Prevalence of hepatitis A virus among Saudi Arabian children: A community-based study.


:HAV is endemic in Saudi Arabia, with about 90% of the adult population having positive anti-HAV. A population-based survey of hepatitis B virus markers provided an opportunity to determine the age-related prevalence of anti-HAV among Saudi children and examine some of the factors that influence its transmission in the community. The overall prevalence of anti-HAV is 52.4% of 4375 children tested. There was no significant difference in HAV prevalence between males and females (51.3% vs 53.5%). The age-specific rates, which were similar in both sexes, indicated the lowest rate in infants with a steady increase in the older age group. There was a marked regional variation in anti-HAV prevalence, the Eastern region showing the lowest prevalence (38.4%), while the Northwestern region showed the highest prevalence (67%). In nearly all the regions, rural inhabitants had a higher prevalence than urban residents. Socioeconomic factors had a significant correlation with the prevalence of anti-HAV, with the level of education of parents having the strongest influence on HAV prevalence. The high overall HAV prevalence in children confirms that Saudi Arabia is endemic for HAV infection, despite the recent improvement in the socioeconomic standards of its population. The pattern of HAV may be changing in Saudi Arabia as the prevalence has dropped in the Central province compared to previous reports. The need for the introduction of hepatitis A vaccination will be determined in the future definition of HAV epidemiology in Saudi Arabia.


Ann Saudi Med


Annals of Saudi medicine


Al Rashed RS




Has Abstract


1997-03-01 00:00:00














  • Predictive value of the cow's milk skin prick test in infantile colic.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Infantile colic is a common problem among young infants. Cow's milk allergy has been suggested as one of the causes. We aimed to investigate the value of the cow's milk skin test for the diagnosis of cow's milk allergy in exclusively breast-fed infants with infantile colic. METHODS:Exclusivel...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Moravej H,Imanieh MH,Kashef S,Handjani F,Eghterdari F

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • The burden of pneumococcal disease in children less than 5 years of age in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in both developing and industrialized countries, especially among young children and in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent individuals. It is implicated in both invasive (e.g. meningitis and septicemia) as well as noni...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Howidi M,Muhsin H,Rajah J

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Risperidone-induced bruise-like rash in a child.

    abstract::Adverse cutaneous reactions are rarely seen with antipsychotics. Exanthematous eruptions, skin pigmentation changes, photosensitivity, urticaria, and pruritus have been previously reported. We report a bruise-like rash in a 4-year-old boy with risperidone use. The rash disappeared on discontinuation and then reappeare...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ekinci O,Gunes S

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • A guideline for the inpatient care of children with pyelonephritis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Febrile urinary tract infections and pyelonephritis are common in children and frequently lead to hospitalization for management, especially in the child who appears toxic. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) practice parameter on the diagnosis, treatment and evaluation of the initial uri...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,实务指引,评审


    authors: Chishti AS,Maul EC,Nazario RJ,Bennett JS,Kiessling SG

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Stress and coping among consultant physicians working in Saudi Arabia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Exposure to stressful working conditions without adequate stress-coping strategies may lead to stress and even psychiatric morbidity. There are a dearth of studies on stress-coping strategies among consultant physicians in the Arabian Gulf. OBJECTIVES:Determine stress-coping strategies among consultants in ...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alosaimi FD,Alawad HS,Alamri AK,Saeed AI,Aljuaydi KA,Alotaibi AS,Alotaibi KM,Alfaris EA

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • The role of seating position in determining the injury pattern among unrestrained children involved in motor vehicle collisions presenting to a level I trauma center.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Seating position in motor vehicle collisions (MVC) plays a major role in determining the injury pattern in mainly restrained children. However, compliance with child seating and restraint laws is still suboptimal. The role of seating position in predicting injury patterns among unrestrained ch...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al-Jazaeri A,Zamakhshary M,Al-Omair A,Al-Haddab Y,Al-Jarallah O,Al-Qahtani R

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of a new physical exercise taken from salat (prayer) as a short-duration and frequent physical activity in the rehabilitation of geriatric and disabled patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The major function of rehabilitation and physical medicine specialists is to provide the proper therapy that helps in improving the physical activities of impaired, disabled and handicapped persons through improvement in their muscle strength. In performing their function, the rehabilitation team should alwa...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reza MF,Urakami Y,Mano Y

    更新日期:2002-05-01 00:00:00

  • Steroid therapy for post-tonsillectomy symptoms in adults: a randomized, placebo-controlled study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Post-operative morbidity following tonsillectomy remains an important clinical problem despite advances in anesthetic and surgical techniques. This study investigated the effect of a one-day course of intravenous dexamethasone on recovery from tonsillectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS:In a double-blind, randomize...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Al-Shehri AM

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • Q fever: a neglected zoonosis in Saudi Arabia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Infection due to Coxiella burnetii (C burnetii), the causative agent of Q fever is rarely sought for in clinical practice. This study was performed to detect C burnetii infection in patients with pyrexia of undetermined cause (PUC). DESIGN AND SETTINGS:This is a prospective study conducted at...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Almogren A,Shakoor Z,Hasanato R,Adam MH

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Features associated with severe disease in hospitalized children with 2009 influenza A (H1N1) infection at a university hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:In 2009, pandemic H1N1 influenza A caused significant morbidity and mortality worldwide; however, available data on disease characteristics and outcome of hospitalized children is limited. DESIGN AND SETTING:A prospective cohort study of children who required hospitalization because of the in...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al Subaie SS,Al Saadi MA

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Morbihan disease and extrafacial lupus miliaris disseminatus faceie: a case report.

    abstract::Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei (LMDF) is characterized by discrete dome-shaped papules on the bilateral face and neck. We report the first case of LMDF with a widespread distribution of extrafacial papules and concomitant bilateral eyelid edema. A unique case of a 30-year-old man presented with nonpruritic, painle...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kou K,Chin K,Matsukura S,Sasaki T,Nozawa A,Aihara M,Kambara T

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Public attitude towards acceptability, availability, and accessibility of immunization services in Riyadh.

    abstract::A study of accessibility, availability, and acceptability of immunization was carried out by interviewing 1422 parents selected randomly from the catchment areas of 15 health care centers in Riyadh. The parents were included if they had children who were under two years or who had not completed the essential immunizat...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al-Shammari SA,Khoja T,Jarallah JS

    更新日期:1992-07-01 00:00:00

  • Sonographic fetal weight estimation using femoral length: Honarvar equation.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Fetal growth is the result of interactions between various factors and can be estimated by ultrasonic measurements. Fetal femur length is a scale for estimating the fetal weight in individual races because fetal growth patterns differ among different races. SUBJECTS AND METHODS:This was a prospective study ...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Firoozabadi RD,Ghasemi N,Firoozabadi MD

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Pseudo-Kaposi sarcoma worsening after leg vein harvest for coronary artery bypass grafting.

    abstract::Acroangiodermatitis (AAD) (synonym, pseudo-Kaposi sarcoma) is a term that encompasses 2 different conditions: (1) AAD of Mali, which refers to skin lesions that mainly develop bilaterally on the lower extremities of patients with chronic venous insufficiency and is an extreme form of stasis dermatitis and (2) Stewart-...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alshihry H,Chisti MA,Hamadah I

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Burden of traumatic injuries in Saudi Arabia: lessons from a major trauma registry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:In Saudi Arabia (SA), injuries are the second leading cause of death; however, little is known about their frequencies and outcomes. Trauma registries play a major role in measuring the burden on population health. This study aims to describe the population of the only hospital-based trauma re...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alghnam S,Alkelya M,Al-Bedah K,Al-Enazi S

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Promotion of non-smoking: The role of primary health care physicians.

    abstract::Cigarette smoking is universally acknowledged to be a health hazard. We are of the opinion that primary health care (PHC) physicians can potentially play a key role in the promotion of non-smoking campaigns. The aim of this study was to determine the role of male PHC physicians in the promotion of a non-smoking campai...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al-Shahri MZ,Al-Almaie SM

    更新日期:1997-09-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical experience with alteplase in the management of intracardiac and major cardiac vessels thrombosis in pediatrics: a case series.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Experience with alteplase in pediatric patients is limited and recommendations are extrapolated from adult data. Comprehensive guidelines on the management of thromboembolic events in this group are lacking. We assessed the efficacy and safety of alteplase (recombinant tissue plasminogen activ...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al-Jazairi AS,Al-Gain RA,Bulbul ZR,Cherfan AJ

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • A novel splice-site mutation in the ASPM gene underlies autosomal recessive primary microcephaly.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Autosomal recessive primary microcephaly (MCPH) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder. Patients with MCPH exhibit reduced occipito-frontal head circumference and non-progressive intellectual disability. To date, 17 genes have been known as an underlying cause of MCPH in humans. ASPM (abnorma...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hashmi JA,Al-Harbi KM,Ramzan K,Albalawi AM,Mehmood A,Samman MI,Basit S

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Postpartum hepatotoxicity due to herbal medicine Teucrium polium.

    abstract::The hepatotoxicity cases due to herbal medical products have been increased in recent years. Teucrium polium (TP) (mountain germander) is one of the most popular species of the Lamiaceae family and is commonly used for increasing breast milk formation and for relieving gastrointestinal complaints in the last months of...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dag M,Özturk Z,Aydnl M,Koruk I,Kadayfç A

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in neonates in Egypt.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is an X-linked disorder which causes neonatal jaundice in most cases, and under certain conditions, can cause a spectrum of hemolytic manifestations. OBJECTIVE:To determine the local prevalence of G6PD deficiency in newborns. DESIGN:Cross-sectional. SETT...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elella SA,Tawfik M,Barseem N,Moustafa W

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Hypnosis for sedation in transesophageal echocardiography: a comparison with midazolam.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), being a displeasing intervention, usually entails sedation. We aimed to compare the effects of hypnosis and midazolam for sedation in TEE. DESIGN AND SETTINGS:A prospective single-blinded study conducted on patients scheduled for TEE between April 2011 and July 2011 a...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Eren G,Dogan Y,Demir G,Tulubas E,Hergunsel O,Tekdos Y,Dogan M,Bilgi D,Abut Y

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Trihexyphenidyl (artane) abuse among Saudi psychiatric patients.

    abstract::This preliminary study done by abstracting relevant data from different testing material and using multiple rating scales, describes the sociodemographic variables, psychopathological correlates, and features of trihexyphenidyl (artane) abuse in a sample of 14 Saudi psychiatric patients and, as a result of this resear...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Qureshi NA

    更新日期:1992-07-01 00:00:00

  • Cytogenetic diagnosis of fragile X syndrome: study of 305 suspected cases in Saudi Arabia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Fragile X syndrome is the most common cause of inherited mental retardation. Patients with fragile X syndrome show variable mental disability, typical long and narrow facial appearance with large ears and prominent fontanelle and frequent macro-orchidism. It is generally associated with a fragile site at Xq ...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Iqbal MA,Sakati N,Nester M,Ozand P

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • Tocilizumab efficacy and safety in rheumatoid arthritis patients after inadequate response to disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs oranti-tumor necrosis factor.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Tocilizumab (TCZ) is a humanized anti-human IL-6R antibody, a novel therapy for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who fail treatment with disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) or anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNFs). OBJECTIVE:To assess the safety and efficacy of TCZ monotherapy or in combinati...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Abdulkader OAF,Qushmaq K,Aljishi F

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of chronic renal injury from melamine-associated pediatric urolithiasis: an eighteen-month prospective cohort study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The illegal use of melamine in powdered baby formula resulted in a widespread outbreak of melamine-associated pediatric urolithiasis and kidney damage in China in 2008. We conducted this study because more needs to be known about the long-term effects of melamine-associated urolithiasis and kidney damage. O...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gao J,Wang F,Kuang X,Chen R,Rao J,Wang B,Li W,Liu H,Shen Q,Wang X,Xu H

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among dentists in the Hail Region of Saudi Arabia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Dentists suffer a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) but studies are quite limited. The present study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of MSDs among dentists in the Ha'il Region, Saudi Arabia. DESIGN AND SETTINGS:A cross-sectional, questionnaire study was conduct...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aljanakh M,Shaikh S,Siddiqui AA,Al-Mansour M,Hassan SS

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Congenital adrenal hypoplasia: A disorder frequently missed.

    abstract::Congenital adrenal hypoplasia is a rare disease which is known to cause severe salt wasting in the neonatal period. In this report, we describe three patients from two different families who were seen at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. All patients presented with classical clinical, biochemical,...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al Jurayyan NA,Abdullah MA,Al Herbish AS,Abo-Bakr AM

    更新日期:1995-11-01 00:00:00

  • Detection of Toxoplasma gondii DNA by PCR in blood samples collected from pregnant Saudi women from the Aseer region, Saudi Arabia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, is diagnosed mainly by serological methods that are hindered by insufficient sensitivity. When it fails, it becomes necessary to rely on either direct detection of the parasite or DNA detection by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). We aimed to establis...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bin Dajem SM,Almushait MA

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Early mobilization following anterior fixation with bone graft and metal plate in traumatic cervical fracture dislocations.

    abstract::Eighteen cases of traumatic fracture dislocation were managed surgically using a technique which involved an anterior cervical approach followed by discectomy, bone graft, and insertion of a metal plate. The patients were mobilized early to prevent the usual complications of bedsores, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary e...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rao NK,Fardoun R,Akkaya Y,Ur Rehman A

    更新日期:1991-03-01 00:00:00

  • Fiberoptic, conventional and combination phototherapy for treatment of nonhemolytic hyperbilirubinemia in neonates.

    abstract::The objective of this prospective, randomized study was to compare the effectiveness of fiberoptic, conventional and a combination phototherapy in decreasing bilirubin concentrations in neonatal nonhemolytic hyperbilirubinemia. Forty-six infants who were 36 weeks' gestation and more were randomly assigned to fiberopti...

    journal_title:Annals of Saudi medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al-Alaiyan S

    更新日期:1996-11-01 00:00:00