A, B and C in Uganda: the roles of abstinence, monogamy and condom use in HIV decline.

Abstract:

:Uganda is often cited as a role model in the fight against HIV/AIDS because of its success in reducing both prevalence and incidence of HIV infection since the late 1980s. Although an increase in sexual abstinence has been highlighted as a primary cause of the declines, large increases have also been recorded in monogamy and condom use. The extent to which each of these factors actually influenced the overall decline in Uganda's HIV rates has become a highly charged political issue in the United States, leading to restrictions on how US development funding for combatting HIV is allocated. The Alan Guttmacher Institute investigated changes that occurred in abstinence, monogamy and condom use in Uganda in the 1990s, using nationally representative data from Uganda's Demographic and Health Surveys of 1988 (women only), 1995 and 2000 (women and men), and national-level findings from two surveys by the Global Programme on AIDS in 1989 and 1995 (women and men). Reduction of infection risk by lowering numbers or types of partners among people with more than one relationship was not covered. Here we reprint the chapter on "Implications" from the AGI report, a commentary on the lessons that can and cannot be taken from the data, published in a 2003 Guttmacher Report on Public Policy.

journal_name

Reprod Health Matters

authors

Singh S,Darroch JE,Bankole A

doi

10.1016/s0968-8080(04)23118-4

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2004-05-01 00:00:00

pages

129-31

issue

23

eissn

0968-8080

issn

1460-9576

journal_volume

12

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Providing family planning services to remote communities in areas of high biodiversity through a Population-Health-Environment programme in Madagascar.

    abstract::Population-Health-Environment (PHE) is an interdisciplinary model of programme design which recognises the complex interconnections between people, their health and their environment. PHE responds holistically to the challenges faced by ecosystems and the communities dependent on them, with thematically distinct but i...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(14)43766-2

    authors: Mohan V,Shellard T

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Emerging changes in reproductive behaviour among married adolescent girls in an urban slum in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

    abstract::Structural and social inequalities, a harsh political economy and neglect on the part of the state have made married adolescent girls an extremely vulnerable group in the urban slum environment in Bangladesh. The importance placed on newly married girls' fertility results in high fertility rates and low rates of contr...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(06)27221-5

    authors: Rashid SF

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Expanding safer sex options: introducing the female condom into national programmes.

    abstract::Although the female condom has been introduced into over 90 countries since 1997, it has only been accepted in sexual and reproductive health programmes as a mainstream method in a few. This paper describes introductory strategies developed by Ministries of Health and non-governmental organisations in Brazil, Ghana, Z...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(03)02178-5

    authors: Warren M,Philpott A

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Intimate partner violence during pregnancy: analysis of prevalence data from 19 countries.

    abstract::We aimed to describe the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy across 19 countries, and examine trends across age groups and UN regions. We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (20 surveys from 15 countries) and the International Violence Against Women...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(10)36533-5

    authors: Devries KM,Kishor S,Johnson H,Stöckl H,Bacchus LJ,Garcia-Moreno C,Watts C

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Unsafe abortion and abortion care in Khartoum, Sudan.

    abstract::Unsafe abortion in Sudan results in significant morbidity and mortality. This study of treatment for complications of unsafe abortion in five hospitals in Khartoum, Sudan, included a review of hospital records and a survey of 726 patients seeking abortion-related care from 27 October 2007 to 31 January 2008, an interv...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(09)34476-6

    authors: Kinaro J,Ali TE,Schlangen R,Mack J

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Meeting targets or saving lives: maternal health policy and Millennium Development Goal 5 in Nicaragua.

    abstract::In support of maternal health, disease-specific and target-oriented global policy initiatives, such as in Millennium Development Goal 5, have led to a prioritisation of narrow indicators at the expense of more comprehensive approaches. In line with global policy, Nicaragua has made skilled attendants and institutional...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(13)42728-3

    authors: Kvernflaten B

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Experiences of sexual harassment of women health workers in four hospitals in Kolkata, India.

    abstract::In 1997, the Supreme Court of India recognised sexual harassment in the workplace as a violation of human rights. However, little is known about the extent or persistence of sexual harassment. To obtain an understanding of women's experiences of sexual harassment in the health sector, an exploratory study was undertak...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(07)30319-4

    authors: Chaudhuri P

    更新日期:2007-11-01 00:00:00

  • Community-based survey on female genital excision in Faranah District, Guinea.

    abstract::This paper reports on a community-based study in 1999 of the beliefs and practices of people in Faranah District, Guinea regarding female genital excision (FGE). Semi-structured individual interviews and focus group discussions were carried out with women of reproductive age, older women, married men, community and re...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(01)90100-4

    authors: Keita D,Blankhart D

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • Ten reasons to oppose the criminalization of HIV exposure or transmission.

    abstract::Recent years have seen a push to apply criminal law to HIV exposure and transmission, often driven by the wish to respond to concerns about the ongoing rapid spread of HIV in many countries. Particularly in Africa, some groups have begun to advocate for criminalization in response to the serious phenomenon of women be...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(09)34462-6

    authors: Jürgens R,Cohen J,Cameron E,Burris S,Clayton M,Elliott R,Pearshouse R,Gathumbi A,Cupido D

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Female genital mutilation as sexual disability: perceptions of women and their spouses in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.

    abstract::Disability encompasses the limitations on an individual's basic physical activities, and the consequent social oppressions such individual faces in society. In this regard, the limitation on the use of some parts of the genitals in a patriarchal system is considered a form of disability. This paper describes the perce...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/09688080.2017.1331685

    authors: Owojuyigbe M,Bolorunduro ME,Busari D

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • The value of advocacy in promoting social change: implementing the new Domestic Violence Act in South Africa.

    abstract::South Africa's first democratic government passed the Domestic Violence Act (DVA) into law in 1998 as part of local and international commitments to protecting the human rights of women. Although the Act was welcomed as groundbreaking legislation, delays in implementing it led to increasing frustration. This paper des...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(00)90187-3

    authors: Usdin S,Christofides N,Malepe L,Maker A

    更新日期:2000-11-01 00:00:00

  • "I wouldn't even know where to start": unwanted pregnancy and abortion decision-making in Central Appalachia.

    abstract::How rurality relates to women's abortion decision-making in the United States remains largely unexplored in existing literature. The present study relies on qualitative methods to analyze rural women's experiences related to pregnancy decision-making and pathways to abortion services in Central Appalachia. This analys...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/09688080.2018.1513270

    authors: O'Donnell J,Goldberg A,Lieberman E,Betancourt T

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Meeting the sexual and reproductive health needs of people living with HIV: challenges for health care providers.

    abstract::A trained health service workforce is critical to ensuring good quality service delivery to people with HIV. There is only limited documented information on the challenges and constraints facing health care providers in meeting the sexual and reproductive health needs of HIV positive women and men. This paper reviews ...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(07)29030-5

    authors: Bharat S,Mahendra VS

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Abortion: the legal right has been won, but not the moral right.

    abstract::In 1978 the abortion law was liberalised in Norway. It permits abortion on request up to 12 weeks of pregnancy, and after that with the agreement of a medical commission, taking the woman's own views into consideration. In 2003, 96% of abortions took place before 12 weeks of pregnancy. There is considerable support am...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(04)24016-2

    authors: Løkeland M

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Obstetric violence: a new framework for identifying challenges to maternal healthcare in Argentina.

    abstract::Argentina has recognized women's right to not be subjected to obstetric violence, the violence exercised by health personnel on the body and reproductive processes of pregnant women, as expressed through dehumanizing treatment, medicalization abuse, and the conversion of natural processes of reproduction into patholog...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.rhm.2016.05.001

    authors: Vacaflor CH

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Task shifting for emergency obstetric surgery in district hospitals in Senegal.

    abstract::Due to a long-term shortage of obstetricians, the Ministry of Health of Senegal and Dakar University Obstetric Department agreed in 1998 to train district teams consisting of an anaesthetist, general practitioner and surgical assistant in emergency obstetric surgery. An evaluation of the policy was carried out in thre...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(09)33437-0

    authors: De Brouwere V,Dieng T,Diadhiou M,Witter S,Denerville E

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • The business of desire: "Russian" bars in Amman, Jordan.

    abstract::This paper discusses the type of work migrant women from the former Eastern European countries perform in nightclubs in Amman, Jordan. The fieldwork for this qualitative study was conducted in 2010 and is based on in-depth interviews with 13 women. The topic is approached from the perspective of describing women's cho...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/09688080.2017.1378063

    authors: Beňová L

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Misclassified maternal deaths among East African immigrants in Sweden.

    abstract::Western countries have reported an increased risk of maternal mortality among African immigrants. This study aimed to identify cases of maternal mortality among immigrants from the Horn of Africa living in Sweden using snowball sampling, and verify whether they had been classified as maternal deaths in the Cause of De...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(07)30322-4

    authors: Elebro K,Rööst M,Moussa K,Johnsdotter S,Essén B

    更新日期:2007-11-01 00:00:00

  • Embodied experiences of prenatal diagnosis of fetal abnormality and pregnancy termination.

    abstract::Pregnant women routinely undergo prenatal screening in Australia and this has become a common experience of motherhood. When prenatal screening or prenatal testing results in diagnosis of a serious fetal abnormality, women are presented with a decision to continue or terminate their pregnancy. Few recent studies have ...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.rhm.2016.04.003

    authors: Pitt P,McClaren BJ,Hodgson J

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Abortion law reform in Nepal: women's right to life and health.

    abstract::In Nepal, the effects of the low social status of women and lack of access to health care and family planning have resulted in a maternal mortality ratio that is among the highest in South Asia. By the mid-1990s, the contribution of unsafe abortions to maternal deaths and morbidity was acknowledged by key individuals ...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(04)24007-1

    authors: Shakya G,Kishore S,Bird C,Barak J

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Contextualising sexual harassment of adolescent girls in Bangladesh.

    abstract::Violence against women is a social mechanism confirming women's subordination in many societies. Sexual violence and harassment have various negative psychological impacts on girls, including a persistent feeling of insecurity and loss of self-esteem. This article aims to contextualize a particular form of sexual hara...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(13)41696-8

    authors: Nahar P,van Reeuwijk M,Reis R

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Stigmatisation and commercialisation of abortion services in Poland: turning sin into gold.

    abstract::This paper is about the economic consequences of the stigmatisation and illegality of abortion and its almost complete removal from public health services in Poland since the late 1980s. Once abortion left the public sphere, it entered the grey zone of private arrangements, in which a woman's private worries became so...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(11)37548-9

    authors: Chełstowska A

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

  • HIV treatment and reproductive health in the health system in Burkina Faso: resource allocation and the need for integration.

    abstract::Organizational changes, increased funding and the demands of HIV antiretroviral (ARV) treatment create particular challenges for governance in the health sector. We assess resource allocation, policy making and integration of the national responses to ARV provision and reproductive health in Burkina Faso, using nation...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(11)38587-4

    authors: Windisch R,de Savigny D,Onadja G,Somda A,Wyss K,Sié A,Kouyaté B

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • The right to love: the desire for parenthood among men living with HIV.

    abstract::Drug regimens and procedures now exist that will prevent parents from transmitting HIV to infants, and the ethical and legal obligation to promote and protect the reproductive rights of those living with HIV should form part of training for HIV/AIDS care and prevention. This paper reports a study that investigated iss...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(03)02293-6

    authors: Paiva V,Filipe EV,Santos N,Lima TN,Segurado A

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • Materno-infantilism, feminism and maternal health policy in Brazil.

    abstract::In the last days of 2011, President of Brazil Dilma Rousseff issued a provisional measure (or draft law) entitled "National Surveillance and Monitoring Registration System for the Prevention of Maternal Mortality" (MP 557), as part of a new maternal health programme. It was supposed to address the pressing issue of ma...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(12)39616-X

    authors: Diniz S

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Self-aware sex education: a theoretical and practical approach in Venezuela.

    abstract::Even a few decades ago, it was considered normal and even desirable in Latin America for young women to become pregnant before they were 20--provided they were married; while young men were expected to become sexually active as soon as they entered adolescence, without much concern about potential risks or with whom t...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(01)90018-7

    authors: Muñoz M

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Microbicides 2000: report of an international conference, 13-16 March, Washington DC.

    abstract::'Microbicide' is the name for a number of new products currently under research which could become a new class of barrier method for use in the vagina and rectum for protection against HIV, prevention and/or treatment of other sexually transmitted diseases and/or act as a contraceptive. This is a summary report of thi...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type:

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(00)90014-4

    authors: Berer M

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • Young men's project: Great Yarmouth, UK.

    abstract::The Young Men's Project has been working with young men and young fathers as part of Great Yarmouth Primary Care Trust in the UK since June 2001. The Project works in schools and other educational environments to promote positive personal development, particularly around sex and relationships, and to increase accessib...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(06)28252-1

    authors: Osborn M

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Why withdrawal? Why not withdrawal? Men's perspectives.

    abstract::Withdrawal is an ancient and prevalent form of male contraception which has largely been ignored by family planning programme managers all over the world. The objective of this study was to understand men's perspectives on withdrawal use, both users and non-users. In-depth interviews with 62 male factory workers in we...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(05)25175-3

    authors: Ortayli N,Bulut A,Ozugurlu M,Cokar M

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • From unwanted pregnancy to safe abortion: Sharing information about abortion in Asia through animation.

    abstract::Although unsafe abortion continues to be a leading cause of maternal mortality in many countries in Asia, the right to safe abortion remains highly stigmatized across the region. The Asia Safe Abortion Partnership, a regional network advocating for safe abortion, produced an animated short film entitled From Unwanted ...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.rhm.2015.06.013

    authors: Krishnan S,Dalvie S

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00