Physical Training, Fitness, and Injuries: Lessons Learned From Military Studies.

Abstract:

:Injuries are the leading cause of medical encounters across the U.S. military services resulting in more than 2.0 million clinic visits per year. Almost 50% of military service members experience an injury each year and half of those injuries are caused by physical training (PT), exercise, or sports. To prevent a problem as large and complex as injuries in the military requires a systematic approach. Several key questions must be answered to effectively address a problem such as injuries: (1) how big is the problem? (2) what are the causes and risk factors for the problem? (3) do modifiable risk factors for the problem exist? and (4) what works to prevent the problem? The article discusses leading causes of injuries for U.S. Army populations. It then explores key risk factors for exercise and training-related injuries: (1) the amounts of training, (2) types of training activities, (3) participants level of fitness, and (4) personal health risk behaviors. The article concludes with a review of prevention strategies illustrating interventions that have been shown to be effective, and others that are not effective. The data presented suggest that PT and exercise cause injuries and that modifications of training are most likely to prevent the problem.

journal_name

J Strength Cond Res

authors

Jones BH,Hauschild VD

doi

10.1519/JSC.0000000000001115

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-11-01 00:00:00

pages

S57-64

eissn

1064-8011

issn

1533-4287

pii

00124278-201511001-00010

journal_volume

29 Suppl 11

pub_type

杂志文章,评审
  • Effects of a 10-week resistance exercise program on soccer kick biomechanics and muscle strength.

    abstract::The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of a resistance exercise program on soccer kick biomechanics. Twenty male amateur soccer players were divided in the experimental group (EG) and the control group (CG), each consisting of 10 players. The EG followed a 10-week resistance exercise program mainly for th...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182915f21

    authors: Manolopoulos E,Katis A,Manolopoulos K,Kalapotharakos V,Kellis E

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • Can laboratory-based tennis profiles predict field tests of tennis performance?

    abstract::The present study examined the impact of physical characteristics of adolescent competitive tennis players (13-18 years) on field tests of tennis performance. Results (n = 33) showed that boys were taller (p = 0.001), possessed greater wingspan (p = 0.030), had greater maximum oxygen consumption (p = 0.001), and perfo...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/1533-4287(2004)018<0136:cltppf>2.0.co;2

    authors: Perry AC,Wang X,Feldman BB,Ruth T,Signorile J

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of active, manual, and instrumental straight leg raise in measuring hamstring extensibility.

    abstract::The active manual straight leg raise (ASLR) and passive manual straight leg raise (MSLR) tests are commonly used in clinical settings to assess hamstring tightness. However, to our knowledge, the validity and sensitivity of these tests have not been compared with the instrumental straight leg raise (ISLR). The aim of ...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181d0a55f

    authors: Ylinen JJ,Kautiainen HJ,Häkkinen AH

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of a Vented Mouthguard on Physiological Responses in Handball.

    abstract::Schulze, A, Laessing, J, Kwast, S, and Busse, M. Influence of a vented mouthguard on physiological responses in handball. J Strength Cond Res 34(7): 2055-2061, 2020-Mouthguards (MGs) improve sports safety. However, airway obstruction and a resulting decrease in performance are theoretical disadvantages regarding their...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000002596

    authors: Schulze A,Laessing J,Kwast S,Busse M

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in anthropometry and performance, and their interrelationships, across three seasons in elite youth rugby league players.

    abstract::This study investigated the changes in anthropometry and performance, and their interrelationships, across 3 consecutive seasons (under-15 to under-17 age groups) in elite youth rugby league players. Each player participated in annual anthropometrical and performance assessments, comprising measurements of stature; bo...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000000445

    authors: Waldron M,Worsfold P,Twist C,Lamb K

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Training Load and Recovery in Volleyball During a Competitive Season.

    abstract::Andrade, DM, Fernandes, G, Miranda, R, Reis Coimbra, D, and Bara Filho, MG. Training load and recovery in volleyball during a competitive season. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The objective of this study was to analyze the training load (TL) and recovery status (RS) of a volleyball team in different periods...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000002837

    authors: Andrade DM,Fernandes G,Miranda R,Reis Coimbra D,Bara Filho MG

    更新日期:2018-10-12 00:00:00

  • Effect of different training workload on overhead throwing performance with different weighted balls.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a single and a double training workload with 3-kg medicine ball on the throwing speed in 2-handed overhead throwing movement. Second, what the effect of training with 3-kg medicine balls had on throwing speed with other ball weights. Forty high school students...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e318267a494

    authors: van den Tillaar R,Marques MC

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Acute effects of elastic bands during the free-weight barbell back squat exercise on velocity, power, and force production.

    abstract::The use of elastic bands in resistance training has been reported to be effective in increasing performance-related parameters such as power, rate of force development (RFD), and velocity. The purpose of this study was to assess the following measures during the free-weight back squat exercise with and without elastic...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181db25de

    authors: Stevenson MW,Warpeha JM,Dietz CC,Giveans RM,Erdman AG

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in bone mineral density in response to 24 weeks of resistance training in college-age men and women.

    abstract::Osteoporosis is a chronic disease of major public health concern. Characterized by low bone mass and increasing risk for fracture, osteoporosis occurs to a greater extent in women. Resistance training is a mode of exercise that can be used to build peak bone mass during youth, thereby preventing osteoporosis later in ...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181d09e9d

    authors: Almstedt HC,Canepa JA,Ramirez DA,Shoepe TC

    更新日期:2011-04-01 00:00:00

  • A survey of the scientific data and training methods utilized by collegiate strength and conditioning coaches.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which scientific research influences college strength and conditioning coaching practices and to determine the training methods utilized. A total of 321 surveys were mailed to Division I strength and conditioning coaches, and the response rate was 42.7% (137 of ...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/1533-4287(2003)017<0368:asotsd>2.0.co;2

    authors: Durell DL,Pujol TJ,Barnes JT

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Running Performance, Nationality, Sex, and Age in the 10-km, Half-Marathon, Marathon, and the 100-km Ultramarathon IAAF 1999-2015.

    abstract::Nikolaidis PT, Onywera VO, and Knechtle B. Running performance, nationality, sex, and age in the 10-km, half-marathon, marathon, and the 100-km ultramarathon IAAF 1999-2015. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2189-2207, 2017-The aim of this study was to examine the performance of the world's best runners in the 10-km, half-ma...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001687

    authors: Nikolaidis PT,Onywera VO,Knechtle B

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of mechanomyography as a biofeedback method to enhance muscle relaxation and performance.

    abstract::The purpose of the study was to examine the potential for using the mechanomyographic (MMG) signal as a biofeedback method to enhance muscular relaxation and to improve performance during forearm flexion repetitions to fatigue. Twelve adult (mean +/- SD; age: 22.0 +/- 1.1 years) moderately trained subjects (weight: 82...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/00124278-200702000-00018

    authors: Evetovich TK,Conley DS,Todd JB,Rogers DC,Stone TL

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • Reliability of Three Timing Systems Used to Time Short on Ice-Skating Sprints in Ice Hockey Players.

    abstract::Bond, CW, Willaert, EM, Rudningen, KE, and Noonan, BC. Reliability of three timing systems used to time short on ice-skating sprints in ice hockey players. J Strength Cond Res 31(12): 3279-3286, 2017-Speed and acceleration are highly valued in ice hockey and frequently assessed using timing systems. Coaches must use r...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000002218

    authors: Bond CW,Willaert EM,Rudningen KE,Noonan BC

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Differences in Physical Performance According to the Competitive Level in Amateur Handball Players.

    abstract::Estibaliz, R, Fabio, N, Rodrigo, RC, Daniel, C, Josune, RN, and Javier Y. Differences in physical performance according to the competitive level in amateur handball players. J Strength Cond Res 34(7): 2048-2054, 2020-The aim of this study was to compare physical performance in amateur handball players of 2 different c...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000002533

    authors: Romaratezabala E,Nakamura F,Ramirez-Campillo R,Castillo D,Rodríguez-Negro J,Yanci J

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of training and physical performance of police students at the start and the end of three-year police education.

    abstract::The purpose was to compare male and female police students exercise and physical performances at the beginning and the end of a 3-year police education. Two hundred thirty-five subjects answered the survey about exercise and 85 subjects (58 men: age = 23.7 ± 2.8 years, body mass = 82.1 ± 7.8 kg, height = 1.83 ± 0.06 m...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000000273

    authors: Lagestad P,van den Tillaar R

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of betaine consumption on strenuous running and sprinting in a hot environment.

    abstract::This investigation evaluated the effects of a nutritional supplement (the organic osmolyte betaine) in rehydration solutions, with and without carbohydrate and electrolytes. Ten male runners ((mean +/- SD) age, 20 +/- 2 years; weight, 70.6 +/- 6.8 kg; maximal aerobic power, 63.5 +/- 4.1 mL O2 x kg(-1) x min(-1)) dehyd...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816a6efb

    authors: Armstrong LE,Casa DJ,Roti MW,Lee EC,Craig SA,Sutherland JW,Fiala KA,Maresh CM

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • The assessment of preschool children's motor skills after familiarization with motor tests.

    abstract::This research study was conducted to establish the influence of familiarization on the information component of movement in a motor task for the assessment of preschool children's motor skills. The sample included 50 children whose mean age was 5.9 years (71.5 months). The experimental group consisted of 27 children w...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e318237ea3b

    authors: Tomac Z,Hraski Z,Sporis G

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Relative activity of abdominal muscles during commonly prescribed strengthening exercises.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to determine the relative electromyographic (EMG) activity of the upper and lower rectus abdominis and the external oblique muscles during 5 commonly performed abdominal strengthening exercises. Twenty-five healthy subjects participated in the study. EMG data were collected under isometri...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Willett GM,Hyde JE,Uhrlaub MB,Wendel CL,Karst GM

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • The Effect of the Gravity Loading Countermeasure Skinsuit Upon Movement and Strength.

    abstract::Carvil, PA, Attias, J, Evetts, SN, Waldie, JM, and Green, DA. The effect of the gravity loading countermeasure skinsuit upon movement and strength. J Strength Cond Res 31(1): 154-161, 2017-Effective countermeasures against musculoskeletal deconditioning induced by microgravity and disuse are required. A simple alterna...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001460

    authors: Carvil PA,Attias J,Evetts SN,Waldie JM,Green DA

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Concurrent Training in Prepubescent Children: The Effects of 8 Weeks of Strength and Aerobic Training on Explosive Strength and V[Combining Dot Above]O2max.

    abstract::Alves, AR, Marta, CC, Neiva, HP, Izquierdo, M, and Marques, MC. Concurrent training in prepubescent children: the effects of 8 weeks of strength and aerobic training on explosive strength and V[Combining Dot Above]O2max. J Strength Cond Res 30(7): 2019-2032, 2016-The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001294

    authors: Alves AR,Marta CC,Neiva HP,Izquierdo M,Marques MC

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Incidence of injury in kickboxing participation.

    abstract::Cardio kickboxing classes have become a popular form of exercise to enhance fitness. This study surveyed kickboxing participants and instructors to ascertain the severity, type, and incidence of injuries sustained while performing cardio kickboxing exercise. The respondents consisted of 77.4% instructors and 29.3% par...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/1533-4287(2003)017<0580:ioiikp>2.0.co;2

    authors: Romaine LJ,Davis SE,Casebolt K,Harrison KA

    更新日期:2003-08-01 00:00:00

  • Lower-extremity ground reaction forces in youth windmill softball pitchers.

    abstract::Ground reaction forces are important in pitching given that the only external contact a pitcher has is between the foot and the ground. Windmill softball pitchers are routinely seen clinically for injuries to the lower extremities, and lower-extremity kinetics have not been well studied. The purpose of this study was ...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b42535

    authors: Guido JA Jr,Werner SL,Meister K

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • Myosin Heavy Chain Composition, Creatine Analogues, and the Relationship of Muscle Creatine Content and Fast-Twitch Proportion to Wilks Coefficient in Powerlifters.

    abstract::Machek, SB, Hwang, PS, Cardaci, TD, Wilburn, DT, Bagley, JR, Blake, DT, Galpin, AJ, and Willoughby, DS. Myosin heavy chain composition, creatine analogues, and the relationship of muscle creatine content and fast-twitch proportion to Wilks coefficient in powerlifters. J Strength Cond Res 34(11): 3022-3030, 2020-Little...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000003804

    authors: Machek SB,Hwang PS,Cardaci TD,Wilburn DT,Bagley JR,Blake DT,Galpin AJ,Willoughby DS

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Metabolic Demand and Internal Training Load in Technical-Tactical Training Sessions of Professional Futsal Players.

    abstract::Wilke, CF, Ramos, GP, Pacheco, DAS, Santos, WHM, Diniz, MSL, Gonçalves, GGP, Marins, JCB, Wanner, SP, and Silami-Garcia, E. Metabolic demand and internal training load in technical-tactical training sessions of professional futsal players. J Strength Cond Res 30(8): 2330-2340, 2016-The aim of the study was to characte...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001321

    authors: Wilke CF,Ramos GP,Pacheco DA,Santos WH,Diniz MS,Gonçalves GG,Marins JC,Wanner SP,Silami-Garcia E

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of combined electromyostimulation and gymnastics training in prepubertal girls.

    abstract::This study investigated the effects of a 6-week combined electromyostimulation (EMS) and gymnastic training program on muscle strength and vertical jump performance of prepubertal gymnasts. Sixteen young women gymnasts (age 12.4 ± 1.2 yrs) participated in this study, with 8 in the EMS group and the remaining 8 as cont...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bac451

    authors: Deley G,Cometti C,Fatnassi A,Paizis C,Babault N

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

  • Body composition changes among female NCAA division 1 athletes across the competitive season and over a multiyear time frame.

    abstract::Body composition can affect athletic performance. Numerous studies have documented changes in body composition in female collegiate athletes from pre- to postseason; however, longitudinal studies examining changes across years are scarce. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study was to assess longitudinal body com...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182a20f06

    authors: Stanforth PR,Crim BN,Stanforth D,Stults-Kolehmainen MA

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of surface on muscle damage and soreness induced by consecutive drop jumps.

    abstract::This study compared the magnitude of muscle damage induced when consecutive drop jumps (DJs) were performed on sand vs. firm (wood) surfaces from a height of 0.6 m. Eight subjects performed DJs on a sand surface at a depth of 0.2 m (S condition), and 8 other subjects performed DJs on a wood surface (F condition). Each...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1519/R-13353.1

    authors: Miyama M,Nosaka K

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Creatine Usage and Education of Track and Field Throwers at National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Universities.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to analyze the level of creatine use along with the perceived benefits and barriers of creatine use among collegiate athletes who participate in throwing events within the sport of track and field. A total of 258 throwers from National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I institutio...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000000818

    authors: Judge LW,Petersen JC,Craig BW,Hoover DL,Holtzclaw KA,Leitzelar BN,Tyner RM,Blake AS,Hindawi OS,Bellar DM

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of four different step detection thresholds on nonmotorized treadmill sprint measurement.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 4 different step detection thresholds (10, 15, 20, and 30% body mass [BM]) on the kinetics and kinematics of a youth population sprinting on a Woodway nonmotorized treadmill (NMT). A total of 16 male youth athletes sprinted 30 m from a split start position. Of...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000000497

    authors: Cronin JB,Rumpf MC

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Muscle Failure Promotes Greater Muscle Hypertrophy in Low-Load but Not in High-Load Resistance Training.

    abstract::Lasevicius, T, Schoenfeld, BJ, Silva-Batista, C, Barros, TdS, Aihara, AY, Brendon, H, Longo, AR, Tricoli, V, Peres, BdA, and Teixeira, EL. Muscle failure promotes greater muscle hypertrophy in low-load but not in high-load resistance training. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-The purpose of this study was to i...

    journal_title:Journal of strength and conditioning research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000003454

    authors: Lasevicius T,Schoenfeld BJ,Silva-Batista C,Barros TS,Aihara AY,Brendon H,Longo AR,Tricoli V,Peres BA,Teixeira EL

    更新日期:2019-12-27 00:00:00