Global use of the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index.


BACKGROUND:Although the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index has been endorsed as a gauge of the quality of the nursing practice environment by several organizations in the United States promoting healthcare quality, there is no literature describing its use in different practice settings and countries. OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this study was to inform research by describing the modifications and use of the scale in a variety of practice settings and countries. METHODS:The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and the PubMed databases were searched for the years 2002-2010 to identify 37 research reports published since 2002 describing use, modification, and scoring variations in different practice settings and countries. RESULTS:The scale was modified for 10 practice settings in five countries and translated into three languages. Composite scores ranged from 2.48 to 3.17 (on a 1-4 scale). The Staffing and Resource Adequacy subscale most often scored lowest. A new Nursing Information Technology subscale has been developed. New scoring methods to identify the favorability of practice environments are described. Over time, the nature of the research conducted using the measure has changed. Overall, most publications report significant associations between scale scores and multiple nurse, patient, and organizational outcomes. DISCUSSION:Scale use is growing across different clinical settings and countries. Recommendations for future research use include reducing scale length, using consistent scoring methods, considering the impact of various modifications on the basis of cultural and clinical setting nuances, and using the measure in longitudinal and intervention research designs.


Nurs Res


Nursing research


Warshawsky NE,Havens DS




Has Abstract


2011-01-01 00:00:00












  • The influence of relationships on children's and adolescents' participation in research.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Since the 1950s, children and adolescents have been defined as a vulnerable group for research participation. In 1998, federal mandates were issued to include children in clinical research. OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe children and adolescents' understanding of research a...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Broome ME,Richards DJ

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Poverty, Toxic Stress, and Education in Children Born Preterm.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Preterm birth, defined as birth before the completion of 37 weeks of gestation, is a multifactorial global epidemic with psychosocial, economic, and physical ramifications affecting the child, family, and community at large. Toxic stress-the results of exposure to adverse childhood experiences-results in cha...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kelly MM,Li K

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Measure of attitude toward menopause using the semantic differential model.

    abstract::A semantic differential instrument that measures adult women's attitudes toward menopause was constructed and validated. A volunteer sample of 504 women, 18 years or older, completed the pilot instrument of 45 bipolar adjective scales. A principal components factor analysis revealed 20 scales that loaded on one domina...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bowles C

    更新日期:1986-03-01 00:00:00

  • Measurement of safe sex behavior in adolescents and young adults.

    abstract::The aim of this project was to develop an instrument to measure use of safe sex practices among adolescents and to conduct initial evaluation of the psychometric properties of the instrument. The Safe Sex Behavior Questionnaire (SSBQ) was designed to measure the frequency of use of safe sex practices and was assessed ...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: DiIorio C,Parsons M,Lehr S,Adame D,Carlone J

    更新日期:1992-07-01 00:00:00

  • Calming music and hand massage with agitated elderly.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Agitated behavior is a widespread problem that adversely affects the health of nursing home residents and increases the cost of their care. OBJECTIVE:To examine whether modifying environmental stimuli by the use of calming music and hand massage affects agitated behavior in persons with dementia. METHOD:A ...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Remington R

    更新日期:2002-09-01 00:00:00

  • Pessimism and optimism as early warning signs for compromised health for caregivers of patients with Parkinson's disease.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Although pessimism and optimism are associated with health-related outcomes, the long-term effects of pessimism and optimism in the caregiving process are understudied, and little is known about their role in health changes over time. OBJECTIVE:To determine whether pessimism and optimism can be used as earl...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lyons KS,Stewart BJ,Archbold PG,Carter JH,Perrin NA

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and Predictors of Depression Among People Living With HIV/AIDS: A National Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Depression is prevalent among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), but there are few longitudinal studies investigating the prevalence of depression among HIV respondents in Taiwan. OBJECTIVES:This study examined the trend in the prevalence of depression and its main predictors among PLWHA in Taiwan. METHO...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lu HF,Hsiao FH,Sheng WH,Liao SC,Wu PY,Yang YL,Chang NT

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • Structural model for osteoporosis preventing behavior in postmenopausal women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Osteoporosis prevention behaviors (OPBs) can prevent and delay bone deterioration; dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan can identify osteoporosis and provide personal osteoporosis risk information that may promote prevention behaviors. OBJECTIVES:This study was designed to estimate relationships betw...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Estok PJ,Sedlak CA,Doheny MO,Hall R

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • An overview of nursing research in the United States.

    abstract::In a four-part article, historical perspectives (part I) are reviewed, the development of nursing research in education (part II) is outlined, the contribution of nursing research to practice (part III) is traced, and research resources (part IV) which made the growth possible are described. ...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Gortner SR,Nahm H

    更新日期:1977-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive-affective consequences of grading versus nongrading of formative evaluations.

    abstract::In testing the effect of grading versus nongrading of formative evaluations on cognitive learning and affective behaviors of graduate nursing students the following hypotheses were formulated: The experimental (E) group will learn and demonstrate affective behaviors significantly more than control I (CI) and II (CII) ...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huckabay LM

    更新日期:1979-05-01 00:00:00

  • Rewards, costs, and coping of African American caregivers.

    abstract::African American female caregivers who provided care to an elderly demented or confused relative (n = 83) were interviewed to explore the relationships between the caregiver's confrontive, emotive, and palliative coping and household income, relationship to the elder, perceived caregiving demands, quality of social su...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Picot SJ

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • Efficacy of nurse case-managed intervention for latent tuberculosis among homeless subsamples.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The efficacy of a nurse case-managed intervention was evaluated in subsamples of participants with one of the following characteristics: female gender, African American ethnicity, recruited from a homeless shelter, a history of military service, lifetime injection drug use, daily alcohol and drug use, poor p...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Nyamathi A,Nahid P,Berg J,Burrage J,Christiani A,Aqtash S,Morisky D,Leake B

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • The use of the intention-to-treat principle in nursing clinical trials.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In randomized controlled trials (RCTs), the intention-to-treat (ITT) principle, which involves maintaining study participants in the treatment groups to which they were randomized regardless of postrandomization withdrawal, is the recommended analytic approach for preserving the integrity of randomization, y...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Polit DF,Gillespie BM

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Structural model for quality of life of patients with chronic cardiovascular disease in Korea.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Health promotion among those with chronic illness has been proposed as a strategy to contain health care cost and enhance quality of life (QOL), but little research has been done in Korea on QOL focused on health promotion of patients with chronic cardiovascular disease (CCVD). OBJECTIVES:This study was des...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Han KS,Lee SJ,Park ES,Park YJ,Cheol KH

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00

  • Toward self-integration: the recovery process of chemically dependent nurses.

    abstract::This qualitative field research explored and described the process of recovery for chemically dependent nurses. Data collection methods included participant observation in a chemically dependent nurses' self-help group for one year and in-depth interviews with 20 chemically dependent nurses who were in the process of ...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hutchinson SA

    更新日期:1987-11-01 00:00:00

  • Sleep Quality Associated With Motor Function Among Older Adult Survivors of Critical Illness.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Poor sleep is associated with worse motor function in older adults. Sleep may affect motor function specifically among older adults recovering from critical illness after transfer out of an intensive care unit (ICU). OBJECTIVES:Describe motor function (grip strength) of older ICU survivors and explore relat...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elías MN,Munro CL,Liang Z

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • Testing the reliability and validity of the Self-Efficacy for Exercise scale.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The measure for self-efficacy barriers to exercise was developed for adults and revised on the basis of quantitative and qualitative research with older adults so it would be more appropriate for that age group. OBJECTIVES:To test the reliability and validity of the Self-Efficacy for Exercise (SEE) Scale. ...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Resnick B,Jenkins LS

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • Coping in hospitalized children: an analysis of published case studies.

    abstract::This study examined the range of coping behaviors identified by the authors of 39 published case studies of hospitalized children age 20 months to 10 years and the pattern of coping revealed when the behaviors described in the published studies were analyzed according to the category system based on the Lazarus stress...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Caty S,Ellerton ML,Ritchie JA

    更新日期:1984-09-01 00:00:00

  • Parental sensitivity to infants and toddlers in dual-earner and single-earner families.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Concerns have been raised about the effects of maternal employment on parent-child relations. Some researchers have concluded that maternal employment status has no effect on children's maternal attachments; others have found that full-time employment initiated in the first year of life is associated with in...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Broom BL

    更新日期:1998-05-01 00:00:00

  • A diffusion survey of coronary precautions.

    abstract::A national survey of a stratified random sample (n = 240) of accredited hospitals with critical care units (CCU) was conducted in order to describe the current practice of restrictions imposed upon myocardial infarction (MI) patients. A cross-sectional correlational survey with a two-stage mailing was used. The first-...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kirchhoff KT

    更新日期:1982-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of three groin compression methods on patient discomfort, distress, and vascular complications following a percutaneous coronary intervention procedure.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Incidence of vascular complications (VCs) after sheath removal following a percutaneous coronary intervention procedure (PCIP) vary widely by the compression method used to achieve femoral artery hemostasis. OBJECTIVE:To determine if one groin compression method causes the least discomfort and distress for ...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Chlan LL,Sabo J,Savik K

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • The psychometric characteristics of the IPR inventory: data from rural Western Australia. Interpersonal Relationships Inventory.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Although there is evidence of the psychometric adequacy of the Interpersonal Relationships Inventory (IPRI), the scale was validated on urban North American samples and may function differently in populations that do not share urban United States attitudes toward the giving and receiving of social support. ...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kane RT,Day C

    更新日期:1999-11-01 00:00:00

  • Employment, family roles, and mental ill health in young married women.

    abstract::Women are entering the labor force at unprecedented rates, many combining employment with their roles as wives and mothers. The purpose of this study was to determine if the complement of women's roles was associated with negative mental health effects. It was hypothesized that multiple roles would have negative effec...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Woods NF

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • The nurse practitioner: role, physician utilization, patient acceptance.

    abstract::A comprehensive study of nurse practitioners was undertaken by the University of Virginia Schools of Medicine and Nursing in the summer of 1974 to evaluate nurse practitioner training programs of the University of Virginia and to determine the effectiveness and responsibilities of nurse practitioners in various practi...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levine JI,Orr ST,Sheatsley DW,Lohr JA,Brodie BM

    更新日期:1978-07-01 00:00:00

  • The process and outcome of life review psychotherapy with depressed homebound older adults.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to examine the process and outcomes of life review therapy provided by an advanced practice geropsychiatric nurse to older adults discharged from psychiatric hospitals to home health care. Eighty older adults over 65 years of age with a primary diagnosis of depression were treated at home...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McDougall GJ,Buxen CE,Suen LJ

    更新日期:1997-09-01 00:00:00

  • A theory of taking care of oneself grounded in experiences of homeless youth.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Homeless adolescents are vulnerable to poor health outcomes owing to the dangerous and stressful environments in which they live. Despite their vulnerability, many of them are motivated to engage in self-care behaviors. OBJECTIVE:The specific aim of this study was to explore self-care attitudes and behavior...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rew L

    更新日期:2003-07-01 00:00:00

  • Translating the diabetes prevention program to primary care: a pilot study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Research on the translation of efficacious lifestyle change programs to prevent type 2 diabetes into community or clinical settings is needed. OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to examine the reach, implementation, and efficacy of a 6-month lifestyle program implemented in primary care by nurse prac...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Whittemore R,Melkus G,Wagner J,Dziura J,Northrup V,Grey M

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Examining test-retest reliability: an intra-class correlation approach.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There are limitations of inter-class correlation (usually, the Pearson's product-moment correlation) in evaluating reliability of an instrument. An intra-class correlation approach would be appropriate to examine the test-retest reliability of an instrument. OBJECTIVES:To introduce an intra-class correlatio...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Yen M,Lo LH

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • African American women, metabolic syndrome, and national cholesterol education program criteria: a pilot study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The association between elevated levels of triglycerides and insulin may be weaker in African American women (AAW) than in women of other groups, leading to under diagnosis of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in AAW when using the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) criteria, as those criteria do not ...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Appel SJ,Floyd NA,Giger JN,Weaver MT,Luo H,Hannah T,Ovalle F

    更新日期:2005-09-01 00:00:00

  • Qualitative research publication rates in top-ranked nursing journals: 2002-2011.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Journal publication is the traditional means of disseminating research. Few top-ranked general medical and health services and policy research journals publish qualitative research. OBJECTIVES:This study examined qualitative research publication rates in top-ranked nursing journals with varying characterist...

    journal_title:Nursing research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gagliardi AR,Umoquit M,Webster F,Dobrow M

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00