Crushed Versus Integral Tablets of Ticagrelor in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients: A Randomized Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Study.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to assess the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic behavior of ticagrelor administered either as crushed (in the semi-upright sitting position) or as integral (in the supine position) tablets in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS:We randomized 20 patients to ticagrelor 180 mg either as 2 integral tablets administered in the supine position (standard administration) or as 2 tablets crushed and dispersed, administered in the semi-upright sitting position. Blood samples were drawn for pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic assessment at randomization (0 h) and at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 h. RESULTS:At 1 h, ticagrelor plasma exposure and area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to 1 h (AUC1) (co-primary endpoints) were higher in the crushed versus integral tablets group (median 586 vs. 70.1 ng/mL and 234 vs. 24.4 ng·h/mL, respectively), with a ratio of adjusted geometric means (95% confidence interval [CI]) of 12.67 (2.34-68.51) [p = 0.005] and 19.28 (3.51-106.06) [p = 0.002], respectively. Time to maximum plasma concentration was shorter in the crushed versus integral tablets group (median 2 vs. 4 h), with a ratio of adjusted geometric means (95% CI) of 0.69 (0.49-0.97) [p = 0.035]. Parallel findings were observed with AR-C124910XX (active metabolite). Platelet reactivity (VerifyNow(®)) at 1 h was lower with crushed versus standard administration with least squares estimates mean difference (95% CI) of 92 (-158.4 to 26.6) P2Y12 reaction units (p = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS:In patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI, ticagrelor crushed tablets administered in the semi-upright sitting position seems to lead to a faster-compared with standard administration-absorption, with stronger antiplatelet activity within the first hour. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02046486.

journal_name

Clin Pharmacokinet

authors

Alexopoulos D,Barampoutis N,Gkizas V,Vogiatzi C,Tsigkas G,Koutsogiannis N,Davlouros P,Hahalis G,Nylander S,Parodi G,Xanthopoulou I

doi

10.1007/s40262-015-0320-0

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2016-03-01 00:00:00

pages

359-67

issue

3

eissn

0312-5963

issn

1179-1926

pii

10.1007/s40262-015-0320-0

journal_volume

55

pub_type

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