Salmonella septicaemias in Kenyan children.


:In a 5-month study of Salmonella septicaemias in Kenyan children carried out during the annual peak infection period, Salmonella typhimurium septicaemias occurred seven times more frequently than typhoid or other non-typhoid infections. Salmonella typhimurium infections were predominantly community acquired, malnourished infants from rural malaria endemic areas with poor water supply were especially vulnerable. Typical clinical features of fever, diarrhoea, and severe anaemia resembled P. falciparum malaria which often co-existed. Mortality was 18 per cent. Isolates exhibited a wide range of multidrug resistance. Typhoid affected older children, was less severe and drug sensitive.


J Trop Pediatr


Nesbitt A,Mirza NB




Has Abstract


1989-02-01 00:00:00












  • Role of HCV coinfection towards disease progression and survival in HIV-1 infected children: a follow-up study of 10 years.

    abstract::The present study was taken up to evaluate the pattern of disease progression and survival in a group of HIV-1 positive children, coinfected with HCV infection (n=25) in comparison to those without such coinfection (n=23). There was a significant negative correlation between the rate of decline of the CD4 + T cell per...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shivraj SO,Chattopadhya D,Grover G,Kumar A,Baveja UK

    更新日期:2006-06-01 00:00:00

  • Severe Necrotizing Pneumonia in Children: A Challenge to Intensive Care Specialist.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Necrotizing pneumonia (NP) is recently recognized as a complication of pneumonia. The data on NP are scant from developing world and we aimed to describe the characteristic features of NP in our children. STUDY DESIGN:Single center retrospective cohort analysis. PATIENT SELECTION:Institutional database of c...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sharma PK,Vinayak N,Aggarwal GK,Srivastava RD,Aggarwal PK,Kushwaha AS

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Toxoplasmosis in young Jamaicans.

    abstract::Of 511 young (1-19 years of age) Jamaicans sampled for IgG antibodies to Toxoplasma by the ELISA method, there was an overall prevalence of 45 per cent. Seropositivity ranged from 24-26 per cent in the 2-year-olds, up to 54 per cent in the 5-9-year-olds. There was no significant difference in prevalence between the se...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rawlins SC,Prabhakar P

    更新日期:1989-10-01 00:00:00

  • Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis.

    abstract::Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare disorder characterized by recurrent bouts of haemoptysis, iron deficiency anaemia, and pulmonary infiltrates on chest radiograph. We present such a case and believe that it is the first report from the Middle East. ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Paul G,Bhatnagar SK,al Maskary S,Kuruvilla S,Kurien S

    更新日期:2000-08-01 00:00:00

  • Brucellae osteoarthritis on the head of the femur.

    abstract::We present an 11-year-old boy with Brucellae osteoarthritis on caput femoris. We therefore emphasize the importance of Brucellae osteoarthritis and in particular bone scintigraphy in the diagnosis of childhood monoarthritis. ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kalman S,Sakallioglu O,Altunbas A

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • Seroepidemiology of rubella in Saudi Arabia.

    abstract::The seroepidemiology of infection due to rubella virus in Saudi Arabia was investigated in various age groups including unvaccinated children (newborn to 15 years of age) using a newer rubella antibody test system, the ELISA with maximum sensitivity and reliability. The assessment of the immune status indicated the lo...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hossain A

    更新日期:1989-08-01 00:00:00

  • Animal Bites and Rabies Prophylaxis in Rural Children: Indian Perspective.

    abstract::A prospective observational study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital to study clinicoepidemiological profile of potentially rabid animal bite cases from rural India. Total of 308 children (median age 6 years) admitted to hospital, were recruited over 1 year and followed up till completion of antirabies vaccine ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Samanta M,Mondal R,Shah A,Hazra A,Ray S,Dhar G,Biswas R,Sabui TK,Raychaudhuri D,Chatterjee K,Kundu C,Sarkar S

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Isolation of respiratory bacterial pathogens from the throats of healthy infants fed by different methods.

    abstract::Most bacterial infections are caused by organisms that have already colonized the host. Bacterial attachment to pharyngeal cells and proliferation may be necessary to infect the lower respiratory tract or middle ear. We investigated the incidence of pathogenic bacteria isolated from the throat of healthy infants with ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hokama T,Yara A,Hirayama K,Takamine F

    更新日期:1999-06-01 00:00:00

  • Hematological Indices at Birth of Infants of HIV-Positive Mothers Participating in a Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission Program.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The mother-to-child transmission of HIV, which accounts for 90% of infections in children, has been reduced markedly through the use of antiretroviral drugs by pregnant women and their newborns. Changes to the World Health Organization guidelines support further extension of the prevention of mother-to-child...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Obumneme-Anyim I,Ibeziako N,Emodi I,Ikefuna A,Oguonu T

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Alarmingly High Incidence of Eosinophilia in Barabanki and Neighboring Districts of Eastern Uttar Pradesh: A Prospective Hospital-Based Study.

    abstract::Eosinophilia is very common among rural poulation in Barabanki and neighbouring districts with no access to hygienic mode of stool disposition. Significant proportions of these children are suffering from anemia, undernutrition, anorexia, pain abdomen, cough and hence long term morbidity. This adds to the DALY of a de...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thakur N,Rai N

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia with Non-functional Mutations in Both Alleles in a Clinically Unaffected Infant.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Results in neonatal screening programs aiming at detection of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) can only report elevated levels of 17-hydroxy-progesterone (17-OHP), without being able to differentiate presence or absence of salt loss. AIM:To predict presence or absence of salt loss in newborn infants wit...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hoehn T,Lukacs Z,Huckenbeck W,Torresani T,Blankenstein O,Bounnack S

    更新日期:2016-04-01 00:00:00

  • Reagent Strips as an Aid to Diagnosis of Neonatal Meningitis in a Resource-limited Setting.

    abstract:Background:Without early recognition and treatment, neonatal meningitis (NM) has a high mortality and morbidity. Although some neonates have features of NM, many do not. In many low-resource settings, the laboratory support to diagnose NM is not available, and bedside diagnostics are needed. Methods:This retrospective...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Burgoine K,Ikiror J,Naizuli K,Achom L,Akol S,Olupot-Olupot P

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Assessing the performance of nurses in the management of malaria patients in Tanzania.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In Tanzania, nurses play an important role in the management of patients with malaria. The study was conducted to identify the current status of the performance of nurses in the management of malaria patients, in order to provide the baseline data before the training intervention. METHODS:The study was cond...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kanamori S,Kohi TW,Nyamhanga T,Mkude S

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Liquid crystal thermometry for the detection of neonatal hypothermia in Nepal.

    abstract::We assessed the sensitivity, specificity and likelihood ratio of a low cost liquid crystal strip thermometer (LCT) compared with axillary mercury thermometry for the detection of neonatal hypothermia in Nepal. The subjects were 76 healthy newborns in the government maternity hospital of Kathmandu, Nepal in winter. The...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Manandhar N,Ellis M,Manandhar DS,Morley D,de L Costello AM

    更新日期:1998-02-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemiology of low birth weight in an industrial area in India.

    abstract::In an industrial hospital in India, a 23 per cent prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) was detected, of which 76 per cent were full term small for date (SFD) babies. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) comprised the single most common obstetrical problem associated with term SFD births (31 per cent). Age, parity...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Misra M,Mishra S,Sharadamma

    更新日期:1995-12-01 00:00:00

  • Attitudes towards end-of-life issues amongst pediatricians in a tertiary hospital in a developing country.

    abstract::To describe the perspectives of pediatricians from a tertiary care center from India on end-of-life (EOL) care issues, a standardized anonymous questionnaire was administered, which included questions regarding attitudes towards withdrawal/withholding of life-sustaining treatment in children and neonates at the EOL, a...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guglani L,Lodha R

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Death in a diarrhoeal cohort of infants and young children soon after discharge from hospital: risk factors and causes by verbal autopsy.

    abstract::Assessing mortality pattern of children after discharge from hospital is important to guide appropriate management policy. We studied young children aged 1-23 months, who were discharged from an urban Diarrhoea Treatment Hospital. Children were enrolled on discharge from the hospital, and followed at home after 6 and ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Islam MA,Rahman MM,Mahalanabis D,Rahman AK

    更新日期:1996-12-01 00:00:00

  • Awareness claims versus actual knowledge of oral rehydration therapy and the salt sugar solution in northeastern Nigeria.

    abstract::Focus group discussions involving rural and urban residents drawn from Kanuri and Bura settlements, were conducted as part of an on-going survey of the perception and treatment of diarrhoea among major ethnic groups in northeastern Nigeria. Awareness of oral rehydration therapy (ORT) was universal among participants, ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Akpede GO,Omotara BA,Shettima AG

    更新日期:1996-06-01 00:00:00

  • Hypokalemic paralysis following severe vomiting in a child with intestinal obstruction due to round worms.

    abstract::Ascariasis is one of the most common helminthic infestations in humans. Massive infestation can give rise to serious complications such as intestinal obstruction. We present a 4-year-old boy, who presented with acute flaccid quadriparesis due to the hypokalemic alkalosis induced by severe vomiting. Severe vomiting was...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nagotkar L,Shanbag P,Shenoy P

    更新日期:2010-02-01 00:00:00

  • Intraosseous Versus Intravenous Access in Pediatric Septic Shock Patients Admitted to Alexandria University Pediatric Intensive Care Unit.

    abstract::The cornerstone of emergency management of sepsis is early, goal-directed therapy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of intraosseous (IO) vs. intravenous (IV) access for resuscitation of patients with septic shock admitted to pediatric intensive care unit. This prospective interventional randomized ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: El-Nawawy AA,Omar OM,Khalil M

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Pattern of Congenital Anomalies in Newborn: A 4-Year Surveillance of Newborns Delivered in a Tertiary Healthcare Facility in the South-East Nigeria.

    abstract::Congenital abnormalities are important causes of morbidity and mortality in children and significantly add to the burdens on healthcare in developing countries. Unfortunately, there remains a paucity of information on congenital birth defects in most developing countries. This is a 4-year prospective study that assess...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ekwochi U,Asinobi IN,Osuorah DCI,Ndu IK,Ifediora C,Amadi OF,Sunday Mba G

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemiology of systemic candidiasis in a tertiary care neonatal unit.

    abstract::143 neonates were diagnosed to have acquired systemic candidiasis out of a total 4530 admissions (3.2 per cent) to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) during a period of 6 1/2 years from January 1990 to June 1996. Mean age at onset was 10.4 days, mean birth weight 1454 g, and mean gestation was 31.7 weeks. Ninety-...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Narang A,Agrawal PB,Chakrabarti A,Kumar P

    更新日期:1998-04-01 00:00:00

  • Febrile seizures in rural Tanzania: hospital-based incidence and clinical characteristics.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Febrile seizures may contribute to epilepsy later in life, but data in sub-Saharan Africa are scarce. We, therefore, conducted a hospital-based study on clinical characteristics of children with febrile seizures. METHODS:Over 2 years, we screened all pediatric admissions of Haydom Lutheran Hospital, northern...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Winkler AS,Tluway A,Schmutzhard E

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • A Valuable Tool in Predicting Poor Outcome due to Sepsis in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit: Tp-e/QT Ratio.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the feasibility of 12-lead electrocardiographic (ECG) measures such as P wave dispersion (PWd), QT interval, QT dispersion (QTd), Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratio in predicting poor outcome in patients diagnosed with sepsis in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS:Ninety-three pati...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ozdemir R,Isguder R,Kucuk M,Karadeniz C,Ceylan G,Katipoglu N,Yilmazer MM,Yozgat Y,Mese T,Agin H

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Using three delays model to understand the social factors responsible for neonatal deaths in rural Haryana, India.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate causes of and contributors to newborn deaths in rural Haryana using a three delays audit approach. METHODS:The study was conducted in 28 villages under the rural field practice area of the Comprehensive Rural Health Services Project, All India Institute of Medical Sciences situated in Ballabga...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Upadhyay RP,Rai SK,Krishnan A

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Role of social factors in the prevalence of diarrhoeal diseases in under-five Saudi children.

    abstract::Social factors influencing diarrhoea prevalence rates, in Saudi communities, were studied during 1991 taking statistically representative samples from the whole population. The factors included mother's age, child's age, birth order, parent's education, feeding pattern, and urban, rural, and regional residences. This ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: al-Mazrou YY,Khan MU,Aziz KM,Farag MK,al-Jefry M

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Myocarditis Prevalence in Paediatric Dengue Infection: A Prospective Study in Tertiary Hospital in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

    abstract::Awareness of cardiac involvement in dengue infection has potentially valuable management implications. To determine the prevalence of myocarditis in dengue severity, we conducted prospective study of paediatric dengue illness at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, a tertiary hospital in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, from period o...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Buntubatu S,Prawirohartono EP,Arguni E

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • India's poliomyelitis eradication: a milestone in public health.

    abstract::India has recently completed 2 years without single case of poliomyelitis on 13 January 2013. This has brought South East Asian Region closer to eradication. Recently, India is being regarded as a role model for polio eradication efforts in other low-income endemic countries-Pakistan, Nigeria and Afghanistan. However,...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 信件


    authors: Grover M,Bhatnagar N,Sinha S,Kaur R

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • Caregivers' understanding of pediatric medication in central Malawi.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate caregivers' understanding of prescriptions of antibiotics and antimalarials for children in Malawi. METHOD:A cross-sectional study using interviews with 513 caregivers was undertaken in three different medical settings in two districts in Malawi for their understanding of medication defined as...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sasaki E,Kamiya Y

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Towards a better understanding of exclusive breastfeeding in the era of HIV/AIDS: a study of prevalence and factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding from birth, in Rakai,Uganda.

    abstract::Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is being promoted by WHO/UNICEF as the recommended mode of feeding for all infants from birth to around 6 months of age. It is also recommended for the initial few months, for infants born to HIV-positive mothers in the developing world where conditions may not be ideal for replacement fe...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ssenyonga R,Muwonge R,Nankya I

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00