Animal Bites and Rabies Prophylaxis in Rural Children: Indian Perspective.


:A prospective observational study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital to study clinicoepidemiological profile of potentially rabid animal bite cases from rural India. Total of 308 children (median age 6 years) admitted to hospital, were recruited over 1 year and followed up till completion of antirabies vaccine course. Dog was the commonest (77.27%) offending animal. Of the exposures, 66.88% were scratches, 88.96% were unprovoked and 27.27% were categorized as Class III. The median times to wound toileting and reporting to health facility were 1 and 6 h, respectively. Majority received prompt PEP in hospital, and RIG was administered in 34.55% of Class II and 90.48% of Class III exposures. Compared with their older counterparts, children aged <5 years suffered more bites on face and trunk and more Class III exposures. The rabies prophylaxis scenario is encouraging, when compared with earlier studies, but there are gaps to be addressed.


J Trop Pediatr


Samanta M,Mondal R,Shah A,Hazra A,Ray S,Dhar G,Biswas R,Sabui TK,Raychaudhuri D,Chatterjee K,Kundu C,Sarkar S




Has Abstract


2016-02-01 00:00:00














  • Severe Multisystem Involvement of Chronic Granulomatous Disease in a Pediatric Patient.

    abstract::Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare primary immunodeficiency disorder identified by recurrent pyogenic and fungal infections infections secondary to defective nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase enzyme. In the present study, we demonstrated a case with a history of multiple segmental lung res...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bayramoglu Z,Adaletli I,Caliskan E,Acar M,Hancerli Torun S,Somer A

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • Use of Artificial Nipples Among Brazilian Infants and Associated Factors.

    abstract::Transversal study conducted in a Human Milk Bank to evaluate the factors associated with the use of artificial nipples (pacifier and/or nursing bottle) among Brazilian infants. Analyses were performed using the χ2 test and logistic regression analysis. A total of 6017 nursing mothers were evaluated and the use of arti...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miranda C,de Sousa TM,do Carmo AS,Pereira SCL,Notaro KAM,Dos Santos LC

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Time to Mycoplasma Pneumoniae RNA Clearance for Wheezy vs. Non-Wheezy Young Children with Community-Acquired Pneumonia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to investigate the dynamics of Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) RNA in hospitalized young children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and to explore whether Mp RNA clearance differed for wheezy and non-wheezy group after the onset of azithromycin treatment. METHODS:We included hospitalized young ch...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen J,Ji F,Yin Y,Yuan S

    更新日期:2020-12-04 00:00:00

  • Breast feeding of infants between 0-6 months old in 20 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in the People's Republic of China. National Coordinating Working Group for Breastfeeding Surveillance.

    abstract::This investigation was designed as an overall study of breast feeding rates and corresponding influencing factors in urban and rural communities in the People's Republic of China. In all 95,578 infants between 0 and 6 months old who lived within 20 different provinces or autonomous regions were subjects for the study ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yun YP,Kang ZS,Ling LJ,Xin QC

    更新日期:1989-12-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of multiple dose measles vaccination on measles transmission patterns in Gweru, Zimbabwe.

    abstract::Multiple dose measles vaccination was applied in Gweru, Zimbabwe in 1990-1996. This included (a) a vaccine administered to children at 9 months of age and revaccination of the same children at any point between the ages of 12 and 23 months, and (b) a single mass vaccination campaign targeted at children aged 12-119 mo...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marufu T,Siziya S

    更新日期:2001-12-01 00:00:00

  • Rickets in Nigerian children: response to calcium supplementation.

    abstract::In a previous study of rachitic children in Jos, Nigeria we concluded that inadequate dietary intake of calcium was the primary contributing factor to the development of their rickets. The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of calcium supplementation in 10 children with radiographically and bio...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Thacher T,Glew RH,Isichei C,Lawson JO,Scariano JK,Hollis BW,VanderJagt DJ

    更新日期:1999-08-01 00:00:00

  • Neonatal sepsis and meningitis in Haiti.

    abstract::The aim of the study was to determine the etiology of meningitis and sepsis in the newborn at the State University Hospital of Haiti and evaluate the susceptibility 'in vitro' of the pathogens to the antibiotics commonly used. This was a prospective case series study over a 10-month period (May 1997-February 1998) of ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Désinor OY,Silva JL,Ménos MJ

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Death in a diarrhoeal cohort of infants and young children soon after discharge from hospital: risk factors and causes by verbal autopsy.

    abstract::Assessing mortality pattern of children after discharge from hospital is important to guide appropriate management policy. We studied young children aged 1-23 months, who were discharged from an urban Diarrhoea Treatment Hospital. Children were enrolled on discharge from the hospital, and followed at home after 6 and ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Islam MA,Rahman MM,Mahalanabis D,Rahman AK

    更新日期:1996-12-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of Iodine Nutritional Status of School-Age Children in Kolkata District of West Bengal State in Post-Iodation Scenario.

    abstract::To evaluate the state of iodine nutrition in post-iodation scenario, 3500 children were examined clinically for endemic goitre. Iodine and thiocyanate were measured in 240 urine samples; iodine content in 210 salt samples was measured. Total goitre prevalence was 6.1%. Median urinary iodine level was 21.80 µg/dl, and ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhattacharya U,Chandra AK

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Role of Early Onset Neutropenia in Development of Candidemia in Premature Infants.

    abstract:Background:The aim of the study was to assess the effect of early-onset neutropenia (EON) on the development of candidemia in premature infants and evaluate other risk factors. Materials and Methods:This prospective study was carried out in a neonatal intensive care unit of Cairo University Hospital. Fifty neutropenic...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ramy N,Hashim M,Abou Hussein H,Sawires H,Gaafar M,El Maghraby A

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Prognostic factors in childhood tuberculous meningitis.

    abstract::The risk factors affecting the outcome in 50 children with tuberculous meningitis were evaluated over a period of 20 months. Five children (10 per cent) had stage 1 disease, 29 (58 per cent) had stage II disease, and 16 (32 per cent) had stage III disease at admission. Seventeen cases (34 per cent) showed complete rec...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mahadevan B,Mahadevan S,Serane VT

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00

  • A Case of Fasciolosis in a 11-Year-Old Syrian Immigrant Boy.

    abstract::Fasciolosis is a chronic parasitic disease caused by two species of liver trematodes, Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica, which infest ruminants and rarely humans. The disease is spread all over the world, but more common in Asia in areas with extensive livestock farming and can be imported cases in Europe and A...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Velev V,Vutova K,Pavlova M,Mangarov I

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Causes of malnutrition in young children: Gilan, Iran.

    abstract::Causes of malnutrition were investigated in agricultural area of Gilan, Iran. Family food availability and adult food intakes were adequate, but intakes of young children were deficient, in all socioeconomic groups, reflected in growth deficits. Associated factors were: late introduction and small quantities of solid ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rabiee F,Geissler C

    更新日期:1990-08-01 00:00:00

  • Heated Humidified High-Flow Nasal Cannula vs. Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure for Post-extubation Respiratory Support in Preterm Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of heated humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) for prevention of extubation failure in preterm infants. METHODS:Preterm infants (gestation ≥28 weeks) were randomized to HHHFNC or nC...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yengkhom R,Suryawanshi P,Gupta B,Deshpande S

    更新日期:2020-11-11 00:00:00

  • Adenosine deaminase in childhood pulmonary tuberculosis: diagnostic value in serum.

    abstract::The diagnostic value of serum adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity was evaluated in childhood pulmonary tuberculosis. Serum ADA levels were measured in 20 children diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis (group 1) and 150 children (group 2) including 128 with tuberculosis infection (Mantoux test positive) and 22 healthy c...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Kuyucu N,Karakurt C,Bilaloğlu E,Karacan C,Teziç T

    更新日期:1999-08-01 00:00:00

  • Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in neonatal indirect hyperbilirubinemia.

    abstract::The aim of this article is to investigate the prevalence of Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and to compare the clinical presentation and course of G6PD-deficient and normal patients. This study included a total of 624 term neonates with indirect hyperbilirubinemia fro...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Atay E,Bozaykut A,Ipek IO

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • A Surviving Child from Acute Liver Failure after an Ingestion of Cassia occidentalis Seeds.

    abstract::Cassia occidentalis toxicity is thought to be uncommon; however, several cases have been described with acute hepatomyoencephalopathy with a high-mortality rate. We report a previously healthy, 2-year-old girl who developed acute liver failure after fresh seed ingestion. Without a specific antidote, we decided to impl...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Getsuwan S,Tanpowpong P,Trakulsrichai S,Sornmayura P,Treepongkaruna S

    更新日期:2020-11-23 00:00:00

  • Seroprevalence of Toxocariasis in Children with Urticaria: A Population-based Study.

    abstract:Objective:This study described the prevalence of IgG class antibodies against Toxocara spp. and their association with urticaria in 2- to 12-year-old children. Methods:This population-based cross-sectional study was conducted between May 2012 and September 2014. The study sample comprised 168 children. Blood samples w...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Matos Fialho PM,Correa CRS,Lescano SZ

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Circulating growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and free thyroxine, GH response to clonidine provocation and CT scanning of the hypothalamic-pituitary area in children with sickle cell disease.

    abstract::Serum growth hormone (GH), cortisol, free thyroxine (FT4), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), and insulin like growth factor I (IGF-I) concentrations were measured in 15 children with sickle cell disease (SCD) together with their heights < 5th percentile for age and gender, and in 15 healthy age-matched children who h...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Soliman AT,Darwish A,Mohammed SH,Bassiony MR,el Banna N,Asfour M

    更新日期:1995-10-01 00:00:00

  • Brucellar meningitis in an infant--evidence for human breast milk transmission.

    abstract::Brucellar meningitis is relatively uncommon, especially in children younger than 1 year. We present another case of meningitis due to Brucella melitensis biotype 1 in a 11-month-old infant transmitted by breast milk. This is the first report of successful isolation of B. melitensis from the breast milk in the literatu...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tikare NV,Mantur BG,Bidari LH

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Head and chest circumferences as predictors of low birth weight in Indian babies.

    abstract::This study attempts to select predictors for indirect estimation of low birth weight from three important anthropometric measurements (viz. body length, head and chest circumferences) taken at birth. The data of 422 Indian low birth weight babies have been used to select the best combination of predictors by examining...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Verma SS,Ghadiok AK,Kishore N,Singh OP

    更新日期:1996-06-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of failure of nasal continuous positive airway pressure in treatment of preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome.

    abstract::A case-control study was carried out on 97 consecutive preterm (< 37 weeks) infants to determine predictors associated with failure of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Logistic regression analysis showed that only three risk factors were signific...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boo NY,Zuraidah AL,Lim NL,Zulfiqar MA

    更新日期:2000-06-01 00:00:00

  • Aspergillus fumigatus specific antibodies in multitransfused children with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in relation to serum levels of Interleukin-2, gamma Interferon and tumour necrosis factor.

    abstract::Anti-Aspergillus fumigatus antibodies (IgG and IgE class) and serum levels of cytokines (gamma Interferon, Interleukin-2 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha) were studied in multitransfused (MT) children in relation to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The specific antibodies to Aspergillus fumigatus were pre...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhatnagar PK,Chattopadhya D,Sharma GL,Madan T,Sarma PU

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • Association between functional gastrointestinal diseases and exposure to abuse in teenagers.

    abstract::Abdominal pain-predominant functional gastrointestinal diseases (AP-FGD) are common in children and commonly attributed to exposure to child abuse. However, this relationship has not been studied in teenagers, and the main objective of the current study was to assess it. Teenagers were recruited from four randomly sel...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Devanarayana NM,Rajindrajith S,Perera MS,Nishanthanie SW,Karunanayake A,Benninga MA

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Longitudinal study in biochemical composition of human milk during first year of lactation.

    abstract::The composition (total solids, total protein, casein, coagulable proteins, lactose, fat, and ash) and mineral content (calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, magnesium, zinc, and copper) of human milk was estimated longitudinally for the first year of lactation. Concentration of various nutrients, except zinc and cop...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nagra SA

    更新日期:1989-06-01 00:00:00

  • Henoch-Schonlein purpura: clinical experience and contemplations on a streptococcal association.

    abstract::Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP) is a common cause of vasculitis in children. The role of an antecedent streptococcal infection is still controversial. The aim of this study is to verify such a relationship, as well as to provide a profile of the clinical features and the magnitude of this disorder in Jordan. We identif...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: al-Sheyyab M,el-Shanti H,Ajlouni S,Batieha A,Daoud AS

    更新日期:1996-08-01 00:00:00

  • Seroepidemiology of rubella in Saudi Arabia.

    abstract::The seroepidemiology of infection due to rubella virus in Saudi Arabia was investigated in various age groups including unvaccinated children (newborn to 15 years of age) using a newer rubella antibody test system, the ELISA with maximum sensitivity and reliability. The assessment of the immune status indicated the lo...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hossain A

    更新日期:1989-08-01 00:00:00

  • Role of social factors in the prevalence of diarrhoeal diseases in under-five Saudi children.

    abstract::Social factors influencing diarrhoea prevalence rates, in Saudi communities, were studied during 1991 taking statistically representative samples from the whole population. The factors included mother's age, child's age, birth order, parent's education, feeding pattern, and urban, rural, and regional residences. This ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: al-Mazrou YY,Khan MU,Aziz KM,Farag MK,al-Jefry M

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Mutations in Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine resistance transporter and multidrug resistance genes, and treatment outcomes in Ghanaian children with uncomplicated malaria.

    abstract::The association between the clinical outcome of chloroquine treatment and mutations in the putative Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine resistance transporter (Pfcrt) gene at codon 76 and multidrug resistance gene 1 (Pf mdr1) at codon 86 were investigated among 406 children with uncomplicated malaria presenting at five ...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Duah NO,Wilson MD,Ghansah A,Abuaku B,Edoh D,Quashie NB,Koram KA

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of breastfeeding practices on respiratory and diarrhoeal disease in infancy: a study from Sri Lanka.

    abstract::A hospital-based descriptive recall study was conducted to assess the relationship, if any, between breastfeeding practices and morbidity from respiratory and diarrhoeal diseases in infants. A total of 343 infants (285 admitted patients and 58 controls) were recruited. Clinical and sociodemographic data and details re...

    journal_title:Journal of tropical pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Perera BJ,Ganesan S,Jayarasa J,Ranaweera S

    更新日期:1999-04-01 00:00:00