Performance of recently detoxified patients with alcoholism on a neuropsychological screening test.


OBJECTIVE:Early in recovery from alcoholism, cognitive deficits may compromise patients' utilization of rehabilitative information. Cognitive impairment in a sample of newly detoxified inpatients with alcoholism was examined using the Neurobehavioral Cognitive Status Examination (NCSE). METHODS:Consecutively admitted psychiatric inpatients (N=233) with an alcohol-related primary diagnosis (63% male, mean age 46.3) were administered the NCSE following medical stabilization. Within-samples differences between age and diagnostic groups were examined and scores were compared to normative samples. RESULTS:Inpatients older than 50 demonstrated significant cognitive deficits for all scales except Attention. In comparison with normative samples, patients with alcoholism produced lower scores, with the most pronounced deficits among middle-aged patients. In alcohol-abusing patients with medical comorbidities, language deficits and more severe memory deficits were observed. Abuse severity or comorbid psychiatric disorder produced no differences in NCSE scores. CONCLUSIONS:Neuropsychological screening following detoxification in patients diagnosed with an alcohol disorder reflected the effects of increased age and medical comorbidity. Our finding of frequent deficits in abstraction, comprehension, and memory suggests that cognitive-behavioral treatments for inpatients may be less effective if cognitive impairment is not considered.


Addict Behav


Addictive behaviors


Zinn S,Bosworth HB,Edwards CL,Logue PE,Swartzwelder HS





Has Abstract


2003-07-01 00:00:00














  • Perceived invulnerability and cigarette smoking among adolescents.

    abstract::Adolescent perceptions of invulnerability toward smoking and nonsmoking-related health risks were examined among 442 continuation high school students. Smokers were less likely than nonsmokers to report feeling invulnerable to both smoking and nonsmoking-related health risks. Among the smokers, those who reported feel...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Milam JE,Sussman S,Ritt-Olson A,Dent CW

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive performance in a placebo-controlled pharmacotherapy trial for youth with marijuana dependence.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Adolescent marijuana use is associated with neurocognitive impairment, but further work is needed to assess the relationship between treatment-associated abstinence and cognitive performance. METHODS:This secondary analysis, conducted in the context of a marijuana cessation pharmacotherapy trial in adolesce...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Roten A,Baker NL,Gray KM

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol cue reactivity and ad lib drinking in young men at risk for alcoholism.

    abstract::Individuals at high risk for alcoholism have been hypothesized to acquire alcoholic characteristics more rapidly than those at low risk. Two studies examined reactivity to alcohol cues, a phenomenon linked to craving for alcohol in clinical alcoholics, and ad lib drinking behavior in young men at varying risk for alco...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Walitzer KS,Sher KJ

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Taste dimensions in cigarette discrimination: a multidimensional scaling approach.

    abstract::This study was designed to uncover the fundamental psychological taste dimensions underlying people's ability to discriminate among commercial cigarettes, determine the roles that nicotine, tar, and carbon monoxide play in such taste dimensions, determine whether subjects can distinguish among cigarettes in general, a...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Jaffe AJ,Glaros AG

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of physical assault victimization: findings from the National Survey of Adolescents.

    abstract::Exposure to interpersonal victimization during childhood and adolescence is prevalent and has been found to be associated with negative physical and mental health outcomes. The present study examined the relations between childhood violence exposure and mental health on subsequent exposure to new physical assault in y...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Amstadter AB,Elwood LS,Begle AM,Gudmundsdottir B,Smith DW,Resnick HS,Hanson RF,Saunders BE,Kilpatrick DG

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics of research volunteers for inpatient cocaine studies: focus on selection bias.

    abstract::In order to investigate the selection bias of subjects for inpatient human cocaine studies, characteristics of 859 potential subjects were examined. Excluded subjects compared with accepted group were more likely to be single and male, currently use drugs other than cocaine, have a history of intravenous cocaine use, ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sofuoglu M,Dudish-Poulsen S,Nicodemus KK,Babb DA,Hatsukami DK

    更新日期:2000-09-01 00:00:00

  • Marijuana and tobacco exposure predict affect-regulation expectancies in dual users.

    abstract::In order to better compare affect-related expectancies for tobacco and marijuana smoking, associations of marijuana and tobacco exposure to negative affect reduction (NAR), positive affect enhancement (PAE), and related smoking outcome expectancies were assessed in young individuals who reported smoking both marijuana...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martens KM,Gilbert DG

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Social influences on young adults' alcohol consumption: norms, modeling, pressure, socializing, and conformity.

    abstract::This study aims to assess which types of social influence are correlated with young people's (15-24 years) heavy drinking (six or more glasses) in public drinking places during the weekend. Drinking in public drinking places can be defined as a "timeout" situation. Therefore we assumed that situational factors (e.g., ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oostveen T,Knibbe R,de Vries H

    更新日期:1996-03-01 00:00:00

  • Insomnia in alcohol dependent subjects is associated with greater psychosocial problem severity.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Although psychosocial problems are commonly associated with both alcohol misuse and insomnia, very little is known about the combined effects of insomnia and current alcohol dependence on the severity of psychosocial problems. The present study evaluates whether the co-occurrence of insomnia and alcohol de...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chaudhary NS,Kampman KM,Kranzler HR,Grandner MA,Debbarma S,Chakravorty S

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Trends and key correlates of prescription opioid injection misuse in the United States.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Despite concerns over increasing harms associated with prescription opioid injection misuse, there is a paucity of research on the magnitude, characteristics, injection practices, and syringe sources for people who inject prescription opioids; limiting the implementation of targeted policy and programmatic i...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones CM

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of caffeinated vs. non-caffeinated alcoholic beverage on next-day hangover incidence and severity, perceived sleep quality, and alertness.

    abstract:AIMS:Beliefs about the effects of mixing caffeine and alcohol on hangover or sleep may play a role in motivation to consume these mixtures; therefore, information is needed about actual effects. We investigated whether intoxication with caffeinated vs. non-caffeinated beer differentially affected perceived sleep qualit...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Rohsenow DJ,Howland J,Alvarez L,Nelson K,Langlois B,Verster JC,Sherrard H,Arnedt JT

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Motives for simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use among young adults.

    abstract::The majority of young adults who use alcohol and marijuana sometimes use the two substances simultaneously. Understanding why young adults engage in simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use may inform interventions and help offset negative consequences. To date, research has not yet examined motives for SAM use. T...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patrick ME,Fairlie AM,Lee CM

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Substance use and suicidal ideation among child welfare involved adolescents: A longitudinal examination.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The purpose of this study was to investigate the longitudinal predictors of alcohol use, marijuana use, and suicidal ideation among maltreated adolescents. METHODS:Longitudinal data from this study come from three waves of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Wellbeing II (NSCAW II). Participants inc...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sellers CM,McRoy RG,O'Brien KHM

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol issues prior to training in the United States Air Force.

    abstract::The negative impact of alcohol is a significant concern to the US military given the costs associated with alcohol-related offenses. Despite considerable research in active duty personnel, relatively little is known about the current extent of alcohol use among incoming recruits. We examined the history of alcohol use...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Derefinko KJ,Klesges RC,Bursac Z,Little MA,Hryshko-Mullen A,Talcott GW

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Mindfulness as a predictor of cognitive-behavioral therapy outcomes in inner-city adults with posttraumatic stress and substance dependence.

    abstract::The co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUD) is highly prevalent and difficult-to-treat. Mindfulness, defined as nonjudgmental attention to and awareness of present-moment experiences, represents a targetable mechanism with potential to predict and improve treatment outco...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vujanovic AA,Smith LJ,Green C,Lane SD,Schmitz JM

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Understanding perceived usefulness and actual use of protective behavioral strategies: The role of perceived norms for the reasons that young adult drinkers use protective behavioral strategies.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The current study examines the norms-behavior link by investigating a novel cognition for protective behavioral strategies (PBS)-descriptive and injunctive norms for close friends' reasons to use PBS (e.g., limit drinking, reduce consequences)-in relation to one's own perception of usefulness and personal ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fairlie AM,Lewis MA,Waldron KA,Wallace EC,Lee CM

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Does non-smoker identity following quitting predict long-term abstinence? Evidence from a population survey in England.

    abstract:AIMS:'Categorical self-labels' (e.g. thinking of oneself as a smoker or non-smoker) are important aspects of identity that can have a fundamental influence on behaviour. To explore the role identity aspects relating to smoking can play in smoking cessation and relapse, this study assessed the prospective associations b...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tombor I,Shahab L,Brown J,Notley C,West R

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Physical activity as a coping strategy for smoking cessation in mid-life and older adults.

    abstract::Smoking prevalence for those ages 45-65 is higher than the national average and the number of mid-life and older smokers is expected to increase as baby boomers age. Cessation, even after age 65, confers health benefits. Both physiologic and psychological mechanisms support use of physical activity (PA) as a coping to...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Treviño LA,Baker L,McIntosh S,Mustian K,Seplaki CL,Guido JJ,Ossip DJ

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of attrition with buprenorphine/naloxone treatment in opioid dependent youth.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In opioid dependent youth there is substantial attrition from medication-assisted treatment. If youth at risk for attrition can be identified at treatment entry or early in treatment, they can be targeted for interventions to help retain them in treatment. METHODS:Opioid dependent adolescents and young adul...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Warden D,Subramaniam GA,Carmody T,Woody GE,Minhajuddin A,Poole SA,Potter J,Fishman M,Bogenschutz M,Patkar A,Trivedi MH

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Associations between binge drinking frequency and tobacco use among young adults.

    abstract::Tobacco use is greater among young adults who binge drink; yet there is limited research on tobacco use characteristics among different types of binge drinkers based on frequency. We aimed to characterize this relationship among young adults (18-25years old) who used both substances in the past month (smoked ≥1 cigare...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gubner NR,Delucchi KL,Ramo DE

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Metacognition, emotion, and alcohol dependence in college students: a moderated mediation model.

    abstract::Based on Wells and Matthews' (1994) theory of psychological dysfunction and prior empirical studies, it was hypothesized that negative emotion would mediate the relationship between maladaptive metacognition and alcohol dependence, and maladaptive metacognition would moderate the relationship between negative emotion ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moneta GB

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • The association between probable personality disorders and smoking cessation and maintenance.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Although it has been suggested that persons with psychopathological disorders experience greater difficulty in quitting smoking, the few studies that have analyzed personality disorders in smokers have failed to produce conclusive results. The aim of this study was to examine whether the presence of probab...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Piñeiro B,Fernández Del Río E,López-Durán A,Martínez U,Becoña E

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Longitudinal assessment of heavy alcohol use and incapacitated sexual assault: A cross-lagged analysis.

    abstract::Researchers have argued there are bidirectional associations between heavy alcohol use and sexual assault; however, research in this area is inconclusive due to methodological differences, particularly in study design. The purpose of this study is to clarify the longitudinal associations between heavy alcohol use and ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Norris AL,Carey KB,Walsh JL,Shepardson RL,Carey MP

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Young adult waterpipe smokers: Smoking behaviors and associated subjective and physiological effects.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate smoking behaviors and subjective and physiological effects of nicotine on young adult occasional waterpipe smokers. METHODS:This study utilized a repeated-measures design that included one repeated factor for condition (nicotine and non-nicotine). For eac...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shishani K,Howell D,McPherson S,Roll J

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Participation in Alcoholics Anonymous and post-treatment abstinence from alcohol and other drugs.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study examined associations between two types of AA participation (i.e., meeting attendance, having a sponsor) and two types of post-treatment abstinence (i.e., abstinence from alcohol, abstinence from drugs). METHOD:Respondents completed measures that assessed their demographic characteristics, the se...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kingree JB,Thompson M

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Very early drinking: Event history models predicting alcohol use initiation from age 4 to 11 years.

    abstract::While it is not normative to initiate alcohol use prior to adolescence, substantial numbers of children do so. However, relatively little is known about the prevalence or predictors of alcohol initiation in childhood, compared to extensive research on adolescent initiation and alcohol use. The present study examines p...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maggs JL,Staff J,Patrick ME,Wray-Lake L

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosocial functioning in patients with alcohol-related liver disease post liver transplantation.

    abstract::Emotional and role functioning difficulties are associated with chronic alcohol use and liver disease. Little is known about prospective changes in psychological and psychosocial functioning following orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) amongst patients with alcoholic liver disease (ALD). We aimed to assess the fun...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pegum N,Connor JP,Young RM,Feeney GF

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • The interplay between trauma, substance abuse and appetitive aggression and its relation to criminal activity among high-risk males in South Africa.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In persistently unsafe environments, the cumulative exposure to violence predicts not only the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but also of increased aggression and violent outbursts. Substance use disorders interact with these developments, as drug consumption may blunt symptoms and also...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sommer J,Hinsberger M,Elbert T,Holtzhausen L,Kaminer D,Seedat S,Madikane S,Weierstall R

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Association between smoking cessation and weight gain in treatment-seeking African Americans.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Research has shown that African Americans gain more than average weight after smoking cessation. However, African Americans have been underrepresented in post-cessation weight gain research. The current study examined 1) the pattern of weight gain and 2) the association between smoking status and weight ga...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tan MM,Okuyemi KS,Resnicow K,Dietz NA,Antoni MH,Webb Hooper M

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Qualitative development of smoking prevention programming for minority youth.

    abstract::Brief discussion groups were completed with 211 predominantly African American and Latino seventh graders to investigate reasons for adolescent smoking and perceived efficacious smoking prevention program strategies. Study data consisted of audiotaped group discussions, which were content-coded, and open-ended posttes...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Parker VC,Sussman S,Crippens DL,Scholl D,Elder P

    更新日期:1996-07-01 00:00:00