duration in a two-choice procedure. Short durations (2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16 and 18 s) were selected from previous research that suggests that sensitivity to time is non...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Crystal JD

    更新日期:2001-06-13 00:00:00

  • Avoiding traffic jams: Hitchhiking behavior as a strategy to reduce ant workers' traffic on the foraging trail.

    abstract::During foraging, thousands of leaf-cutting ant workers travel along high traffic foraging trails which, when narrow, reduce the leaf delivery rate due to the reduction in workers' travel-speed. On the other hand, high worker traffic promotes head-on encounters which are supposed to mediate worker task allocation and s...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hastenreiter IN,Lopes JFS,da Silva Camargo R,Forti LC

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Inherently irrational? A computational model of escalation of commitment as Bayesian Updating.

    abstract::Monte Carlo simulations were performed to analyze the degree to which two-, three- and four-step learning histories of losses and gains correlated with escalation and persistence in extended extinction (continuous loss) conditions. Simulated learning histories were randomly generated at varying lengths and composition...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gilroy SP,Hantula DA

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Alloparenting experience affects future parental behavior and reproductive success in prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster).

    abstract::Various hypotheses have been proposed to explain the function of alloparental behavior in cooperatively breeding species. We examined whether alloparental experience as juveniles enhanced later parental care and reproductive success in the prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster), a cooperatively breeding rodent. Juveniles...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stone AI,Mathieu D,Griffin L,Bales KL

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Early weaning programs rats to have a dietary preference for fat and palatable foods in adulthood.

    abstract::The objective of this work was to study the effect of early weaning on alimentary preference for the macronutrients protein, carbohydrate and fat in adult rats. Male Wistar rat pups were weaned by separation from the mother at 15 (D15) or 30 (D30) days old. Body weight and food intake were measured every 30 days until...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: dos Santos Oliveira L,de Lima DP,da Silva AA,da Silva MC,de Souza SL,Manhães-de-Castro R

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Wild hummingbirds can use the geometry of a flower array.

    abstract::Animals use cues from their environment to orient in space and to navigate their surroundings. Geometry is a cue whose informational content may originate from the metric properties of a given environment, and its use has been demonstrated in the laboratory in nearly every species of animal tested. However, it is not ...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hornsby MAW,Healy SD,Hurly TA

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of short-term prefeeding and body weight on wheel running and responding reinforced by the opportunity to run in a wheel.

    abstract::A biobehavioural analysis of activity anorexia suggests that the motivation for physical activity is regulated by food supply and body weight. In the present experiment, food allocation was varied within subjects by prefeeding food-deprived rats 0, 5, 10 and 15 g of food before sessions of lever pressing for wheel-run...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Belke TW,Pierce WD,Jensen K

    更新日期:2004-07-30 00:00:00

  • How the foraging decisions of a small ruminant are influenced by past feeding experiences with low-quality food.

    abstract::Feeding experiences with low-quality foods can be improved when these foods are ingested in close temporal association with foods of higher nutritional quality. However, preference for low-quality foods in nature seems to be rather insensitive to past positive experiences and more related to their intrinsic nutritiona...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Catanese F,Distel RA,Fernández P,Villalba JJ

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of age on the courtship, copulation, and fecundity of Pardosa pseudoannulata (Araneae: Lycosidae).

    abstract::According to sexual selection theory, age affects the preference of mate choice, and this preference ultimately influences the fecundity of the female. Pardosa pseudoannulata (Araneae: Lycosidae) is a valued predator in many cropping systems. By determining oviposition rate, egg hatching rate, and also the number and ...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jiang X,Zhao Y,Yan Q,Li C,Jiang Q,Yun Y,Peng Y

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Blocking in rats, humans and snails using a within-subjects design.

    abstract::The present research investigated the blocking effect in three different species, rats, humans and snails in formally equivalent tasks using a within-subjects design. Experiment 1 demonstrated the blocking effect in a context-flavour aversive conditioning preparation in rats: Animals failed to associate a flavour with...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Prados J,Alvarez B,Acebes F,Loy I,Sansa J,Moreno-Fernández MM

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Fish movement behaviour: variability within and between groups.

    abstract::The movement behaviour of mullet, Mugil cephalus (Linnaeus), an obligate schooling fish species, was recorded for individuals in small groups. Mean speeds and mean turning frequencies both declined significantly with increasing group size. Significant differences between groups were attributed to individual variation....

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fitzsimmons SD,Warburton K

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of extinction in multiple contexts on renewal of instrumental responses.

    abstract::In two experiments with rats, we investigated the effects of using multiple contexts during extinction on renewal of lever-pressing behavior. During the first phase of both experiments, rats were reinforced to press a lever for food in Context A. Then, responses underwent extinction. For half of the animals, extinctio...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bernal-Gamboa R,Nieto J,Uengoer M

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Windows.

    abstract::Some models of performance assume that behavior depends on environmental quantities (for example, rates of reinforcement) that are defined over intervals of fixed duration. Although such window models may serve as useful approximations, they are incompatible with well-known properties of behavior (for instance, sensit...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tonneau F

    更新日期:2005-05-31 00:00:00

  • Reinforcer frequency and reinforcer duration as biasers of signal detection.

    abstract::Five pigeons were trained to discriminate a constant luminance difference when both reinforcer frequency and reinforcer magnitude were varied in an animal analogue of the human discrete-trial yes- no detection task. Variation of relative reinforcer frequency was more effective in biasing detection performance than var...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boldero J,Davison M,McCarthy D

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata) mothers huddle with their young offspring instead of adult females for thermoregulation.

    abstract::It is unclear whom animals select to huddle with for thermoregulation. In this study, we investigated whom Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata) mothers huddled with-their young offspring or other adult group members-when there is need for thermoregulation. We used a focal-animal sampling method, targeting 17 females at K...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ueno M,Nakamichi M

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00