Characteristics of Cobb angle distribution in the main thoracolumbar/lumbar curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A retrospective controlled clinical study.


:A single-center retrospective analysis of 46 patients with Lenke 5 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).To compare Cobb angle distribution in different segments of the main thoracolumbar/lumbar curve in patients with Lenke 5 AIS, and differences in the lateral-bending flexibility, the correction rate, and correction index among these segments.No studies have been reported the ratio of the different segments to the main thoracolumbar/lumbar curve in terms of curve angle distribution, lateral-bending flexibility differences between these segments, and the correction rate when surgical instrumentations are used to correct scoliosis.Included in this study were 46 consecutive patients with Lenke 5 AIS. All of them received one-stage posterior correction and fusion with pedicle screw in the same center between January 2009 and January 2012. General data and radiological films before surgery, and at final follow-up were collected for further analysis. The wedging angles in the different discs were measured within main thoracolumbar/lumbar curve before and after surgery. This angle was also measured in the bending film. The preoperative flexibility, the correction rate, and the correction index of different disc segments were calculated.There were 44 (95.65%) female and 2 (4.35%) male included in this study, with the average age of 15.26 ± 2.19 years at the time of surgery. The mean Cobb angle was 45.09 ± 9.40°. The average disc wedge angles in AV - 2 (apex vetebrea-2), AV - 1, AV + 1, and AV + 2 segments were 5.59 ± 2.28°, 10.46 ± 3.41°, 9.85 ± 2.43°, 5.68 ± 2.80°, accounting for about 17.76%, 33.16%, 31.64%, and 17.44% of the Cobb angle in the main thoracolumbar/lumbar curve, respectively (P < .001). Flexibility of the supine lateral bending was 75.84%, 64.36%, 72.16% and 135.09% (P < .001), while the correction rates were 76.00%, 83.10%, 92.10%, and 109.65% (P < .001). The correction indexes were 1.16, 1.77, 2.02, and 1.11 for the disc of AV - 2, AV - 1, AV + 1, and AV + 2, respectively (P < .001).The disc angles are symmetric distribution in the main thoracolumbar/lumbar curve, and the distal segment is more flexible than the proximal/apical segments. Furthermore, the correction index is the highest in the apical vertebral segment.


Medicine (Baltimore)




Zhao J,Fan J,Shen H,Yang C,Chen Y,Li M




Has Abstract


2018-06-01 00:00:00
















  • Ward nurses-focused educational intervention improves the quality of bowel preparation in inpatients undergoing colonoscopy: A CONSORT-compliant randomized controlled trial.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Adequate bowel preparation is essential for the detection of pathological lesions during colonoscopy. However, it has been found to be inadequate in approximately 20% to 30% of colonoscopy examinations. Educational interventions focused on health staff, such as physicians and nurses, may improve the patients...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Liu A,Yan S,Wang H,Lin Y,Wu J,Fu L,Wu Q,Lu Y,Liu Y,Chen H

    更新日期:2020-09-04 00:00:00

  • Impact of surgical technique and analgesia on clinical outcomes after lung transplantation: A STROBE-compliant cohort study.

    abstract::There is paucity of data on the impact of surgical incision and analgesia on relevant outcomes.A retrospective STROBE-compliant cohort study was performed between July 2007 and August 2017 of patients undergoing lung transplantation. Gender, age, indication for lung transplantation, and the 3 types of surgical access ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giménez-Milà M,Videla S,Pallarés N,Sabaté A,Parmar J,Catarino P,Tosh W,Rafiq MU,Nalpon J,Valchanov K

    更新日期:2020-11-13 00:00:00

  • A Case Report of High 18F-FDG PET/CT Uptake in Progressive Transformation of the Germinal Centers.

    abstract::Progressive transformation of the germinal centers (PTGC) is a benign reaction pattern in lymph nodes. An association with Hodgkin disease (HD) has been reported and PTGC may precede, coexist, or present after the diagnosis of HD. This case report describes a patient who presented with unprovoked pulmonary embolism an...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chang CA,Kumar B,Nandurkar D

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Comparative efficacy of low volume versus traditional standard volume PEG on bowel preparation before colonoscopy: Protocol for an updated meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Polyethylene glycol (PEG) has been considered as the first recommendation for bowel preparation prior to colonoscopy. A previous meta-analysis suggested that low volume PEG may improve the acceptability of ingesting bowel preparation solution. However, several limitations impaired the power of findings fro...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Yi LJ,Tian X,Pi YP,Feng L,Chen H,Liu XL,Chen WQ

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics of Small Intestinal Diseases on Single-Balloon Enteroscopy: A Single-Center Study Conducted Over 6 Years in China.

    abstract::The small intestine has been considered inaccessible for a long term. The development of single-balloon endoscopy has greatly improved the diagnosis and treatment possibilities for small intestinal diseases.In this study, we aimed to explore the demographic characteristics and small intestinal diseases of patients who...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tao Z,Liu GX,Cai L,Yu H,Min XJ,Gan HT,Yang K,Sq L,Yan J,Chen L,Tan QH,Wu JC,Huang XL

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of D-dimer cut-off values for overt DIC diagnosis in exertional heat illness.

    abstract:ABSTRACT:The International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) scoring system has been used for diagnosing overt disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). However, the cut-off points of fibrin-related markers remain unclear. The ability of the ISTH DIC score and Multiple Organ Dysfunction (MODS) score to p...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gao TY,Yang WC,Zhou FH,Song Q

    更新日期:2020-12-24 00:00:00

  • Sinonasal involvement in sarcoidosis: a case-control study of 20 patients.

    abstract::We conducted a retrospective single-center study to describe the clinical features of sinonasal sarcoidosis (SNS) and to determine whether SNS is associated with a particular clinical phenotype of sarcoidosis. Twenty patients with histologically proven SNS (men/women, 7/13; mean age, 32 +/- 9 yr) were compared with co...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aubart FC,Ouayoun M,Brauner M,Attali P,Kambouchner M,Valeyre D,Nunes H

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Misinterpretation of carbon dioxide monitoring because of deadspace of heat and moisture exchanger with a filter in pediatric anesthesia: A case report.

    abstract:RATIONALE:When patients are intubated and treated with mechanical ventilation, the upper respiratory tract is bypassed by the flow of dry and cold air. To prevent disturbances of airway homeostasis, a heat and moisture exchanger filter (HMEF) has been applied to breathing circuit. PATIENT CONCERNS:A 4-month-old male i...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee JE,Kim JH,Kim SO

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Association of Head and Neck Cancers in Chronic Osteomyelitis: A National Retrospective Cohort Study.

    abstract::The aim of study is to determine whether chronic osteomyelitis (COM) is linked to an increased risk of head and neck cancer (HNC).We identify 17,033 patients with osteomyelitis and 68,125 subjects without osteomyelitis during 1996 to 2010 periods. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tsai CT,Ho MW,Lin D,Chen HJ,Muo CH,Tseng CH,Su WC,Lin MC,Kao CH

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Osteopathic manipulative treatment showed reduction of length of stay and costs in preterm infants: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Osteopathic medicine is an emerging and complementary method used in neonatology. METHODS:Outcomes were the mean difference in length of stay (LOS) and costs between osteopathy and alternative treatment group. A comprehensive literature search of (quasi)- randomized controlled trials (RCTs), was conducted f...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Lanaro D,Ruffini N,Manzotti A,Lista G

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • Relation Between Hepatitis C Virus Exposure and Risk of Osteoporosis: A Nationwide Population-Based Study.

    abstract::The effect of hepatitis C virus (HCV) exposure on bone mineral density without advanced liver disease remains debated. Thus, we assessed the relation between HCV exposure and the risk of osteoporosis.From 2000 to 2011, patients aged >20 years with HCV exposure were identified from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Dat...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen CH,Lin CL,Kao CH

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship between retinal vascular occlusions and incident cerebrovascular diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract::Several studies investigating the role of retinal vascular occlusions, on cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) have been reported, but the results are still inconsistent. We therefore sought to evaluate the relationship between retinal vascular occlusions and CVD.We systematically searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, and ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Zhou Y,Zhu W,Wang C

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • The myocardial protective effect of monosodium phosphate cardioplegia in cardiopulmonary bypass in infants with an atrial septal defect.

    abstract::This study aimed to investigate the myocardial protective effect of liquid sodium phosphocreatine cardiac arrest in extracorporeal circulation surgery treating infants with atrial septal defects.Eighty-four infants with atrial septal defects who required extracorporeal circulation surgery treatment at our hospital fro...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang F,Wang J,Zhai B

    更新日期:2020-07-10 00:00:00

  • Clinical significance of increased cerebellar default-mode network connectivity in resting-state patients with drug-naive somatization disorder.

    abstract::The cerebellum has been proven to be connected to the brain network, as in the default-mode network (DMN), among healthy subjects and patients with psychiatric disorders. However, whether or not abnormal cerebellar DMN connectivity exists and what its clinical significance is among drug-naive patients with somatizatio...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang H,Guo W,Liu F,Chen J,Wu R,Zhang Z,Yu M,Li L,Zhao J

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Diagnostic value of pentraxin 3 in respiratory tract infections: A meta-analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Pentraxin 3 is an acute inflammatory protein of the long pentraxin subfamily. A meta-analysis was performed to assess diagnostic accuracy of pentraxin 3 for respiratory tract infections. METHODS:We identify studies examining diagnostic value of pentraxin 3 for respiratory tract infections by searching Pubme...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Ye W,Huang QD,Tang TY,Qin GY

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • r-tPA with loading dose of clopidogrel and aspirin therapies for capsular warning syndrome attributed to middle cerebral artery atherosclerotic stenosis: A CARE-compliant case report.

    abstract:RATIONALE:The capsular warning syndrome (CWS) is a rare and special type of transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) syndrome. The pathophysiology of CWS is very complicate, and intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) is rare cause. Moreover, the effective and standard therapy has not yet been established. PATIENT CONCE...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xu J,Zhuang M,Bao G,Zhai Y,Yang GY,Xue G,Li Q

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of early parenteral iron combined erythropoietin in preterm infants: A randomized controlled trial.

    abstract:BACKGROUD:The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of early parenteral iron supplementation combined erythropoietin for prevention of anemia in preterm infants. METHODS:In total, 96 preterm infants were randomly assigned to 3 groups: a control group receiving standard parenteral nutrition (group 1: n = 31), an ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Qiao L,Tang Q,Zhu W,Zhang H,Zhu Y,Wang H

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • Adenoma detection rate is not influenced by the time of day in computer-aided detection colonoscopy.

    abstract:ABSTRACT:Because of endoscopist fatigue, the time of colonoscopy have been shown to influence adenoma detection rate (ADR). Computer-aided detection (CADe) provides simultaneous visual alerts on polyps during colonoscopy and thus to increase adenoma detection rate. This is attributable to the strengthening of endoscopi...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lei S,Wang Z,Tu M,Liu P,Lei L,Xiao X,Zhou G,Liu X,Li L,Wang P

    更新日期:2020-12-18 00:00:00

  • The burden of air pollution and weather condition on daily respiratory deaths among older adults in China, Jinan from 2011 to 2017.

    abstract::The health effects of short-term exposure to air pollutants on respiratory deaths and its modifiers such as meteorological indexes have been widely investigated. However, most of the previous studies are limited to single pollutants or total respiratory deaths, and their findings are inconsistent.To comprehensively ex...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Song WM,Liu Y,Liu JY,Tao NN,Li YF,Liu Y,Wang LX,Li HC

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Histoplasmosis among human immunodeficiency virus-infected people in Europe: report of 4 cases and review of the literature.

    abstract::We reviewed the clinical, microbiologic, and outcome characteristics of 72 patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated histoplasmosis (4 newly described) reported in Europe over 20 years (1984-2004). Seven cases (9.7%) were acquired in Europe (autochthonous), whereas the majority involved a history of ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Antinori S,Magni C,Nebuloni M,Parravicini C,Corbellino M,Sollima S,Galimberti L,Ridolfo AL,Wheat LJ

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • The radiosensitive effect of apatinib for hepatocellular carcinoma patient with big paraspinal metastasis: A case report.

    abstract:RATIONALE:Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly invasive cancer associated with great mortality rates. The prognosis of advanced HCC is very poor. PATIENT CONCERNS:Here, we report a HCC patient with a big paraspinal metastasis with 10 cm in diameter who failed the treatment of sorafenib. DIAGNOSES:Sorafenib refr...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhu H,Zhao Y,Wang X

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Familial Mediterranean fever and cryptogenic cirrhosis.

    abstract::Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a febrile disease characterized by acute, spontaneously resolving episodes of fever and pain caused by serosal inflammation and associated with mutations in the FMF gene, MEFV. Prophylaxis is maintained with colchicine. To our knowledge, no study has yet shown an association betwe...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tweezer-Zaks N,Doron-Libner A,Weiss P,Ben-Horin S,Barshack I,Lidar M,Livneh A

    更新日期:2007-11-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of auriculotherapy on chronic low back pain: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a clinically common and recurrent disease. However, many trials have shown that auriculotherapy (AT) can effectively treat CLBP. There are currently no systematic reviews of this therapy. The plan aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of this treatment in patients with...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang G,Zhang L,Deng Y,Shen Y,Wang X,Yu Y

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of clinical outcomes between cystotome-assisted prechop phacoemulsification surgery and conventional phacoemulsification surgery for hard nucleus cataracts: A CONSORT-compliant article.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of the cystotome-assisted prechop phacoemulsification surgery (CAPPS) and conventional phacoemulsification surgery (CPS) in patients with IV degree nucleus cataract. METHODS:The prospective, randomized, consecutive, comparative cohort study consecutive...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Li X,He Y,Su T,Tian Y,Wang Y,Xia X,Song W

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Emergency department companions of stroke patients: implications on quality of care.

    abstract::Acute care of stroke victims largely relies on the rapid identification and timely clinical and radiological assessment. We evaluated the effect of the number of patient companions on the efficiency of the diagnostic process in the emergency department (ED).Consecutive stroke patients admitted to the ED between August...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ashkenazi L,Toledano R,Novack V,EIluz E,Abu-Salamae I,Ifergane G

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Balance control, agility, eye-hand coordination, and sport performance of amateur badminton players: A cross-sectional study.

    abstract::In this study, balance performance, agility, eye-hand coordination, and sports performance were compared between amateur badminton players and active controls.Thirty young adult badminton players and 33 active controls participated in the study. Static single-leg standing balance (with eyes closed) was measured using ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wong TKK,Ma AWW,Liu KPY,Chung LMY,Bae YH,Fong SSM,Ganesan B,Wang HK

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Correlation analysis and clinical significance of CA125, HE4, DDI, and FDP in type II epithelial ovarian cancer.

    abstract::Ovarian cancer is one of the common female malignant tumors. The early diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer has been a research hotspot. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the correlations between the levels of carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125), human epididymis protein 4 (HE4), D-dimer (DDI), and fibrinogen degra...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Qiao L,Chen X,Xi X,Chen X,Zhang P,Dong H,Wu X,Chen X

    更新日期:2020-12-04 00:00:00

  • Can Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) and Diffusion-Weighted MRI (DW-MRI) Evaluate Inflammation Disease: A Preliminary Study of Crohn's Disease.

    abstract::The aim of the study was to investigate diagnosis efficacy of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) and diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI) in Crohn's disease (CD). To find out the correlations between functional MRI parameters including K, Kep, Ve, Vp, and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) with a serologic biomarker...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhu J,Zhang F,Luan Y,Cao P,Liu F,He W,Wang D

    更新日期:2016-04-01 00:00:00

  • Subcutaneous Versus Submuscular Anterior Transposition of the Ulnar Nerve for Cubital Tunnel Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials and Observational Studies.

    abstract::Subcutaneous and submuscular anterior ulnar nerve transposition have been widely used in patients with cubital tunnel syndrome. However, the reliable evidence in favor of 1 of 2 surgical options on clinical improvement remains controversial. To maximize the value of the available literature, we performed a systematic ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Liu CH,Wu SQ,Ke XB,Wang HL,Chen CX,Lai ZL,Zhuang ZY,Wu ZQ,Lin Q

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • ECMO support in cardiac intervention of severe pulmonary stenosis: A case report.

    abstract:RATIONALE:Patients of critical pulmonary artery stenosis would face severe hypoxemia, cardiac failure as well as massive hemorrhage during percutaneous balloon dilation and pulmonary arterial stent implantation. Here, we present a case in which the elective use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support succ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yu X,Zhou RH

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00