Mining the natural genetic variation in Arabidopsis thaliana for adaptation to sequential abiotic and biotic stresses.


MAIN CONCLUSION:In this genome-wide association study, we obtained novel insights into the genetic basis of the effect of herbivory or drought stress on the level of resistance against the fungus Botrytis cinerea. In nature, plants function in complex environments where they encounter different biotic and abiotic stresses individually, sequentially or simultaneously. The adaptive response to a single stress does not always reflect how plants respond to such a stress in combination with other stresses. To identify genetic factors that contribute to the plant's ability to swiftly adapt to different stresses, we investigated the response of Arabidopsis thaliana to infection by the necrotrophic fungus B. cinerea when preceded by Pieris rapae herbivory or drought stress. Using 346 natural A. thaliana accessions, we found natural genetic variation in the level of resistance against single B. cinerea infection. When preceded by herbivory or drought stress, the level of B. cinerea resistance was differentially influenced in the 346 accessions. To study the genetic factors contributing to the differential adaptation of A. thaliana to B. cinerea infection under multi-stress conditions, we performed a genome-wide association study supported by quantitative trait loci mapping and fine mapping with full genome sequences of 164 accessions. This yielded several genes previously associated with defense to B. cinerea and additional candidate genes with putative roles in the plant's adaptive response to a combination of herbivory, drought and B. cinerea infection.






Coolen S,Van Pelt JA,Van Wees SCM,Pieterse CMJ




Has Abstract


2019-04-01 00:00:00
















  • An unusual effect of the far-red absorbing form of phytochrome: Photoinhibition of seed germination inBromus sterilis L.

    abstract::Seeds ofBromus sterilis L. germinated between 80-100% in darkness at 15° C but were inhibited by exposure to white or red light for 8 h per day. Exposure to far-red light resulted in germination similar to, or less than, that of seeds maintained in darkness. Germination is not permanently inhibited by light as seeds a...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hilton JR

    更新日期:1982-11-01 00:00:00

  • Transient growth responses of the primary roots of Zea mays.

    abstract::1. The technique of streak photography was modified to use seven parallel cameras, each focused on an individual root in a guide holding flowing nutrient. Streak photographs representing displacement of points on the longitudinal axis of the root were projected on the table of an image plane digitizer. The displacemen...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: List A Jr

    更新日期:1969-03-01 00:00:00

  • Holaphyllamine, a steroid, is able to induce defense responses in Arabidopsis thaliana and increases resistance against bacterial infection.

    abstract:MAIN CONCLUSION:A chemical screen of plant-derived compounds identified holaphyllamine, a steroid, able to trigger defense responses in Arabidopsis thaliana and improve resistance against the pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato DC3000. A chemical screen of 1600 plant-derived compounds was conducted and ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zahid A,Jaber R,Laggoun F,Lehner A,Remy-Jouet I,Pamlard O,Beaupierre S,Leprince J,Follet-Gueye ML,Vicré-Gibouin M,Latour X,Richard V,Guillou C,Lerouge P,Driouich A,Mollet JC

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Photoregulation of transfer and 5S ribosomal RNA synthesis in Chlorella.

    abstract::The effect of blue and red light on the synthesis of transfer and 5S ribosomal RNA in autotrophic cultures of Chlorella pyrenoidosa was studied by pulse labeling experiments with tritiated guanosine. Compared with darkness or red light (679 nm), blue light (457 nm) of low intensities (quantum flux: 0.5-5×10(-10) mol p...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Steup M,Ssymank V,Winkler U,Glock H

    更新日期:1977-01-01 00:00:00

  • Osmotic relations during elongation growth in hypocotyls of Helianthus annum L.

    abstract::The relationship between growth, change in cell osmotic pressure and accumulation of osmotic solutes was investigated in hypocotyls of sunflower (Helianthus annum L.) seedlings. During growth in darkness the osmotic pressure decreased by 50% between days 2 and 6 after sowing. After irradiation of dark-grown seedlings ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kutschera U

    更新日期:1991-04-01 00:00:00

  • Botryticides affect grapevine leaf photosynthesis without inducing defense mechanisms.

    abstract::The effects of the two botryticides, fludioxonil (fdx) and fenhexamid (fhd), were investigated on grapevine leaves (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Pinot noir) following photosynthesis and defense mechanisms. Treatments were carried out in vineyard at the end of flowering. Phytotoxicity of both fungicides was evaluated by measu...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Petit AN,Wojnarowiez G,Panon ML,Baillieul F,Clément C,Fontaine F,Vaillant-Gaveau N

    更新日期:2009-02-01 00:00:00

  • Respiration induced by blue light.

    abstract::The high rate of respiration in Chlorella which is found after feeding with glucose or after a longer period of photosynthesis, declines in the dark in the course of hours to about a quarter of its original value. Blue-green light (λ<550 mμ) specifically counteracts this decline and maintains the high rate. This blue ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kowallik W,Gaffron H

    更新日期:1966-03-01 00:00:00

  • Circadian rhythm in the kinetics of acid denaturation of cell membranes of Euglena gracilis.

    abstract::The denaturation of Euglena gracilis in aggressive acids has been investigated by means of the chlorophyll oxidation. A comparative study in different halogen acetic acids revealed that the reaction kinetics are determined by a reaction between the acid anion and the outer membrane. The denaturation of cell membranes ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brinkmann K

    更新日期:1976-01-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship between leaf development, carboxylase enzyme activities and photorespiration in the C4-plant Portulaca oleracea L.

    abstract::Ribulose diphosphate (RuDP) and (PEP) phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase enzyme activities were studied in young, mature, and senescent Portulaca oleracea leaves. While the absolute amount of both the C3 (RuDP) and C4 (PEP) carboxylase is less in senescent leaves than in mature leaves, RuDP carboxylase activity is reduce...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kennedy RA

    更新日期:1976-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of (+)-8',8',8'-trifluoroabscisic acid on alpha-amylase expression and sugar accumulation in rice cells.

    abstract::The effects of (+)-8',8',8'-trifluoroabscisic acid (trifluoro-ABA) on alpha-amylase expression were studied in rice embryoless half-seeds, scutella, and suspension-cultured cells derived from the embryo, and the effects of the analog on sugar accumulation were also studied in scutella and suspension-cultured cells. Tr...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kashem MA,Hori H,Itoh K,Hayakawa T,Todoroki Y,Hirai N,Ohigashi H,Mitsui T

    更新日期:1998-07-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of certain environmental factors on photosynthesis and photorespiration in Simmondsia chinensis.

    abstract::The response of net photosynthesis and apparent light respiration to changes in [O2], light intensity, and drought stress was determined by analysis of net photosynthetic CO2 response curves. Low [O2] treatment resulted in a large reduction in the rate of photorespiratory CO2 evolution. Lightintensity levels influence...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Collatz GJ

    更新日期:1977-01-01 00:00:00

  • The isolation of auxotrophs from Datura innoxia Mill. cell cultures following recovery of arsenate-treated cells on feeder plates.

    abstract::Wild-type (Ph1) and adenine-requiring (Ad1) cell lines of Datura innoxia Mill. were used in experiments to evaluate arsenate as a growth-lethal compound and its use as a counterselection agent. These experiments led to the devising of methods for the recovery of Ph1 and Ad1 cells after arsenate treatment when plated a...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Horsch RB,King J

    更新日期:1984-02-01 00:00:00

  • Biological specificity of the antheridogen. from Ceratopteris thalictroides (L.) Brongn.

    abstract::The relationship of the antheridogen from Ceratopteris thalictroides (L.) Brongn. (Antheridogen C) to three other known antheridogens, gibberellic acid, and two natural antheridogens, one from Pteridium aquilinum (Antheridogen A) and one from Anemia phyllitidis (Antheridogen B), is investigated. It is shown that each ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schedlbauer MD

    更新日期:1974-03-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic analysis of functional redundancy of BRM ATPase and ATSWI3C subunits of Arabidopsis SWI/SNF chromatin remodelling complexes.

    abstract::In yeast and mammals, ATP-dependent chromatin remodelling complexes of the SWI/SNF family play critical roles in the regulation of transcription, cell proliferation, differentiation and development. Homologues of conserved subunits of SWI/SNF-type complexes, including Snf2-type ATPases and SWI3-type proteins, particip...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Archacki R,Sarnowski TJ,Halibart-Puzio J,Brzeska K,Buszewicz D,Prymakowska-Bosak M,Koncz C,Jerzmanowski A

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • Embryogenesis and production of albino plants from cell cultures of Bromus inermis.

    abstract::Embryogenesis occurs in cells from brome grass grown in suspension culture in defined medium. Exogenous hormones are not required. The embryos develop into plants which lack chlorophyll. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gamborg OL,Constabel F,Miller RA

    更新日期:1970-12-01 00:00:00

  • The jasmonate signaling pathway in tomato regulates susceptibility to a toxin-dependent necrotrophic pathogen.

    abstract::The plant hormone, jasmonic acid (JA), is known to have a critical role in both resistance and susceptibility against bacterial and fungal pathogen attack. However, little is known about the involvement of JA in the interactions between plants and toxigenic necrotrophic fungal pathogens. Using the tomato pathotype of ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Egusa M,Ozawa R,Takabayashi J,Otani H,Kodama M

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of peptone on the growth of heterotrophic cultures of Chlorella vulgaris (Emerson strain).

    abstract::Peptone is more effective than nitrate as a nitrogen source for heterotrophic cultures of Chlorella vulgaris (Emerson strain). It allows the production of an increased amount of algal material and supports an enhanced rate of cell division. Peptone-supplied heterotrophic cultures have a significantly higher content of...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Griffiths DJ

    更新日期:1967-06-01 00:00:00

  • Cell water potential, osmotic potential, and turgor in the epidermis and mesophyll of transpiring leaves : Combined measurements with the cell pressure probe and nanoliter osmometer.

    abstract::Water potential, osmotic potential and turgor measurements obtained by using a cell pressure probe together with a nanoliter osmometer were compared with measurements obtained with an isopiestic psychrometer. Both types of measurements were conducted in the mature region of Tradescantia virginiana L. leaves under non-...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nonami H,Schulze ED

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cell cycle regulation by plant growth regulators: involvement of auxin and cytokinin in the re-entry of Petunia protoplasts into the cell cycle.

    abstract::In order to understand the mode of action of auxins and cytokinins in the induction of cell division, the effects of the two plant growth regulators 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and N6-benzyladenine (BA) were investigated using mesophyll protoplasts of Petunia hybrida, cultivated in either complete medium or...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tréhin C,Planchais S,Glab N,Perennes C,Tregear J,Bergounioux C

    更新日期:1998-10-01 00:00:00

  • A method for high-frequency intergeneric fusion of plant protoplasts.

    abstract::Protoplasts of Vicia hajastana Grossh. obtained from suspension-culture cells and Pisum sativum L. obtained from leaves adhered tightly to each other in concentrated solutions of high-molecular-weight polyethylene glycol (PEG). The adhesion occurred non-specifically between the free protoplasts from the same species a...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kao KN,Michayluk MR

    更新日期:1974-12-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular cloning and characterization of CrNCED1, a gene encoding 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase in Citrus reshni, with functions in tolerance to multiple abiotic stresses.

    abstract::Abscisic acid (ABA) is an important stress phytohormone that plays an essential role in mediating the signaling networks associated with plant responses to various abiotic stresses. In the present study, we isolated a gene CrNCED1 encoding the rate-limiting enzyme of ABA synthesis, 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase (N...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xian L,Sun P,Hu S,Wu J,Liu JH

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Control by light of hypocotyl growth in de-etiolated mustard seedlings : II. Sensitivity for newly-formed phytochrome after a light to dark transtition.

    abstract::After sowing, mustard (Sinapis alba L.) seedlings were grown for 48 h in white light (25°C). These fully de-etiolated, green seedlings were used as experimental material between 48 and 72 h after sowing to study the control by phytochrome (Pfr) of hypocotyl elongation after a white light→dark transition. It was found ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wildermann A,Drumm H,Schäfer E,Mohr H

    更新日期:1978-01-01 00:00:00

  • Spatial and temporal changes in endogenous cytokinins in developing pea roots.

    abstract::Germination and seedling establishment follows a distinct pattern which is partly controlled by hormones. Roots have high levels of cytokinins. By quantifying the fluctuations in endogenous cytokinins over time, further insight may be gained into the role of cytokinins during germination and seedling establishment. Ra...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stirk WA,Novák O,Václavíková K,Tarkowski P,Strnad M,van Staden J

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • "Arabidobrassica": Chromosomal recombination and morphogenesis in asymmetric intergeneric hybrid cells.

    abstract::A somatic hybrid cell line, cloned from an individual protoplast-fusion product between Arabidopsis thaliana and Brassica campestris, gave rise to formation of numerous plants differing drastically in morphology. Analysis of these various regenerants, all of which originated from one and the same heterokaryon derived ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hoffmann F,Adachi T

    更新日期:1981-12-01 00:00:00

  • Development and differentiation of haploid Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato).

    abstract::Haploid callus cultures of selected races of Lycopersicon (tomato) species can be obtained from anther culture. This is a further demonstration of a proposed general method of haploid culture developed with Arabidopsis thaliana. Differentiation of haploid callus of Lycopersicon esculentum can be controlled both in the...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gresshoff PM,Doy CH

    更新日期:1972-06-01 00:00:00

  • Sucrose transport in tonoplast vesicles of red beet roots is linked to ATP hydrolysis.

    abstract::Sucrose uptake into tonoplast vesicles, which were prepared from red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) vacuoles isolated by two different methods, was stimulated by MgATP. Using the same medium as for osmotic disruption of vacuoles, membrane vesicles were prepared from tissue homogenates of dormant red beet roots and separated ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Getz HP

    更新日期:1991-09-01 00:00:00

  • Biotic stress-induced expression of mulberry cystatins and identification of cystatin exhibiting stability to silkworm gut proteinases.

    abstract:MAIN CONCLUSION:Biotic stresses induce the expression of mulberry cystatins. MaCPI-4 protein is stable in silkworm digestive fluid and accumulates in gut food debris and frass. Plant cystatins are considered to be involved in defense responses to insect herbivores though little is known about how cystatins from the nat...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liang J,Wang Y,Ding G,Li W,Yang G,He N

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Preferential synthesis of plastid DNA and increased replication of plastids in cultured tobacco cells following medium renewal.

    abstract::During the culture of tobacco BY 2 cells derived from Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Bright Yellow 2, morphological changes of plastid (pt) nucleoids and their replication were examined by fluorescence microscopy after staining with 4'6-diamidino-2-phenylindole. Upon transfer to fresh medium, the fluorescence intensity orig...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yasuda T,Kuroiwa T,Nagata T

    更新日期:1988-05-01 00:00:00

  • Synergistic interactions of CO2 enrichment and nitrogen deposition promote growth and ecophysiological advantages of invading Eupatorium adenophorum in Southwest China.

    abstract::Global environmental change and ongoing biological invasions are the two prominent ecological issues threatening biodiversity worldwide, and investigations of their interaction will aid to predict plant invasions and inform better management strategies in the future. In this study, invasive Eupatorium adenophorum and ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lei YB,Wang WB,Feng YL,Zheng YL,Gong HD

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Symplasmic and apoplasmic radial ion transport in plant roots : Cortical plasmalemmas lose absorption capacity during differentiation.

    abstract::The kinetics and localization of Rb(+) uptake by barley roots were studied as function of the water potential of the medium. At potentials causing plasmolysis, uptake is reduced and becomes restricted to the outer surface of the root. The conclusion is that, at least for Rb(+) in the range of low external concentratio...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van Iren F,Boers-van der Sluijs P

    更新日期:1980-03-01 00:00:00