Sex differences among obstetrician-gynecologists: a review of survey studies.


UNLABELLED:Whether practice differences exist between the sexes is a question of clinical and educational significance. The obstetrician-gynecologist (ob-gyn) workforce has been shifting to majority women. An examination of sex differences in ob-gyn practice contributes to the discussion about how the changing workforce may impact women's healthcare. We sought to review survey studies to assess whether there are specific topics in which differences in attitudes, opinions, and practice patterns between male and female ob-gyns are apparent. We conducted a systematic review to identify all survey studies of ob-gyns from the years 2002-2012. A total of 93 studies were reviewed to identify statements of sex differences and categorized by conceptual theme. Sex differences were identified in a number of areas. In general, women report more supportive attitudes toward abortion. A number of differences were identified with regard to workforce issues, such as women earning 23% less than their male counterparts as reported in 1 study and working an average of 4.1 fewer hours per week than men in another study. Men typically provide higher selfratings than women in a number of areas. Other noted findings include men tending toward more pharmaceutical therapies and women making more referrals for medical conditions. Although a number of areas of difference were identified, the impact of such differences is yet to be determined. Additional research may help to clarify the reasons for such differences and their potential impact on patients. TARGET AUDIENCE:Obstetricians and gynecologists, family physicians Learning Objectives: After completing this CME activity, physicians should be better able to determine how the relevance of studying sex differences among physicians, specifically ob-gyns, can help improve patient care, assess whether there are topical areas in which male and female ob-gyns have reported different beliefs, practices, attitudes, and opinions, and examine how the limitations of survey studies and systematic reviews can affect the findings of these studies and reviews.


Obstet Gynecol Surv


Farrow VA,Anderson B,Chescheir NC,Schulkin J




Has Abstract


2013-03-01 00:00:00












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    authors: Furneaux EC,Langley-Evans AJ,Langley-Evans SC

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    authors: Perry TE,Hirshfeld-Cytron J

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  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: facts and fallacies.

    abstract::Severe or critical ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a serious complication of ovarian hyperstimulation for assisted reproduction techniques (ART). The syndrome is characterized by cystic enlargement of the ovaries and fluid shifts from the intravascular to the third space. The morbidity in OHSS is mainly de...

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    authors: Beerendonk CC,van Dop PA,Braat DD,Merkus JM

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  • Effectiveness of Tocolytic Agents on Prevention of Preterm Delivery, Neonatal Morbidity, and Mortality: Is There a Consensus? A Review of the Literature.

    abstract::Preterm delivery presents the main cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. The rate of preterm delivery is 12% to 13% in the United States, of which 29% concerns preterm deliveries before 34 weeks of gestation. Basic parameter of prevention strategy is implementation of tocolytic therapy in cases of threa...

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    authors: Petousis S,Margioula-Siarkou C,Kalogiannidis I

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  • Pubic Symphysis Rupture and Separation During Pregnancy.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors, clinical and radiologic criteria for diagnosis, and management of this unusual complication of pregnancy. METHODS:A PubMed and Web of Science search was undertaken with no limitations on the number of years searched. RESULTS:There were 36 publications...

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    authors: Shnaekel KL,Magann EF,Ahmadi S

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::Arthropod-borne bacterial diseases affect more than 25,000 Americans every year and thousands more around the world. These infections present a diagnostic dilemma for clinicians because they mimic many other pathologic conditions and are often low on or absent from the differential diagnosis list. Diagnosis is particu...

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    authors: Dotters-Katz SK,Kuller J,Heine RP

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  • Mobility of the pelvic joints in pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain: a systematic review.

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    authors: Mens JM,Pool-Goudzwaard A,Stam HJ

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    abstract:UNLABELLED:Our objective was to assess current knowledge regarding PAPNET (Neuromedical Systems, Inc.) automated cervical cytology screening methods and to assess the performance of this automated system in comparison with manual screening. To this goal, studies published in the English language regarding the PAPNET sy...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


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  • The potential impact of physical activity during pregnancy on maternal and neonatal outcomes.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Pregnancy is a critical period of body weight regulation. Maternal obesity and excessive gestational weight gain have become increasingly common and contribute to poor obstetrical outcomes for mother and baby. Regular participation in physical activity may improve risk profiles in pregnant women. PURPOSE ...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ferraro ZM,Gaudet L,Adamo KB

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  • An evidence-based approach to the evaluation and treatment of premature rupture of membranes: Part I.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) occurs in 3% of pregnancies and is responsible for one third of all preterm births. PPROM will affect 120,000 women in the United States each year. It is associated with significant maternal, fetal, and neonatal morbidity and mortality resulting from infection, ...

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    authors: Canavan TP,Simhan HN,Caritis S

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  • Endometriosis and infertility: new concepts.

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  • Thrombocytopenia in obstetric syndromes. A review.

    abstract::Thrombocytopenia is a phenomenon sometimes observed in connection with various obstetric syndromes. Many times it appears clinically to be a comparatively benign complication of an otherwise significant disease. In some cases, however, it may be a clue to serious disease and its pathophysiology. The subject of thrombo...

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    abstract:Importance:Vaginal birth after previous cesarean birth (VBAC) is a reasonable option for many women with previous cesarean delivery. Objective:The aim of this study was to summarize evidence and compare recommendations from national guidelines regarding VBAC. Evidence Acquisition:A descriptive review of 3 national gu...

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    authors: Tsakiridis I,Mamopoulos A,Athanasiadis A,Dagklis T

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    abstract::Achalasia is a motor disorder of the esophageal smooth muscle in which the lower esophageal sphincter does not relax normally with swallowing, and the esophageal body undergoes nonperistaltic contractions. The underlying abnormality is the loss of intramural neurons. Achalasia affects men and women of all ages. Dyspha...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Khudyak V,Lysy J,Mankuta D

    更新日期:2006-03-01 00:00:00

  • Respiratory complications of pregnancy.

    abstract::The pregnant woman is susceptible to a variety of respiratory complications. When a pregnant patient presents with an abnormal chest x-ray or a pulmonary complaint, an understanding of the pathophysiology of pregnancy will guide the clinician in establishing a diagnosis. Pregnancy brings about many changes to a woman'...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ie S,Rubio ER,Alper B,Szerlip HM

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    abstract::Our objective was to discuss the role of erythropoietin in fetal erythropoiesis and to review its clinical uses in perinatal medicine. All relevant articles compiled through a MEDLINE search (years 1986-1997) were reviewed. Erythropoietin is essential for fetal erythropoiesis and is produced in response to hypoxia and...

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    abstract:Importance:Ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancers constitute the deadliest gynecologic malignancies. After primary cytoreductive surgery, there are several standard first-line cytotoxic treatments for providers to consider. Newer molecular targeted therapies are becoming more common and may have a role...

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    abstract:UNLABELLED:Human reproduction provides unique opportunities for the transmission of infectious agents. Furthermore, the mother and her offspring have distinct susceptibilities to infection at each stage of reproduction, from conception and gestation to parturition and the neonatal period. The impact of pathogens on rep...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


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    abstract:PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW:The purpose of this review is to understand new modalities available to treat and manage type 1 and type 2 diabetes during pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS:The use of new insulin analogs and oral agents, as well as new technologies to deliver insulin and monitor glucose during pregnancy remains controv...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lee-Parritz A

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  • The pharmacologic inhibition of premature labor.

    abstract::Oxytocin, elevated estrogen-progesterone ratio, fetal corticosteroids, prostaglandins, catecholamines, and changes in uterine blood flow have all been implicated as triggers of labor. In approximately one-third of cases of threatened premature labor contractions stop spontaneously. Thus placebo-controlled randomized t...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Niebyl JR,Blake DA,Johnson JW,King TM

    更新日期:1978-08-01 00:00:00

  • The Impact of Adenomyosis on Women's Fertility.

    abstract::Until recently, adenomyosis has been associated with multiparity, not impaired fertility. Currently, adenomyosis is diagnosed with increasing frequency in infertile patients since women delay their first pregnancy until their late 30s or early 40s. Although an association between adenomyosis and infertility has not be...

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    authors: Harada T,Khine YM,Kaponis A,Nikellis T,Decavalas G,Taniguchi F

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

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    更新日期:2002-04-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Obstetrical & gynecological survey

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: McClung M

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    journal_title:Obstetrical & gynecological survey

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Duvekot JJ,Peeters LL

    更新日期:1994-12-01 00:00:00

  • Aspirin and reproductive outcomes.

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    journal_title:Obstetrical & gynecological survey

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: James AH,Brancazio LR,Price T

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  • Autoimmune diseases in pregnancy: their effect on the fetus and newborn.

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    journal_title:Obstetrical & gynecological survey

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Giacoia GP,Azubuike K

    更新日期:1991-11-01 00:00:00

  • The Complex Interaction Between Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Hereditary Angioedema: Case Reports and Review of the Literature.

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    journal_title:Obstetrical & gynecological survey

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Iahn-Aun M,Aun MV,Motta AA,Kalil J,Giavina-Bianchi P,Hayashida SA,Baracat EC,Maciel GA

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00