Evidence for a sex-specific residual effect of cannabis on visuospatial memory.


BACKGROUND:In an exploratory study, we used a novel computerized battery of neuropsychological tests of attention to assess residual cognitive impairment in marijuana users. METHODS:We compared 25 college students who were heavy marijuana smokers (who had smoked a median of 29 days in the last 30 days) with 30 students who were light smokers (who had smoked a median of 1 day in the last 30 days). All subjects were tested after a supervised period of abstinence from marijuana and other drugs lasting at least 19 h. RESULTS:Differences between the overall groups of heavy and light smokers did not reach statistical significance on the four subtests of attention administered. However, upon examining data for the two sexes separately, marked and significant differences were found between heavy- and light-smoking women on the subtest examining visuospatial memory. On this test, subjects were required to examine a 6 x 6 'checkerboard' of squares in which certain squares were shaded. The shaded squares were then erased and the subject was required to indicate with the mouse which squares had formerly been shaded. Increasing numbers of shaded squares were presented at each trial. The heavy-smoking women remembered significantly fewer squares on this test, and they made significantly more errors than the light-smoking women. These differences persisted despite different methods of analysis and consideration for possible confounding variables. CONCLUSIONS:This observation suggests that it may be important to study the residual effects of marijuana on men and women separately-particularly since women have been greatly underrepresented in previous studies in this area.


Psychother Psychosom


Pope HG Jr,Jacobs A,Mialet JP,Yurgelun-Todd D,Gruber S




Has Abstract


1997-01-01 00:00:00












  • Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy versus Escitalopram in Chronic Major Depression.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:A specific psychotherapy for chronic depression, the Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP), was compared to escitalopram (ESC). METHODS:Sixty patients with chronic major depression were randomized to 'CBASP' (22 sessions) or 'ESC plus clinical management' (ESC/CM) at two treatment si...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Schramm E,Zobel I,Schoepf D,Fangmeier T,Schnell K,Walter H,Drost S,Schmidt P,Brakemeier EL,Berger M,Normann C

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Traumatic war experiences affect outcome in a case of Tourette's syndrome.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Stress has been associated with the course of Tourette's syndrome (TS). METHODS:The case report presented aims to emphasize the effect a severe traumatic experience has on the expression of TS. RESULTS:Following an intense traumatic experience, combat-related, a relatively mild case of TS became intractabl...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Witzum E,Bar-On R,Dolberg OT,Kotler M

    更新日期:1996-03-01 00:00:00

  • Integrating cognitive therapy and pharmacotherapy in the treatment and prophylaxis of depression: a novel approach.

    abstract::Psychiatric clinicians frequently prescribe biologic treatments such as antidepressant medication in combination with psychologic treatments such as psychotherapy. In the present article we propose a model integrating antidepressant treatment with Beck's cognitive therapy, a form of psychotherapy with established effi...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Pava JA,Fava M,Levenson JA

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psychoanalytic-Interactional Therapy versus Psychodynamic Therapy by Experts for Personality Disorders: A Randomized Controlled Efficacy-Effectiveness Study in Cluster B Personality Disorders.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:With regard to cluster B personality disorders, most psychotherapeutic treatments focus on borderline personality disorder. Evidence-based treatments for patients with other cluster B personality disorders are not yet available. Psychoanalytic-interactional therapy (PIT) represents a transdiagnostic treatmen...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Leichsenring F,Masuhr O,Jaeger U,Rabung S,Dally A,Dümpelmann M,Fricke-Neef C,Steinert C,Streeck U

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosocial aspects of disease and their management.

    abstract::The pathogenesis of psychosomatic distress is considered. This emphasises interest in aetiology of distress rather than solely of disease. The influence of psychological aspects is as important whether the disease is of known or unknown aetiology, and can be of greater importance in poorer socio-economic circumstances...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aitken C

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosomatic aspects in self-help groups made up of medical patients. Presented on the example of the ostomy group.

    abstract::We present the psychosomatic aspects in self-help groups containing medical patients on the examples of the ostomy group. Following the demonstration of the psychodynamic group processes, the patients' psychological characteristics are described as well as the aims of this type of self-help group. The specific ostomy ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Freyberger H

    更新日期:1979-01-01 00:00:00

  • Discomfort or disability in patients with chronic pain syndrome.

    abstract::In the present study of 253 patients with chronic pain syndrome we have made a multidimensional approach. All patients have been included in the study independent of coexisting states of anxiety or depression. We included criteria for diagnosis, duration, generability and intensity of pain, anxiety and depression, psy...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Poulsen DL,Hansen HJ,Langemark M,Olesen J,Bech P

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Quality of life measurements in chronic disorders.

    abstract::The political or ecological concept of quality of life refers to irreplaceable aspects of life. The health-related quality of life concept has the same impact of considering the irreplaceable (idiographic) aspects of treatment outcome in patients with chronic disorders. When comparing the different attempts to measure...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Bech P

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • The Clinical Inadequacy of the Placebo Model and the Development of an Alternative Conceptual Framework.

    abstract::Placebo effects are often attributed to clinical interactions and contextual factors that affect expectations of the patient about the treatment and result in symptom changes. The prevailing conceptualization consists of an undifferentiated placebo response that needs to be minimized in controlled investigations and m...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fava GA,Guidi J,Rafanelli C,Rickels K

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Work environment, skills utilization and health of Swedish nurses--results from a national questionnaire study.

    abstract::Nurses make up a considerable proportion of the Swedish health care staff. Few nationally representative studies of their work environment and health, however, have been published. The present questionnaire study on work conditions, skill utilization, health and well-being of a national representative sample of 3,500 ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Petterson IL,Arnetz BB,Arnetz JE,Hörte LG

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Alexithymia and somatic conditions in patients with affective illnesses during lithium prophylaxis.

    abstract::The personality trait of alexithymia was assessed in 95 patients (35 male, 60 female) with affective illnesses, receiving lithium prophylactically, by means of Schalling-Sifneos Personality Scale (SSPS). The mean SSPS score was similar to that of the healthy population: only 8 patients had a score below 50 points. No ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rybakowski JK,Dyson WL,Amsterdam JD

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Elevated blood levels of dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate vary with symptom load in posttraumatic stress disorder: findings from a longitudinal study of refugees in Sweden.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The present study is part of a longitudinal study of recently resettled refugees with the aim of learning which factors in their daily life influence health as measured by self-report and stress-responsive hormones. METHODS:In a group of recently resettled refugees with a high incidence of posttraumatic str...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Söndergaard HP,Hansson LO,Theorell T

    更新日期:2002-09-01 00:00:00

  • Short-term dynamic psychotherapy. I. The Oslo group's form to score outcome, the reliability testing of this form and observer characteristics.

    abstract::The aim of short-term dynamic psychotherapy is, through working with a central conflict and transference reactions, to obtain lasting changes based on cognitive and emotional understanding of the main dynamics of the central conflict, called insight. The aim of the present study was to construct a follow-up form that ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Husby R,Dahl AA,Dahl CI,Heiberg AN,Olafsen OM,Weisaeth L

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psychological and quality-of-life outcomes from a comprehensive stress reduction and lifestyle program in patients with coronary artery disease: results of a randomized trial.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Stress reduction and comprehensive lifestyle modification programs have improved atherosclerosis and cardiac risk factors in earlier trials. Little is known about the impact of such programs on quality-of-life (QoL) and psychological outcomes. Given recent significant improvements in cardiac care, we evaluat...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Michalsen A,Grossman P,Lehmann N,Knoblauch NT,Paul A,Moebus S,Budde T,Dobos GJ

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Explicit incestuous motifs and emotional crises in psychosomatic patients.

    abstract::This paper examines the emergence of incestuous motifs in the first four interviews of 50 people seeking psychotherapy. Results show a percentage (6%) which is neither relevant nor specific for any kind of diagnosis. The progress in psychotherapy of two groups of 8 patients, psychosomatic + neurotic respectively, is t...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pasini A,Callea G

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Attentional bias modification in posttraumatic stress disorder: a randomized controlled trial.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Attentional bias modification (ABM) is a new treatment for anxiety disorders. Three randomized controlled clinical trials have shown positive effects of ABM in social anxiety disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. This study investigated the efficacy of ABM in outpatients with chronic posttraumatic stres...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Schoorl M,Putman P,Van Der Does W

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Short psychotherapeutic interventions (four sessions).

    abstract::This paper points out: (1) The fundamental importance, during the patient's first visit, of a shift of the objective involvement on the therapist's person, when a significant real object fails. (2) An initial interpretation, based on understanding this mechanism, is mutational in that it transfers the mourning for rel...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gillieron E

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Short-term psychotherapy and hypnosis.

    abstract::Phobic patients have been shown to be, on average, more hypnotizable than others. The essence of the phobic experience is not unlike that of the event of hypnosis, and the phobic experience might be a spontaneously occurring panic-filled trance-like or dissociative experience. This dissociation is viewed as a maladapt...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Frankel FH

    更新日期:1981-01-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between alexithymia and depressive symptoms in a sample of newly abstinent alcoholic inpatients.

    abstract::The purpose of this investigation was to measure alexithymia in 90 newly abstinent alcoholism treatment candidates and to examine the relationship between alexithymia and depressive symptoms. Subjects completed the Schalling-Sifneos Personality Scale (SSPS) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) at the time of applic...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Haviland MG,MacMurray JP,Cummings MA

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Reflections on relevance: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics in 2004.

    abstract::Relevance of an article is a highly desirable yet hardly predictable quality at the time of its publication. Article relevance is frequently measured by the impact factor of the journal where the article is published. Furthermore, impact factor, citation index and citation analysis are used as a measure of research pr...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Balon R

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • The medical-psychiatric unit: a novel psychosomatic approach.

    abstract::A retrospective chart review of 600 general hospital patients, of whom 200 had been admitted to a medical-psychiatric unit, 200 to a conventional psychiatric unit and 200 to medical-surgical units, and for whom psychiatric consultation had been requested, disclosed significant differences in the patient populations of...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fava GA,Wise TN,Molnar G,Zielezny M

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Further reflections on psychosomatic theory. Alexithymia and interhemispheric specialization.

    abstract::Clinical and laboratory observations of alexithymia suggest that a neurophysiologic hypothesis may be more useful than the traditional psychodynamic explanations for understanding psychosomatic processes. Current data support the concept of a functional disconnection between the two cerebral hemispheres. A mechanism f...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shipko S

    更新日期:1982-01-01 00:00:00

  • Intact physiological response to arousal with impaired emotional recognition in alexithymia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The purpose of the present study was to clarify the relationship between the recognition of emotion and physiological response to emotion (i.e. arousal) in alexithymia. METHODS:This study investigated differences in physiological arousal state, as measured by continuous heart rate, electrodermal activity (E...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stone LA,Nielson KA

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00

  • Hypercoagulability in working men and women with high levels of panic-like anxiety.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is growing evidence that cardiovascular diseases are relatively more prevalent in subjects who feel anxious. An increased clotting diathesis might subject anxious individuals to an elevated arterial thrombotic risk. We investigated whether panic-like anxiety would relate to a hypercoagulable state. ME...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: von Känel R,Kudielka BM,Schulze R,Gander ML,Fischer JE

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Affective expression in organic and functional gastrointestinal disease.

    abstract::Verbal affective expression and psychometric variables were studied in a group of 5 duodenal ulcer and 6 irritable bowel patients. The aim was to assess the relevance of the alexithymia contruct to the distinction between both groups. Irritable bowel patients exhibited higher scores on Zung's depressiveness scale. Ale...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heerlein A,De la Parra G,Aronsohn S,Lolas F

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosocial functioning in consultation-liaison psychiatry patients: influence of psychosomatic syndromes, psychopathology and somatization.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study investigated whether the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research (DCPR) were able to predict psychosocial functioning in addition to psychiatric diagnoses and somatization in consultation-liaison psychiatry (CLP) patients. METHOD:A consecutive sample of 208 CLP patients were recruited and ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Porcelli P,Bellomo A,Quartesan R,Altamura M,Iuso S,Ciannameo I,Piselli M,Elisei S

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of alexithymic characteristics on the self-perception and facial expression of a physiological stress state.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In spite of the connection of alexithymic characteristics to many stress-related disorders, little is known about the effects of these characteristics on the self-perception of stress, which may have functional value in the regulation of daily behavior. The present study assessed the influence of alexithymic...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Näätänen P,Ryynänen A,Keltikangas-Järvinen L

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of a supportive-expressive group intervention on long-term psychosocial adjustment in HIV-infected gay men.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study compared the effects of a supportive-expressive group intervention (GI) with an educational control condition (EC) on long-term psychosocial adjustment in gay men with HIV infection. METHOD:Subjects (n = 85) were randomized after stratification for disease stage and use of antiretroviral medicati...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Weiss JJ,Mulder CL,Antoni MH,de Vroome EM,Garssen B,Goodkin K

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Brief Online Cognitive Behavioural Intervention for Dysfunctional Worry Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Randomised Controlled Trial.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Worries about the immediate and long-term consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic may for some individuals develop into pervasive worry that is disproportionate in its intensity or duration and significantly interferes with everyday life. OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to investigate if a brief self-gu...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wahlund T,Mataix-Cols D,Olofsdotter Lauri K,de Schipper E,Ljótsson B,Aspvall K,Andersson E

    更新日期:2020-11-19 00:00:00

  • The role of anger in adherence to highly active antiretroviral treatment in patients infected with HIV.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Adherence to highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) is critical to long-term treatment success in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, the relationship between psychological variables and medication adherence is still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to inve...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leombruni P,Fassino S,Lavagnino L,Orofino G,Morosini P,Picardi A

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00