Prognosis after "high urgent" kidney transplantation might be determined by control of preexisting septic condition.

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION:Dialysis is the standard bridging method for patients with end-stage renal disease. In rare cases, dialysis is impossible and immediate kidney transplantation (KT) is the only option for survival. Most allocation organizations offer an immediate allocation procedure (high urgency [HU]), which focuses on immediate allocation at the cost of immunologic matching. The impossibility of dialysis is mainly caused by multiple systemic thromboses and blood stream infections. This situation creates an ethical dilemma: Accepting the HU-KT allocation potentially saves the patient's life albeit with negatively effects on the expected patient and organ survivals. In times of organ shortage, more information is needed regarding this difficult decision; the published literature is limited to 4 papers. METHODS:We performed a retrospective analysis of patients who were transplanted by HU allocation in our center between January 1989 and October 2010. RESULTS:Of 1040 KT, 10 (0.96%) were performed in HU condition. Mean follow-up time was 37 months. The main reason for HU-KT was exhaustion of vascular access in combination with a bloodstream infection. All recipients showed severe preoperative comorbidities. Patient survival was 90% at 1, 80% at 3, and 60% at 5 years. There was 1 graft loss owing to chronic rejection. CONCLUSION:When kidney transplantation is performed as an HU procedure, it is associated with a greater morbidity and mortality compared with elective cases. Bloodstream infections that existed before transplantation contributed considerably to mortality.

journal_name

Transplant Proc

authors

Kleinert R,Wahba R,Heiermann N,Kisner T,Hos N,Stippel DL

doi

10.1016/j.transproceed.2012.08.011

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2013-01-01 00:00:00

pages

95-8

issue

1

eissn

0041-1345

issn

1873-2623

pii

S0041-1345(12)01244-4

journal_volume

45

pub_type

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