Tracking gender-based human rights violations in postwar Kosovo.


:Four years have passed since the institution of the cease-fire in Yugoslavia, and questions remain as to how Kosovar women are faring in the country's postwar reconstruction. Reports, albeit fragmented, suggest that violence against women began to increase in 1998 and 1999. This trend continued through 2001, even while rates of other major crimes decreased. Despite considerable local efforts to address the conditions of women, there remains a lack of systematic data documenting the scope and frequency of violent acts committed against women. A centralized surveillance system focused on tracking human rights abuses needs to be established to address this critical need for empirically based reports and to ultimately guide reform efforts.


Am J Public Health


Desai S,Perry MJ




Has Abstract


2004-08-01 00:00:00














  • Apolipoprotein E and Alzheimer's disease: the implications of progress in molecular medicine.

    abstract::We review the current status as well as the risks and benefits of a recently developed DNA test of risk for Alzheimer's disease: the apolipoprotein E genotype. While apolipoprotein E genotypes may indicate a degree of susceptibility, the gene is neither necessary nor sufficient to cause the disease; thus, many questio...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Mayeux R,Schupf N

    更新日期:1995-09-01 00:00:00

  • HIV infections and associated costs attributable to syphilis coinfection among African Americans.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We estimated the number and cost of syphilis-attributable HIV cases among African Americans. METHODS:A mathematical model of HIV transmission was used to estimate the number of partnerships consisting of HIV-discordant African Americans in which infectious syphilis was present and the number of new HIV case...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chesson HW,Pinkerton SD,Voigt R,Counts GW

    更新日期:2003-06-01 00:00:00

  • Viva la Vida: helping Latino Medicare beneficiaries with diabetes live their lives to the fullest.

    abstract::Viva la Vida (Live Your Life) is a call to action for older Latinos to take charge of their diabetes and live life to the fullest. Lumetra, California's federally designated Medicare quality improvement organization, developed the Viva la Vida project to improve diabetes care among Latino Medicare beneficiaries in 4 S...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Olson R,Sabogal F,Perez A

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • The quality of medical care delivered by lay practitioners in a feminist clinic.

    abstract::The completion of essential components of patient encounters by lay paramedics in a feminist clinic was compared to that of nurse practitioners in a student health gynecology clinic using explicit criteria for the gynecological annual examination and the examination for vulvo-vaginitis. According to evidence charted i...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elhai LS

    更新日期:1981-08-01 00:00:00

  • Suicidal behavior in a national sample of older homeless veterans.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined self-reported suicidal behavior of older homeless veterans to establish frequencies and predictors of recent suicidal behaviors, and their impact on transitional housing interventions. METHODS:We analyzed the records of a national sample of 10,111 veterans who participated in a transition housin...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schinka JA,Schinka KC,Casey RJ,Kasprow W,Bossarte RM

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Emotional disability days: prevalence and predictors.

    abstract::This study considered days missed from work or usual activities for emotional reasons associated with a range of specific psychopathologic disorders, psychosocial distress, and persons found to be asymptomatic. Analyses were performed with the presence or absence of emotional disability days as the dependent variable ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kouzis AC,Eaton WW

    更新日期:1994-08-01 00:00:00

  • Silicosis among gold miners: exposure--response analyses and risk assessment.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study sought to estimate the risk of silicosis by cumulative exposure-years in a cohort of miners exposed to silica, as well as the lifetime risk of silicosis under the current Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standard (0.09 mg/m3). METHODS:In a cohort study of 3330 gold miners who ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Steenland K,Brown D

    更新日期:1995-10-01 00:00:00

  • Morbidity risk at birth for Asian Indian small for gestational age infants.

    abstract::Whether the traditional definition of small for gestational age (SGA) is an appropriate marker of risk for populations that have relatively lower birthweight is unclear. We determined proportions of White and Asian Indian SGA infants and those admitted to the special care nursery. Compared with White infants, Asian In...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee HC,Ramachandran P,Madan A

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • Shifts in mortality during a hot weather event in Vancouver, British Columbia: rapid assessment with case-only analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We assessed shifts in patterns of mortality during a hot weather event in greater Vancouver, British Columbia. METHODS:We used a case-only analysis to compare characteristics of individuals who died during the hottest week of 2009 with those who died (1) during earlier summer weeks in 2009 and (2) during th...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kosatsky T,Henderson SB,Pollock SL

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Risk for cutaneous melanoma in recent Connecticut birth cohorts.

    abstract::Mortality trends suggest that increases in Connecticut incidence for cutaneous melanoma (CM) equal or under estimate increases for the entire country. One-sixth of CM in Connecticut occurs under age 35. In the 1955 birth cohort, modeled incidence rates per 100,000 age-adjusted to the 1960 US population are 38.2 in mal...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roush GC,Schymura MJ,Holford TR

    更新日期:1985-06-01 00:00:00

  • The Legacy of 1987 Boreali v. Axelrod: Board of Health Rule-Making Under Siege.

    abstract::We explore how a 1987 New York State court decision-Boreali v. Axelrod-affected public health rule-making nationally and, with considerable impact, locally in New York City (NYC).We discuss the history of the origin of the NYC Board of Health (BOH), and establish that legislatures can be challenging venues in which to...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Perl SB,Merrill TG,Lopez W,Bassett MT

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Sexual violence victimization history and sexual risk indicators in a community-based urban cohort of "mostly heterosexual" and heterosexual young women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to examine sexual violence victimization in childhood and sexual risk indicators in young adulthood in a primarily Latina and Black cohort of "mostly heterosexual" and heterosexual women in the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN). METHODS:In 2000, a comprehensive survey t...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Austin SB,Roberts AL,Corliss HL,Molnar BE

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Structure and functions of state public health agencies.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We assessed the structure and functions of state health departments throughout the United States and compared our findings with those from a previous national assessment conducted in 1990. METHODS:In 2001, we sent a survey to the state health officers of all 50 states. The survey asked about the structure a...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beitsch LM,Brooks RG,Grigg M,Menachemi N

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Ongoing coverage for ongoing care: access, utilization, and out-of-pocket spending among uninsured working-aged adults with chronic health care needs.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to determine how part-year and full-year gaps in health insurance coverage affected working-aged persons with chronic health care needs. METHODS:We conducted multivariate analyses of the 2002-2004 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey to compare access, utilization, and out-of-pocket spending burden am...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gulley SP,Rasch EK,Chan L

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

  • Inequalities of Income and Inequalities of Longevity: A Cross-Country Study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the effects of market income inequality (income inequality before taxes and transfers) and income redistribution via taxes and transfers on inequality in longevity. METHODS:We used life tables to compute Gini coefficients of longevity inequality for all individuals and for individuals who surviv...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Neumayer E,Plümper T

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Which adults do underaged youth ask for cigarettes?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study identified adults' demographic and smoking behavior characteristics that are related to being asked to provide tobacco to a minor. METHODS:Telephone interviews were conducted with 6352 California adults. Predictors included age, sex, household income, and smoking status. RESULTS:Only 10.1% of Ca...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ribisl KM,Norman GJ,Howard-Pitney B,Howard KA

    更新日期:1999-10-01 00:00:00

  • The choice of weapons in firearm suicides.

    abstract::We report on the firearms used in 235 suicides in Sacramento County, California, during 1983-85. Handguns were used in 69 per cent of firearm suicides--65 per cent for males, 88 per cent for females--and in all such deaths among women ages 35 and older. We tested the hypothesis that the choice of firearms by persons c...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wintemute GJ,Teret SP,Kraus JF,Wright MW

    更新日期:1988-07-01 00:00:00

  • The global dimensions of public health preparedness and implications for US action.

    abstract::The globalization of public health is both real and relevant throughout the United States and to Americans traveling or residing abroad. US public policy responses are evolving, but a crisper and more comprehensive global perspective is needed. I suggest four timely US actions to address today's competing realities o...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moore M

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Staphylococcus aureus colonization and infection among drug users: identification of hidden networks.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We combined social-network analysis and molecular epidemiology to investigate Staphylococcus aureus among drug users. METHODS:From 2003 through 2005, we recruited adult drug users in Brooklyn, New York. Of 501 individuals recruited, 485 participated. Participants were screened for HIV infection and S. aureu...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gwizdala RA,Miller M,Bhat M,Vavagiakis P,Henry C,Neaigus A,Shi Q,Lowy FD

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • A population-based study of environmental hazards in the homes of older persons.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study sought to estimate the population-based prevalence of environmental hazards in the homes of older persons and to determine whether the prevalence of these hazards differs by housing type or by level of disability in terms of activities of daily living (ADLs). METHODS:An environmental assessment w...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gill TM,Williams CS,Robison JT,Tinetti ME

    更新日期:1999-04-01 00:00:00

  • Risk factors for childhood homicides in Ohio: a birth certificate-based case-control study.

    abstract::Death certificate of children less than 8 years of age who were killed between 1979 and 1986 were linked to their Ohio birth certificates and compared with those of Ohio children born in 1983 (controls). Having an unmarried mother increased risk of homicide almost fivefold (odds ratio 4.87). Having a teenage mother, a...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Winpisinger KA,Hopkins RS,Indian RW,Hostetler JR

    更新日期:1991-08-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol advertising on Boston's Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority transit system: an assessment of youths' and adults' exposure.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We investigated the frequency with which alcohol advertisements appeared on Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) transit lines in Boston, MA, and we calculated adult and youths' exposure to the ads. METHODS:We measured the nature and extent of alcohol advertisements on 4 Boston transit lines on...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nyborn JA,Wukitsch K,Nhean S,Siegel M

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Promoting breast and cervical cancer screening at the workplace: results from the Woman to Woman Study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This article reports findings from a peer-delivered intervention designed to increase use of breast and cervical cancer screening. METHODS:Twenty-six worksites were randomly assigned to the intervention or comparison group. The 16-month intervention consisted of group discussions, outreach, and educational ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Allen JD,Stoddard AM,Mays J,Sorensen G

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00

  • 2015 Pandemic Influenza Readiness Assessment Among US Public Health Emergency Preparedness Awardees.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess how US Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) awardees plan to respond to an influenza pandemic with vaccination. METHODS:The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention developed the Pandemic Influenza Readiness Assessment, an online survey sent to PHEP directors, to analyze, in part, the rea...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fitzgerald TJ,Moulia DL,Graitcer SB,Vagi SJ,Dopson SA

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Increasing hookah use in California.

    abstract::Hookah use is gaining popularity nationwide. We determined the correlates and trends for hookah use from the California Tobacco Survey. Between 2005 and 2008 hookah use increased more than 40%, and in 2008, 24.5% of young men reported ever using a hookah. Hookah use was more common among the young (18-24 years), the e...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smith JR,Edland SD,Novotny TE,Hofstetter CR,White MM,Lindsay SP,Al-Delaimy WK

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Polychlorinated biphenyls: influence on birthweight and gestation.

    abstract::Fifty-one infants born to women employed at two capacitor manufacturing facilities with a history of high exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) had a mean birthweight of 153 grams less than that of 337 infants born to women who had worked in low-exposure areas (90 per cent confidence interval, -286 to -20 g); m...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taylor PR,Lawrence CE,Hwang HL,Paulson AS

    更新日期:1984-10-01 00:00:00

  • International Health Regulations, Ebola, and Emerging Infectious Diseases in Latin America and the Caribbean.

    abstract::The World Health Organization's determination of the Ebola virus disease outbreak as a public health event of international concern prompted nonaffected countries to implement measures to prevent, detect, and manage the introduction of the virus in their territories. The outbreak provided an opportunity to assess the ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Espinal M,Aldighieri S,St John R,Becerra-Posada F,Etienne C

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Worldwide Prevalence and Trends in Unintentional Drug Overdose: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Drug overdose is an important, yet an inadequately understood, public health problem. Global attention to unintentional drug overdose has been limited by comparison with the scope of the problem. There has been a substantial increase in drug overdose incidence and prevalence in several countries worldwide ov...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Martins SS,Sampson L,Cerdá M,Galea S

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Food Insecurity and Chronic Diseases Among American Indians in Rural Oklahoma: The THRIVE Study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine food insecurity and cardiovascular disease-related health outcomes among American Indians (AIs) in rural Oklahoma. METHODS:We surveyed a cross-sectional sample of 513 AI adults to assess food insecurity domains (i.e., food quality and quantity) and obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. RESULTS:Am...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blue Bird Jernigan V,Wetherill MS,Hearod J,Jacob T,Salvatore AL,Cannady T,Grammar M,Standridge J,Fox J,Spiegel J,Wiley A,Noonan C,Buchwald D

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of HIV/AIDS intervention groups for high-risk women in urban clinics.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study reports the results of a behavior change intervention offered to women at high risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection seen in an urban primary health care clinic. METHODS:Participants were 197 women randomly assigned to either an HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) risk re...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kelly JA,Murphy DA,Washington CD,Wilson TS,Koob JJ,Davis DR,Ledezma G,Davantes B

    更新日期:1994-12-01 00:00:00