Effect of constant light, pinealectomy and guanosine triphosphate gamma-s on the density of melatonin receptors in the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus: a possible implication of melatonin action.


:We report here the effects of pinealectomy and exposition to constant light on the density of melatonin receptors in the suprachiasmatic nuclei of the rat using quantitative autoradiography. The B(max) values were significantly increased when the animals were maintained in constant light for 3 days (8.22 ± 0.95 fmol/mg protein versus 4.55±0.14 fmol/mg protein in control group, 12 h light/12 h dark cycle (12L/12D), n = 6). A similar increase was also observed in rats pinealectomized 3 days before sacrifice and then maintained either under 12L/12D (B(max) 7.56±0.80 fmol/mg protein) or in constant light (B(max) 7.85±1.02 fmol/mg protein), while K(d) values failed to show any variations after constant light and/or pinealectomy. The effect of GTPγS on the density of rnelatonin binding sites was also investigated in control animals and after 3 days of constant light. In 12L/12D animals, the B(max) shifted from 5.94 ± 0.14 fmol/mg protein in the absence of GTPγS to 3.97±0.22 fmol/ mg protein in the presence of 50μiM GTPγS. In animals maintained for 3 days in constant light, a similar decrease in the B(max) value was observed (8.95 ± 0.25 fmol/mg protein in absence and 5.95 ± 0.22 fmol/mg protein in presence of 50 μ GTPγS). In both cases, K(d) values were not affected by GTPγS. Pinealectomy and constant light exposition are known to induce a suppression of the nocturnal peak of plasma rnelatonin and to keep plasma rnelatonin concentrations at a very low level. These results could suggest a regulatory effect of rnelatonin on the density of its own receptors which are shown here to be also coupled with a G-protein.


J Neuroendocrinol


Gauer F,Masson-Pévet M,Pévet P




Has Abstract


1992-08-01 00:00:00












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