The comparative genomics of human respiratory syncytial virus subgroups A and B: genetic variability and molecular evolutionary dynamics.

Abstract:

:Genomic variation and related evolutionary dynamics of human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), a common causative agent of severe lower respiratory tract infections, may affect its transmission behavior. RSV evolutionary patterns are likely to be influenced by a precarious interplay between selection favoring variants with higher replicative fitness and variants that evade host immune responses. Studying RSV genetic variation can reveal both the genes and the individual codons within these genes that are most crucial for RSV survival. In this study, we conducted genetic diversity and evolutionary rate analyses on 36 RSV subgroup B (RSV-B) whole-genome sequences. The attachment protein, G, was the most variable protein; accordingly, the G gene had a higher substitution rate than other RSV-B genes. Overall, less genetic variability was found among the available RSV-B genome sequences than among RSV-A genome sequences in a comparable sample. The mean substitution rates of the two subgroups were, however, similar (for subgroup A, 6.47 × 10(-4) substitutions/site/year [95% credible interval {CI 95%}, 5.56 × 10(-4) to 7.38 × 10(-4)]; for subgroup B, 7.76 × 10(-4) substitutions/site/year [CI 95%, 6.89 × 10(-4) to 8.58 × 10(-4)]), with the time to their most recent common ancestors (TMRCAs) being much lower for RSV-B (19 years) than for RSV-A (46.8 years). The more recent RSV-B TMRCA is apparently the result of a genetic bottleneck that, over longer time scales, is still compatible with neutral population dynamics. Whereas the immunogenic G protein seems to require high substitution rates to ensure immune evasion, strong purifying selection in conserved proteins such as the fusion protein and nucleocapsid protein is likely essential to preserve RSV viability.

journal_name

J Virol

journal_title

Journal of virology

authors

Tan L,Coenjaerts FE,Houspie L,Viveen MC,van Bleek GM,Wiertz EJ,Martin DP,Lemey P

doi

10.1128/JVI.03278-12

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2013-07-01 00:00:00

pages

8213-26

issue

14

eissn

0022-538X

issn

1098-5514

pii

JVI.03278-12

journal_volume

87

pub_type

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