Cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, and folinic acid (CMFF) as first line chemotherapy for treatment of advanced breast cancer. A pilot study.

Abstract:

:In order to evaluate the maximum tolerable dose of a combination chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, and folinate (CMFF), 30 female patients with histopathologically confirmed, previously untreated advanced breast cancer were entered into this pilot study. Chemotherapy consisted of fixed doses for methotrexate (40 mg/m2 i.v. on day 1), 5-fluorouracil (500 mg/m2 i.v. on day 2 to 4) and folinic acid (2 x 200 mg/m2 i.v., 0 + 2 h on day 2 to 4). The dose of cyclophosphamide was escalated stepwise, starting with 200 mg/m2 i.v. on day 2 to 4, to 240 mg/m2, 290 mg/m2, 360 mg/m2 and 400 mg/m2, respectively, for each subsequent five patients. Treatment was repeated every four weeks. A total of 92 treatment cycles was given. Myelosuppression was the dose-limiting toxicity: leukopenia WHO grade III or IV was observed after a total of 28 cycles and anemia of equal intensity after 1 cycle. No thrombocytopenia WHO grade III or IV was recorded. Myelotoxicity increased with higher doses of cyclophosphamide. Among non-hematologic toxicities, alopecia was reported in two-thirds of the patients. Nausea and vomiting was noted in 25% of treatment cycles, but in one cycle only WHO grade III was recorded. No other toxicities exceeding WHO grade II occurred.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

journal_name

Eur J Gynaecol Oncol

authors

Glaubitz M,Günter HH,Lellé RJ,Lück HJ,Kühnle H

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1995-01-01 00:00:00

pages

258-62

issue

4

eissn

0392-2936

issn

2709-0086

journal_volume

16

pub_type

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