Human rights accountability for maternal death and failure to provide safe, legal abortion: the significance of two ground-breaking CEDAW decisions.

Abstract:

:In 2011, the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) issued two landmark decisions. In Alyne da Silva Pimentel v. Brazil, the first maternal death case decided by an international human rights body, it confirms that States have a human rights obligation to guarantee that all women, irrespective of their income or racial background, have access to timely, non-discriminatory, and appropriate maternal health services. In L.C. v. Peru, concerning a 13-year-old rape victim who was denied a therapeutic abortion and had an operation on her spine delayed that left her seriously disabled as a result, it established that the State should guarantee access to abortion when a woman's physical or mental health is in danger, decriminalise abortion when pregnancy results from rape or sexual abuse, review its restrictive interpretation of therapeutic abortion and establish a mechanism to ensure that reproductive rights are understood and observed in all health care facilities. Both cases affirm that accessible and good quality health services are vital to women's human rights and expand States' obligations in relation to these. They also affirm that States must ensure national accountability for sexual and reproductive health rights, and provide remedies and redress in the event of violations. And they reaffirm the importance of international human rights bodies as sources of accountability for sexual and reproductive rights violations, especially where national accountability is absent or ineffective.

journal_name

Reprod Health Matters

authors

Kismödi E,de Mesquita JB,Ibañez XA,Khosla R,Sepúlveda L

doi

10.1016/S0968-8080(12)39610-9

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2012-06-01 00:00:00

pages

31-9

issue

39

eissn

0968-8080

issn

1460-9576

pii

S0968-8080(12)39610-9

journal_volume

20

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Procedural abortion rights: Ireland and the European Court of Human Rights.

    abstract::The Irish Protection of Life During Pregnancy Act seeks to clarify the legal ground for abortion in cases of risk to life, and to create procedures to regulate women's access to services under it. This article explores the new law as the outcome of an international human rights litigation strategy premised on state du...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(14)44798-0

    authors: Erdman JN

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • HIV treatment and reproductive health in the health system in Burkina Faso: resource allocation and the need for integration.

    abstract::Organizational changes, increased funding and the demands of HIV antiretroviral (ARV) treatment create particular challenges for governance in the health sector. We assess resource allocation, policy making and integration of the national responses to ARV provision and reproductive health in Burkina Faso, using nation...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(11)38587-4

    authors: Windisch R,de Savigny D,Onadja G,Somda A,Wyss K,Sié A,Kouyaté B

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Meeting the sexual and reproductive health needs of people living with HIV: challenges for health care providers.

    abstract::A trained health service workforce is critical to ensuring good quality service delivery to people with HIV. There is only limited documented information on the challenges and constraints facing health care providers in meeting the sexual and reproductive health needs of HIV positive women and men. This paper reviews ...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(07)29030-5

    authors: Bharat S,Mahendra VS

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Providing family planning services to remote communities in areas of high biodiversity through a Population-Health-Environment programme in Madagascar.

    abstract::Population-Health-Environment (PHE) is an interdisciplinary model of programme design which recognises the complex interconnections between people, their health and their environment. PHE responds holistically to the challenges faced by ecosystems and the communities dependent on them, with thematically distinct but i...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(14)43766-2

    authors: Mohan V,Shellard T

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Let's talk about sex work in humanitarian settings: piloting a rights-based approach to working with refugee women selling sex in Kampala.

    abstract::Although it is well known that refugees engage in sex work as a form of livelihood, stigma and silence around this issue persist within humanitarian circles. As a result, these refugees' sexual and reproductive health and rights, and related vulnerabilities, remain overlooked. Their protection and health needs, which ...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/09688080.2017.1405674

    authors: Rosenberg JS,Bakomeza D

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Sexual and reproductive health and rights in the United Kingdom at ICPD+10.

    abstract::At the mid-point of the Programme of Action of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, we reviewed the situation in the UK in key areas. In recent years, greater attention has been paid to sexual health at a national policy level, including strategies on teenage pregnancy and sexual health, bu...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(05)25182-0

    authors: Davey C

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • Self-aware sex education: a theoretical and practical approach in Venezuela.

    abstract::Even a few decades ago, it was considered normal and even desirable in Latin America for young women to become pregnant before they were 20--provided they were married; while young men were expected to become sexually active as soon as they entered adolescence, without much concern about potential risks or with whom t...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(01)90018-7

    authors: Muñoz M

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Increasing access to safe menstrual regulation services in Bangladesh by offering medical menstrual regulation.

    abstract::In spite of wide availability of menstrual regulation services, women often resort to a variety of medicines for inducing abortion. The Bangladeshi Government is now supporting attempts to investigate the introduction of medical menstrual regulation in the public sector. This study examined the acceptability of medica...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(14)43795-9

    authors: Yasmin R,Rob U,Hena IA,Das TR,Ahmed FU

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • The church, the state and women's bodies in the context of religious fundamentalism in the Philippines.

    abstract::After almost 500 years of Spanish colonial rule, Canon law and laws of Spanish origin continue to dominate Philippine family, civil and penal law. Most if not all of these laws place serious limitations on the realisation of women's sexual and reproductive rights. Since 2002, the current president, Gloria Mocapagal Ar...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(04)24152-0

    authors: Ruiz Austria CS

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Unsafe sexual behaviour among schoolgirls in Mozambique: a matter of gender and class.

    abstract::This study seeks to examine the reasons why young women aged 14-20 in Maputo, Mozambique were engaging in risky sexual behaviour, and to ascertain whether the spread of HIV is due to socioeconomic factors and/or patriarchal beliefs and mores, or both. It is based on in-depth interviews and questionnaires among 182 gir...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(01)90011-4

    authors: Machel JZ

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Contextualising sexual harassment of adolescent girls in Bangladesh.

    abstract::Violence against women is a social mechanism confirming women's subordination in many societies. Sexual violence and harassment have various negative psychological impacts on girls, including a persistent feeling of insecurity and loss of self-esteem. This article aims to contextualize a particular form of sexual hara...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(13)41696-8

    authors: Nahar P,van Reeuwijk M,Reis R

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Reproductive health financing in Kenya: an analysis of national commitments, donor assistance, and the resources tracking process.

    abstract::Understanding the flow of resources at the country level to reproductive health is essential for effective financing of this key component of health. This paper gives a comprehensive picture of the allocation of resources for reproductive health in Kenya and the challenges faced in the resource-tracking process. Data ...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(13)42738-6

    authors: Sidze EM,Pradhan J,Beekink E,Maina TM,Maina BW

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Misclassified maternal deaths among East African immigrants in Sweden.

    abstract::Western countries have reported an increased risk of maternal mortality among African immigrants. This study aimed to identify cases of maternal mortality among immigrants from the Horn of Africa living in Sweden using snowball sampling, and verify whether they had been classified as maternal deaths in the Cause of De...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(07)30322-4

    authors: Elebro K,Rööst M,Moussa K,Johnsdotter S,Essén B

    更新日期:2007-11-01 00:00:00

  • Unsafe abortion and abortion care in Khartoum, Sudan.

    abstract::Unsafe abortion in Sudan results in significant morbidity and mortality. This study of treatment for complications of unsafe abortion in five hospitals in Khartoum, Sudan, included a review of hospital records and a survey of 726 patients seeking abortion-related care from 27 October 2007 to 31 January 2008, an interv...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(09)34476-6

    authors: Kinaro J,Ali TE,Schlangen R,Mack J

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Protecting safe abortion in humanitarian settings: overcoming legal and policy barriers.

    abstract::Women and girls are increasingly the direct and targeted victims of armed conflict and studies show that they are disproportionately and differentially affected. However, humanitarian laws, policies, and protocols have yet to be meaningfully interpreted and adapted to respond to their specific needs, including to sexu...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/09688080.2017.1400361

    authors: Radhakrishnan A,Sarver E,Shubin G

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Meeting targets or saving lives: maternal health policy and Millennium Development Goal 5 in Nicaragua.

    abstract::In support of maternal health, disease-specific and target-oriented global policy initiatives, such as in Millennium Development Goal 5, have led to a prioritisation of narrow indicators at the expense of more comprehensive approaches. In line with global policy, Nicaragua has made skilled attendants and institutional...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(13)42728-3

    authors: Kvernflaten B

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • The Copper-T 380A IUD: a ten-year alternative to female sterilisation in India.

    abstract::High unmet need for limiting contraception persists in most states of India despite wide access to sterilisation. Qualitative evidence from a rural community in which child mortality is high and women's autonomy is low suggests that women may seek reversibility in a contraceptive even if they have finished childbearin...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(00)90194-0

    authors: Iyengar K,Iyengar SD

    更新日期:2000-11-01 00:00:00

  • Emerging changes in reproductive behaviour among married adolescent girls in an urban slum in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

    abstract::Structural and social inequalities, a harsh political economy and neglect on the part of the state have made married adolescent girls an extremely vulnerable group in the urban slum environment in Bangladesh. The importance placed on newly married girls' fertility results in high fertility rates and low rates of contr...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(06)27221-5

    authors: Rashid SF

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Abortion law reform in Nepal: women's right to life and health.

    abstract::In Nepal, the effects of the low social status of women and lack of access to health care and family planning have resulted in a maternal mortality ratio that is among the highest in South Asia. By the mid-1990s, the contribution of unsafe abortions to maternal deaths and morbidity was acknowledged by key individuals ...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(04)24007-1

    authors: Shakya G,Kishore S,Bird C,Barak J

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • From unwanted pregnancy to safe abortion: Sharing information about abortion in Asia through animation.

    abstract::Although unsafe abortion continues to be a leading cause of maternal mortality in many countries in Asia, the right to safe abortion remains highly stigmatized across the region. The Asia Safe Abortion Partnership, a regional network advocating for safe abortion, produced an animated short film entitled From Unwanted ...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.rhm.2015.06.013

    authors: Krishnan S,Dalvie S

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Where are we now with hormone replacement therapy?

    abstract::Menopausal symptoms can be grim, and the desire to replace the hormonal "deficit" with exogenous hormones remains strong. Since the 1950s, hormone replacement therapy has been used increasingly, while evidence on the risks of unwanted side effects has accumulated. What have we learned over these decades? Firstly, curr...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(04)24144-1

    authors: Mcpherson K

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Adolescent pregnancy in Argentina: evidence-based recommendations for public policies.

    abstract::In Argentina adolescent pregnancy is still regarded as a public health problem or a "social epidemic". However, it is necessary to ask from which perspective and for whom it is a problem, and what type of problem. This article presents the findings of a large quantitative and qualitative study conducted in five Northe...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(08)31358-5

    authors: Gogna M,Binstock G,Fernández S,Ibarlucía I,Zamberlin N

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Use of injectable hormonal contraceptives: diverging perspectives of women and men, service providers and policymakers in Uganda.

    abstract::The unmet need for family planning in Uganda is among the world's highest. Injectable contraceptives, the most available method, were used by only 14.1% of married women in 2011. Recent data suggest that the main reason for unmet need is not lack of access, but fear of and unacceptability of side effects. In this qual...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(12)40654-1

    authors: Hyttel M,Rasanathan JJ,Tellier M,Taremwa W

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Expanding safer sex options: introducing the female condom into national programmes.

    abstract::Although the female condom has been introduced into over 90 countries since 1997, it has only been accepted in sexual and reproductive health programmes as a mainstream method in a few. This paper describes introductory strategies developed by Ministries of Health and non-governmental organisations in Brazil, Ghana, Z...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(03)02178-5

    authors: Warren M,Philpott A

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Community-based survey on female genital excision in Faranah District, Guinea.

    abstract::This paper reports on a community-based study in 1999 of the beliefs and practices of people in Faranah District, Guinea regarding female genital excision (FGE). Semi-structured individual interviews and focus group discussions were carried out with women of reproductive age, older women, married men, community and re...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(01)90100-4

    authors: Keita D,Blankhart D

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • A project to improve the quality of abortion services in Moldova.

    abstract::Abortion has been available legally in Moldova since 1955, and since then the abortion rate has gradually declined. The quality of abortion care remains low, however, and there is a high level of maternal mortality related to unsafe abortion. The goals of the 2005-2015 National Reproductive Health Strategy are to redu...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(05)26206-7

    authors: Comendant R

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • Sex workers in Kenya, numbers of clients and associated risks: an exploratory survey.

    abstract::In Kenya in 1999, an estimated 6.9% of women nationally said they had exchanged sex for money, gifts or favours in the previous year. In 2000 and 2001, in collaboration with sex workers who had formed a network of self-help groups, we conducted an exploratory survey among 475 sex workers in four rural towns and three ...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(04)23125-1

    authors: Elmore-Meegan M,Conroy RM,Agala CB

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Ten reasons to oppose the criminalization of HIV exposure or transmission.

    abstract::Recent years have seen a push to apply criminal law to HIV exposure and transmission, often driven by the wish to respond to concerns about the ongoing rapid spread of HIV in many countries. Particularly in Africa, some groups have begun to advocate for criminalization in response to the serious phenomenon of women be...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(09)34462-6

    authors: Jürgens R,Cohen J,Cameron E,Burris S,Clayton M,Elliott R,Pearshouse R,Gathumbi A,Cupido D

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Educating skilled birth attendants in Mexico: do the curricula meet international confederation of midwives standards?

    abstract::Although the majority of births in Mexico are attended by skilled birth attendants, maternal mortality remains moderately high, raising questions about the quality of training and delivery care. We conducted an exhaustive review of the curricula of three representative schools for the education and clinical preparatio...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/S0968-8080(07)30332-7

    authors: Cragin L,DeMaria LM,Campero L,Walker DM

    更新日期:2007-11-01 00:00:00

  • A, B and C in Uganda: the roles of abstinence, monogamy and condom use in HIV decline.

    abstract::Uganda is often cited as a role model in the fight against HIV/AIDS because of its success in reducing both prevalence and incidence of HIV infection since the late 1980s. Although an increase in sexual abstinence has been highlighted as a primary cause of the declines, large increases have also been recorded in monog...

    journal_title:Reproductive health matters

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(04)23118-4

    authors: Singh S,Darroch JE,Bankole A

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00