Respiratory Syncytial Virus Coinfections With Rhinovirus and Human Bocavirus in Hospitalized Children.

Abstract:

:It is not clearly established if coinfections are more severe than single viral respiratory infections.The aim of the study was to study and to compare simple infections and viral coinfections of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in hospitalized children.From September 2005 to August 2013, a prospective study was conducted on children younger than 14 years of age, admitted with respiratory infection to the Pediatric Department of the Severo Ochoa Hospital, in Spain. Specimens of nasopharyngeal aspirate were taken for virological study by using polymerase chain reaction, and clinical data were recorded. Simple RSV infections were selected and compared with double infections of RSV with rhinovirus (RV) or with human bocavirus (HBoV).In this study, 2993 episodes corresponding to 2525 children were analyzed. At least 1 virus was detected in 77% (2312) of the episodes. Single infections (599 RSV, 513 RV, and 81 HBoV) were compared with 120 RSV-RV and 60 RSV-HBoV double infections. The RSV-RV coinfections had fever (63% vs 43%; P < 0.001) and hypoxia (70% vs 43%; P < 0.001) more often than RV infections. Hypoxia was similar between single or dual infections (71%). Bronchiolitis was more frequent in the RSV simple group (P < 0.001). Pediatric intensive care unit admission was more common in RSV simple or RSV-RV groups than in the RV monoinfection (P = 0.042).Hospitalization was longer for both RSV simple group and RSV-HBoV coinfection, lasting about 1 day (4.7 vs 3.8 days; P < 0.001) longer than in simple HBoV infections. There were no differences in PICU admission. RSV single group was of a younger age than the other groups.Coinfections between RSV-RV and RSV-HBoV are frequent. Overall viral coinfections do not present greater severity, but have mixed clinical features.

journal_name

Medicine (Baltimore)

journal_title

Medicine

authors

Calvo C,García-García ML,Pozo F,Paula G,Molinero M,Calderón A,González-Esguevillas M,Casas I

doi

10.1097/MD.0000000000001788

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-10-01 00:00:00

pages

e1788

issue

42

eissn

0025-7974

issn

1536-5964

pii

00005792-201510030-00059

journal_volume

94

pub_type

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