Gestation-related and betamethasone-induced changes in 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase types 1 and 2 in the baboon placenta.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:We determined developmental and labor-related changes in 11beta-hydroxysteroid (HSD) 1 and 2 expression in baboon placentas during the final third of gestation and labor. We examined whether maternal glucocorticoid administration alters placental 11beta-HSD 2 expression. STUDY DESIGN:Maternal and fetal plasma cortisol concentrations were measured in five animals. Types 1 and 2 11beta-HSD messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein in placentas obtained at 121 to 185 days' gestation (dGA, term approximately 185 dGA, n = 16), during labor between 141 and 193 dGA (n = 8), and after maternal administration of four doses of 87.5 microg/kg betamethasone (n = 5) at 12-hour intervals at 121 to 135 dGA were analyzed by Northern and Western blot. RESULTS:Cortisol levels were higher in maternal plasma than fetal (4-fold, P <.mob031). Placental 11beta-HSD 2 mRNA and protein decreased after 0.9 gestation (P <.001). 11beta-HSD 1 mRNA remained unchanged. There was no effect of labor on placental 11beta-HSD 1 and 2 mRNA and protein levels. Maternal betamethasone administration dramatically increased (P <.05) 11beta-HSD 2 mRNA as well as protein without effect on 11beta-HSD 1 mRNA and protein expression. CONCLUSIONS:The late-gestation baboon maternal plasma cortisol concentration is four times the fetal plasma concentration. Decreased placental 11beta-HSD 2 may enhance maternal cortisol passage to the fetus at the end of gestation, thereby contributing to cortisol-mediated changes within the placenta and cortisol in fetal plasma at this stage of fetal development. The positive effect of betamethasone on placental 11beta-HSD 2 induction further suggests an ability of the placenta to regulate glucocorticoid transfer in the presence of elevated maternal glucocorticoid.

journal_name

Am J Obstet Gynecol

authors

Ma XH,Wu WX,Nathanielsz PW

doi

10.1067/mob.2003.62

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2003-01-01 00:00:00

pages

13-21

issue

1

eissn

0002-9378

issn

1097-6868

pii

S0002937802713926

journal_volume

188

pub_type

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