A rare cause of massive hemoptysis in a child: Bronchial Dieulafoy's disease - the first report of transcatheter treatment in pediatric age.


:We report a case of bronchial Dieulafoy's disease in the pediatric age. Angio-computed tomography scan and arteriography addressed us to diagnosis. Bronchial endoscopy with biopsy was avoided due to the high risk of developing a life-threatening hemorrhage. Transcatheter embolization of the bleeding bronchial artery was achieved with a MicroPlex® 10 HyperSoft 3D 3.5 mm × 80 mm System (MicroVention, Tustin, CA, USA). Dieulafoy's disease is an extremely rare lesion in the pediatric age, and the small diameter of the bleeding vessels may complicate the percutaneous approach with procedural failure. Currently, the novel thin and soft detachable coils allowed to widen the transcatheter embolization in the pediatric age.


Ann Thorac Med


Giordano M,Bigazzi MC,Palladino MT,Russo MG




Has Abstract


2020-10-01 00:00:00














  • Whistle in the bronchus.

    abstract::An 18-year-old male presented with 4 weeks' history of productive cough and fever that had started 1 day after alleged ingestion of a plastic whistle. Multiple courses of antibiotics had proved ineffective. Crepitation and a localized wheeze on right chest were observed on clinical examination. Chest radiograph showed...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine



    authors: Koul PA,Wahid A,Bhat TA,Hussain T

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Identification and management of cough-induced laryngotracheitis.

    abstract::Chronic cough is associated with repetitive injury to the upper airway and trachea, which can lead to an underdiagnosed pathology known as "cough-induced" laryngotracheitis (CILT). In this report, we describe a case of CILT that responded well to dual therapy. ...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine



    authors: Rodriguez LE,Rodriguez JE,Boodoosingh DR,Salcedo VM

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of short sleep duration and its association with obesity among adolescents 15- to 19-year olds: A cross-sectional study from three major cities in Saudi Arabia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Adequate sleep has been considered important for the adolescent's health and well being. On the other hand, self-imposed sleep curtailment is now recognized as a potentially important and novel risk factor for obesity. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of short sleep duration and its associati...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al-Hazzaa HM,Musaiger AO,Abahussain NA,Al-Sobayel HI,Qahwaji DM

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Hemorrhagic pleural effusion secondary to sarcoidosis: A brief review.

    abstract::Pleural effusion is considered to be a rare manifestation of pulmonary sarcoidosis, but hemorrhagic effusion secondary to it is a very uncommon clinical presentation. This case is reported due to the rare manifestation in pulmonary sarcoidosis presenting clinically as hemorrhagic pleural effusion. ...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine



    authors: Kumar S,Verma SK,Singh R,Prasad R

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Avian influenza: the tip of the iceberg.

    abstract::For some years now, we have been living with the fear of an impending pandemic of avian influenza (AI). Despite the recognition, in 1996, of the global threat posed by the highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus found in farmed geese in Guangdong Province, China, planning for the anticipated epidemic remains woefully i...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Balkhy H

    更新日期:2008-10-01 00:00:00

  • Bone mineral density in asthmatic patients on inhaled corticosteroids in a developing country.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Prolonged use of oral corticosteroids is a risk factor for osteoporosis. However, the effect of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) on bone mineral density (BMD) of asthmatic patients remains controversial. OBJECTIVES:We aimed to determine the prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in our patients with asthm...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kuan YC,How SH,Azian AA,Liam CK,Ng TH,Fauzi AR

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Pictorial essay of radiological features of benign intrathoracic masses.

    abstract::With increased exposure of patients to routine imaging, incidental benign intrathoracic masses are frequently recognized. Most have classical imaging features, which are pathognomonic for their benignity. The aim of this pictorial review is to educate the reader of radiological features of several types of intrathorac...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Suut S,Al-Ani Z,Allen C,Rajiah P,Durr-E-Sabih,Al-Harbi A,Al-Jahdali H,Khan AN

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Performance of QuantiFERON-TB Gold test compared to tuberculin skin test in detecting latent tuberculosis infection in HIV- positive individuals in Iran.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is limited data about the performance of QuantiFERON-TB Gold (QFT-G) test in detecting latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in our region. We intended to determine the performance of QFT-G compared to conventional tuberculin skin test (TST) in detecting LTBI in HIV-positive individuals in Iran. METHOD...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mardani M,Tabarsi P,Mohammadtaheri Z,Chitsaz E,Farokhzad B,Hadavand F,Gachkar L,Nemati K,Masjedi MR

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pulmonary arterial hypertension in Saudi patients with systemic sclerosis: Clinical and hemodynamic characteristics and mortality.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). The objective of this study is to describe the clinical characteristics, mortality, and predictors of SSc-PAH in Saudi patients. METHODS:Retrospective chart review study of SSc patien...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al Otair HA,Idrees MM,Saleemi SA,Eltoukhy AM,Alhijji AA,Al Habeeb WA,Omair MA

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pulmonary hydatid cyst in a pregnant patient causing acute respiratory failure.

    abstract::A 21-year-old primigravida, at 32 weeks of gestation, presented with acute onset of respiratory failure and circulatory shock. Chest imaging showed findings suggestive of ruptured hydatid cyst, which was confirmed by histology post-thoracotomy. Tissue cultures from the removed cyst grew Mycobacterium tuberculosis also...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine



    authors: Hijazi MH,Al-Ansari MA

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • An underestimated cause of chronic cough: The Protracted Bacterial Bronchitis.

    abstract::Chronic cough in childhood is associated with a high morbidity and decreased quality of life. Protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) seems to be the second most common cause of chronic cough in children under 6 years of age. Its main clinical feature is represented by wet cough that worsens when changing posture and im...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Di Filippo P,Scaparrotta A,Petrosino MI,Attanasi M,Di Pillo S,Chiarelli F,Mohn A

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Unusual variant of Cantrell's pentalogy?

    abstract::A 12-hour-old male infant presented with prolapsed abdominal content through a defect on left side of chest wall with respiratory distress. A thorough clinical examination suggested absence of ectopia cordis, abdominal wall defect, and any bony anomaly. The child expired after 6 hours of admission because of respirato...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine



    authors: Kumar B,Sharma SB,Kandpal DK,Agrawal LD

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Pulmonary rehabilitation: A regional perspective evidenced-based review.

    abstract::Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is an integral component of the comprehensive management plan of patients with chronic lung diseases by addressing their functional and psychological deficits. PR is generally recommended to symptomatic patients with chronic lung diseases who develop shortness of breath on their own pace ...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Al Moamary MS,Alorainy H,Al-Hajjaj MS

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Saudi regulations for the accreditation of sleep medicine physicians and technologists.

    abstract::The professional content of sleep medicine has grown significantly over the past few decades, warranting the recognition of sleep medicine as an independent specialty. Because the practice of sleep medicine has expanded in Saudi Arabia over the past few years, a national regulation system to license and ascertain the ...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bahammam AS,Al-Jahdali H,Alharbi AS,Alotaibi G,Asiri SM,Alsayegh A

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Increased ischemia-modified albumin and malondialdehyde levels in videothoracoscopic surgery.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Videothoracoscopic surgery leads to general organ hypoperfusion by reducing mean arterial pressure, systemic vascular resistance, and end-diastolic volume index. Oxidative stress occurs as a result of hypoperfusion. Evaluation of the short-term effects of videothoracoscopic sympathectomy on serum ischemia-mo...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oncel M,Kiyici A,Oncel M,Sunam GS,Sahin E,Adam B

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Barriers for setting up a pulmonary rehabilitation program in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programs proven to be one of the most effective treatment options for respiratory diseases; yet, they are not well-established in hospitals in Saudi Arabia. AIM:To determine the main barriers for setting up PR programs in Saudi Arabia. METHODS:A cross-sectional study was condu...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alsubaiei ME,Cafarella PA,Frith PA,McEvoy RD,Effing TW

    更新日期:2016-04-01 00:00:00

  • Imaging lung manifestations of HIV/AIDS.

    abstract::Advances in our understanding of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have led to improved care and incremental increases in survival. However, the pulmonary manifestations of HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Respiratory complaints are not infrequen...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Allen CM,Al-Jahdali HH,Irion KL,Al Ghanem S,Gouda A,Khan AN

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • Association between thyroid cancer and epidermal growth factor receptor mutation in female with nonsmall cell lung cancer.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aim of this study was to investigate the association between epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation and thyroid cancer in female patients with nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS:In a retrospective study, we examined 835 female patients who were diagnosed with NSCLC and underwent an EGF...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim SY,Kim HR,Kim CH,Koh JS,Baek HJ,Choi CM,Song JS,Lee JC,Na II

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Saudi Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension: Pulmonary hypertension associated with hemolytic anemia.

    abstract::Hereditary hemoglobin disorders affecting the globin chain synthesis namely thalassemia syndromes and sickle cell disease (SCD) are the most common genetic disorders in human. Around 7% of the world population carries genes for these disorders, mainly the Mediterranean Basin, Middle and Far East, and Sub-Saharan Afric...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saleemi S

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • A systematic review on prevalence and risk factors associated with treatment- emergent central sleep apnea.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Treatment-emergent central sleep apnea (TECSA) is the appearance of central apneas and hypopneas after significant resolution of the obstructive events has been attained using positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of TECSA and to understand what factor...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nigam G,Pathak C,Riaz M

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of on-call-related sleep deprivation on physicians' mood and alertness.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Physicians may experience periods of acute sleep deprivation while on-call, in addition to baseline chronic sleep deprivation which may affect physicians' performance and patients' safety. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of acute sleep deprivation due to working long on-ca...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wali SO,Qutah K,Abushanab L,Basamh R,Abushanab J,Krayem A

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • IL-4 receptor alpha single-nucleotide polymorphisms rs1805010 and rs1801275 are associated with increased risk of asthma in a Saudi Arabian population.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The IL-4 receptor alpha subunit (IL-4Rα), when associated with the common gamma chain receptor, or the IL-13Rα1 subunit, transduces signals to STAT6 in response to IL-4 and IL-13 stimulations. This results in a number of cell-specific responses including Th2 differentiation, lymphocyte proliferation and IgE ...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al-Muhsen S,Vazquez-Tello A,Alzaabi A,Al-Hajjaj MS,Al-Jahdali HH,Halwani R

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and toilet bronchoscopy as a bridge to pneumonectomy in severe community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia.

    abstract::Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) pneumonia is associated with very high mortality. Though surgical evacuation of necrotic tissue is desirable in patients unresponsive to antimicrobial therapy, most patients are acutely ill precluding surgical intervention. We utilized a combinat...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine



    authors: Panchabhai TS,Khabbaza JE,Raja S,Mehta AC,Hatipoğlu U

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • National Approach to Standardize and Improve Mechanical Ventilation.

    abstract::NASAM (National Approach to Standardize and Improve Mechanical Ventilation) is a national collaborative quality improvement project in Saudi Arabia. It aims to improve the care of mechanically ventilated patients by implementing evidence-based practices with the goal of reducing the rate of ventilator-associated event...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arabi YM,Al Aseri Z,Alaama T,Alqahtani A,Alharthy A,Almotairi A,Al Qasim E,Alzahrani AA,Al Qarni M,Abdukahil SAI,Al-Hameed FM,Mandourah Y,Maghrabi K,Ghamdi A,Almekhalfi G,Mady A,Qureshi AS,Qushmaq I,Alshahrani MS,Al

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • Repositioning of endotracheal tube and risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia among adult patients: A matched case-control study.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most serious hospital-acquired infections to occur among mechanically ventilated patients. Many risk factors for VAP have been identified in the literature; however, there is a lack of studies examining the association between endotracheal tube (ETT) repo...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ismaeil T,Alfunaysan L,Alotaibi N,Alkadi S,Othman F

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Frontline gefitinib in advanced non-small cell lung cancer: Meta-analysis of published randomized trials.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Gefitinib, a small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor, showed a substantial effect as a salvage treatment for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had failed prior chemotherapy. Subsequent phase III trials in previously untreated patients have failed to demonstrate such benefit. It wa...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ibrahim EM

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • The Saudi Initiative for Asthma.

    abstract::The Saudi Initiative for Asthma (SINA) provides up-to-date guidelines for healthcare workers managing patients with asthma. SINA was developed by a panel of Saudi experts with respectable academic backgrounds and long-standing experience in the field. SINA is founded on the latest available evidence, local literature,...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al-Moamary MS,Al-Hajjaj MS,Idrees MM,Zeitouni MO,Alanezi MO,Al-Jahdali HH,Al Dabbagh M

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Alterations of pulmonary function in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases.

    abstract:AIM:The aim of this study was to investigate the alterations of pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and their relationship with disease activity in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). METHODS:Sixty-four IBD patients (31 Crohn's disease [CD] and 33 ulcerative colitis [UC]) and thirty healthy individuals (controls) were stu...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ji XQ,Ji YB,Wang SX,Zhang CQ,Lu DG

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of liver transplant candidates: A pulmonary perspective.

    abstract::Chronic liver disease is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the worldwide adult population. Liver transplant is the gold standard therapy for end-stage liver disease and many patients are on the waiting list for a transplant. A variety of pulmonary disorders are encountered in cirrhotic patients. ...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bozbas SS,Eyuboglu F

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia: pathogenesis, clinical features, imaging and therapy review.

    abstract::Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) was first described in the early 1980s as a clinicopathologic syndrome characterized symptomatically by subacute or chronic respiratory illness and histopathologically by the presence of granulation tissue in the bronchiolar lumen, alveolar ducts and some alveoli, a...

    journal_title:Annals of thoracic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al-Ghanem S,Al-Jahdali H,Bamefleh H,Khan AN

    更新日期:2008-04-01 00:00:00