Estimation of the collective ionizing dose in the Portuguese population for the years 2011 and 2012, due to nuclear medicine exams.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES:In 2009-2010 a Portuguese consortium was created to implement the methodologies proposed by the Dose Datamed II (DDM2) project, aiming to collect data from diagnostic X-ray and nuclear medicine (NM) procedures, in order to determine the most frequently prescribed exams and the associated ionizing radiation doses for the Portuguese population. The current study is the continuation of this work, although it focuses only on NM exams for the years 2011 and 2012. MATERIAL AND METHODS:The annual frequency of each of the 28 selected NM exams and the average administered activity per procedure was obtained by means of a nationwide survey sent to the 35 NM centres in Portugal. RESULTS:The results show a reduction of the number of cardiac exams performed in the last two years compared with 2010, leading to a reduction of the annual average effective dose of Portuguese population due to NM exams from 0.08 mSv ± 0.017 mSv/caput to 0.059 ± 0.011 mSv/caput in 2011 and 0.054 ± 0.011 mSv/caput in 2012. Portuguese total annual average collective effective dose due to medical procedures was estimated to be 625.6 ± 110.9 manSv in 2011 and 565.1 ± 117.3 manSv in 2012, a reduction in comparison with 2010 (840.3 ± 183.8 manSv). CONCLUSIONS:The most frequent exams and the ones that contributed the most for total population dose were the cardiac and bone exams, although a decrease observed in 2011 and in 2012 was verified. The authors intend to perform this study periodically to identify trends in the annual Portuguese average effective dose and to help to raise awareness about the potential dose optimization.

authors

Costa F,Teles P,Nogueira A,Barreto A,Santos AI,Carvalho A,Martins B,Oliveira C,Gaspar C,Barros C,Neves D,Costa D,Rodrigues E,Godinho F,Alves F,Cardoso G,Cantinho G,Conde I,Vale J,Santos J,Isidoro J,Pereira J,S

doi

10.1016/j.remn.2014.03.009

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-01-01 00:00:00

pages

1-8

issue

1

eissn

2253-654X

issn

2253-8070

pii

S2253-654X(14)00109-7

journal_volume

34

pub_type

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