Prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C in people with severe mental illness.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES:This study assessed seroprevalence rates of HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) among individuals with severe mental illness. METHODS:Participants (n = 931) were patients undergoing inpatient or outpatient treatment in Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, or North Carolina. RESULTS:The prevalence of HIV infection in this sample (3.1%) was approximately 8 times the estimated US population rate but lower than rates reported in previous studies of people with severe mental illness. Prevalence rates of HBV (23.4%) and HCV (19.6%) were approximately 5 and 11 times the overall estimated population rates for these infections, respectively. CONCLUSIONS:Elevated rates of HIV, HBV, and HCV were found. Of particular concern are the high rates of HCV infection, which are frequently undetected. Individuals with HCV infection commonly fail to receive appropriate treatment to limit liver damage and unknowingly may be a source of infection to others.

journal_name

Am J Public Health

authors

Rosenberg SD,Goodman LA,Osher FC,Swartz MS,Essock SM,Butterfield MI,Constantine NT,Wolford GL,Salyers MP

doi

10.2105/ajph.91.1.31

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2001-01-01 00:00:00

pages

31-7

issue

1

eissn

0090-0036

issn

1541-0048

journal_volume

91

pub_type

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