His Resynchronization Versus Biventricular Pacing in Patients With Heart Failure and Left Bundle Branch Block.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:His bundle pacing is a new method for delivering cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). OBJECTIVES:The authors performed a head-to-head, high-precision, acute crossover comparison between His bundle pacing and conventional biventricular CRT, measuring effects on ventricular activation and acute hemodynamic function. METHODS:Patients with heart failure and left bundle branch block referred for conventional biventricular CRT were recruited. Using noninvasive epicardial electrocardiographic imaging, the authors identified patients in whom His bundle pacing shortened left ventricular activation time. In these patients, the authors compared the hemodynamic effects of His bundle pacing against biventricular pacing using a high-multiple repeated alternation protocol to minimize the effect of noise, as well as comparing effects on ventricular activation. RESULTS:In 18 of 23 patients, left ventricular activation time was significantly shortened by His bundle pacing. Seventeen patients had a complete electromechanical dataset. In them, His bundle pacing was more effective at delivering ventricular resynchronization than biventricular pacing: greater reduction in QRS duration (-18.6 ms; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -31.6 to -5.7 ms; p = 0.007), left ventricular activation time (-26 ms; 95% CI: -41 to -21 ms; p = 0.002), and left ventricular dyssynchrony index (-11.2 ms; 95% CI: -16.8 to -5.6 ms; p < 0.001). His bundle pacing also produced a greater acute hemodynamic response (4.6 mm Hg; 95% CI: 0.2 to 9.1 mm Hg; p = 0.04). The incremental activation time reduction with His bundle pacing over biventricular pacing correlated with the incremental hemodynamic improvement with His bundle pacing over biventricular pacing (R = 0.70; p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS:His resynchronization delivers better ventricular resynchronization, and greater improvement in hemodynamic parameters, than biventricular pacing.

journal_name

J Am Coll Cardiol

authors

Arnold AD,Shun-Shin MJ,Keene D,Howard JP,Sohaib SMA,Wright IJ,Cole GD,Qureshi NA,Lefroy DC,Koa-Wing M,Linton NWF,Lim PB,Peters NS,Davies DW,Muthumala A,Tanner M,Ellenbogen KA,Kanagaratnam P,Francis DP,Whinnett ZI

doi

10.1016/j.jacc.2018.09.073

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-12-18 00:00:00

pages

3112-3122

issue

24

eissn

0735-1097

issn

1558-3597

pii

S0735-1097(18)38844-2

journal_volume

72

pub_type

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