Biomass fuel and risk of tuberculosis: a case-control study from Northern India.


BACKGROUND:Although a known risk factor for several respiratory diseases, the relationship between cooking smoke and tuberculosis has not been conclusively established. Hence, a case-control study was conducted among adult women of Chandigarh Union Territory in India. METHODS:Physician-diagnosed cases of sputum positive pulmonary tuberculosis (n=126) and age- and residence area-matched controls (n=252) were enrolled from clinics in urban, rural and slum areas. Interviews were conducted in the clinic using a pretested questionnaire to collect information on type of cooking fuel, education, occupation, socio-economic status, smoking, overcrowding and type of kitchen, etc. The conditional logistic regression model was used for control of confounding. RESULTS:The study population was predominantly in the 20-29-year-old age group (58%) and lived in urban areas (67%). The majority were illiterate (52%) and housewives (93%), and nearly half (46%) had an income of no more than Rs 25 000. Among the cases, 20.6%, 27% and 52.4% used biomass fuel, kerosene and liquid petroleum gas (LPG), respectively, whereas among controls, the respective figures were: 12.3%, 26.2% and 61.5%. The unadjusted OR for biomass fuel compared with LPG was 2.33 (95% CI 1.18 to 4.59, p 0.01). Adjustment for confounding factors (education, type of kitchen, smoking tobacco and TB in a family member) and interaction between cooking fuel and smoker in family revealed an OR of 3.14 (95% CI 1.15 to 8.56, p=0.02) for biomass fuel in comparison with LPG. CONCLUSIONS:Cooking with biomass fuel increases the risk for pulmonary tuberculosis.


Lakshmi PV,Virdi NK,Thakur JS,Smith KR,Bates MN,Kumar R




Has Abstract


2012-05-01 00:00:00














  • Does consideration of either psychological or material disadvantage improve coronary risk prediction? Prospective observational study of Scottish men.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the value of psychosocial risk factors in discriminating between individuals at higher and lower risk of coronary heart disease, using risk prediction equations. DESIGN:Prospective observational study. SETTING:Scotland. PARTICIPANTS:5191 employed men aged 35 to 64 years and free of coronary heart...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Macleod J,Metcalfe C,Smith GD,Hart C

    更新日期:2007-09-01 00:00:00

  • Hospital discharge data for assessing myocardial infarction events and trends, and effects of diagnosis validation according to MONICA and AHA criteria.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Acute myocardial infarction (AMI; ICD9-CM 410*) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality all over the world, and its community surveillance is essential to monitor variation in the occurrence of the disease. Between the late 1990s and the early 2000s more sensitive and specific biomarkers of myocardial ...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barchielli A,Balzi D,Naldoni P,Roberts AT,Profili F,Dima F,Palmieri L

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Estimates of sexual partnership dynamics: extending negative and positive gaps to status lengths.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aims of this study are to generalise the concept of gap length between partners and to estimate the duration of four types of measures for heterosexual partnerships, called status lengths: (1) time spent as single before becoming monogamous (S-M, positive gap), (2) duration of concurrency before monogamy...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Castillo-Guajardo D,García-Ramos G

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • CD4 count at antiretroviral therapy initiation and the risk of loss to follow-up: results from a multicentre cohort study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation is now recommended irrespective of CD4 count. However data on the relationship between CD4 count at ART initiation and loss to follow-up (LTFU) are limited and conflicting. METHODS:We conducted a cohort analysis including all adults initiating ART (2008-2012) at three...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Grimsrud A,Cornell M,Schomaker M,Fox MP,Orrell C,Prozesky H,Stinson K,Tanser F,Egger M,Myer L,International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS Southern Africa Collaboration (IeDEA-SA).

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Dietary patterns related to attainment in school: the importance of early eating patterns.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To empirically test the impact of dietary intake at several time points in childhood on children's school attainment and to investigate whether any differences in school attainment between children who ate packed lunches or school meals was due to who these children were, their pre-school dietary patterns, o...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Feinstein L,Sabates R,Sorhaindo A,Rogers I,Herrick D,Northstone K,Emmett P

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Mortality in a cohort of 3.1 million children, adolescents and young adults.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Many youth deaths occur in the first year of life, from prematurity and anomalies. Detailing mortality after age 1 year may differentially guide preventive strategies in children, adolescents and young adults. METHODS:A cohort study in Ontario, Canada comprised 3 139 698 children born from 1990 to 2016. Adj...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ray JG,Guttmann A,Silveira J,Park AL

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Denormalising smoking in the classroom: does it cause bullying?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The Smokefree Class Competition, the largest school-based smoking prevention programme in Europe, aims to create a class climate that denormalises smoking. An analysis was carried out to assess whether it increases bullying or perception of isolation. METHODS:A cluster randomised controlled trial was conduc...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Hanewinkel R,Isensee B,Maruska K,Sargent JD,Morgenstern M

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00

  • Associations between neighbourhood characteristics and depression: a twin study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Depression is an important contributor to the global burden of disease. Besides several known individual-level factors that contribute to depression, there is a growing recognition that neighbourhood environment can also profoundly affect mental health. This study assessed associations between three neighbou...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cohen-Cline H,Beresford SAA,Barrington WE,Matsueda RL,Wakefield J,Duncan GE

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Participative risk communication in an industrial village in Sardinia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:In Italy the law on industrial risk has emphasised the necessity of building a local information process to answer people's questions on safety and provide greater community participation in risk management. The aim of this research is to analyse the local population's ideas and expectations of a participator...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mereu A,Sardu C,Minerba L,Sotgiu A,Contu P

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • The polypill: at what price would it become cost effective?

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:A promising concept in cardiovascular disease prevention (the polypill) was introduced in 2003. Although the polypill may seem as an effective intervention, data on its costs and cost effectiveness remain unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the maximum price of the polypill for it to be a cost ...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Franco OH,Steyerberg EW,de Laet C

    更新日期:2006-03-01 00:00:00

  • Can attending preschool reduce the risk of tobacco smoking in adulthood? The effects of Kindergarten Union participation in South Australia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Innovative strategies beyond the health system are required to reduce the prevalence of smoking. Early child development interventions are examples of interventions that can help set children on positive social and educational trajectories, which in turn may also reduce the prevalence of smoking. The aim of ...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: D'Onise K,Lynch JW,McDermott RA

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • The national financial adjustment policy and the equalisation of health levels among prefectures.

    abstract:STUDY OBJECTIVES:The objectives of this study were to examine (1) trends concerning financial assistance from the national government to local governments, (2) trends regarding death rates and life expectancies among prefectures, and (3) the effect of the national financial adjustment policy in equalising both the reve...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Takano T,Nakamura K

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • A glossary of theories for understanding power and policy for health equity.

    abstract::Progressing public policies that improve health equity requires understanding and addressing the creation, use and distribution of power. This glossary provides an overview of some of the most relevant conceptualisations of the dynamics of power in policy with implications for health equity. The aim is to provide an a...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harris P,Baum F,Friel S,Mackean T,Schram A,Townsend B

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Use of mid-arm and chest circumferences to predict birth weight in rural north India.

    abstract:STUDY OBJECTIVE:To determine the most appropriate surrogate indicator and its cut off point for identifying low birthweight babies in northern India. STUDY SETTING:A secondary level hospital at Ballabgarh. The patients were from nearby rural and urban areas and mostly belonged to lower and middle socioeconomic strata....

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kapoor SK,Kumar G,Anand K

    更新日期:1996-12-01 00:00:00

  • Space-time interactions in childhood cancers.

    abstract:STUDY OBJECTIVE:The aim of the study was to examine a cohort of cases of childhood cancer occurring in a defined geographical area to try to identify clustering and possible causative factors. DESIGN:Data were analysed using the close pair method developed by Knox for signs of clustering in relation to date and place ...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morris V

    更新日期:1990-03-01 00:00:00

  • Standardisation of laboratories engaged in lipid analyses of population health examination surveys.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Reliable data on clinical biomarkers are necessary in order to assess the health risks of populations and especially in assessing long-term trends related to disease incidence. METHODS:Ten European laboratories participated in a two-phase quality control exercise of total cholesterol (TC) and high-density l...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alfthan G,Sundvall J,Råman L,Kuulasmaa K,Tolonen H,European Health Examination Survey Pilot Project.

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • An investigation of risk factors for symptomatic osteoarthritis of the knee in women using a life course approach.

    abstract:STUDY OBJECTIVE:To explore risk factors for symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OAK) in women, which included wearing high heeled shoes. DESIGN:Matched case-control study. Exposure information obtained by interview, included details about past footwear. Self reported weight and height data obtained representing when wome...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dawson J,Juszczak E,Thorogood M,Marks SA,Dodd C,Fitzpatrick R

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • The hospital admissions study in England: are there alternatives to emergency hospital admission?

    abstract:STUDY OBJECTIVE:To assess the potential for substituting alternative forms of care for admission to an acute hospital in particular groups of patients. DESIGN:A screening tool, the intensity-severity-discharge review system with adult criteria (ISD-A), developed for hospital utilisation review in the USA, was used in ...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Coast J,Inglis A,Morgan K,Gray S,Kammerling M,Frankel S

    更新日期:1995-04-01 00:00:00

  • Familial risks for nerve, nerve root and plexus disorders in siblings based on hospitalisations in Sweden.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Nerve, nerve root and plexus disorders are common diseases, but little is known about familial clustering in these diseases. This is, to our knowledge, the first systematic family study carried out on these diseases. METHODS:Familial risks for siblings who were hospitalised for nerve, nerve root and plexus ...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hemminki K,Li X,Sundquist K

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Blood pressure and stroke in an elderly English population.

    abstract::The relation between blood pressure and subsequent stroke was examined in a four-year follow-up study of a geographically defined population sample of 2704 people aged 65 and over resident in South Tyneside in 1975. In men there was a significant relation between stroke and a history of diagnosed high blood pressure a...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Evans JG

    更新日期:1987-12-01 00:00:00

  • Projections of cervical cancer mortality and incidence in New Zealand: the possible impact of screening.

    abstract:STUDY OBJECTIVE:The aim was to estimate the likely burden of cervical cancer in New Zealand over the next two decades, according to whether cervical screening services are made more effective. DESIGN:The study was based on national mortality and incidence data for the periods 1954-87 and 1954-86, respectively. An age-...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cox B,Skegg DC

    更新日期:1992-08-01 00:00:00

  • Mortality in parents following the death of a child: a nationwide follow-up study from Sweden.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The death of a young child is so devastating that it can increase the risk of mortality in the grieving parent. Little is known about the impact of an adult child's death on the health of parents. METHODS:The authors conducted a follow-up study between 1980 and 2002 based on a linked-registers database that...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rostila M,Saarela J,Kawachi I

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • A new approach to compare the predictive power of metabolic syndrome defined by a joint interim statement versus its components for incident cardiovascular disease in Middle East Caucasian residents in Tehran.

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    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hadaegh F,Zabetian A,Khalili D,Safarkhani M,Philip T James W,Azizi F

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Geographic variations in sleep duration: a multilevel analysis from the Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Sleep plays an important role in health and varies by social determinants. Little is known, however, about geographic variations in sleep and the role of individual-level and neighbourhood-level factors. METHODS:We used a multilevel modelling approach to quantify neighbourhood variation in self-reported sle...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fang SC,Subramanian SV,Piccolo R,Yang M,Yaggi HK,Bliwise DL,Araujo AB

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Marked socioeconomic inequalities in hip fracture incidence rates during the Bone and Joint Decade (2000-2010) in Portugal: age and sex temporal trends in a population based study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Socioeconomic factors may influence changes in hip fracture (HF) incidence over time. We analysed HF temporal trends during the Bone and Joint Decade in Portugal (BJD-Portugal), 2000-2010, by regional socioeconomic status (SES), sex and age. METHODS:We selected registers of patients aged 50+ years with HF (...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oliveira CM,Alves SM,Pina MF

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of hypertension in the urban and rural Zulu.

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    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Seedat YK,Seedat MA,Hackland DB

    更新日期:1982-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of Superblocks on health and health inequities: a proposed evaluation framework.

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    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Mehdipanah R,Novoa AM,León-Gómez BB,López MJ,Palència L,Vasquez H,Díez È,Borrell C,Pérez K

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Social class differences in health and care in the year before death.

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    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cartwright A

    更新日期:1992-02-01 00:00:00

  • Induced abortions and teenage births among asylum seekers in The Netherlands: analysis of national surveillance data.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Asylum seekers are assumed to be a vulnerable group with respect to sexual and reproductive health. The objective of this study was to quantify induced abortion and teenage birth indicators for this group. METHODS:The population comprised all female asylum seekers aged 15-49 in The Netherlands between Septe...

    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goosen S,Uitenbroek D,Wijsen C,Stronks K

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Journal of epidemiology and community health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tzonou A,Hsieh CC,Trichopoulos D,Aravandinos D,Kalandidi A,Margaris D,Goldman M,Toupadaki N

    更新日期:1993-02-01 00:00:00