Potential spawn induction and suppression agents in Caribbean Acropora cervicornis corals of the Florida Keys.


:The enhanced ability to direct sexual reproduction may lead to improved restoration outcomes for Acropora cervicornis. Gravid fragments of A. cervicornis were maintained in a laboratory for two sequential trials in the seven days prior to natural spawning in the Florida Keys. Ten replicates of five chemicals known to affect spawning in various invertebrate taxa were tested. Hydrogen peroxide at 2 mM (70%) and L-5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) at 5 (40%) and 20 µM (30%) induced spawning within 15.4 h, 38.8 h and 26.9 h of dosing at or above the rate of release of the control (30%) within 14.6 h. Serotonin acetate monohydrate at 1 µM (20%) and 10 µM (20%), naloxone hydrochloride dihydrate at 0.01 µM (10%) and potassium phosphate monobasic at 0.25 µM (0%) induced spawning at rates less than the control. Although the greatest number of fragments spawned using hydrogen peroxide, it was with 100% mortality. There was a significantly higher induction rate closer to natural spawn (Trial 2) compared with Trial 1 and no genotype effect. Mechanisms of action causing gamete release were not elucidated. In Caribbean staghorn corals, 5-HTP shows promise as a spawning induction agent if administered within 72 h of natural spawn and it will not result in excessive mortality. Phosphate chemicals may inhibit spawning. This is the first study of its kind on Caribbean acroporid corals and may offer an important conservation tool for biologists currently charged with restoring the imperiled Acropora reefs of the Florida Keys.






Flint M,Than JT




Has Abstract


2016-04-26 00:00:00












  • Tnni1b-ECR183-d2, an 87 bp cardiac enhancer of zebrafish.

    abstract:Background:Several heart malformations are associated with mutations in the regulatory regions of cardiac genes. Troponin I type 1b (tnni1b) is important for the formation of the atrioventricular canal in zebrafish hearts; however, the regulation of tnni1b is poorly understand. We aimed to identify a small but function...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang Y,Wang F,Wu F,Wang Y,Wang X,Gui Y,Li Q

    更新日期:2020-11-04 00:00:00

  • Behavioural variability among captive African elephants in the use of the trunk while feeding.

    abstract::The Proboscideans, an order of mammals including elephants, are the largest of the Earth lands animals. One probable consequence of the rapid increase of their body size is the development of the trunk, a multitask highly sensitive organ used in a large repertoire of behaviours. The absence of bones in the trunk allow...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lefeuvre M,Gouat P,Mulot B,Cornette R,Pouydebat E

    更新日期:2020-08-18 00:00:00

  • Morphological convergence in 'river dolphin' skulls.

    abstract::Convergent evolution can provide insights into the predictability of, and constraints on, the evolution of biodiversity. One striking example of convergence is seen in the 'river dolphins'. The four dolphin genera that make up the 'river dolphins' (Inia geoffrensis, Pontoporia blainvillei, Platanista gangetica and Lip...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Page CE,Cooper N

    更新日期:2017-11-21 00:00:00

  • An investigation of the genus Mesacanthus (Chordata: Acanthodii) from the Orcadian Basin and Midland Valley areas of Northern and Central Scotland using traditional morphometrics.

    abstract::Mesacanthus is a common and speciose genus of acanthodian fish from Lower Old Red Sandstone and Middle Old Red Sandstone assemblages (representing the Lower Devonian and Middle Devonian respectively) and is well represented in many palaeoichthyology collections in the UK. Based upon descriptions given during the 19th ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baron MG

    更新日期:2015-10-29 00:00:00

  • Detection and variability analyses of CRISPR-like loci in the H. pylori genome.

    abstract::Helicobacter pylori is a human pathogenic bacterium with a high genomic plasticity. Although the functional CRISPR-Cas system has not been found in its genome, CRISPR-like loci have been recently identified. In this work, 53 genomes from different geographical areas are analyzed for the search and analysis of variabil...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: García-Zea JA,de la Herrán R,Robles Rodríguez F,Navajas-Pérez R,Ruiz Rejón C

    更新日期:2019-01-11 00:00:00

  • Genome-wide identification and characterization of Dof transcription factors in eggplant (Solanum melongena L.).

    abstract::Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an important vegetable cultivated in Asia, Africa and southern Europe and, following tomato and pepper, ranks as the third most important solanaceous vegetable crop. The Dof (DNA-binding with one finger) family is a group of plant-specific transcription factors that play important ro...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wei Q,Wang W,Hu T,Hu H,Mao W,Zhu Q,Bao C

    更新日期:2018-03-06 00:00:00

  • Fishing for vaccines against Vibrio cholerae using in silico pan-proteomic reverse vaccinology approach.

    abstract:Background:Cholera, an acute enteric infection, is a serious health challenge in both the underdeveloped and the developing world. It is caused by Vibrio cholerae after ingestion of fecal contaminated food or water. Cholera outbreaks have recently been observed in regions facing natural calamities (i.e., earthquake in ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rashid MI,Rehman S,Ali A,Andleeb S

    更新日期:2019-06-19 00:00:00

  • Genome-wide analysis of PRR gene family uncovers their roles in circadian rhythmic changes and response to drought stress in Gossypium hirsutum L.

    abstract:Background:The circadian clock not only participates in regulating various stages of plant growth, development and metabolism, but confers plant environmental adaptability to stress such as drought. Pseudo-Response Regulators (PRRs) are important component of the central oscillator (the core of circadian clock) and pla...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang J,Du Z,Huo X,Zhou J,Chen Y,Zhang J,Pan A,Wang X,Wang F,Zhang J

    更新日期:2020-09-25 00:00:00

  • Deep-sea water displacement from a turbidity current induced by the Super Typhoon Hagibis.

    abstract::Turbidity currents are the main drivers behind the transportation of terrestrial sediments to the deep sea, and turbidite deposits from such currents have been widely used in geological studies. Nevertheless, the contribution of turbidity currents to vertical displacement of seawater has rarely been discussed. This is...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kawagucci S,Miwa T,Lindsay DJ,Ogura E,Yamamoto H,Nishibayashi K,Yokooka H,Nishi S,Takahashi A,Lee S

    更新日期:2020-12-09 00:00:00

  • Hardly habitual: chimpanzees and gorillas show flexibility in their motor responses when presented with a causally-clear task.

    abstract::In contrast to reports of wild primates, studies of captive primates' flexibility often reveal conservatism: individuals are unable to switch to new and more efficient strategies when task demands change. We propose that such conservatism might be a result of task design and hypothesize that conservatism might be link...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jacobson SL,Hopper LM

    更新日期:2019-01-08 00:00:00

  • Comparing the catch composition, profitability and discard survival from different trammel net designs targeting common spiny lobster (Palinurus elephas) in a Mediterranean fishery.

    abstract::In the Balearic Islands, different trammel net designs have been adopted to promote fisheries sustainability and reduce discards. Here, we compare the catch performance of three trammel net designs targeting the spiny lobster Palinurus elephas in terms of biomass, species composition and revenue from commercial catche...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Catanese G,Hinz H,Gil MDM,Palmer M,Breen M,Mira A,Pastor E,Grau A,Campos-Candela A,Koleva E,Grau AM,Morales-Nin B

    更新日期:2018-05-17 00:00:00

  • Cloning and expression analysis of cinnamoyl-CoA reductase (CCR) genes in sorghum.

    abstract::Cinnamoyl-CoA reductase (CCR) is the first enzyme in the monolignol-specific branch of the lignin biosynthetic pathway. In this research, three sorghum CCR genes including SbCCR1, SbCCR2-1 and SbCCR2-2 were cloned and characterized. Analyses of the structure and phylogeny of the three CCR genes showed evolutionary con...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li J,Fan F,Wang L,Zhan Q,Wu P,Du J,Yang X,Liu Y

    更新日期:2016-05-19 00:00:00

  • C9orf72, a protein associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor.

    abstract::Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD), two late onset neurodegenerative diseases, have been shown to share overlapping cellular pathologies and genetic origins. Studies suggest that a hexanucleotide repeat expansion in the first intron of the C9orf72 gene is the most common cause of fam...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Iyer S,Subramanian V,Acharya KR

    更新日期:2018-10-17 00:00:00

  • Repurposing a traditional Japanese method of pest control for wintering pine moths, Komo-trap, for use against summer and winter populations of fall webworms.

    abstract:Background:The fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea Drury (Lepidoptera: Erebidae), is a widespread invasive species. It is native to North America, ranging from southern Canada to northern Mexico. During and after the 1940s, this pest was accidentally introduced in many parts of Europe and Asia. It has now spread to more tha...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mikami OK,Takamatsu M,Yarita R

    更新日期:2020-06-02 00:00:00

  • Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using a Mentha spicata extract and evaluation of its anticancer and cytotoxic activity.

    abstract::In this study, silver nanoparticles (NP) were synthesized by two methods: using an aqueous extract of Mentha spicata leaves and using citrate ions as stabilizing agent, and the cytotoxicity and anticancer activity of both NP were evaluated in vitro. The particles synthesized with the aqueous extract were spherical wit...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Torres-Martínez Y,Arredondo-Espinoza E,Puente C,González-Santiago O,Pineda-Aguilar N,Balderas-Rentería I,López I,Ramírez-Cabrera MA

    更新日期:2019-12-09 00:00:00

  • Mutation of the rice XA21 predicted nuclear localization sequence does not affect resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The rice receptor kinase XA21 confers robust resistance to the bacterial pathogen Xanthomonas oryzaepv. oryzae(Xoo). We previously reported that XA21 is cleaved in transgenic plants overexpressing XA21 with a GFP tag (Ubi-XA21-GFP) and that the released C-terminal domain is localized to the nucleus. XA21 car...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wei T,Chen TC,Ho YT,Ronald PC

    更新日期:2016-10-05 00:00:00

  • Systematics of stalked jellyfishes (Cnidaria: Staurozoa).

    abstract::Staurozoan classification is highly subjective, based on phylogeny-free inferences, and suborders, families, and genera are commonly defined by homoplasies. Additionally, many characters used in the taxonomy of the group have ontogenetic and intraspecific variation, and demand new and consistent assessments to establi...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miranda LS,Hirano YM,Mills CE,Falconer A,Fenwick D,Marques AC,Collins AG

    更新日期:2016-05-05 00:00:00

  • Parents know best: transgenerational predator recognition through parental effects.

    abstract::In highly biodiverse systems, such as coral reefs, prey species are faced with predatory threats from numerous species. Recognition of predators can be innate, or learned, and can help increase the chance of survival. Research suggests that parental exposure to increased predatory threats can affect the development, b...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Atherton JA,McCormick MI

    更新日期:2020-06-18 00:00:00

  • Conceptual and empirical advances in Neotropical biodiversity research.

    abstract::The unparalleled biodiversity found in the American tropics (the Neotropics) has attracted the attention of naturalists for centuries. Despite major advances in recent years in our understanding of the origin and diversification of many Neotropical taxa and biotic regions, many questions remain to be answered. Additio...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Antonelli A,Ariza M,Albert J,Andermann T,Azevedo J,Bacon C,Faurby S,Guedes T,Hoorn C,Lohmann LG,Matos-Maraví P,Ritter CD,Sanmartín I,Silvestro D,Tejedor M,Ter Steege H,Tuomisto H,Werneck FP,Zizka A,Edwards SV

    更新日期:2018-10-04 00:00:00

  • Combining UAV-based hyperspectral imagery and machine learning algorithms for soil moisture content monitoring.

    abstract::Soil moisture content (SMC) is an important factor that affects agricultural development in arid regions. Compared with the space-borne remote sensing system, the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) has been widely used because of its stronger controllability and higher resolution. It also provides a more convenient method ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ge X,Wang J,Ding J,Cao X,Zhang Z,Liu J,Li X

    更新日期:2019-05-03 00:00:00

  • The revised complete mitogenome sequence of the tree frog Polypedatesmegacephalus (Anura, Rhacophoridae) by next-generation sequencing and phylogenetic analysis.

    abstract::The mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) sequence of the tree frog Polypedates megacephalus (16,473 bp) was previously reported as having the unusual characteristic of lacking the ND5 gene. In this study, a new mitogenome of P. megacephalus (19,952 bp) was resequenced using the next-generation sequencing (NGS) and standa...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huang A,Liu S,Li H,Luo H,Ni Q,Yao Y,Xu H,Zeng B,Li Y,Wei Z,Li S,Zhang M

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • The nectar report: quantitative review of nectar sugar concentrations offered by bee visited flowers in agricultural and non-agricultural landscapes.

    abstract::There is growing concern that some bee populations are in decline, potentially threatening pollination security in agricultural and non-agricultural landscapes. Among the numerous causes associated with this trend, nutritional stress resulting from a mismatch between bee nutritional needs and plant community provision...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pamminger T,Becker R,Himmelreich S,Schneider CW,Bergtold M

    更新日期:2019-02-27 00:00:00

  • Intergenerational implications of alcohol intake: metabolic disorders in alcohol-naïve rat offspring.

    abstract::Alcohol drinking may be associated with an increased risk of various metabolic diseases. Rat lines selectively bred for alcohol preference and alcohol avoidance constitute an interesting model to study inherited factors related to alcohol drinking and metabolic disorders. The aim of the present study was to compare th...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mierzejewski P,Zakrzewska A,Kuczyńska J,Wyszogrodzka E,Dominiak M

    更新日期:2020-09-11 00:00:00

  • Chemical analysis of callus extracts from toxic and non-toxic varieties of Jatropha curcas L.

    abstract::Jatropha curcas L. belongs to Euphorbiaceae family, and it synthesizes flavonoid and diterpene compounds that have showed antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antiviral, antimicrobial, antifungal and insecticide activity. Seeds of this plant accumulate phorbol esters, which are tigliane type diterpenes, reporte...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leyva-Padrón G,Vanegas-Espinoza PE,Evangelista-Lozano S,Del Villar-Martínez AA,Bazaldúa C

    更新日期:2020-11-11 00:00:00

  • Frequent discordance between morphology and mitochondrial DNA in a species group of European water beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae).

    abstract::The Hydroporus memnonius species group includes both widespread and range restricted diving beetle taxa in the western Palaearctic, some of which have been divided into a number of geographical subspecies. Of these, Hydroporus necopinatus is distributed in the far west of Europe, from central Spain to southern Britain...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bilton DT,Turner L,Foster GN

    更新日期:2017-03-09 00:00:00

  • Lectins: an effective tool for screening of potential cancer biomarkers.

    abstract::In recent years, the use of lectins for screening of potential biomarkers has gained increased importance in cancer research, given the development in glycobiology that highlights altered structural changes of glycans in cancer associated processes. Lectins, having the properties of recognizing specific carbohydrate m...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hashim OH,Jayapalan JJ,Lee CS

    更新日期:2017-09-07 00:00:00

  • Four tyrosine residues of the rice immune receptor XA21 are not required for interaction with the co-receptor OsSERK2 or resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae.

    abstract::Tyrosine phosphorylation has emerged as an important regulator of plasma membrane-localized immune receptors activity. Here, we investigate the role of tyrosine phosphorylation in the regulation of rice XANTHOMONAS RESISTANCE 21 (XA21)-mediated immunity. We demonstrate that the juxtamembrane and kinase domain of Esche...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Caddell DF,Wei T,Sharma S,Oh MH,Park CJ,Canlas P,Huber SC,Ronald PC

    更新日期:2018-12-11 00:00:00

  • Evolution of host plant use and diversification in a species complex of parasitic weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).

    abstract::Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) represent one of the most diverse groups of organisms on Earth; interactions with their host plants have been recognized to play a central role in their remarkable diversity, yet the exact mechanisms and factors still remain poorly understood. Using phylogenetic comparative analyse...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hernández-Vera G,Toševski I,Caldara R,Emerson BC

    更新日期:2019-03-20 00:00:00

  • On the intrinsic sterility of 3D printing.

    abstract::3D printers that build objects using extruded thermoplastic are quickly becoming commonplace tools in laboratories. We demonstrate that with appropriate handling, these devices are capable of producing sterile components from a non-sterile feedstock of thermoplastic without any treatment after fabrication. The fabrica...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Neches RY,Flynn KJ,Zaman L,Tung E,Pudlo N

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis by a new multiplex peptide nucleic acid fluorescence in situ hybridization method.

    abstract::Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is one of most common vaginal infections. However, its diagnosis by classical methods reveals low specificity. Our goal was to evaluate the accuracy diagnosis of 150 vaginal samples with research gold standard methods and our Peptide Nucleic Acid (PNA) probes by Fluorescence in situ Hybridizat...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Machado A,Castro J,Cereija T,Almeida C,Cerca N

    更新日期:2015-02-17 00:00:00