Re-evaluation of bone marrow aspiration in the diagnosis of miliary tuberculosis.


:We studied eight patients with miliary tuberculosis (TB). In all instances, tuberculomatous lesions were demonstrated in the aspirated bone marrow. We conclude that the bone marrow aspiration has great value in diagnosing miliary TB because it provides sufficient material to permit examination of serial sections as needed to confirm the diagnosis. The bone marrow aspiration also is safer than the alternative procedures of lung or liver biopsies.






Kinoshita M,Ichikawa Y,Koga H,Sumita S,Oizumi K




Has Abstract


1994-09-01 00:00:00
















  • Reducing COPD Readmissions: Strategies for the Pulmonologist to Improve Outcomes.

    abstract::Hospitalizations for patients with acute exacerbations of COPD are associated with several adverse patient outcomes as well as with significant health-care costs. Despite many interventions targeted at reducing readmissions following an initial hospitalization, there are few strategies that have been consistently asso...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Freedman N

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Single-nucleotide polymorphisms and lung disease: clinical implications.

    abstract::Human genetic variation has enormous implications for individual susceptibility to lung disease, as well as for differences in prognosis and response to therapeutic interventions. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most common type of DNA sequence variation. An SNP is the substitution of a single base in t...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tebbutt SJ,James A,Paré PD

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • Endoscopic ultrasound/fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of a malignant subcarinal lymph node in a patient with lung cancer and a negative positron emission tomography scan.

    abstract::Transesophageal, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and positron emission tomography (PET) scanning are new modalities for staging non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the roles of which are still being defined. A 78-year-old man with a right lower lobe (RLL) mass and mediastinal adenopathy...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rosenberg JM,Perricone A,Savides TJ

    更新日期:2002-09-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of flosequinan on hemodynamics and oxygen delivery in cor pulmonale.

    abstract::The hemodynamic effects of a new orally active vasodilator, flosequinan, were compared with placebo (single blind) over 24 h in eight patients with pulmonary hypertension secondary to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Mean pulmonary artery pressure was reduced by 5.1 (3.4, 6.7) mm Hg (mean 95 percent CI) (...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Elborn JS,Richardson G,Murphy P,MacMahon J

    更新日期:1992-10-01 00:00:00

  • Usefulness of fine-needle aspiration biopsy of spleen in diagnosis of sarcoidosis.

    abstract::Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the spleen was carried out in 557 patients. In 381 cases, the aspiration was performed because of suspected sarcoidosis. The sensitivity of the technique was 59 percent and the specificity 97 percent. The cytologic picture of the spleen was abnormal in 184 patients with sarcoidosis and...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Selroos O,Koivunen E

    更新日期:1983-02-01 00:00:00

  • Detection of left ventricular diverticulum by cross-sectional echocardiography.

    abstract::This report describes the cross-sectional echocardiographic features of a left ventricular diverticulum. The echocardiographic findings are illustrated and discussed in relation to the diagnostic capabilities of this noninvasive imaging technique. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Estevez CM,Weyman AE,Feigenbaum H

    更新日期:1976-04-01 00:00:00

  • Underrecognition of preexisting cognitive impairment by physicians in older ICU patients.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Cognitive impairment increases with age, as do many serious illnesses requiring intensive care. Little is known, however, about physician recognition of preexisting cognitive impairment in the ICU and which patient factors may play a role in physician recognition. DESIGN:Cross-sectional comparative study. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pisani MA,Redlich C,McNicoll L,Ely EW,Inouye SK

    更新日期:2003-12-01 00:00:00

  • Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid for treating drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

    abstract::This report describes two patients with multidrug resistant tuberculosis who were successfully treated with the addition of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid to second-line drugs. Mycobacterium tuberculosis possesses a beta-lactamase contributing to its resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. The combination of clavulanic ac...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nadler JP,Berger J,Nord JA,Cofsky R,Saxena M

    更新日期:1991-04-01 00:00:00

  • Safety of long-term treatment with HFA albuterol.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) used as propellants in metered-dose inhalers deplete stratospheric ozone, which results in serious public health concerns. Albuterol has been reformulated in the non-ozone-depleting propellant, hydrofluoroalkane-134a (HFA albuterol). OBJECTIVES:The primary objective was to compare...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Ramsdell JW,Klinger NM,Ekholm BP,Colice GL

    更新日期:1999-04-01 00:00:00

  • The prevalence of exercise-induced bronchospasm among US Army recruits and its effects on physical performance.

    abstract:STUDY OBJECTIVES:To measure the prevalence of exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) and to determine its effect on the physical performance response to training in otherwise healthy young adults. DESIGN:Observational, retrospective study. SETTING:Fort Jackson, SC, May to July 1998. PARTICIPANTS:One hundred thirty-seve...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sonna LA,Angel KC,Sharp MA,Knapik JJ,Patton JF,Lilly CM

    更新日期:2001-06-01 00:00:00

  • Thoracoscopic lobectomy for lung cancer with a largely fused fissure.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:While isolating the pulmonary arterial branches within the fissure is a crucial step in lobectomy, a largely fused fissure usually hinders its achievement, making lobectomy with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) difficult to achieve. For VATS lobectomy in lung cancer patients with a largely fused f...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nomori H,Ohtsuka T,Horio H,Naruke T,Suemasu K

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00

  • A predictive equation for determination of resting energy expenditure in mechanically ventilated patients.

    abstract:STUDY OBJECTIVE:To evaluate an equation that estimates resting energy expenditure from two easily obtained measurements--expired carbon dioxide and minute ventilation, and compare the results of this equation with standard methods of estimating and measuring caloric expenditure in mechanically ventilated patients. DES...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sherman MS

    更新日期:1994-02-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of nocturnal noninvasive mechanical ventilation on heart rate variability of patients with advanced COPD.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Cardiovascular comorbidities have a negative impact on the health status and prognosis of patients with COPD. We determined whether nocturnal noninvasive (positive) mechanical ventilation (NIMV) can improve heart rate variability (HRV), decrease circulating natriuretic peptide levels, and improve functional ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Sin DD,Wong E,Mayers I,Lien DC,Feeny D,Cheung H,Gan WQ,Man SF

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • The Burden of Community-Acquired Pneumonia Requiring Admission to ICU in the United States.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:A paucity of studies have assessed the epidemiology of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) that require ICU admission. We conducted a study on this group of patients with the primary objective of defining the incidence, epidemiology, and mortality rate of CAP in the ICUs in Louisville, Kentucky. The secondary...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cavallazzi R,Furmanek S,Arnold FW,Beavin LA,Wunderink RG,Niederman MS,Ramirez JA

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Oxygen supplementation and cardiac-autonomic modulation in COPD.

    abstract:STUDY OBJECTIVES:Patients with COPD have an increased sympathetic modulation and reduced baroreflex sensitivity (BRS). Therefore, we studied the effects of breathing 31% supplemental oxygen (SuppO(2)) on autonomic modulation in a group of COPD patients. DESIGN:We measured autonomic modulation before and during the adm...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Bartels MN,Gonzalez JM,Kim W,De Meersman RE

    更新日期:2000-09-01 00:00:00

  • The lungs and causes of death in the nocturnal oxygen therapy trial.

    abstract::Autopsy findings and a morphometric study of the lungs were compared in 18 subjects receiving nocturnal oxygen and 15 receiving continuous oxygen in the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Nocturnal Oxygen Therapy Trial (about half of those who died). The emphysema score, average interalveolar wall distance, cen...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Jacques J,Cooney TP,Silvers GW,Petty TL,Wright JL,Thurlbeck WM

    更新日期:1984-08-01 00:00:00

  • Coronary artery aneurysm. A review of the literature with a report of 11 new cases.

    abstract::In a prospective study, 11 (1.5 percent) of 742 patients had angiographically proven coronary artery aneurysms. The clinical picture was similar to that of patients with severe coronary artery disease. The coronary artery aneurysms were multiple and were associated with extensive coronary atherosclerosis in ten of the...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Falsetti HL,Carrol RJ

    更新日期:1976-05-01 00:00:00

  • Predischarge bundle for patients with acute exacerbations of COPD to reduce readmissions and ED visits: a randomized controlled trial.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hospital readmissions for acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPDs) pose burdens to the health-care system and patients. A current gap in knowledge is whether a predischarge screening and educational tool administered to patients with COPD reduces readmissions and ED visits. METHODS:A single-center, randomized ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Jennings JH,Thavarajah K,Mendez MP,Eichenhorn M,Kvale P,Yessayan L

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Efficacy of 67Ga-scintigraphy in predicting the diagnostic yield of transbronchial lung biopsy in pulmonary sarcoidosis.

    abstract::Nineteen consecutive patients with clinically suspected sarcoidosis underwent 67Ga-scintigraphy prior to transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) to determine if 67Ga uptake in lung parenchyma would increase the diagnostic yield of the biopsy procedure. Biopsies were obtained from the areas showing parenchymal uptake on the ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ackart RS,Munzel TL,Rodriguez JJ,Donlan CJ,Klayton RJ,Foreman DR

    更新日期:1982-07-01 00:00:00

  • Transient focal septal block.

    abstract::A 65-year-old woman with an acute myocardial infarction, as judged by serial enzyme changes, developed transitory Q waves in leads V2 to V4 and leads 2, 3, and aVF during an attack of pain in the chest. These Q waves were not present 12 hours later. It is suggested that these changes represent a focal block in the sep...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Athanassopoulos CB

    更新日期:1979-06-01 00:00:00

  • Diaphragmatic contraction during assisted mechanical ventilation.

    abstract::Indirect evidence from airway pressure recordings in mechanically ventilated patients suggests that the diaphragm exhibits contractile activity beyond that required to trigger a ventilator-assisted breath. We used the diaphragmatic EMG to provide direct evidence of persistent contractile activity and studied the effec...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Flick GR,Bellamy PE,Simmons DH

    更新日期:1989-07-01 00:00:00

  • Can mediastinal nodal mobility explain the low yield rates for transbronchial needle aspiration without real-time imaging?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The diagnostic yields with transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) for mediastinal nodes are highly variable. Nodal positions, as assessed on a breath-hold conventional CT scan, do not account for nodal motion. We studied nodal motion on four-dimensional (4D) CT scans. METHODS:A total of 47 mediastinal node...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Piet AH,Lagerwaard FJ,Kunst PW,van Sörnsen de Koste JR,Slotman BJ,Senan S

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • Follow-up of patients with tuberculosis treated in a general hospital program. Treatment largely as outpatients by community physicians.

    abstract::As of December 1975, there had been 5 to 8 1/2 years of observation on 263 patients with bacteriologically proven tuberculosis who were initially admitted to a general hospital and were treated largely as outpatients by community physicians from July 1967 through December 1970. Ten patients died during hospitalization...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dutt AK,Miller DL,Reagan WP,Swindoll HS,Jones LS,Stead WW

    更新日期:1978-07-01 00:00:00

  • Early detection of COPD in a high-risk population using spirometric screening.

    abstract:STUDY OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the efficacy of mass spirometry use for the detection of airflow obstruction in a high-risk population. DESIGN:Free spirometry was offered to smokers who were > 39 years of age with a smoking history of > 10 pack-years. Action was preceded by the dissemination of information on the causes ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zieliñski J,Bednarek M,Know the Age of Your Lung Study Group.

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00

  • COPD-OSA Overlap Syndrome: Evolving Evidence Regarding Epidemiology, Clinical Consequences, and Management.

    abstract::COPD and OSA are both highly prevalent, which implies that both disorders occurring together (overlap syndrome) is likely to be common based on chance association alone. However, different clinical COPD phenotypes influence the likelihood of coexisting OSA in that the increased lung volumes and low BMI associated with...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: McNicholas WT

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Functional sequelae of tuberculous pleurisy in patients correctly treated.

    abstract:STUDY OBJECTIVES:To assess the functional sequelae (FS) of patients with tuberculous pleurisy (TP), to analyze the influence of different factors in the occurrence of these FS, and, finally, to evaluate the relationship between the FS and roentgenographic sequelae. DESIGN:An observational, retrospective study. SETTIN...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Candela A,Andujar J,Hernández L,Martín C,Barroso E,Arriero JM,Romero S

    更新日期:2003-06-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of blood transfusions on inflammatory mediator release in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

    abstract:STUDY OBJECTIVES:This study was conducted to investigate whether intraoperative blood transfusions affect the release of proinflammatory mediators in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Therefore, we measured plasma levels of bactericidal permeability increasing protein (BPI) as a marker of neutrophil activation, inte...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fransen E,Maessen J,Dentener M,Senden N,Buurman W

    更新日期:1999-11-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of intravenous and inhaled terbutaline in the treatment of asthma.

    abstract::In a double-blind crossover controlled study, intravenous (IV) or nebulized terbutaline was given to eight patients with moderately severe asthma on two separate days. Four incremental doses of terbutaline were given by each route to establish a maximal effect. Both routes of administration produced significant increa...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Pierce RJ,Payne CR,Williams SJ,Denison DM,Clark TJ

    更新日期:1981-05-01 00:00:00

  • Pulmonary granulomatosis caused by aspirated green tea.

    abstract::We describe the first reported case (to our knowledge) of pulmonary granulomatosis caused by aspirated green tea. In this case, we found granulomatous alveolitis with lymph follicles, T lymphocytosis with predominantly CD8+ cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluids, positive serum precipitin and proliferative respons...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sakamoto O,Saita N,Yamasaki H,Tamanoi M,Ando M

    更新日期:1994-07-01 00:00:00

  • Classification of the thoroughness of mediastinal staging of lung cancer.

    abstract::There are many complementary techniques for mediastinal staging of lung cancer. It is increasingly apparent that the accuracy of mediastinal staging depends not only on which test is used but also on technical factors of how the procedure is performed. This article reviews data regarding such technical factors and pro...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Detterbeck F,Puchalski J,Rubinowitz A,Cheng D

    更新日期:2010-02-01 00:00:00