Salmonella septicaemias in Kenyan children.


:In a 5-month study of Salmonella septicaemias in Kenyan children carried out during the annual peak infection period, Salmonella typhimurium septicaemias occurred seven times more frequently than typhoid or other non-typhoid infections. Salmonella typhimurium infections were predominantly community acquired, malnourished infants from rural malaria endemic areas with poor water supply were especially vulnerable. Typical clinical features of fever, diarrhoea, and severe anaemia resembled P. falciparum malaria which often co-existed. Mortality was 18 per cent. Isolates exhibited a wide range of multidrug resistance. Typhoid affected older children, was less severe and drug sensitive.


J Trop Pediatr


Nesbitt A,Mirza NB




Has Abstract


1989-02-01 00:00:00












  • Assessment of Neonatal Pain During Heel Prick: Lancet vs Needle-A Randomized Controlled Study.

    abstract:Background:Heel prick is a frequent painful procedure in newborns. A lancet or a 26-gauge needle is used for a heel prick in India. Objective:To compare the pain caused by heel prick with a lancet or a 26-gauge needle in newborns admitted in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) using the preterm infant pain profile...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Britto C,Jasmine.,P N Rao S

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Diarrhoea mortality in rural Bangladeshi children.

    abstract::Diarrhoeal mortality and hospital admissions for diarrhoea are described among children under the age of 5 years in a large rural Bangladeshi community during 1986-87. Acute watery (dehydrating) diarrhoea was associated with 11 per cent of all deaths among infants aged 1-11 months and 5 per cent among children aged 1-...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fauveau V,Yunus M,Zaman K,Chakraborty J,Sarder AM

    更新日期:1991-02-01 00:00:00

  • External hydrocephalus--a report of 16 cases from Oman.

    abstract::Sixteen cases of external hydrocephalus (EH) were seen from January 1993 to June 1995. There were 13 (81.3 per cent) male and three female children. Fourteen (87.5 per cent) were under 12 months of age. Three siblings with EH were seen in one family. All but three of the 16 recovered over time without medical or surgi...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roshan K,Elizabeth C,Chacko A,Rajendra J,Gururaj A,Dilip S

    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and Outcome of Sepsis-induced Myocardial Dysfunction in Children with 'Sepsis' 'With' and 'Without Shock'-A Prospective Observational Study.

    abstract:Objective:To estimate the prevalence and effects of sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction (SIMD) in children with septic shock. Methodology:Enrolled children with septic shock (n = 31) and sepsis (n = 30) underwent echocardiography and cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) estimation within first 3 h. SIMD was defined as presence...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jain A,Sankar J,Anubhuti A,Yadav DK,Sankar MJ

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Febrile seizures in rural Tanzania: hospital-based incidence and clinical characteristics.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Febrile seizures may contribute to epilepsy later in life, but data in sub-Saharan Africa are scarce. We, therefore, conducted a hospital-based study on clinical characteristics of children with febrile seizures. METHODS:Over 2 years, we screened all pediatric admissions of Haydom Lutheran Hospital, northern...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Winkler AS,Tluway A,Schmutzhard E

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Community management of anti-malarials in Africa and iatrogenic risk.

    abstract::Distribution of anti-malarials at the community level is one of the interventions recommended to reduce mortality from febrile illnesses. Inappropriate treatment of fever with anti-malarials may result in missed diagnosis and delays in appropriate treatments including consideration of other illnesses than malaria. We ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Orostegui L,Balu L,Chevret L,Habes D,Pussard E

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • Assessing the performance of nurses in the management of malaria patients in Tanzania.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In Tanzania, nurses play an important role in the management of patients with malaria. The study was conducted to identify the current status of the performance of nurses in the management of malaria patients, in order to provide the baseline data before the training intervention. METHODS:The study was cond...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kanamori S,Kohi TW,Nyamhanga T,Mkude S

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Recurrent Salmonella bacteremia in interleukin-12 receptor beta1 deficiency.

    abstract::Interleukin-12 receptor beta1 IL12RB1 deficiency causes vulnerability to poorly virulent mycobacteria and nontyphoid Salmonella species. We describe a 2.5 year-old girl with IL12RB1 deficiency, caused by a homozygous mutation in this gene, who presented with recurrent bacteremia caused by Salmonella spp. ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ozen M,Ceyhan M,Sanal O,Bayraktar M,Mesci L

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of intestinal parasites in Saudi children: a community-based study.

    abstract::A community-based study was undertaken to determine the prevalence and types of intestinal parasites in the pediatric population of Al-Baha region, Saudi Arabia. Stool samples were randomly collected from 19,939 children of whom 4208 (21.1%) were found to harbour intestinal parasites. The most affected age group was 5...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: al-Eissa YA,Assuhaimi SA,Abdullah AM,AboBakr AM,al-Husain MA,al-Nasser MN,al Borno MK

    更新日期:1995-02-01 00:00:00

  • Pediatric Antiretroviral Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: A Five and a Half Year Experience from a South African Tertiary Hospital.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Antiretroviral therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is not routinely used in the management of human immunodeficiency virus, but may be useful in pediatric patients who are prone to altered pharmacokinetics. Data on the routine use of antiretroviral TDM in pediatrics are sparse especially data from sub-Sahara...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Engelbrecht AE,Wiesner L,Norman J,Rabie H,Decloedt EH

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Outcome of low birth weight infants in a West African village.

    abstract::Low birthweight (LBW) infants are at risk of increased mortality, impaired growth, and increased morbidity. We studied the progress of all LBW infants (less than 2.5 kg) born in a West African village where there is a resident pediatrician and midwife. There were 426 live births during the 8 years studied of which 42 ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Downes B,Downes R,Foord F,Weaver L

    更新日期:1991-06-01 00:00:00

  • Case Series of Infantile Tremor Syndrome in Tertiary Care Paediatric Centre from Southern India.

    abstract:Introduction:Infantile tremor syndrome (ITS) is characterized by anaemia, skin depigmentation, tremors and developmental delay. The lack of sufficient literature on ITS and its conflicting association with vitamin B12 deficiency made us present this article. Objective:The objective of this study is to describe demogra...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gowda VK,Kolli V,Benakappa A,Srinivasan VM,Shivappa SK,Benakappa N

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Quality of survivals on conservative neonatal care.

    abstract::Quantity as well as quality of survivals determine the performance of a neonatal centre. Our centre has succeeded in improving survival with low cost technology without compromising the quality. Neurodevelopmental handicap was low on a 1-year follow-up. No baby had retinopathy of prematurity or hearing deficit. Dropou...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kadam SB,Daga SR,Daga AS

    更新日期:1991-10-01 00:00:00

  • Vitamin D status of low birth weight infants in Delhi: a comparative study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate vitamin D status of preterm and term low birthweight (LBW) and term normal birth weight (NBW; weight ≥ 2500 g) infants at birth and in early infancy. METHODS:We enrolled 220 LBW and 119 NBW infants along with their mothers. Blood samples of both infants and mothers were taken within 48 h of birth...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agarwal R,Virmani D,Jaipal ML,Gupta S,Gupta N,Sankar MJ,Bhatia S,Agarwal A,Devgan V,Deorari A,Paul VK,Investigators of LBW Micronutrient Study Group, Departments of Pediatrics and Endocrinology.

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Pattern of Congenital Anomalies in Newborn: A 4-Year Surveillance of Newborns Delivered in a Tertiary Healthcare Facility in the South-East Nigeria.

    abstract::Congenital abnormalities are important causes of morbidity and mortality in children and significantly add to the burdens on healthcare in developing countries. Unfortunately, there remains a paucity of information on congenital birth defects in most developing countries. This is a 4-year prospective study that assess...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ekwochi U,Asinobi IN,Osuorah DCI,Ndu IK,Ifediora C,Amadi OF,Sunday Mba G

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • CD4+ T-lymphocyte count/CD8+ T-lymphocyte count ratio: surrogate for HIV infection in infants?

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Early diagnosis and treatment is necessary to prevent HIV-infected infants progressing to AIDS. Antibody testing is not confirmatory before the age of 18 months and PCR not widely available in resource-poor settings. We studied the accuracy of CD4(+) T-lymphocyte count, CD4% and CD4/CD8 ratio as surrogate ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Navaneethapandian PG,Karunaianantham R,Subramanyan S,Chinnayan P,Chandrasekaran P,Swaminathan S

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Designing colour-coded measuring tapes based on mid-arm and chest circumference to predict low birth weight in the field.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In developing countries, 80% of the births take place in the community. METHODS:Birthweight, mid-arm and chest circumferences were measured in 294 newborns admitted in a tertiary-level hospital in Kolkata between April and August 2010. Colour-coded measuring tapes were devised using receiver operating chara...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ghosh M,Das S,Chakraborty S,Chatterjee R

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Immunogenicity and safety of two doses of a paediatric hepatitis A vaccine in thai children: comparison of three vaccination schedules.

    abstract::As fewer children in Thailand are exposed to hepatitis A virus (HAV) and so do not have seroprotective anti-HAV antibodies, they are becoming an important source of HAV transmission. A flexible HAV vaccination schedule would facilitate incorporation of the vaccine into existing immunization programmes, and we compared...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Lolekha S,Pratuangtham S,Punpanich W,Bowonkiratikachorn P,Chimabutra K,Weber F

    更新日期:2003-12-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of drinking water fortification with iron plus ascorbic Acid or ascorbic Acid alone in daycare centers as a strategy to control iron-deficiency anemia and iron deficiency: a randomized blind clinical study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Assess drinking water fortification with iron and/or ascorbic acid as a strategy to control iron-deficiency anemia and iron deficiency. METHODS:Randomized blind clinical study, fortifying drinking water to 153 pre-school children during 3 months, with iron and ascorbic acid (A), ascorbic acid (B) or plain wa...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: de Almeida CA,De Mello ED,Ramos AP,João CA,João CR,Dutra-de-Oliveira JE

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Reversal of iron deficiency anemia-induced peripheral neuropathy by iron treatment in children with iron deficiency anemia.

    abstract::The effects of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) on nerve conduction and efficiency of iron therapy were investigated by peripheral nerve-electrophysiological measurements. Eighteen children (10 boys, eight girls; mean age 31 +/- 1.3 months) with IDA and 12 healthy children (six boys, six girls; mean age 29 +/- 1.3 months)...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Kabakus N,Ayar A,Yoldas TK,Ulvi H,Dogan Y,Yilmaz B,Kilic N

    更新日期:2002-08-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of cardiac functions in sickle cell anemia with Doppler myocardial performance index.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The purpose of this study was to evaluate left and right ventricular functions by using the Doppler myocardial performance index (MPI), in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA). METHODS:We examined 32 patients with SCA and 30 age-matched healthy children. Echocardiography and Doppler examinations were comp...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arslankoylu AE,Hallioglu O,Yilgor E,Duzovali O

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Isolation of respiratory bacterial pathogens from the throats of healthy infants fed by different methods.

    abstract::Most bacterial infections are caused by organisms that have already colonized the host. Bacterial attachment to pharyngeal cells and proliferation may be necessary to infect the lower respiratory tract or middle ear. We investigated the incidence of pathogenic bacteria isolated from the throat of healthy infants with ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hokama T,Yara A,Hirayama K,Takamine F

    更新日期:1999-06-01 00:00:00

  • Ten days vs. 14 days antibiotic therapy in culture-proven neonatal sepsis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There are no evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of neonatal sepsis although standard text books recommend 14 days of antibiotics for blood culture-proven neonatal sepsis. OBJECTIVE:The present study compared the effectiveness of a 10-day course of antibiotic therapy with the conventional 14-day cou...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Gathwala G,Sindwani A,Singh J,Choudhry O,Chaudhary U

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

  • Detecting malnutrition at age 6-12 months: international comparisons of arm circumference v. standard anthropometry.

    abstract::Growth faltering, which may herald protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) usually begins between ages 6 and 12 months. However, arm circumference (AC or MUAC) has mainly been used to screen for PEM between 12 and 60 months of age, when AC is age-independent. This study of 378 infants aged 6-12 months in Pakistan, Nepal, Si...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pust R,Johnson P,Lautenschlager J

    更新日期:1992-10-01 00:00:00

  • Ankle clonus and thiocyanate, linamarin, and inorganic sulphate excretion in school children in communities with Konzo, Mozambique.

    abstract::We examined 397 school children for ankle clonus in five communities in three districts affected by konzo, spastic paraparesis associated with cassava consumption. From a subsample of 131 children, we analysed urine specimens for urinary thiocyanate, linamarin, and inorganic sulphate. The proportion of children with c...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cliff J,Nicala D,Saute F,Givragy R,Azambuja G,Taela A,Chavane L,Gani A

    更新日期:1999-06-01 00:00:00

  • Iron supplementation in pregnancy and breastfeeding and iron, copper and zinc status of lactating women from a human milk bank.

    abstract::This study evaluated the influence of iron supplementation in pregnancy and breastfeeding on iron status of lactating women from a Brazilian Human Milk Bank. Blood and mature breast milk samples were collected from 145 women for assessment of iron status, as well as copper and zinc status. Haemoglobin, serum iron and ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mello-Neto J,Rondó PH,Oshiiwa M,Morgano MA,Zacari CZ,dos Santos ML

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Low CD4+ T-cell levels and B-cell apoptosis in vertically HIV-exposed noninfected children and adolescents.

    abstract::Lymphocyte subsets, activation markers and apoptosis were assessed in 20 HIV-exposed noninfected (ENI) children born to HIV-infected women who were or not exposed to antiretroviral (ARV) drugs during pregnancy and early infancy. ENI children and adolescents were aged 6-18 years and they were compared to 25 age-matched...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miyamoto M,Pessoa SD,Ono E,Machado DM,Salomão R,Succi RC,Pahwa S,de Moraes-Pinto MI

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

  • Liquid crystal thermometry for the detection of neonatal hypothermia in Nepal.

    abstract::We assessed the sensitivity, specificity and likelihood ratio of a low cost liquid crystal strip thermometer (LCT) compared with axillary mercury thermometry for the detection of neonatal hypothermia in Nepal. The subjects were 76 healthy newborns in the government maternity hospital of Kathmandu, Nepal in winter. The...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Manandhar N,Ellis M,Manandhar DS,Morley D,de L Costello AM

    更新日期:1998-02-01 00:00:00

  • Visceral leishmaniasis in a child infected with the human immunodeficiency virus in a non-endemic region.

    abstract::We reported the case of a boy who fled from Chechnya to Belgium. He was diagnosed with a human immune deficiency virus (HIV)/Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) coinfection. In both countries, the prevalence of HIV-infected children is low and VL is not endemic. Migration of people results in confrontation with diseases that ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peeters E,Verhulst S,Wojciechowski M,Vlieghe E,Jorens P,Van Marck V,Ramet J,De Dooy J

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Caregivers' understanding of pediatric medication in central Malawi.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate caregivers' understanding of prescriptions of antibiotics and antimalarials for children in Malawi. METHOD:A cross-sectional study using interviews with 513 caregivers was undertaken in three different medical settings in two districts in Malawi for their understanding of medication defined as...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sasaki E,Kamiya Y

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00