Prevalence and clinical characteristics of stroke patients with p.R544C NOTCH3 mutation in Taiwan.


Objective:Features of cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarct and leukoencephalopathy ( CADASIL) caused by NOTCH3 mutations vary between ethnicities and regions. In Taiwan, more than 70% of CADASIL patients carry the mutation hot spot of p.R544C. We investigated the prevalence of NOTCH3 p.R544C mutation in stroke patients in Taiwan. Methods:This prospective, multicenter study recruited acute stroke patients within 10 days of symptom onset. The p.R544C mutation was identified by polymerase chain reaction with confronting two-pair primers and sequencing. Clinical parameters, vascular risk factors, stroke subtypes, and stroke outcomes were analyzed. Results:Of the 1970 stroke patients (mean age 61.1 ± 13.6 years, male 69.5%) included, 1705 (86.5%) had ischemic stroke and 265 (13.5%) had intracerebral hemorrhage. The prevalence of p.R544C in the study population was 2.8% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.1-3.5%). The prevalence was highest in patients with small vessel occlusion type of ischemic stroke (5.6%), followed by intracerebral hemorrhage (5.3%), and infarct of undetermined etiology (2.7%), and was low in patients with cardioembolism (0.8%) and large artery atherosclerosis (0.7%). All p.R544C patients with intracerebral hemorrhage were nonlobar hemorrhage. Sibling history of stroke (odds ratio [OR] = 4.50, 95% CI = 1.67-12.14 in ischemic stroke; OR = 6.03, 95% CI = 1.03-35.47 in intracerebral hemorrhage, respectively) and small vessel occlusion (OR, 4.03, 95% CI, 1.26-12.92) were significantly associated with p.R544C. Interpretation:p.R544C NOTCH3 mutation is underdiagnosed in stroke patients in Taiwan, especially in those with small vessel occlusion and sibling history of stroke.


Ann Clin Transl Neurol


Tang SC,Chen YR,Chi NF,Chen CH,Cheng YW,Hsieh FI,Hsieh YC,Yeh HL,Sung PS,Hu CJ,Chern CM,Lin HJ,Lien LM,Peng GS,Chiou HY,Jeng JS




Has Abstract


2018-11-20 00:00:00












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