Neurological examination in the healthy term newborn.


:We carried out a cross-sectional study with a sample of 106 normal full-term newborns examined within 24 to 72 hours of birth. The following findings were evaluated: head and chest measurements, muscle strength, tone, tendon reflexes, superficial reflexes, primitive reflexes, and cranial nerves. All 106 newborns were considered neurologically normal. We found no differences in the neurological examination findings for newborns with different gestational ages. Primitive reflexes and appendicular tone in newborns examined at earlier postnatal ages tended to be less intense. We were able to determine the prevalence of certain neurological examination findings for the normal newborn and to discuss some differences between our results and those of other studies. Prevalence estimations for the different findings in our study may be valid for different populations as long as the same methodology is adopted.


Arq Neuropsiquiatr


Pedroso FS,Rotta NT




Has Abstract


2003-06-01 00:00:00














  • [Endolymphatic sac adenocarcinoma: case report].

    abstract::A case of endolymphatic sac adenocarcinoma is reported and the literature is reviewed. The clinical picture was presented by vertigo and progressive hearing loss caused by a tumor of the endolymphatic sac. The surgical removal was complete, via a retro and translabyrinthine approach. Endolymphatic sac tumors are local...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Silveira RL,Gusmão SS,Pittella JE,Santos SP

    更新日期:2002-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Surgical treatment of trigeminal neuralgia with preservation of sensitivity].

    abstract::In the period March to May 1979, 6 patients with trigeminal neuralgia were operated on, neurovascular decompression being carried out in the posterior fossa. In 5 cases an arterial loop was found compressing the root of the V nerve at its apparent origin in the protuberance, and in one case a large calibrous twisted v...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Niemeyer Filho P

    更新日期:1980-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Percutaneous vertebroplasty: option of treatment for osteoporotic vertebral fracture].

    abstract::Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat focal pain from compressive vertebral fracture. The PV is indicated for the treatment of debilitating vertebral pain from osteoporotic vertebral fractures, metastatic disease (osteolytic), myeloma and hemagioma. We analyzed the results of...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Figueiredo N,Amaral Filho JC,Serra Ada R,Nogueira AM,Garcia VC,Weissheimer FL

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Autism, bipolar disorder and mental retardation in a male adolescent with congenital rubella: case report].

    abstract::We describe an autistic male adolescent with congenital rubella who has developed bipolar disorder, discussing possible diagnostic and therapeutic implications. ...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Assumpcao FB Jr,Kuczynski E

    更新日期:2002-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Eosinophilic granuloma of the cervical spine with atypical neurological, cerebrospinal fluid and radiological manifestations].

    abstract::A case of eosinophilic granuloma of the cervical spine in a ten year-old white boy is reported. The patient complained of posterior cervical pain at the level of C5-C6 and right hemiparesis that progressed to mixed tetraparesis (lower motor neuron in upper limbs and upper motor neuron in lower limbs). Examination of t...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reed UC,Bresolin AU,Lefévre AB

    更新日期:1975-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Fibrous dysplasia of the skull: neurologic manifestations].

    abstract::The neurological manifestations of eight patients with osseous fibrous dysplasia of skull were retrospectively studied. In this series, the frontal bone was involved in 75% of the patients, the sphenoid or temporal bones in 37.5%, and the parietal in 25%. It was observed that cranial deformities occurred in all but on...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Freitas PE,Ribeiro TR,Coutinho MF,Anicet A

    更新日期:1989-06-01 00:00:00

  • Electroacupuncture alleviates inflammatory pain via adenosine suppression and its mediated substance P expression.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Acupuncture has been widely used for alleviating pain. However, its mechanisms remain largely enigmatic. OBJECTIVE:In the present study, we focused on whether the analgesic effect of electroacupuncture is related to its regulation on adenosine and substance P expression. METHODS:We established chronic infl...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang RY,Zhu BF,Wang LK,Song Y,Zhao JG,Guo Y,Zhao L,Chen S

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Alfred Binet: Charcot's pupil, a neuropsychologist and a pioneer in intelligence testing.

    abstract::The psychologist, Alfred Binet, who worked under the supervision of Prof. Charcot at the end of the 19th century, made several important contributions to neuropsychology, in partnership with Théodore Simon. Most notable among these was the development of intelligence testing scales. ...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 传,历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Teive HAG,Teive GMG,Dallabrida N,Gutierrez L

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Teratogenic effects of lamotrigine on rat fetal brain: a morphometric study.

    abstract::A study of the teratogenic activity of an antiepileptic drug - lamotrigine - was carried out in the brain of fetuses of rats who had received the drug. The dosage levels studied corresponded to four times the median effective dose (ED50) in rats. The drug was administered during the organogenesis period. Rats were sac...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marchi NS,Azoubel R,Tognola WA

    更新日期:2001-06-01 00:00:00

  • EEG alpha peak frequency analysis during memorizing of figures in patients with mild cognitive impairment.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate spectral analysis of electroencephalograms (EEG) for the alpha frequency band during rest and cognitive stimulation in healthy adults and individuals with mild cognitive impairment. METHOD:We analyzed 56 EEGs from 28 patients, 7 men and 21 women, 12 of whom (40%) were controls, 16 patients wit...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schmidt MT,Anghinah R,Basile LF,Forlenza O,Gattaz WF

    更新日期:2009-06-01 00:00:00

  • Status Dystonicus: study of five cases.

    abstract::Status Dystonicus (SD) is characterized by generalized muscle contractions in dystonic patients. We report 5 cases of SD, two of which in patients with dystonic cerebral palsy, one in a patient with primary segmental dystonia, one in a patient with Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome and one in a patient with Wilson's disease...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Teive HA,Munhoz RP,Souza MM,Antoniuk SA,Santos ML,Teixeira MJ,Barbosa ER,Carvalho RC,Scaff M,Werneck LC

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Primary pediatric tumours of the central nervous system. Anatomopathological study of 623 cases].

    abstract::Tumours of central nervous system (CNS) represent the second most frequent malignancy in children under 15 years of age but are the commonest cause of death. The authors present the epidemiologic and histopathologic analysis of 623 primary tumours of CNS occurring during the period 1990 to 1996 in paediatric patients....

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Torres LF,Jacob GV,Reis-Filho JS,de Noronha L

    更新日期:1997-12-01 00:00:00

  • The role of xerostomia in burning mouth syndrome: a case-control study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the efficacy of anti-xerostomic topical medication (urea 10%) in patients with burning mouth syndrome (BMS). METHOD:Thirty-eight subjects diagnosed with BMS according to the International Association for the Study of Pain guidelines were randomized to either placebo (5% sodium carboxymethylcellulos...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Silva LA,Siqueira JT,Teixeira MJ,Siqueira SR

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Increased intracranial pressure in a case of spinal cervical glioblastoma multiforme. Analysis of these two rare conditions.

    abstract::The authors describe a rare case of increased intracranial hypertension consequent to a spinal cervical glioblastoma multiforme in a young patient. They analyse the physiopathology of intracranial hypertension in spinal tumors and the rarity of such kind of tumor in this location, and its clinico-pathological aspects....

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Castro-Costa CM,de Araújo RW,de Arruda MA,de Araújo PM,de Figueiredo EG

    更新日期:1994-03-01 00:00:00

  • Interictal dysphoric disorder: a frequent psychiatric comorbidity among patients with epilepsy who were followed in two tertiary centers.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Psychiatric disorders are frequent among patients with epilepsy. Data in the literature have shown a heterogeneous clinical presentation of psychiatric disorders in patients with epilepsy. Interictal dysphoric disorder could be a specific psychiatric comorbidity associated with epilepsy, primarily in patient...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nascimento PP,Oliva CH,Franco CM,Mazetto L,Yamashiro AS,Araújo Filho GM,Yacubian EM

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Experimental meningoencephalomyelitis by Encephalitozoon cuniculi in cyclophosphamide-immunosuppressed mice.

    abstract::Encephalitozoonosis is an increasingly important opportunistic protozoan infection in immunocompromised individuals. This study aims to examine the development of an experimental Encephalitozoon cuniculi infection in the central nervous system of immunosuppressed mice. Adult Balb-C mice were inoculated intraperitoneal...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lallo MA,Bondan EF

    更新日期:2005-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Carotid endarterectomy under regional anesthesia: follow-up of 104 patients].

    abstract::Cervical carotid stenosis is one of the main causes of ischemic stroke. Carotid endarterectomy is a safe procedure for treatment of moderate and severe symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid stenosis. Regional anesthesia allows neurological evaluation of the patient during the surgery. We reviewed the results of 104 pat...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Raso J,Lopes F,Serrano P,Locarno A,Frota EC,Cariri GA

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • Désiré-Magloire Bourneville and his contributions to pediatric neurology.

    abstract::Désiré-Magloire Bourneville ought to be thought of as the father of Pediatric Neurology for his significant contributions to the field. He worked as a physician, politician, writer, and editor. He was the first to describe the autosomal dominant genetic condition known as "tuberous sclerosis complex", after conducting...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 传,历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Gómez-López MT,Palacios-Sánchez L,Meerbeke AVV,Botero-Meneses JS

    更新日期:2019-05-13 00:00:00

  • [Nonfuntional pituitary adenomas: evaluation of 36 patients].

    abstract::We present our experience with 36 cases of nonfunctional pituitary adenomas. These tumors were divided into non reactive and inactive in agreement with the immunohistochemical study. They present with visual symptoms, mainly bitemporal hemianopsia; they were macroadenomas, either invasive or non invasive, in both grou...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tella OI Jr,Herculano MA,Delcello R,Aguiar PH

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • Magnetic resonance imaging in five patients with a tumefactive demyelinating lesion in the central nervous system.

    abstract::Five patients with a tumefactive lesion were clinically followed from 1992 to 1993. Four patients were female; age ranged from 32 to 57 years, the duration of symptoms varied from 3 days to 3 years. Neurological examination disclosed dementia in two patients, aphasia in three, hemiparesis in four, hemihypoaesthesia in...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Silva HC,Callegaro D,Marchiori PE,Scaff M,Tsanaclis AM

    更新日期:1999-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Tumoral form of cerebral cysticercosis: diagnosis by computerized tomography].

    abstract::Solitary granulomatous lesions due to cysticercosis in the brain were found by computed tomography in six patients. The CT images were in all cases very similar to those from brain neoplasms. The cerebrospinal fluid complement fixation test for cysticercosis was negative in all of the cases. The definite etiological d...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shibata MK,Bianco E,Moreira FA,de Almeida GM

    更新日期:1980-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Effect of barbexaclone in convulsive crisis difficult to control].

    abstract::A therapeutic trial using barbexaclone in uncontrolled seizures was undertaken showing favourable results. Special reference to the association of barbexaclone with acetazolamide with good results in many cases is made. Collateral effects are minimal in pacients using barbexaclone. ...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: de Lima JM,Oliveira C,Duro LA,Poiares Nde M

    更新日期:1980-03-01 00:00:00

  • High phenotypic variability in Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease.

    abstract::Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker is a genetic prion disease and the most common mutation is p.Pro102Leu. We report clinical, molecular and neuropathological data of seven individuals, belonging to two unrelated Brazilian kindreds, carrying the p.Pro102Leu. Marked differences among patients were observed regarding age at...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smid J,Studart A Neto,Landemberger MC,Machado CF,Nóbrega PR,Canedo NHS,Schultz RR,Naslavsky MS,Rosemberg S,Kok F,Chimelli L,Martins VR,Nitrini R

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Stroke caused auditory attention deficits in children.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To verify the auditory selective attention in children with stroke. METHODS:Dichotic tests of binaural separation (non-verbal and consonant-vowel) and binaural integration - digits and Staggered Spondaic Words Test (SSW) - were applied in 13 children (7 boys), from 7 to 16 years, with unilateral stroke confi...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elias KM,Moura-Ribeiro MV

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with dementia. Case report.

    abstract::A patient is described in whom a profound and rapidly progressive dementia occurred in association with clinical features of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. A magnetic resonance imaging showed signs of frontal and especially left temporal atrophy. The pattern of dementia indicated impaired frontotemporal lobe functions...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Brito-Marques PR,de Mello RV

    更新日期:1999-06-01 00:00:00

  • Invasive medullary thymoma associated with Myasthenia gravis: an unusual case.

    abstract::Thymomas are tumors characterized by a remarkable morphological heterogeneity and variable clinical behavior. This tumor has unique clinical associations, most notably with hematological abnormalities and myasthenia gravis. According with the Müller-Hermelink criteria, there are significant differences between the his...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reis Filho JS,Milanezi MF,Moreira CG,Werneck LC,Boscardin P,Ioshii SO,Schmitt FC

    更新日期:2000-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Evoked parietal spikes in the electroencephalogram and febrile convulsions].

    abstract::In a population of 2307 children, 69 (2.99%) showed in the EEG high-voltage evoked potentials (evoked spikes) elicited by tapping on the feet or hands. Febrile convulsions were mentioned in 226 cases, and 13 of them showed the evoked spikes in the EEG and were otherwise neurologically and psychologically normal. Assoc...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fonseca LC,Tedrus GM

    更新日期:1988-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Neuropathy caused by amiodarone: clinico-pathologic study of 2 cases].

    abstract::Two patients, a 40-year-old woman and a 75-year-old man, were investigated due to a chronic polyneuritis. Amiodarone was used by them to treat refractory cardiac arrhythmia since 4 and 6 years before, respectively. The EMG study showed an axonal neuropathy. The light and electron-microscopical study of sural nerve dis...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maciel Júnior JA,Queiroz L

    更新日期:1989-12-01 00:00:00

  • Brazilian guidelines for the application of transcranial ultrasound as a diagnostic test for the confirmation of brain death.

    abstract::Neurosonological studies, specifically transcranial Doppler (TCD) and transcranial color-coded duplex (TCCD), have high level of specificity and sensitivity and they are used as complementary tests for the diagnosis of brain death (BD). A group of experts, from the Neurosonology Department of the Brazilian Academy of ...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 指南,杂志文章


    authors: Lange MC,Zétola VH,Miranda-Alves M,Moro CH,Silvado CE,Rodrigues DL,Gregorio EG,Silva GS,Oliveira-Filho J,Perdatella MT,Pontes-Neto OM,Fábio SR,Avelar WM,Freitas GR,Task Force Group of the Neurosonology Department, Brazilian A

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Presentation and treatment of carotid cavernous aneurysms.

    abstract::We analyzed a group of patients with the diagnosis of internal carotid aneurysms in its intracavernous segment, with emphasis in prevalence, clinical features, treatments, evolution and neurological prognosis. Neurological signs and symptoms at initial presentation were registered and compared with final outcome. Pati...

    journal_title:Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vasconcellos LP,Flores JA,Veiga JC,Conti ML,Shiozawa P

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00