Advances in rheumatology.

Abstract:

:This article reviews the major contributions to our understanding of the rheumatic diseases. These include the first definite evidence of linkage between genes controlling the immune response and the major histocompatibility complex genotype; the recognition of the types and the role of the many crystals in arthritis; the application of sophisticated immunologic techniques to the understanding of the antinuclear autoantibodies; the recognition of a new disorder--Lyme arthritis; and the contributions of joint replacement and other surgeries, and the numerous drugs and procedures now available for treatment of patients.

journal_name

Radiol Clin North Am

authors

Mongey AB,Hess EV

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1988-11-01 00:00:00

pages

1157-64

issue

6

eissn

0033-8389

issn

1557-8275

journal_volume

26

pub_type

杂志文章,评审
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    abstract::The sacroiliac joints present unique problems in diagnosis for both the clinician and the radiologist. Each of the imaging modalities presents advantages and problems. The specific clinical problems determine whether advanced imaging modalities such as scintigraphy, CT scan, or magnetic resonance imaging will compleme...

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    authors: Forrester DM

    更新日期:1990-09-01 00:00:00

  • Imaging of Altered Mental Status.

    abstract::Neuroimaging is an invaluable diagnostic tool for sorting through the vast array of etiologies that underlie altered mental status (AMS). Head computed tomography (CT) without contrast is the primary modality for evaluation of AMS and should be complemented by MR imaging in cases of negative CT but high clinical conce...

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    doi:10.1016/j.rcl.2019.08.002

    authors: Uzelac A

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  • The potential role of NMR imaging in thoracic disease.

    abstract::The technical details of producing an NMR image are briefly explained, followed by a discussion of what relaxation times mean and how tissue properties affect the NMR image. The rest of the article is devoted to the NMR imaging of the thorax. ...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章

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    authors: Kundel HL,Kressel HY,Epstein D

    更新日期:1983-12-01 00:00:00

  • An introduction to economic issues in breast imaging.

    abstract::Marked increases in national health care costs, along with governmental coverage of health care costs for the elderly under Medicare, have resulted in increased government regulation of medical reimbursement rates. Private insurers and HMOs now provide reimbursements that are frequently the same or lower than those fr...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

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    doi:10.1016/s0033-8389(05)70203-7

    authors: Farria D,Feig SA

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • Gastric carcinoma.

    abstract::This article considers the significance and role of classic barium radiology in the diagnosis of gastric carcinoma and correlates it with endoscopy and other diagnostic modalities. Technical considerations for demonstrating optimum radiographic images of gastric carcinoma in terms of location, control of lumen distent...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Maruyama M,Baba Y

    更新日期:1994-11-01 00:00:00

  • Varicoceles. Radiologic diagnosis and treatment.

    abstract::The association of clinically apparent varicoceles with male subfertility and infertility has been noted in the urology literature since the late nineteenth century, and surgical ligation of varicoceles has been considered appropriate therapy in an attempt to improve semen quality and increase fertility for the past 4...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Demas BE,Hricak H,McClure RD

    更新日期:1991-05-01 00:00:00

  • MRI of mastoid and middle ear disease.

    abstract::MR and CT are complementary studies in evaluating inflammatory disease or neoplasms of the mastoid and middle ear cavities. CT should be performed prior to MR in the evaluation of patients with primary temporal bone pathology because of its ability to detect and delineate both soft tissue and bony abnormalities. CT sh...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Holliday RA,Reede DL

    更新日期:1989-03-01 00:00:00

  • Radiologic and pathologic analysis of solitary bone lesions. Part I: internal margins.

    abstract::The interface between tumor and bone that is displayed radiographically is a zone of cellular activity. Its radiographic appearance represents the summation of bone lysis and production. This activity and the radiographic details of the resultant margin are an index of the biologic activity of a lesion. The anatomic s...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Madewell JE,Ragsdale BD,Sweet DE

    更新日期:1981-12-01 00:00:00

  • Ultrasonography of the salivary glands.

    abstract::Sonography and computed tomography play complementary roles in imaging mass lesions in the salivary glands and their surroundings. Ninety per cent of parotid tumors originate from the superficial lobe, and we consider sonography to be the method of choice for imaging these lesions. The sensitivity of high-resolution s...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Wittich GR,Scheible WF,Hajek PC

    更新日期:1985-03-01 00:00:00

  • Imaging in Osteoarthritis.

    abstract::With technologic advances and the availability of sophisticated computer software and analytical strategies, imaging plays an increasingly important role in understanding the disease process of osteoarthritis (OA). Radiography has limitations in that it can visualize only limited features of OA, such as osteophytes an...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.rcl.2017.04.012

    authors: Hayashi D,Roemer FW,Jarraya M,Guermazi A

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Tuberculosis and AIDS.

    abstract::In the mid-1980s, the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in the United States increased. Recently, TB became an index diagnosis for AIDS. Chest radiographs in patients with AIDS and TB may be atypical; various features are addressed in this article. Radiologists should be aware of the possibility of TB because this diseas...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Goodman PC

    更新日期:1995-07-01 00:00:00

  • Modern clinical aspects of inflammatory bowel disease.

    abstract::Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are idiopathic conditions that represent an overlapping clinical spectrum that is commonly referred to as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Among the etiopathogenic hypotheses that have been suggested, infectious, genetic, and immunologic factors have received the most attention ...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Kraft SC

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of the patient with acute chest pain.

    abstract::The past decade has brought rapid advances in CT technology, which allows increasingly precise application to the study of coronary arteries and acute chest pain. The literature has expanded to lend quantifiable justification to the intuitive appeal of a rapid, reproducible, 3D study of the heart and vasculature. More...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.rcl.2010.05.003

    authors: Goldberg A,Litt HI

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Adrenal imaging: a comprehensive review.

    abstract::The discovery of an incidental adrenal mass (adrenal incidentaloma) continues to rise with the increasing use of cross-sectional imaging. Although most adrenal lesions are benign and asymptomatic, radiologists should guide evaluation of these lesions, whether benign or malignant. This article reviews the various imagi...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.rcl.2012.02.009

    authors: Taffel M,Haji-Momenian S,Nikolaidis P,Miller FH

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Involvement of gadolinium chelates in the mechanism of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis: an update.

    abstract::Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a highly debilitating scleroderma-like disease occurring exclusively in patients with severe or end-stage renal failure. Since the recognition of a link between gadolinium chelates (GCs) used as contrast agents for MR imaging and NSF by two independent European teams in 2006, num...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.rcl.2009.06.006

    authors: Idée JM,Port M,Dencausse A,Lancelot E,Corot C

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • Musculoskeletal Traumatic Injuries in Children: Characteristic Imaging Findings and Mimickers.

    abstract::Musculoskeletal traumatic injuries in children demonstrate characteristic imaging findings. The physis is the most susceptible structure to traumatic injury. The periosteum in children plays a key role in rapid bone healing and stability. The main complications of fractures in children are premature physeal closure, p...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.rcl.2017.02.011

    authors: Ho-Fung VM,Zapala MA,Lee EY

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Repaired Congenital Heart Disease in Older Children and Adults: Up-to-Date Practical Assessment and Characteristic Imaging Findings.

    abstract::Because of a recent increase in survival rates and life expectancy of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), radiologists are facing new challenges when imaging the peculiar anatomy of individuals with repaired CHD. Cardiac computed tomography and magnetic resonance are paramount noninvasive imaging tools that ...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.rcl.2019.12.004

    authors: Gadiyaram VK,Monti CB,Sahu A,Filev PD,Muscogiuri G,Secchi F,Sardanelli F,Stillman AE,De Cecco CN

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Magnetic resonance imaging of musculoskeletal neoplasms.

    abstract::MRI has been shown to be very useful in the work-up of musculoskeletal neoplasms. The lack of ionizing radiation, the superb contrast resolution, and the ability to directly scan the sagittal and coronal planes make MRI a very attractive imaging mode for treatment planning. With spin-echo MRI, maximum contrast between...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Richardson ML,Kilcoyne RF,Gillespy T 3rd,Helms CA,Genant HK

    更新日期:1986-06-01 00:00:00

  • Imaging of traumatic neurovascular injury.

    abstract::Traumatic injury to the major vessels of the head and neck can result in potentially devastating neurologic sequelae. Until recently, conventional angiography was the primary imaging modality used to evaluate these often challenging patients. Advances in cross-sectional imaging have improved the ability to screen for ...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.rcl.2005.08.003

    authors: Stallmeyer MJ,Morales RE,Flanders AE

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Imaging of pelvic pain in the first trimester of pregnancy.

    abstract::Pelvic pain during the first trimester of pregnancy can pose a challenge to the clinician. The noninvasive nature, safety, and reliability of ultrasonography make it the diagnostic method of choice for pregnant patients who have pelvic pain. Sonography provides information that allows for diagnosis of both pregnancy-r...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.rcl.2006.10.015

    authors: Eyvazzadeh AD,Levine D

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Shoulder sonography. State of the art.

    abstract::Since the mid 1980s, sonography has been used to evaluate the rotator cuff. It is inexpensive, well tolerated, rapidly performed, and accurate. With the recent improvements in imaging equipment and refinements in scanning technique, an increasing number of radiologists are performing shoulder sonography. This article ...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/s0033-8389(05)70128-7

    authors: Teefey SA,Middleton WD,Yamaguchi K

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • Imaging of the total knee arthroplasty.

    abstract::We have reviewed the essentials of TKA imaging. Because the purpose of a knee arthroplasty is to relieve pain and improve function, radiographs should be viewed in the context of these goals. ...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Allen AM,Ward WG,Pope TL Jr

    更新日期:1995-03-01 00:00:00

  • Imaging of breast masses.

    abstract::The American College of Radiology Breast Imaging and Reporting Data System (ACR BI-RADS) defines a mass as a space-occupying lesion seen in at least two projections. This article focuses on the management of breast masses with mammography and ultrasonography. Recommended work-up pathways are modified for nonpalpable m...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/s0033-8389(05)70193-7

    authors: Bassett LW

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • Improving mammographic interpretation: double reading and computer-aided diagnosis.

    abstract::This article discusses two commonly used techniques advocated to improve screening mammography performance: double reading (DR) and computer-aided detection (CAD). Analysis of these methods is incomplete because no randomized controlled trials have been performed to assess changes in survival. Although DR and CAD have...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.rcl.2007.06.004

    authors: Helvie M

    更新日期:2007-09-01 00:00:00

  • Leukemia and lymphoma in childhood.

    abstract::The leukemias and lymphomas together account for over 40% of the malignant disorders in childhood. Radiologists who deal with these patients must understand some aspects of the biology, natural history, and clinical manifestations of the disease in order to provide useful imaging consultative services. This article su...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Parker BR

    更新日期:1997-11-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of pulmonary embolism.

    abstract::Pulmonary embolism is a common disease entity that is difficult to diagnose accurately by noninvasive methods. Ventilation-perfusion is a pivotal study in the evaluation of patients with suspected pulmonary embolism. The role of standard and newer modalities in evaluating pulmonary embolism is discussed in this articl...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Blinder RA,Coleman RE

    更新日期:1985-09-01 00:00:00

  • Tracheobronchomalacia: evolving role of dynamic multislice helical CT.

    abstract::Paired inspiratory and dynamic expiratory multislice CT imaging is a promising method for diagnosing TBM. A low-dose technique should be considered for the dynamic portion to reduce radiation exposure. Visual and quantitative analysis of the central airways provide a comprehensive assessment by allowing for the accura...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/s0033-8389(03)00023-x

    authors: Boiselle PM,Feller-Kopman D,Ashiku S,Weeks D,Ernst A

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • MR imaging of chondral and osteochondral injuries of the knee.

    abstract::MRT can detect accurately articular cartilage injuries and associated bone, meniscal, and ligament injuries. Identification and characterization of articular cartilage abnormalities is important for determination of prognosis, therapeutic decision making, and preoperative planning. ...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/s0033-8389(02)00034-9

    authors: McCauley TR

    更新日期:2002-09-01 00:00:00

  • The prostate: diagnostic evaluation of metastatic disease.

    abstract::One of the single most important considerations in clinical management of the patient with prostate cancer is whether or not metastatic disease is present. The identification of metastatic disease in a patient with newly diagnosed prostate cancer represents an absolute contraindication to definitive local therapies su...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/s0033-8389(05)70153-6

    authors: Yu KK,Hawkins RA

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Imaging of acute pancreatitis: update of the revised Atlanta classification.

    abstract::Acute pancreatitis is an acute inflammatory process of the pancreatic gland with increasing incidence worldwide. Usually the clinical presentation and course are mild, with an uneventful recovery. In 10% to 20% of patients, however, local and systemic complications develop, resulting in significant morbidity and morta...

    journal_title:Radiologic clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.rcl.2012.03.015

    authors: Bollen TL

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00