Prevalence and correlates of resistance training skill competence in adolescents.


:The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence and correlates of adolescents' resistance training (RT) skill competence. Participants were 548 adolescents (14.1 ± 0.5 years) from 16 schools in New South Wales, Australia. RT skills were assessed using the Resistance Training Skills Battery. Demographics, BMI, muscular fitness, perceived strength, RT self-efficacy, and motivation for RT were also assessed. The proportion demonstrating "competence" and "near competence" in each of the six RT skills were calculated and sex differences explored. Associations between the combined RT skill score and potential correlates were examined using multi-level linear mixed models. Overall, the prevalence of competence was low (range = 3.3% to 27.9%). Females outperformed males on the squat, lunge and overhead press, whereas males performed better on the push-up (p < .05). Significant associations were seen for a number of correlates, which largely differed by sex. Muscular fitness was moderately and positively associated with RT skills among both males (β = 0.34, 95%CIs = 0.23 to 0.46) and females (β = 0.36, 95%CIs = 0.23 to 0.48). Our findings support a link between RT skills and muscular fitness. Other associations were statistically significant but small in magnitude, and should therefore be interpreted cautiously.


J Sports Sci


Smith JJ,DeMarco M,Kennedy SG,Kelson M,Barnett LM,Faigenbaum AD,Lubans DR




Has Abstract


2018-06-01 00:00:00












  • Cricket fast bowling performance and technique and the influence of selected physical factors during an 8-over spell.

    abstract::The aims of this study were to determine the influence of an 8-over spell on cricket fast bowling technique and performance (speed and accuracy), and to establish the relationship of selected physical capacities with technique and performance during an 8-over spell. Fourteen first-grade fast bowlers with a mean age of...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Portus MR,Sinclair PJ,Burke ST,Moore DJ,Farhart PJ

    更新日期:2000-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of different shoe-lacing patterns on the biomechanics of running shoes.

    abstract::In the present study, we examined the influence of shoe lacing on foot biomechanics in running. Twenty experienced rearfoot runners ran in six different lacing conditions across a force platform at a speed of 3.3 m . s(-1). Foot pronation during contact, tibial acceleration, and plantar pressure distribution of the ri...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hagen M,Hennig EM

    更新日期:2009-02-01 00:00:00

  • Vital statistics and early death predictors of North American professional basketball players: A historical examination.

    abstract::While empirical evidence suggests that elite athletes have superior lifespan outcomes relative to the general population, less is known regarding their causes of death. The purpose of this study was to critically examine the mortality outcomes of deceased National Basketball Association and American Basketball Associa...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lemez S,Wattie N,Lawler T,Baker J

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of grip width on sticking region in bench press.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to examine the occurrence of the sticking region by examining how three different grip widths affect the sticking region in powerlifters' bench press performance. It was hypothesised that the sticking region would occur at the same joint angle of the elbow and shoulder independent of grip wid...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gomo O,Van Den Tillaar R

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of a resistance training programme on the grab, track and swing starts in swimming.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to establish the effectiveness of a resistance training programme, designed to improve vertical jumping ability, on the grab, swing and rear-weighted track starts in swimming. Twenty-three female non-competitive swimmers participated (age 19.9 +/- 2.4 years; mean +/- s). The diving techniques...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Breed RV,Young WB

    更新日期:2003-03-01 00:00:00

  • Pre-season physiological characteristics of English first and second division soccer players.

    abstract::This investigation was undertaken in an effort to establish physiological characteristics of soccer players and to relate them to positional roles. A total of 135 footballers (age 24.4 +/- 4.6 years) were assessed for body mass, % body fat, haemoglobin, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max), leg power, anaerobic capacity an...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davis JA,Brewer J,Atkin D

    更新日期:1992-12-01 00:00:00

  • Specific muscular development in under-18 soccer players.

    abstract::A comparison of the under-18 (U-18) and under-16 (U-16) squads of the Canadian national soccer team with a representative sample of Canadians (Canada Fitness Survey, 1983) showed a tendency for the development or selection of the older players in teams of stature (U-18, 175.8 cm; U-16, 171.1 cm; CFS, 170.9 cm) and lea...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leatt P,Shephard RJ,Plyley MJ

    更新日期:1987-07-01 00:00:00

  • Longitudinal development of 5m sprint performance in young female tennis players.

    abstract::Sprint performance over short distances is a central component in young tennis players' development. This study aimed to examine the longitudinal development of sprint performance in young female tennis players, and to investigate differences between performance levels. Also potentially explanatory variables were inve...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kramer T,Valente-Dos-Santos J,Visscher C,Coelho-E-Silva M,Huijgen BCH,Elferink-Gemser MT

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00

  • Excessive game playing is associated with musculoskeletal pain among youth athletes: a cross-sectional study in Miyagi prefecture.

    abstract::Youth athletes are known to be at high risk of musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries. Children in developed countries are increasingly adopting a sedentary lifestyle. Although some risk factors related to sports activities have been reported, the effect of lifestyle (i.e. screen time behaviour) on MSK pain in youth athletes ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sekiguchi T,Hagiwara Y,Momma H,Tsuchiya M,Kuroki K,Kanazawa K,Yabe Y,Yoshida S,Koide M,Itaya N,Itoi E,Nagatomi R

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of repeated sprints on postprandial endothelial function and triacylglycerol concentrations in adolescent boys.

    abstract::This study investigated whether repeated, very short duration sprints influenced endothelial function (indicated by flow-mediated dilation) and triacylglycerol concentrations following the ingestion of high-fat meals in adolescent boys. Nine adolescent boys completed two, 2-day main trials (control and exercise), in a...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Sedgwick MJ,Morris JG,Nevill ME,Barrett LA

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Promoting training adaptations through nutritional interventions.

    abstract::Training and nutrition are highly interrelated in that optimal adaptation to the demands of repeated training sessions typically requires a diet that can sustain muscle energy reserves. As nutrient stores (i.e. muscle and liver glycogen) play a predominant role in the performance of prolonged, intense, intermittent ex...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hawley JA,Tipton KD,Millard-Stafford ML

    更新日期:2006-07-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of performance on process- and product-oriented assessments of fundamental motor skills across childhood.

    abstract::Process-oriented motor competence (MC) assessments evaluate how a movement is performed. Product-oriented assessments evaluate the outcome of a movement. Determining the concurrent validity of process and product assessments is important to address the predictive utility of motor competence for health. The current stu...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Logan SW,Barnett LM,Goodway JD,Stodden DF

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Concentric left ventricular morphology in aerobically trained kayak canoeists.

    abstract::The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that upper body aerobically trained athletes (kayak canoeists) would have greater left ventricular wall thickness, but similar left ventricular diastolic chamber dimensions, compared with recreationally active and sedentary men. Ultrasound echocardiography was us...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gates PE,Campbell IG,George KP

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • An investigation into breast support and sports bra use in female runners of the 2012 London Marathon.

    abstract::Although it is acknowledged that appropriate breast support during exercise is important, no published literature has assessed breast support usage in a cohort of female marathon runners. This study aimed to identify sport bra use and perceived importance of sports bra use in female marathon runners. Bra satisfaction,...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown N,White J,Brasher A,Scurr J

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Higher anterior knee laxity influences the landing biomechanics displayed by pubescent girls.

    abstract::Despite an increase in anterior knee laxity (AKL) during the adolescent growth spurt in girls, it is unknown whether landing biomechanics are affected by this change. This study investigated whether pubescent girls with higher AKL displayed differences in their lower limb strength or landing biomechanics when performi...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wild CY,Munro BJ,Steele JR

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Central and peripheral factors in fatigue.

    abstract::The causes of fatigue during muscular exercise include factors that reside in the brain (central mechanisms) as well as the muscles themselves (peripheral mechanisms). Central fatigue is largely unexplored, but there is increasing evidence that increased brain serotonin (5-HT) can lead to central (mental) fatigue, the...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Davis JM

    更新日期:1995-07-01 00:00:00

  • Approaches to determining occlusion pressure for blood flow restricted exercise training: Systematic review.

    abstract::Low-intensity exercise with blood flow restriction (BFR) is an increasingly common method of improving muscular strength and hypertrophy, and improving aerobic fitness, in clinical and athletic populations. The aim of this systematic review was to describe common approaches to determining occlusion pressures for BFR e...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Murray J,Bennett H,Boyle T,Williams M,Davison K

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Top-down and bottom-up guidance in comprehension of schematic football diagrams.

    abstract::Comprehension of a narrated diagram entail complex cognitive processing as learner is challenged to extract the orally evoked information. The present experiment examined the effects of 2 different forms of attention guidance - bottom-up and top-down - on comprehension performance, cognitive load investment, and motiv...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Khacharem A

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Trunk rotation torques through the hip joints during the one- and two-handed backhand tennis strokes.

    abstract::The aim of the present study was to compare kinetically the roles of the lower extremities in generating trunk rotation in the tennis one-handed and two-handed backhand strokes. Fourteen male collegiate tennis players, seven with a preference for the one- and seven with a preference for the two-handed technique, were ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Akutagawa S,Kojima T

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • Russians are the fastest and the youngest in the "Comrades Marathon".

    abstract::The present retrospective study intended to determine age, performance, the role of nationality and participation trends across calendar years in runners competing in "Comrades Marathon", the ultra-marathon with the longest tradition and the highest number of finishers worldwide. We analysed 235,467 finishers (40,211 ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nikolaidis PT,Knechtle B

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Exploring the impact of high intensity interval training on adolescents' objectively measured physical activity: Findings from a randomized controlled trial.

    abstract::High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) may be effective for accumulating VPA. However, the contribution of HIIT to overall physical activity is unknown. Our primary aim was to explore the impact of school-based HIIT on physical activity. The secondary aim was to explore within-individual changes in physical activity ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Costigan SA,Ridgers ND,Eather N,Plotnikoff RC,Harris N,Lubans DR

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Self-reported symptoms and risk factors for digital ischaemia among international world-class beach volleyball players.

    abstract::The prevalence of ischaemia-related symptoms is remarkably high among elite indoor volleyball players. Since the exposure to sport-specific demands may be higher in beach volleyball compared to indoor volleyball, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of ischaemia-related symptoms and associated risk facto...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Van De Pol D,Alaeikhanehshir S,Maas M,Kuijer PP

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Construct validity of the resistance training skills battery in children aged 7-10 years.

    abstract::The current study sought to examine the construct validity of the Resistance Training Skills Battery for Children (RTSBc), a movement screen purported to assess resistance training skill in children. Children aged 7-10 years (n = 27, 21 males, 6 females) undertook measures of resistance training skill via the RTSBc, m...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Duncan MJ,Lawson C,Hurst J,Tallis J,Jones V,Eyre ELJ

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • To what extent does sexual dimorphism exist in competitive powerlifters?

    abstract::We examined sexual dimorphism in the anthropometry of 68 Australasian and Pacific powerlifters (14 females, 54 males) who were competing in one of two national or international powerlifting competitions held in New Zealand. All powerlifters were assessed for 37 anthropometric dimensions by ISAK (International Society ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Keogh JW,Hume PA,Pearson SN,Mellow P

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of anxiety on running with and without an aiming task.

    abstract::State anxiety is known to affect far aiming tasks, but less is known about the effects of state anxiety on running and aiming while running. Therefore, in the current study participants ran on a treadmill at their preferred speed in a low- and high-anxiety condition. In both conditions, running was combined with dart ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nibbeling N,Daanen HA,Gerritsma RM,Hofland RM,Oudejans RR

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psychological characteristics of male gymnasts: differences between competitive levels.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to examine whether any differences exist in the cognitive and behavioural strategies of gymnasts competing at different elite levels. Thirty-eight male gymnasts competing at different competitive levels in an Australian gymnastic championship completed a standardized questionnaire prior t...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Spink KS

    更新日期:1990-07-01 00:00:00

  • Putts that get missed on the right: investigating lateralized attentional biases and the nature of putting errors in golf.

    abstract::Although the effects of lateral biases in visual attention ("pseudoneglect") have been examined in real-world settings, this phenomenon has yet to be considered within the realm of sporting performance. In the present study, we investigated the effects of pseudoneglect on putting errors in golf. Novice golfers (n = 30...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Roberts R,Turnbull OH

    更新日期:2010-02-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of sodium bicarbonate and pyridoxine-alpha-ketoglutarate on short-term maximal exercise capacity.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the simultaneous use of pyridoxine-alpha-ketoglutarate (PAK) and sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) on short-term maximal exercise capacity in eight well-trained male cyclists. The study consisted of the determination of maximal power output and the administration of ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Linderman J,Kirk L,Musselman J,Dolinar B,Fahey TD

    更新日期:1992-06-01 00:00:00

  • Physiological variables and performance markers of serving soldiers from two "elite" units of the British Army.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to compare selected physiological variables and performance markers of soldiers from two "elite" units of the British Army. Ten soldiers from each of the two units were recruited for this study (n = 20). All participants completed three tests while carrying a 20 kg backpack load: (1) a maxima...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simpson RJ,Gray SC,Florida-James GD

    更新日期:2006-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of implicit theories on judgement of cheating acceptability in physical education: the mediating role of achievement goals.

    abstract::We tested a hypothetical model that examined both the effects of implicit theories of ability on the judgement of cheating acceptability in a physical education context and the mediating role of the achievement goals defined in the social-cognitive model of achievement motivation. Data were collected from 477 middle-s...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Corrion K,D'Arripe-Longueville F,Chalabaev A,Schiano-Lomoriello S,Roussel P,Cury F

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00