Validation of the Children's Intrinsic Needs Satisfaction Scale among Canadian youth: psychometric properties, criterion-related validity and multitrait multimethod confirmatory factor analysis.

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION:Based on self-determination theory, the Children's Intrinsic Needs Satisfaction Scale (CINSS) measures autonomy, competence and relatedness at school, home and with peers. The factor structure and criterion-related validity of the CINSS in the Canadian youth population are tested using data from the Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey (CSTADS). METHODS:Data from the 2014/2015 CSTADS were analyzed for evidence of convergent and discriminant validity and for method variance. A multitrait multimethod (MTMM) confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to account for the conceptual structure of the measure. Criterion-related validity was demonstrated through correlations between related constructs, prosocial behaviours and behavioural problems, and the CINSS subscale scores. Mean differences on CINSS subscale scores between those who reported and did not report being bullied or bullying others were also examined. RESULTS:Correlation analyses demonstrated that, in general, correlations were higher between concept/context item pairs and lowest between items measuring different concepts and contexts. Cronbach's alpha for concept and context subscales were high: α = 0.77 for autonomy, α = 0.85 for competence and α = 0.79 for relatedness. A MTMM CFA demonstrated that the model fit the data well, with no modifications. Criterion-related validity was demonstrated through correlations between CINSS subscales and related concepts or mean differences on CINSS subscales between groups. CONCLUSION:The CINSS demonstrates good internal consistency, factorial validity and criterion-related validity in this sample of Canadian students. The measurement of positive mental health among Canadian youth is central to surveillance efforts which will help inform mental health promotion activities across Canada. INTRODUCTION:L'Échelle de satisfaction des besoins intrinsèques des enfants (Children’s Intrinsic Needs Satisfaction Scale ou questionnaire CINSS), fondée sur la théorie de l’autodétermination, sert à mesurer l’autonomie, la compétence et l'appartenance sociale à l’école, à la maison et avec les pairs. Nous avons vérifié sa structure factorielle et sa validité critérielle chez les jeunes canadiens à l’aide de données de l’Enquête canadienne sur le tabac, l’alcool et les drogues chez les élèves (ECTADE). MÉTHODOLOGIE:Nous avons analysé les données de l’ECTADE de 2014-2015 afin de mettre en évidence la validité convergente et discriminante et la variance liée à la méthode. Nous avons mené une analyse factorielle confirmatoire (AFC) reposant sur une approche multitraits-multiméthodes (MTMM) afin de tenir compte de la structure conceptuelle de la mesure. Nous avons établi sa validité critérielle grâce aux corrélations entre les concepts à l'étude, les comportements prosociaux et problèmes de comportement et les scores aux sous-échelles du questionnaire CINSS. Enfin, nous avons examiné les écarts moyens dans les scores aux sous‑échelles du questionnaire CINSS entre les répondants ayant déclaré qu’ils avaient commis des actes d’intimidation ou qu’ils en avaient été victimes d’une part et les répondants ayant fait état d'aucune intimidation d’autre part. RÉSULTATS:Les analyses de corrélations ont montré que, de manière générale, les corrélations étaient plus fortes entre variables se rapportant à des besoins ou des contextes appariés et plus faibles entre variables mesurant des besoins et des contextes différents. Le coefficient alpha de Cronbach pour les sous-échelles des besoins et des contextes était élevé : α = 0,77 pour l’autonomie, α = 0,85 pour la compétence et α = 0,79 pour l'appartenance sociale. L'AFC reposant sur une approche MTMM a montré que le modèle était bien ajusté aux données et qu’il ne nécessitait aucune modification. La validité critérielle a été établie par les corrélations entre les sous-échelles du questionnaire CINSS et les concepts étudiés ou par les écarts moyens dans les scores à ces sous-échelles entre groupes de répondants. CONCLUSION:L'Échelle de satisfaction des besoins intrinsèques des enfants (questionnaire CINSS) s’est révélée solide sur le plan de la cohérence interne, de la validité factorielle et de la validité critérielle dans notre échantillon d’élèves canadiens. Mesurer la santé mentale positive chez les jeunes canadiens est essentiel pour obtenir l'information pertinente nécessaire aux activités de promotion de la santé mentale au Canada.

authors

Orpana H,Pearson C,Dopko RL,Kocum L

doi

10.24095/hpcdp.39.1.03

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-01-01 00:00:00

pages

25-32

issue

1

issn

2368-738X

journal_volume

39

pub_type

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