Phytochrome- and gibberellin-mediated regulation of abscisic acid metabolism during germination of photoblastic lettuce seeds.

Abstract:

:Germination of lettuce (Lactuca sativa) 'Grand Rapids' seeds is regulated by phytochrome. The action of phytochrome includes alterations in the levels of gibberellin (GA) and abscisic acid (ABA). To determine the molecular mechanism of phytochrome regulation of ABA metabolism, we isolated four lettuce cDNAs encoding 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase (biosynthesis; LsNCED1-LsNCED4) and four cDNAs for ABA 8'-hydroxylase (catabolism; LsABA8ox1-LsABA8ox4). Measurements of ABA and its catabolites showed that a decrease in ABA level coincided with a slight increase in the level of the ABA catabolite phaseic acid after red light treatment. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis indicated that ABA levels are controlled by phytochrome through down-regulation of LsNCED2 and LsNCED4 expression and up-regulation of LsABA8ox4 expression in lettuce seeds. Furthermore, the expression levels of LsNCED4 decreased after GA(1) treatment, whereas the levels of expression of the other two genes were unaffected. The LsNCED4 expression was also down-regulated by red light in lettuce seeds in which GA biosynthesis was suppressed by AMO-1618, a specific GA biosynthesis inhibitor. These results indicate that phytochrome regulation of ABA metabolism is mediated by both GA-dependent and -independent mechanisms. Spatial analysis showed that after red light treatment, the ABA decrease on the hypocotyl side was greater than that on the cotyledon side of lettuce seeds. Moreover, phytochrome-regulated expression of ABA and GA biosynthesis genes was observed on the hypocotyl side, rather than the cotyledon side, suggesting that this regulation occurs near the photoperceptive site.

journal_name

Plant Physiol

journal_title

Plant physiology

authors

Sawada Y,Aoki M,Nakaminami K,Mitsuhashi W,Tatematsu K,Kushiro T,Koshiba T,Kamiya Y,Inoue Y,Nambara E,Toyomasu T

doi

10.1104/pp.107.115162

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2008-03-01 00:00:00

pages

1386-96

issue

3

eissn

0032-0889

issn

1532-2548

pii

pp.107.115162

journal_volume

146

pub_type

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