Kinetics of polymerization of a fluoresceinated derivative of complement protein C9 by the membrane-bound complex of complement proteins C5b-8.

Abstract:

:The fluorescence self-quenching by energy transfer of FITC-C9, a fluoresceinated derivative of human complement protein C9 [Sims, P.J. (1984) Biochemistry (preceding paper in this issue)], has been used to monitor the kinetics of C9 polymerization induced by the membrane-associated complex of complement proteins C5b-8. Time-based measurements of the fluorescence change observed during incubation of FITC-C9 with C5b-8-treated sheep red blood cell ghost membranes at various temperatures revealed that C9 polymerization induced by the C5b-8 proteins exhibits a temperature dependence similar to that previously reported for the complement-mediated hemolysis of these cells, with an Arrhenius activation energy for FITC-C9 polymerization of 13.3 +/- 3.2 kcal mol-1 (mean +/- 2 SD). Similar measurements obtained with C5b-8-treated unilamellar vesicles composed of either egg yolk phosphatidylcholine (egg PC), dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), or dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) revealed activation energies of between 20 and 25 kcal mol-1 for FITC-C9 polymerization by C5b-8 bound to these membranes. Temperature-dependent rates of C9 polymerization were observed to be largely unaffected by the phase state of membrane lipid in the target C5b-8 vesicles. The significance of these observations of the mechanism of C9 activation of membrane insertion is considered.

journal_name

Biochemistry

journal_title

Biochemistry

authors

Sims PJ,Wiedmer T

doi

10.1021/bi00309a021

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1984-07-03 00:00:00

pages

3260-7

issue

14

eissn

0006-2960

issn

1520-4995

journal_volume

23

pub_type

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