Gender Differences in Nonprescribed Psychostimulant Use in Young Adults.


BACKGROUND:In order to better understand the recent rise in nonprescribed use of psychostimulants on college campuses, motives, outcomes, and acceptability of nonprescribed psychostimulants have been evaluated. Despite knowledge that students use nonprescribed medical stimulants for improved academic performance and recreational use, gender differences in these motives have not been examined, despite the fact that the social construction of gender may well affect motives for use. OBJECTIVES:The goal of the present study was to examine gender differences in motives, outcomes, and acceptability of nonprescribed psychostimulant use. METHODS:2716 undergraduates (1448 male) between the ages of 17 and 57 years (M = 19.43 years, SD = 1.7 years) completed an online survey examining subjective motives of nonprescribed psychostimulant use, as well as behaviors after use and moral views of nonprescribed use. RESULTS:Consistent with hypotheses and known gender differences in social motivation, results suggested that while females are more likely to use nonprescribed psychostimulants for reasons related to schoolwork, males are typically more likely to use psychostimulants for reasons related to partying and socializing. Additional gender differences were that males are more likely to take part in other risky behaviors after use of psychostimulants, as well as view nonprescribed use as more moral and less physically dangerous than females. Conclusions/Importance: This work suggests that there are striking gender differences in motivation and outcomes of use of nonprescribed psychostimulants, which may have implications for personalized approaches for prevention of nonprescribed psychostimulant use on campuses based on gender.


Subst Use Misuse


Substance use & misuse


Smith TE,DeSantis AD,Martel MM




Has Abstract


2018-03-21 00:00:00












  • Hepatitis C Virus Screening among Medicaid-Insured Individuals with Opioid Use Disorder across Substance Use Disorder Treatment Settings.

    abstract::Objective: Although the rapid increase in opioid use disorders (OUD) and concurrent increase in Hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the United States is well-documented, little is known about HCV testing among high-risk populations. We examine patterns of HCV testing across OUD treatment settings for individuals with OUD in Ne...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Choi S,Healy S,Shapoval L,Forthal S,Neighbors CJ

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of benzodiazepine use among a sample of arrestees surveyed through the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) Program.

    abstract::While marijuana and cocaine are the two most prevalent drugs used among arrestee populations, benzodiazepine use has surpassed that of opiates in several jurisdictions across the United States. Despite this proliferation, few scholarly works have focused on benzodiazepine use among individuals under criminal justice s...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yacoubian GS Jr

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Factors Associated With Drinking Behavior Among Immigrant Women in Taiwan.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Transnational marriage-based immigrant women in Taiwan have moved to a country where alcohol use is prevalent and they face the challenge of adaptation into a new society, which could influence their drinking behavior. OBJECTIVES:To describe the prevalence of alcohol drinking and examine factors associated ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu YC,Chen HH,Lee JF,Chu KH,Chien LY

    更新日期:2017-04-16 00:00:00

  • Attitudes and beliefs about 12-step groups among addiction treatment clients and clinicians: toward identifying obstacles to participation.

    abstract::Participation in 12-step groups (12SG) during and after formal treatment has been associated with positive outcome among substance users. However, the effectiveness of 12SG may be limited by high attrition rates and by low participation, areas on which there has been little research. Clinicians play an important role ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Laudet AB

    更新日期:2003-12-01 00:00:00

  • Drinking and parental unpredictability among adult children of alcoholics: a pilot study.

    abstract::Within-family differences that mediate the relationship between family history for alcoholism and alcohol consumption were investigated. Twenty adult children of alcoholics (ACOAs) and 20 children of social drinking parents (non-ACOAs) were interviewed in 1991 (mean age 24.2 years). Participants described family funct...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ross LT,Hill EM

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00

  • Relationships among alcohol availability, drinking location, alcohol consumption, and drinking problems in adolescents.

    abstract::We examined relationships among perceived alcohol availability, drinking location, alcohol consumption, and drinking problems. Subjects were 3,372 adolescent drinkers, ages 16-18, who participated in the Communities Mobilizing for Change on Alcohol Project baseline survey. Mixed-model regression was employed to identi...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Jones-Webb R,Toomey TL,Short B,Murray DM,Wagenaar A,Wolfson M

    更新日期:1997-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of alcoholic beverage control policies and contextual factors on alcohol consumption and its related harms in France from 1960 to 2000.

    abstract::Important social changes such as urbanization, increases in female education and employment, and increased incomes have occurred in France from 1960 to 2000 along with a major decrease in alcoholic beverage consumption (from 25 L pure alcohol per inhabitant 15 years and old to 13 L); especially due to wine consumption...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Cogordan C,Kreft-Jaïs C,Guillemont J

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • The association of alcohol consumption with tobacco use in Black and White college students.

    abstract::This study explored the association of alcohol and tobacco use among college students. A survey was administered in 2004 to 2,189 Black and White students from the southeastern United States. The prevalence of alcohol and tobacco use, tobacco use characteristics according to level of alcohol consumed, and percentage o...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ames SC,Stevens SR,Werch CE,Carlson JM,Schroeder DR,Kiros GE,Kershaw J,Patten CA,Ebbert JO,Offord KP

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Childhood sexual abuse, PTSD, and the functional roles of alcohol use among women drinkers.

    abstract::The present study investigated whether a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) or current post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was associated with alcohol-related expectancies and recalled effects of drinking reported by women in substance user treatment. The results indicate that CSA status was not associated with...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simpson TL

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Public religiosity, religious importance, and substance use among Latino emerging adults.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study examined the relationship between religiosity (religious importance and public religion) and substance use (binge drinking and marijuana use) among Latino emerging adults. METHOD:Study utilized data (N = 2,442; 51.9% male) from wave 3 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add He...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Escobar OS,Vaughan EL

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Pharmacotherapy of alcohol use disorders.

    abstract::Therapeutic interventions to treat alcoholism have increased in number, including several pharmacotherapies. Aspects of epidemiology, gender, and psychiatric comorbidity as well as a brief overview of neurobiology are presented as an introduction. The medications used clinically for the treatment of alcoholism, disulf...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Buonopane A,Petrakis IL

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Resilience to drinking vulnerability in women with alcoholic parents: the moderating effects of dyadic cohesion in marital communication.

    abstract::Data from a subsample of women (N = 4,235) in two waves of the National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth (NLSY) are used to examine the relationship between parental alcoholism and alcohol use in adult life. Dyadic cohesion in marital communication (frequency of interaction and agreement on substantive issues that affect...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jennison KM,Johnson KA

    更新日期:1997-09-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of consumer participation demonstration projects in five Australian drug user treatment facilities: the impact of individual versus organizational stability in determining project progress.

    abstract::This project evaluated consumer participation projects in five drug user treatment services in metropolitan and regional areas in three Australian states. Qualitative interviews were conducted with staff and consumers at two time points between 2008 from 2010 (n = 108). At baseline staff and some consumers focused on ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Treloar C,Rance J,Madden A,Liebelt L

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Internalizing, social competence, and substance initiation: influence of gender moderation and a preventive intervention.

    abstract::Using latent growth curve modeling, the current study investigated gender moderation of the longitudinal pathways from internalizing to both social competency (i.e., social assertiveness) and the initiation of substance use (i.e., tobacco, alcohol, marijuana), as well as the effect of a preventive intervention on that...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lillehoj CJ,Trudeau L,Spoth R,Wickrama KA

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Using Bayesian space-time models to understand the substance use environment and risk for being referred to child protective services.

    abstract::Parental substance misuse has often been cited as a cause of children being referred for investigation of child abuse and neglect. Research on how the substance use environment might affect this relationship is still in its infancy with primarily only cross-sectional studies finding a positive relationship of alcohol ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Freisthler B,Weiss RE

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Associations of Alcohol Availability and Neighborhood Socioeconomic Characteristics With Drinking: Cross-Sectional Results From the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA).

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Living in neighborhoods with a high density of alcohol outlets and socioeconomic disadvantage may increase residents' alcohol use. Few researchers have studied these exposures in relation to multiple types of alcohol use, including beverage-specific consumption, and how individual demographic factors influen...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brenner AB,Diez Roux AV,Barrientos-Gutierrez T,Borrell LN

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pharmaceutical Cognitive Enhancement in Greek University Students: Differences Between Users and Non-Users in Social Cognitive Variables, Burnout, and Engagement.

    abstract::Pharmaceutical cognitive enhancement (PCE) represents the non-medical use of prescribed medication for the improvement of cognitive functioning and academic performance. Although there are some studies about PCE prevalence, it is less clear how users and non-users of PCE substances differ with respect to their positiv...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lazuras L,Ypsilanti A,Lamprou E,Kontogiorgis C

    更新日期:2017-06-07 00:00:00

  • Drug-related deaths in France in 2007: estimates and implications.

    abstract::Compared with other European countries, France's low number of drug use-related deaths may appear enviable. Previous studies have suggested significant underreporting. The three official records listing drug-related deaths in France in 2007 were cross-checked. Different capture-recapture techniques were applied. The e...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Janssen E

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Perception and consumption of alcohol among the immigrant population from Latin America in Valencia region (Spain).

    abstract::This study examines patterns of alcohol consumption among the Hispanic immigrant population in Valencia (Spain), and also whether the length of immigrants' residence in our country and perceived degree of discrimination have any influence on such patterns. A total of 610 Spanish-speaking immigrants (314 women, 296 men...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tortajada S,Llorens N,Castellano M,Alvarez FJ,Aleixandre-Benavent R,Valderrama-Zurián JC

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

  • Dharma, yoga, tantra.

    abstract::In the mid-20th century, Selvararajan Yesudian (1916-1998), who was born in India to a Christian father, a physician, and spent most of his life in Switzerland, coauthored (with Elisabeth Haich) a book entitled Yoga and Health; since then, the coupling of these two words has largely defined the meaning of yoga in the ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Matus T

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Comorbidity for alcohol use disorders and drug use in mexican-origin groups: comparison of data from national alcohol surveys in the U.S. And Mexico.

    abstract::The comorbidity, separately, of alcohol dependence and consequences of drinking with illicit drug use is compared between Mexicans and Mexicans Americans, using data from the 1995 and 2000 U.S. National Alcohol Surveys (n = 830) and the 1998 Mexico National Household Survey on Addictions (n = 3313). Among drinkers, co...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cherpitel CJ,Robertson M,Ye Y,Borges G,Bautista CF,Lown A,Greenfield T,Bond J

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Statewide Administration of the CRAFFT Screening Tool: Highlighting the Spectrum of Substance Use.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Adolescent alcohol and drug use in the United States are associated with negative consequences spanning multiple domains. Much of the public health surveillance of these behaviors relies on self-report survey data. These data frequently takes the form of frequency or prevalence data for specific substances, ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agley J,Gassman RA,Jun M,Nowicke C,Samuel S

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Substance-use and psychiatric disorders among American Indian veterans.

    abstract::Native American (NA) veterans have rarely been the focus of investigational efforts. We review studies relevant to an assessment of NA substance-use disorders, and discuss findings of the Drug Abuse Treatment Services Evaluation Project pertaining specifically to NA veterans. A larger proportion of NA veterans dischar...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Howard MO,Walker RD,Suchinsky RT,Anderson B

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • A signal detection analysis of executive control performance among adolescent inhalant and cannabis users.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Inhalant users have multiple comorbid issues (e.g., polydrug use) that complicate identifying inhalant-specific cognitive deficits. OBJECTIVES:The aim of the present study was to use signal detection theory to identify inhalant-specific differences in executive control. METHODS:We examined three well-match...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Takagi MJ,Lubman DI,Cotton SM,Verdejo-García A,Vilar-López R,Yücel M

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • Youth Participatory Action Research for Youth Substance Use Prevention: A Systematic Review.

    abstract::Background: A growing body of research points to the efficacy of participatory methods in decreasing rates of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use and other risky behaviors among youth. However, to date, no systematic review of the literature has been conducted on Youth Participatory Action Research (YPAR) for youth s...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Valdez ES,Skobic I,Valdez L,O Garcia D,Korchmaros J,Stevens S,Sabo S,Carvajal S

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Imprisoned drug offenders in Taiwan: a gender-based analysis.

    abstract::Using data collected from a 1999 nationwide survey of 700 incarcerated drug users in Taiwan, this article compares gender differences with respect to childhood experiences, family characteristics, drug use patterns, and criminal histories. The results from both bivariate and logistic regression analyses document some ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Deng F,Vaughn MS,Lee LJ

    更新日期:2003-06-01 00:00:00

  • Social Stressors and Intoxicated Sex Among an Online Sample of Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) Drawn from Seven Countries.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Rates of drug and alcohol use are higher among men who have sex with men (MSM) than the general adult male population, and are often associated with increased sexual risk-taking. OBJECTIVES:We aim to examine the prevalence of drunk or high sex and their associations with socio-demographic characteristics, g...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chard AN,Metheny NS,Sullivan PS,Stephenson R

    更新日期:2018-01-02 00:00:00

  • The Influence of a Short Message Service Reminder on Non-Attendance in Addiction Care.

    abstract::Backgrounds: Non-attendance in mental healthcare is a substantial problem. Research has shown that sending a short message service (SMS) reminder could reduce non-attendance by 50 percent in general health services and by 25 percent in mental health institutions. However, no studies exist on the effect of sending SMS ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blaauw E,Riemersma Y,Hartsuiker C,Hoiting J,Venema S

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Infant neurobehavior following prenatal exposure to methadone or buprenorphine: results from the neonatal intensive care unit network neurobehavioral scale.

    abstract::This study examined the neurobehavioral functioning of neonates prenatally exposed to methadone (n = 11) or buprenorphine (n = 10), who underwent the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS) examinations on days 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14 post-delivery. Linear mixed model analyses revealed that NNNS ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones HE,O'Grady KE,Johnson RE,Velez M,Jansson LM

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Typologies of alcohol use in White and African American adolescent girls.

    abstract::This study examined typologies of alcohol use among 2,948 White and African American adolescent girls using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Self-report data were collected on frequency and quantity of alcohol use, negative consequences, and high-risk drinking behaviors, as well as co-oc...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dauber S,Hogue A,Paulson JF,Leiferman JA

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00