Sign language iconicity and its influence on the ability to describe the function of objects.


UNLABELLED:We examined the influence of sign language iconicity on children's ability to describe the function of objects. Forty-eight hearing preschoolers were divided into three groups and asked to describe the function of 15 high and 15 low iconic signs. We questioned the Hearing/Verbal (H/V) group verbally, Hearing/Verbal + Sign (H/V+S) group verbally with objects simultaneously signed, and the Hearing/Sign (H/S) group with objects signed without voice. Ten deaf children (D/S) were also tested using sign language. H/S and D/S performed significantly better on high than low iconic items. Nine signs were sufficiently iconic to aid function identification by sign naïve hearing children. Results suggest that certain highly iconic signs may contribute to performance on tests administered in sign language. LEARNING OUTCOMES:The reader will learn about sign language iconicity and its influence on the ability of hearing and deaf children to perform on object function questions.


J Commun Disord


Markham PT,Justice EM





Has Abstract


2004-11-01 00:00:00














  • In search of a language intervention lexicon.

    abstract::An analysis of the syntactic, semantic and phonological features of a corpus of therapy words drawn form recent publications dealing with remedial language instruction was performed to determine whether these words would in theory support full grammatical acquisition. Percentage of occurrence data were compared with d...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schuster J,Panagos JM,Berger KW

    更新日期:1975-03-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of psychotomimetics on therapist--patient matching of speech "rhythms".

    abstract::This study examined the effects of lysergic acid (LSD) and dextroamphetamine (DA) on therapist--patient matching of speech rhythms (mean phrase period) in psychotherapy. LSD, DA, and placebo (PL) were administered repeatedly over a 1 1/2-year period to seven patients in a randomized double-blind design. The second, fo...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Natale M,Dahlberg CC,Jaffe J

    更新日期:1979-02-01 00:00:00

  • Self-efficacy scaling by adult stutterers.

    abstract::A scale was developed for estimating adult stutterers' confidence for entering and maintaining fluency in a variety of speaking situations. This Self-Efficacy Scale for Adult Stutterers (SESAS) was administered to 20 adult stutterers along with the shortened form of the Erickson Scale of Communication Attitudes and th...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ornstein AF,Manning WH

    更新日期:1985-08-01 00:00:00

  • Basal pitch and frequency level variation in male and female children: a preliminary investigation.

    abstract::Measurements of basal pitch and frequency level were determined for fifteen normal speaking school-aged children on each of two consecutive days during three time periods each day. The results indicated that as a group, the male children's basal pitch and frequency levels did not change significantly within and across...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Austin MD,Leeper HA Jr

    更新日期:1975-12-01 00:00:00

  • Cognition and aphasia: a discussion and a study.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:The relation between other aspects of cognition and language status of individuals with aphasia is not well-established, although there is some evidence that integrity of non-linguistic skills of attention, memory, executive function and visuospatial skills can not be predicted on the basis of aphasia severi...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Helm-Estabrooks N

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • Socioeconomic status and cultural influences on language.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Two studies track connections from the distal variables of socioeconomic status (SES) and culture to properties of the interactions children experience and to the rate of children's language development. The first study is an investigation of the relations among family SES, properties of maternal child-direc...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hoff E,Tian C

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Narrative abilities in monolingual and dual language learning children with specific language impairment.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The aim of this study was to compare narrative abilities in children with specific language impairment (SLI) who are monolingual and those who are dual language learners. METHOD:The participants were 26 children with SLI, 14 monolingual English speakers and 12 dual language learners. The dual language learners...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cleave PL,Girolametto LE,Chen X,Johnson CJ

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of increased vocal intensity on interarticulator timing in speakers with Parkinson’s disease: a preliminary analysis.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of increased vocal intensity on interarticulator timing in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS:Ten individuals with mild to moderate hypophonia, secondary to PD, were selected for study. Over an 8-week treatment period, multi-talker ...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Richardson K,Sussman JE,Stathopoulos ET

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Personality attributes of Iranian people who stutter.

    abstract::Two recent studies from Australia and Germany have both shown that people who stutter (PWS) have elevated Neuroticism scores on the widely used NEO Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) compared to individuals in a control sample. The two studies showed opposite results, however, for the personality traits Agreeableness and...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jafari R,Baziar M,Bleek B,Reuter M,Montag C

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • The topography of beginning stuttering.

    abstract::Presently, there are a number of protocols available to assist speech-language pathologists in the identification of early stuttering (Gordon and Luper, 1992). While such protocols offer guidelines for differentiating children who stutter from those who are normally disfluent, the criteria for doing so is frequently b...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Zebrowski PM

    更新日期:1995-06-01 00:00:00

  • Phonemic characteristics of apraxia of speech resulting from subcortical hemorrhage.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Reports describing subcortical apraxia of speech (AOS) have received little consideration in the development of recent speech processing models because the speech characteristics of patients with this diagnosis have not been described precisely. We describe a case of AOS with aphasia secondary to basal gangl...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peach RK,Tonkovich JD

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Female juvenile delinquents' pragmatic awareness of conversational interactions.

    abstract::Standardized testing has shown that juvenile delinquents have a high incidence of communication problems; however, discourse analyses have failed to confirm pragmatic deficits. This study's purpose was to explore, using qualitative procedures, the pragmatic awareness of female juvenile delinquents concerning conversat...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sanger DD,Hux K,Ritzman M

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00

  • Concurrent validity of the Bracken Basic Concept Scale with language and intelligence measures.

    abstract::The present study compared results obtained for 62 normally developing preschool children on the Bracken Basic Concept Scale, the Preschool Language Scale, and the Slossen Intelligence Test to determine whether scores on the tests correlated and were equivalent. Results of correlation analyses using standard scores fr...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rhyner PM,Bracken BA

    更新日期:1988-12-01 00:00:00

  • Auditory-motor interactions in pediatric motor speech disorders: neurocomputational modeling of disordered development.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/PURPOSE:Differentiating the symptom complex due to phonological-level disorders, speech delay and pediatric motor speech disorders is a controversial issue in the field of pediatric speech and language pathology. The present study investigated the developmental interaction between neurological deficits in au...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Terband H,Maassen B,Guenther FH,Brumberg J

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Implicit causality bias in adults with traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Individuals with moderate or severe traumatic brain injury often experience impairments in pragmatic language functions. Pragmatic language has been studied primarily in connected language genres such as narratives. It may be, however, that individuals with traumatic brain injury also miss microscopic cues...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dresang HC,Turkstra LS

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Principal component analysis of language performances in Alzheimer's disease.

    abstract::This report analyzes the performances of a group of 104 mildly to moderately impaired probable Alzheimer's disease patients (Mini Mental Examination 10 to 23) on linguistic tasks exploring written and oral language. A principal component analysis showed a two-factor solution including 14 out of the 15 linguistic tasks...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marcie P,Roudier M,Goldblum MC,Boller F

    更新日期:1993-04-01 00:00:00

  • Comparing fixed- and randomized-interval spaced retrieval in anomia treatment.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Spaced retrieval (SR) has recently been modified to target anomia in persons with aphasia (PWA). It relies on a strict management of the inter-stimulus interval (ISI) where the time between stimulus presentations is doubled or halved based on response accuracy. Although SR is successful in treating anomia, i...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morrow KL,Fridriksson J

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of transcutaneous electrical nervous stimulation (TENS) associated with vocal therapy on musculoskeletal pain of women with behavioral dysphonia: A randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind clinical trial.

    abstract::Recently, electrical stimulation in vocal rehabilitation has been the subject of studies. This treatment has shown promising results regarding the decrease of vocal/laryngeal symptoms, pain and the improvement of vocal tension. In addition to decreasing pain symptoms, TENS treatments may lead to muscle relaxation. The...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Siqueira LTD,Ribeiro VV,Moreira PAM,Brasolotto AG,de Jesus Guirro RR,Alves Silverio KC

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of utterance length upon bilabial closure duration of selected deaf children.

    abstract::Measurements were made of intraoral air pressure associated with bilabial closure durations of VCV syllables in sentence-like frames of increasing length for nine deaf and nine matched normal hearing chidren. Results demonstrated significantly longer absolute closure durations at all utterance lengths for the deaf, bu...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leeper HA Jr,Perez DM,Mencke EO

    更新日期:1980-09-01 00:00:00

  • Bimanual task performance: Adults who do and do not stutter.

    abstract::Research has demonstrated children who stutter score significantly lower than children who do not stutter on the Purdue Pegboard Test. Past data also suggest performance on this task may be associated with stuttering frequency (Choo et al., 2016; Mohammadi et al., 2016). The purpose of this study was to explore whethe...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Werle D,Byrd C,Gkalitsiou Z,Eggers K

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Relations between word meanings and identification of words in spoken sentences by hearing-impaired children.

    abstract::To examine effects of contextual words upon the identification of test words in sentences, 21 hearing-impaired children, 7-12 yr of age, received word-discrimination training followed by sentence testing. Word-discrimination training was conducted to ensure that children could discriminate the contextual words in isol...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stinson M

    更新日期:1982-09-01 00:00:00

  • Examining the relationship between speech intensity and self-rated communicative effectiveness in individuals with Parkinson's disease and hypophonia.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To examine the relationship between speech intensity and self-ratings of communicative effectiveness in speakers with Parkinson's disease (PD) and hypophonia. An additional purpose was to evaluate if self-ratings of communicative effectiveness made by participants with PD differed from ratings made by primary c...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dykstra AD,Adams SG,Jog M

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Hysterical high pitch in an adult female: a case study.

    abstract::A case study of an adult female with hysterical high pitch is presented. A variation of the pushing approach was utilized to aid in establishing an appropriate pitch level and to prove to the patient that she was able to speak at her customary (normal) pitch level. Hysterical high pitch is presented as one of several ...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aldes ME

    更新日期:1981-01-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of type of feedback during tablet-based delivery of intensive treatment for childhood apraxia of speech.

    abstract:PURPOSE:One of the key principles of motor learning supports using knowledge of results feedback (KR, i.e., whether a response was correct / incorrect only) during high intensity motor practice, rather than knowledge of performance (KP, i.e., whether and how a response was correct/incorrect). In the future, mobile tech...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McKechnie J,Ahmed B,Gutierrez-Osuna R,Murray E,McCabe P,Ballard KJ

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of various auditory perceptual and cognitive skills.

    abstract::Certain questions regarding auditory skills that are of interest to both researchers and clinicians are raised. These questions have been translated into procedures for assessment of various auditory abilities, resulting in a battery of standardized tests. The main categories of listening skills that are measured are ...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Goldman R,Fristoe M

    更新日期:1975-06-01 00:00:00

  • Understanding the communicative impairments in schizophrenia: a preliminary study.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:The aim of the present study was to evaluate the pragmatic abilities of patients with schizophrenia in a variety of pragmatic phenomena expressed through different communicative means (language, gestures, and paralinguistic modality). For this purpose we used the Assessment Battery of Communication (ABaCo; S...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Colle L,Angeleri R,Vallana M,Sacco K,Bara BG,Bosco FM

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Concurrent task sequencing in single-phoneme phonologic treatment and generalization.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Phonologic treatments have traditionally been designed to teach a target speech sound starting with presumed easy teaching tasks and progressing to harder tasks. This investigation evaluated the effects on single-phoneme acquisition, generalization, and maintenance of Concurrent Treatment, which randomly int...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Skelton SL

    更新日期:2004-03-01 00:00:00

  • Speed of color naming and intelligence: association in girls, dissociation in boys.

    abstract::We administered a rapid naming test to a sample of prereaders. Slow performance on this task among older children is known to be associated with reading disability. Results showed a sex difference in the degree of correlation between naming performance and a test of general intelligence. The finding was replicated on ...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jaffe J,Pringle GF,Anderson SW

    更新日期:1985-02-01 00:00:00

  • Understanding perceptions of stuttering among school-based speech-language pathologists: an application of attribution theory.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The purpose of this study was to investigate whether attribution theory could explain speech-language pathologists (SLPs) perceptions of children with communication disorders such as stuttering. Specifically, it was determined whether perceptions of onset and offset controllability, as well as biological a...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boyle MP

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between speech recognition in noise and non-speech recognition in noise test performances: Implications for central auditory processing disorders testing.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:According to the American Academy of Audiology, a recommendation for frequency-modulation systems may be based upon performances on speech perception tests that do not include background noise. PURPOSE:The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the presumption that non-speech recognition in noise tes...

    journal_title:Journal of communication disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vermiglio AJ,Velappan K,Heeke P,Bulla E,Fang X,Bonilla E,Garner E,Skinner J

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00