Late mandibular fracture occurring in the postoperative period after third molar removal: systematic review and analysis of 124 cases.

Abstract:

:Factors associated with the diagnosis, aetiology, and treatment of mandibular fractures occurring during the postoperative period following the removal of a lower third molar are discussed. The following databases were searched using specific key words: PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, Embase, and Scopus. The search yielded 124 cases. Sex, age, side, tooth position and angulation, bone impaction, relationship between the tooth and the inferior alveolar nerve, local pathological conditions, aetiology of the fracture, symptomatology, and time between surgery and fracture, as well as any displacement of the fracture and the treatment of the fracture, were evaluated. Data were tabulated and the χ2 statistical test was applied (P<0.05). Male patients aged >35 years, with teeth in positions II/III and B/C, complete bony impaction, and local bone-like alterations, were found to have a higher frequency of fracture and pericoronitis (P<0.05). Late fractures generally occurred between the second and fourth postoperative weeks (P<0.05). They were generally not displaced and the typical treatment was the non-surgical approach (P<0.05). It is concluded that the risk of mandibular fracture after extraction is associated with excessive ostectomy and/or local alterations. At-risk patients should be thoroughly briefed on the importance of a proper postoperative diet.

authors

Pires WR,Bonardi JP,Faverani LP,Momesso GA,Muñoz XM,Silva AF,Panzarini SR,Bassi AP,Ponzoni D

doi

10.1016/j.ijom.2016.09.003

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2017-01-01 00:00:00

pages

46-53

issue

1

eissn

0901-5027

issn

1399-0020

pii

S0901-5027(16)30220-X

journal_volume

46

pub_type

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