Prevalence and correlates of resistance training skill competence in adolescents.

Abstract:

:The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence and correlates of adolescents' resistance training (RT) skill competence. Participants were 548 adolescents (14.1 ± 0.5 years) from 16 schools in New South Wales, Australia. RT skills were assessed using the Resistance Training Skills Battery. Demographics, BMI, muscular fitness, perceived strength, RT self-efficacy, and motivation for RT were also assessed. The proportion demonstrating "competence" and "near competence" in each of the six RT skills were calculated and sex differences explored. Associations between the combined RT skill score and potential correlates were examined using multi-level linear mixed models. Overall, the prevalence of competence was low (range = 3.3% to 27.9%). Females outperformed males on the squat, lunge and overhead press, whereas males performed better on the push-up (p < .05). Significant associations were seen for a number of correlates, which largely differed by sex. Muscular fitness was moderately and positively associated with RT skills among both males (β = 0.34, 95%CIs = 0.23 to 0.46) and females (β = 0.36, 95%CIs = 0.23 to 0.48). Our findings support a link between RT skills and muscular fitness. Other associations were statistically significant but small in magnitude, and should therefore be interpreted cautiously.

journal_name

J Sports Sci

authors

Smith JJ,DeMarco M,Kennedy SG,Kelson M,Barnett LM,Faigenbaum AD,Lubans DR

doi

10.1080/02640414.2017.1370822

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-06-01 00:00:00

pages

1241-1249

issue

11

eissn

0264-0414

issn

1466-447X

journal_volume

36

pub_type

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