Salmonella septicaemias in Kenyan children.


:In a 5-month study of Salmonella septicaemias in Kenyan children carried out during the annual peak infection period, Salmonella typhimurium septicaemias occurred seven times more frequently than typhoid or other non-typhoid infections. Salmonella typhimurium infections were predominantly community acquired, malnourished infants from rural malaria endemic areas with poor water supply were especially vulnerable. Typical clinical features of fever, diarrhoea, and severe anaemia resembled P. falciparum malaria which often co-existed. Mortality was 18 per cent. Isolates exhibited a wide range of multidrug resistance. Typhoid affected older children, was less severe and drug sensitive.


J Trop Pediatr


Nesbitt A,Mirza NB




Has Abstract


1989-02-01 00:00:00












  • Surgically correctable congenital anomalies: prospective analysis of management problems and outcome in a developing country.

    abstract::Congenital anomalies exist all over the world. The management and outcome, however, vary considerably between the developed and the developing countries. This study looks at the impediments to the management of surgically correctable anomalies in South-east Nigeria. A prospective study was undertaken on 223 children w...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ekenze SO,Ikechukwu RN,Oparaocha DC

    更新日期:2006-04-01 00:00:00

  • Validity of Nestroft in screening and diagnosis of beta-thalassemia trait.

    abstract::Validity of naked eye single tube red cell osmotic fragility test ('Nestroft') was evaluated on 253 individuals divided into two groups. The HbA2 values estimated in each child was taken as gold standard. Group I comprised of 93 individuals belonging to families in which at least one of the children was suffering from...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Gomber S,Sanjeev,Madan N

    更新日期:1997-12-01 00:00:00

  • Alarmingly High Incidence of Eosinophilia in Barabanki and Neighboring Districts of Eastern Uttar Pradesh: A Prospective Hospital-Based Study.

    abstract::Eosinophilia is very common among rural poulation in Barabanki and neighbouring districts with no access to hygienic mode of stool disposition. Significant proportions of these children are suffering from anemia, undernutrition, anorexia, pain abdomen, cough and hence long term morbidity. This adds to the DALY of a de...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thakur N,Rai N

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Role of transfusion-mediated viral infections on the lymphocyte subset profile in multi-transfused children.

    abstract::A total of 74 multitransfused (MT) children of beta thalassaemia major were analysed for prevalent viral markers transmitted through transfusion. A higher incidence of serological markers for Hepatitis B virus (HBV), cytomegalovirus (CMV) could be observed in the group of MT children compared to control group. There w...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yadav S,Chattopadhya D,Prakash C,Kumari S,Vergheese T

    更新日期:1993-08-01 00:00:00

  • Acute suppurative parotitis in a 33-day-old patient.

    abstract::Acute suppurative parotitis is a rare disease in childhood. Its incidence is higher in premature newborns. Parotid swelling and pus drainage from Stenson's duct is pathognomonic, and Staphylococcus aureus is the causative agent in most cases. Here, a 33-day-old patient with acute suppurative parotitis is presented. ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Avcu G,Belet N,Karli A,Sensoy G

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in neonatal indirect hyperbilirubinemia.

    abstract::The aim of this article is to investigate the prevalence of Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and to compare the clinical presentation and course of G6PD-deficient and normal patients. This study included a total of 624 term neonates with indirect hyperbilirubinemia fro...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Atay E,Bozaykut A,Ipek IO

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • Disseminated Cryptococcosis Presenting as Miliary Lung Shadows in an Immunocompetent Child.

    abstract::Disseminated cryptococcosis is infrequent in immunocompetent children. Pulmonary and central nervous system are the commonly involved sites of infection in an immunocompromised host. We report a fatal case of disseminated cryptococcosis in an immunocompetent host presenting as fever of unknown origin with miliary shad...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ismail J,Chidambaram M,Sankar J,Agarwal S,Lodha R

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Pediatric Antiretroviral Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: A Five and a Half Year Experience from a South African Tertiary Hospital.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Antiretroviral therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is not routinely used in the management of human immunodeficiency virus, but may be useful in pediatric patients who are prone to altered pharmacokinetics. Data on the routine use of antiretroviral TDM in pediatrics are sparse especially data from sub-Sahara...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Engelbrecht AE,Wiesner L,Norman J,Rabie H,Decloedt EH

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Correlation between clinical diagnoses at the time of death and autopsy findings in critically sick neonates at a regional neonatal intensive care unit in India.

    abstract::This study was carried out to examine the correlation between clinical diagnoses at the time of death and autopsy findings in newborn babies who died in the regional Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of King Edward VII Memorial Hospital affiliated to Bombay University. A consecutive sample of 240 newborns that died ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kabra NS,Udani RH

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis.

    abstract::Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare disorder characterized by recurrent bouts of haemoptysis, iron deficiency anaemia, and pulmonary infiltrates on chest radiograph. We present such a case and believe that it is the first report from the Middle East. ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Paul G,Bhatnagar SK,al Maskary S,Kuruvilla S,Kurien S

    更新日期:2000-08-01 00:00:00

  • Vitamin D status of low birth weight infants in Delhi: a comparative study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate vitamin D status of preterm and term low birthweight (LBW) and term normal birth weight (NBW; weight ≥ 2500 g) infants at birth and in early infancy. METHODS:We enrolled 220 LBW and 119 NBW infants along with their mothers. Blood samples of both infants and mothers were taken within 48 h of birth...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agarwal R,Virmani D,Jaipal ML,Gupta S,Gupta N,Sankar MJ,Bhatia S,Agarwal A,Devgan V,Deorari A,Paul VK,Investigators of LBW Micronutrient Study Group, Departments of Pediatrics and Endocrinology.

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Improved pediatric weighing device for use with portable hanging scales.

    abstract::Portable hanging scales are a common means of weighing young children. Weighing trousers used to suspend children from a hanging scale are uncomfortable and require insertion of the child's legs through the trousers. The 'weighing seat' holds the child in a more natural, comfortable, and secure position, thus increasi...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Murãmoto ML

    更新日期:2000-04-01 00:00:00

  • Renal function in acute malaria in children.

    abstract::Tests for renal function were performed in 75 smear positive children with acute malaria together with 10 control children. Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum accounted for 52 and 46 per cent cases, respectively. Renal impairment in the form of decreased endogenous creatine clearance (less than 65 ml/min/m2) w...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ahmad SH,Danish T,Faridi MM,Ahmad AJ,Fakhir S,Khan AS

    更新日期:1989-12-01 00:00:00

  • Breast feeding of infants between 0-6 months old in 20 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in the People's Republic of China. National Coordinating Working Group for Breastfeeding Surveillance.

    abstract::This investigation was designed as an overall study of breast feeding rates and corresponding influencing factors in urban and rural communities in the People's Republic of China. In all 95,578 infants between 0 and 6 months old who lived within 20 different provinces or autonomous regions were subjects for the study ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yun YP,Kang ZS,Ling LJ,Xin QC

    更新日期:1989-12-01 00:00:00

  • Accuracy of Bilistick (a Point-of-Care Device) to Detect Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Early diagnosis and appropriate management of neonatal jaundice is crucial in avoiding severe hyperbilirubinemia and brain injury. A low-cost, minimally invasive, point-of-care (PoC) tool for total bilirubin (TB) estimation which can be useful across all ranges of bilirubin values and all settings is the n...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kamineni B,Tanniru A,Vardhelli V,Sharma D,Pawale D,Kulkarni D,Muppidi PR,Deshabhotla S,Murki S

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of Iodine Nutritional Status of School-Age Children in Kolkata District of West Bengal State in Post-Iodation Scenario.

    abstract::To evaluate the state of iodine nutrition in post-iodation scenario, 3500 children were examined clinically for endemic goitre. Iodine and thiocyanate were measured in 240 urine samples; iodine content in 210 salt samples was measured. Total goitre prevalence was 6.1%. Median urinary iodine level was 21.80 µg/dl, and ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhattacharya U,Chandra AK

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • A Case of Fasciolosis in a 11-Year-Old Syrian Immigrant Boy.

    abstract::Fasciolosis is a chronic parasitic disease caused by two species of liver trematodes, Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica, which infest ruminants and rarely humans. The disease is spread all over the world, but more common in Asia in areas with extensive livestock farming and can be imported cases in Europe and A...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Velev V,Vutova K,Pavlova M,Mangarov I

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Cardiac involvement and scorpion envenomation in children.

    abstract::Cardiac complications of 32 children with scorpion envenomation, during a 1-year period from August 1990 to August 1991 were studied. Sixteen children (50 per cent) were diagnosed as having myocarditis; of these in four children the presentation was subclinical. ECG changes were seen in 63 per cent of children envenom...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Das S,Nalini P,Ananthakrishnan S,Sethuraman KR,Balachander J,Srinivasan S

    更新日期:1995-12-01 00:00:00

  • External hydrocephalus--a report of 16 cases from Oman.

    abstract::Sixteen cases of external hydrocephalus (EH) were seen from January 1993 to June 1995. There were 13 (81.3 per cent) male and three female children. Fourteen (87.5 per cent) were under 12 months of age. Three siblings with EH were seen in one family. All but three of the 16 recovered over time without medical or surgi...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roshan K,Elizabeth C,Chacko A,Rajendra J,Gururaj A,Dilip S

    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of Neonatal Pain During Heel Prick: Lancet vs Needle-A Randomized Controlled Study.

    abstract:Background:Heel prick is a frequent painful procedure in newborns. A lancet or a 26-gauge needle is used for a heel prick in India. Objective:To compare the pain caused by heel prick with a lancet or a 26-gauge needle in newborns admitted in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) using the preterm infant pain profile...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Britto C,Jasmine.,P N Rao S

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of gestational age in the Cameroonian newborn infant: a comparison of four scoring methods.

    abstract::A clinical assessment of gestational age using four different methods was performed in the same population of 358 Cameroonian newborn infants with the aim of determining the most applicable in the local context. Method applicability was compared in terms of validity, accuracy, reliability, and ease of administration. ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sunjoh F,Njamnshi AK,Tietche F,Kago I

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00

  • Patterns of diagnosis disclosure and its correlates in HIV-Infected North Indian children.

    abstract::This facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the patterns of disclosure of HIV positive serostatus among 145 Indian children aged >5 years. Only 60 (41.4%) children were aware of their HIV-positive status. Disclosure was most frequently done by parents [51/60 (85%)] at a mean age of 9.1 ± 1.4 y...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhattacharya M,Dubey AP,Sharma M

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Prophylactic probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight newborns.

    abstract::Our study showed that enteral administration of prophylactic probiotics in neonatal intensive care setup could significantly reduce morbidity due to necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight newborn. It also helps in establishing early full enteral feeding and reduces hospital stay. ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Samanta M,Sarkar M,Ghosh P,Ghosh Jk,Sinha Mk,Chatterjee S

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Lipid peroxidation and antioxidants in neonatal septicemia.

    abstract::Free radicals have been implicated in the pathogenesis of neonatal septicemia. The present study was planned to estimate the lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in neonatal septicemia. The study was done to evaluate the lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status, both enzymatic and non-enzymatic in neonates with ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kapoor K,Basu S,Das BK,Bhatia BD

    更新日期:2006-10-01 00:00:00

  • Therapeutic hypothermia using gel packs for term neonates with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy in resource-limited settings: a randomized controlled trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the efficacy of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) using gel packs in reducing mortality and morbidity in term neonates with HIE and study the associated problems with TH. METHODS:Hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy babies were randomized into TH and control group. Babies in TH group were cooled for first...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Bharadwaj SK,Bhat BV

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Management of malnourished children with acute diarrhoea and sugar intolerance.

    abstract::A protocol of nutritional rehabilitation using fermented milk, vegetable oil, and castor sugar has been tested on 54 Senegalese children age 6-36 months admitted with acute diarrhoea and malnutrition. At time of admission, 39 per cent of children were dehydrated and 26 per cent had sugar intolerance. In the course of ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beau JP,Fontaine O,Garenne M

    更新日期:1989-12-01 00:00:00

  • Using three delays model to understand the social factors responsible for neonatal deaths in rural Haryana, India.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate causes of and contributors to newborn deaths in rural Haryana using a three delays audit approach. METHODS:The study was conducted in 28 villages under the rural field practice area of the Comprehensive Rural Health Services Project, All India Institute of Medical Sciences situated in Ballabga...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Upadhyay RP,Rai SK,Krishnan A

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of clinical status on total bilirubin binding capacity in newborn infants.

    abstract::The relationship between total bilirubin binding capacity (TBBC) and clinical status was investigated in order to assess the risk of bilirubin toxicity in 83 infants with jaundice in this study. Infants with respiratory distress, acidosis, hypoglycaemia, sepsis, asphyxia-anoxia and hypercarbia were accepted as ill and...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Satar M,Atici A,Oktay R

    更新日期:1996-02-01 00:00:00

  • Adenosine deaminase in childhood pulmonary tuberculosis: diagnostic value in serum.

    abstract::The diagnostic value of serum adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity was evaluated in childhood pulmonary tuberculosis. Serum ADA levels were measured in 20 children diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis (group 1) and 150 children (group 2) including 128 with tuberculosis infection (Mantoux test positive) and 22 healthy c...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Kuyucu N,Karakurt C,Bilaloğlu E,Karacan C,Teziç T

    更新日期:1999-08-01 00:00:00

  • Aspergillus fumigatus specific antibodies in multitransfused children with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in relation to serum levels of Interleukin-2, gamma Interferon and tumour necrosis factor.

    abstract::Anti-Aspergillus fumigatus antibodies (IgG and IgE class) and serum levels of cytokines (gamma Interferon, Interleukin-2 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha) were studied in multitransfused (MT) children in relation to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The specific antibodies to Aspergillus fumigatus were pre...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhatnagar PK,Chattopadhya D,Sharma GL,Madan T,Sarma PU

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00