Naming speed in children with dyslexia.

Abstract:

:A series of tests of naming speed in discrete reaction time format were undertaken by seven groups of children: three groups with dyslexia with mean ages 8, 13, and 17 years; three groups of normally achieving children matched for age and IQ with the dyslexic groups; and a group of 10-year-old children with mild learning difficulties (slow learners) matched for reading age with the youngest dyslexic group. The children with dyslexia were significantly slower than even their chronological age-matched controls, and equivalent to their reading age-matched controls, on naming colors, digits, and letters, and significantly slower than even their reading age-matched controls on naming pictures of common objects. Overall, performance of the 17-year-old children with dyslexia was closest to that of the 8-year-old controls. Performance of the slow learners was equivalent to that of the youngest children with dyslexia. The results show that children with dyslexia have persistent-and unexpectedly severe-problems in naming speed for all stimuli, regardless of whether or not the stimulus requires grapheme-phoneme decoding.

journal_name

J Learn Disabil

authors

Fawcett AJ,Nicolson RI

doi

10.1177/002221949402701004

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1994-12-01 00:00:00

pages

641-6

issue

10

eissn

0022-2194

issn

1538-4780

journal_volume

27

pub_type

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