Ipsilateral island fibula transfer for segmental tibial defects: antegrade and retrograde fashion.


:Five patients with segmental tibial defects whose contralateral fibula could not be used as a donor were treated with ipsilateral island fibular transfer in an antegrade or retrograde fashion. Antegrade-flow pedicled flaps based on the peroneal vessel as in the conventional free flap were used for the proximal or middle one-third tibial defects, whereas retrograde-flow pedicled flaps based on the communicating branch between the peroneal and posterior tibial vessels were used for the middle or distal one-third of the tibia. All patients had one of the following problems: a previously failed free flap, below-knee amputation of the opposite leg because of open tibia fracture, refusal to use the contralateral sound leg, or poor general condition to endure a lengthy operation. Four of the patients also had an associated fibular fracture on the same leg, which was ultimately used as one of the osteotomy sites. The follow-up period was from 31 to 48 months. Time to bony union ranged from 4 to 7 months. Time to full weight bearing was from 5 to 9 months after operation. All of the transferred fibulas showed hypertrophy after weight bearing. Nonunion occurred in two cases, which were treated with a long leg cast and cancellous bone graft, respectively. The limb was shorter by an average of 0.5 cm in three cases, longer by 1.1 cm in one case, and in the last case, it was uncheckable because the opposite limb was previously amputated. Limited arc of rotation was not a problem. Other disabling complications were not seen. We believe that these methods can be a valuable alternative to the contralateral free fibula flap in certain cases.


Plast Reconstr Surg


Chung YK,Chung S




Has Abstract


1998-02-01 00:00:00


375-82; discussion 383-4










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