Cancer survival disparities worsening by socio-economic disadvantage over the last 3 decades in new South Wales, Australia.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Public concerns are commonly expressed about widening health gaps. This cohort study examines variations and trends in cancer survival by socio-economic disadvantage, geographical remoteness and country of birth in an Australian population over a 30-year period. METHODS:Data for cases diagnosed in New South Wales (NSW) in 1980-2008 (n = 651,245) were extracted from the population-based NSW Cancer Registry. Competing risk regression models, using the Fine & Gray method, were used for comparative analyses to estimate sub-hazard ratios (SHR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) among people diagnosed with cancer. RESULTS:Increased risk of cancer death was associated with living in the most socio-economically disadvantaged areas compared with the least disadvantaged areas (SHR 1.15, 95% CI 1.13-1.17), and in outer regional/remote areas compared with major cities (SHR 1.05, 95% CI 1.03-1.06). People born outside Australia had a similar or lower risk of cancer death than Australian-born (SHR 0.99, 95% CI 0.98-1.01 and SHR 0.91, 95% CI 0.90-0.92 for people born in other English and non-English speaking countries, respectively). An increasing comparative risk of cancer death was observed over time when comparing the most with the least socio-economically disadvantaged areas (SHR 1.07, 95% CI 1.04-1.10 for 1980-1989; SHR 1.14, 95% CI 1.12-1.17 for 1990-1999; and SHR 1.24, 95% CI 1.21-1.27 for 2000-2008; p < 0.001 for interaction between disadvantage quintile and year of diagnosis). CONCLUSIONS:There is a widening gap in comparative risk of cancer death by level of socio-economic disadvantage that warrants a policy response and further examination of reasons behind these disparities.

journal_name

BMC Public Health

journal_title

BMC public health

authors

Tervonen HE,Aranda S,Roder D,You H,Walton R,Morrell S,Baker D,Currow DC

doi

10.1186/s12889-017-4692-y

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2017-09-14 00:00:00

pages

691

issue

1

issn

1471-2458

pii

10.1186/s12889-017-4692-y

journal_volume

17

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Factors associated with hepatitis B vaccine series completion in a randomized trial for injection drug users reached through syringe exchange programs in three US cities.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a vaccine preventable infection yet vaccination rates are low among injection drug users (IDUs) despite the high risk of infection and longstanding recommendations to promote vaccination. We sought to improve vaccination rates by reaching IDUs through syringe exchange programs (SEP...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-820

    authors: Bowman S,Grau LE,Singer M,Scott G,Heimer R

    更新日期:2014-08-09 00:00:00

  • Effect of social mobility in family financial situation and housing tenure on mental health conditions among South Australian adults: results from a population health surveillance system, 2009 to 2011.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:To assess the association of socioeconomic position (SEP), measured by family financial situation and housing tenure in childhood and adulthood, with mental health conditions in adulthood. METHODS:Representative cross-sectional population data were collected using a risk factor surveillance system in South ...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/s12889-015-2022-9

    authors: Dal Grande E,Chittleborough CR,Wu J,Shi Z,Goldney RD,Taylor AW

    更新日期:2015-07-17 00:00:00

  • Changes in sexual desires and behaviours of people living with HIV after initiation of ART: implications for HIV prevention and health promotion.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:As immune compromised HIV sero-positive people regain health after initiating antiretroviral treatment (ART), they may seek a return to an active 'normal' life, including sexual activity. The aim of the paper is to explore the changing sexual desires and behaviour of people on ART in Uganda over a 30 month p...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-633

    authors: Wamoyi J,Mbonye M,Seeley J,Birungi J,Jaffar S

    更新日期:2011-08-08 00:00:00

  • Physical activity, screen viewing time, and overweight/obesity among Chinese children and adolescents: an update from the 2017 physical activity and fitness in China-the youth study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:With increases in inactive lifestyles and mounting pressure for academic excellence in Chinese younger populations, lack of physical activity and increased prevalence of obesity have become a major public health concern in China. The purpose of this study is to provide updated estimates on the prevalence of ...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/s12889-019-6515-9

    authors: Zhu Z,Tang Y,Zhuang J,Liu Y,Wu X,Cai Y,Wang L,Cao ZB,Chen P

    更新日期:2019-02-15 00:00:00

  • Low utilization of health care services following screening for hypertension in Dar es Salaam (Tanzania): a prospective population-based study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Drug therapy in high-risk individuals has been advocated as an important strategy to reduce cardiovascular disease in low income countries. We determined, in a low-income urban population, the proportion of persons who utilized health services after having been diagnosed as hypertensive and advised to seek h...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-407

    authors: Bovet P,Gervasoni JP,Mkamba M,Balampama M,Lengeler C,Paccaud F

    更新日期:2008-12-16 00:00:00

  • Awareness and knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among school-going adolescents in Europe: a systematic review of published literature.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a major health problem affecting mostly young people, not only in developing, but also in developed countries.We conducted this systematic review to determine awareness and knowledge of school-going male and female adolescents in Europe of STDs and if possible, how th...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-727

    authors: Samkange-Zeeb FN,Spallek L,Zeeb H

    更新日期:2011-09-25 00:00:00

  • Relationship power and HIV sero-status: an analysis of their relationship among low-income urban Zimbabwean postpartum women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:HIV disproportionately infects women in many regions. Zimbabwe is one of the countries, most heavily affected. Unequal gender power relations between men and women can increase women's vulnerability to HIV. The aim of this paper was to determine the relationship between gender power and HIV sero-status among...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/s12889-019-7137-y

    authors: Rwafa T,Shamu S,Christofides N

    更新日期:2019-06-21 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with early menarche: results from the French Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Puberty is a transition period making physiological development a challenge adolescents have to face. Early pubertal development could be associated with higher risks of poor health. Our objective was to examine risk behaviours, physical and psychological determinants associated with early menarche (<11 year...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-175

    authors: Gaudineau A,Ehlinger V,Vayssiere C,Jouret B,Arnaud C,Godeau E

    更新日期:2010-03-30 00:00:00

  • Postcode lotteries in public health--the NHS Health Checks Programme in North West London.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Postcode lotteries in health refer to differences in health care between different geographic areas. These have been previously associated with clinical services. However there has been little documentation of postcode lotteries relating to preventative health care services. This paper describes a postcode l...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-738

    authors: Graley CE,May KF,McCoy DC

    更新日期:2011-09-28 00:00:00

  • Reducing diarrhoea deaths in South Africa: costs and effects of scaling up essential interventions to prevent and treat diarrhoea in under-five children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Diarrhoea is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in South African children, accounting for approximately 20% of under-five deaths. Though progress has been made in scaling up multiple interventions to reduce diarrhoea in the last decade, challenges still remain. In this paper, we model the c...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/s12889-015-1689-2

    authors: Chola L,Michalow J,Tugendhaft A,Hofman K

    更新日期:2015-04-17 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of the integrated disease surveillance and response system for infectious diseases control in northern Ghana.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Well-functioning surveillance systems are crucial for effective disease control programs. The Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy was developed and adopted in 1998 for Africa as a comprehensive public health approach and subsequently, Ghana adopted the IDSR technical guidelines in 20...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/s12889-015-1397-y

    authors: Adokiya MN,Awoonor-Williams JK,Barau IY,Beiersmann C,Mueller O

    更新日期:2015-02-04 00:00:00

  • An analysis of hospital preparedness capacity for public health emergency in four regions of China: Beijing, Shandong, Guangxi, and Hainan.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hospital preparedness is critical for the early detection and management of public health emergency (PHE). Understanding the current status of PHE preparedness is the first step in planning to enhance hospitals' capacities for emergency response. The objective of this study is to understand the current statu...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-319

    authors: Li X,Huang J,Zhang H

    更新日期:2008-09-20 00:00:00

  • Number and appraisal of daily hassles and life events in young adulthood: the association with physical activity and screen time: a longitudinal cohort study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Young adults face radical life changes regarding residence, marriage, family and work that may negatively impact their health behaviours. Therefore, we investigated the associations of the number of daily hassles and life events and their subjective appraisal with physical activity and screen time in young a...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-1067

    authors: Uijtdewilligen L,Singh AS,Chinapaw MJ,Koppes LL,van Mechelen W,Twisk JW

    更新日期:2014-10-13 00:00:00

  • Developing the Moti-4 intervention, assessing its feasibility and pilot testing its effectiveness.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The Moti-4 intervention was developed to prevent addiction and other health problems among vulnerable adolescent cannabis users. The aims of Moti-4 are to reduce the use of cannabis among adolescents and to encourage their motivation to change their behavior. METHODS:Intervention Mapping, a systematic appro...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/s12889-015-1826-y

    authors: Dupont HB,Lemmens P,Adriana G,van de Mheen D,de Vries NK

    更新日期:2015-05-21 00:00:00

  • Understanding attitudes toward adolescent vaccination and the decision-making dynamic among adolescents, parents and providers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:With several new vaccine recommendations specifically targeting adolescents, improving adolescent vaccination rates has become a major health priority. Vaccination attitudes are an important, modifiable target for new interventions. Prior research has examined primarily the attitudes and beliefs of adolescen...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-509

    authors: Gowda C,Schaffer SE,Dombkowski KJ,Dempsey AF

    更新日期:2012-07-07 00:00:00

  • Soil transmitted Helminthiasis and associated risk factors among elementary school children in ambo town, western Ethiopia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are widespread in underdeveloped countries. In Ethiopia, the prevalence and distribution of helminth infection varies by different exposing risk factors. We therefore investigated the prevalence of and risk factors of STHs infection in school children living in Ambo town, we...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/s12889-017-4809-3

    authors: Samuel F,Demsew A,Alem Y,Hailesilassie Y

    更新日期:2017-10-10 00:00:00

  • Smokers' beliefs about the tobacco control potential of "a gene for smoking": a focus group study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Several genetic variations associated with nicotine dependence and lung cancer exist. Translating this knowledge into tobacco control policy relies on smokers' perceptions of the implications of the research. This study explored smokers' beliefs about the tobacco control uses for research examining genomics,...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-1218

    authors: Waters EA,Ball L,Carter K,Gehlert S

    更新日期:2014-11-25 00:00:00

  • Policy lessons from health taxes: a systematic review of empirical studies.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Taxes on alcohol and tobacco have long been an important means of raising revenues for public spending in many countries but there is increasing interest in using taxes on these, and other unhealthy products, to achieve public health goals. We present a systematic review of the research on health taxes, and ...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1186/s12889-017-4497-z

    authors: Wright A,Smith KE,Hellowell M

    更新日期:2017-06-19 00:00:00

  • A systematic examination of the use of online social networking sites for sexual health promotion.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In recent years social networking sites (SNSs) have grown rapidly in popularity. The popularity of these sites, along with their interactive functions, offer a novel environment in which to deliver health promotion messages. The aim of this paper is to examine the extent to which SNSs are currently being use...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-583

    authors: Gold J,Pedrana AE,Sacks-Davis R,Hellard ME,Chang S,Howard S,Keogh L,Hocking JS,Stoove MA

    更新日期:2011-07-21 00:00:00

  • Looking twice at the gender equity index for public health impact.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:It has been shown that gender equity has a positive impact on the everyday activities of people (decision making, income allocation, application and observance of norms/rules) which affect their health. Gender equity is also a crucial determinant of health inequalities at national level; thus, monitoring is ...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-659

    authors: Fernández-Sáez J,Ruiz-Cantero MT,Guijarro-Garví M,Carrasco-Portiño M,Roca-Pérez V,Chilet-Rosell E,Álvarez-Dardet C

    更新日期:2013-07-16 00:00:00

  • The prevalence of exposure to domestic violence and the factors associated with co-occurrence of psychological and physical violence exposure: a sample from primary care patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Since many health problems are associated with abuse and neglect at all ages, domestic violence victims may be considered as a group of primary care patients in need of special attention. METHODS:The aim of this multi-centre study was to assess the prevalence of domestic violence in primary care patients, a...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-621

    authors: Selic P,Pesjak K,Kersnik J

    更新日期:2011-08-04 00:00:00

  • Uptake of HIV testing in Burkina Faso: an assessment of individual and community-level determinants.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Previous studies have highlighted a range of individual determinants associated with HIV testing but few have assessed the role of contextual factors. The objective of this paper is to examine the influence of both individual and community-level determinants of HIV testing uptake in Burkina Faso. METHODS:Us...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/s12889-017-4417-2

    authors: Kirakoya-Samadoulougou F,Jean K,Maheu-Giroux M

    更新日期:2017-05-22 00:00:00

  • A randomised, controlled, two-Centre open-label study in healthy Japanese subjects to evaluate the effect on biomarkers of exposure of switching from a conventional cigarette to a tobacco heating product.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Smoking is a leading cause of numerous human disorders including lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The development of modified risk tobacco products (MRTPs) has been suggested as a possible way to reduce the risks of tobacco smoking by reducing ex...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1186/s12889-017-4678-9

    authors: Gale N,McEwan M,Eldridge AC,Sherwood N,Bowen E,McDermott S,Holmes E,Hedge A,Hossack S,Camacho OM,Errington G,McAughey J,Murphy J,Liu C,Proctor CJ,Fearon IM

    更新日期:2017-08-22 00:00:00

  • Duration of unemployment and depression: a cross-sectional survey in Lithuania.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In spite of a growing economy, unemployment is still a severe socio-economic problem in Lithuania. Nonetheless, no studies have been performed about the associations between unemployment and mental health in Lithuania. The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between unemployment duration and d...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-6-174

    authors: Stankunas M,Kalediene R,Starkuviene S,Kapustinskiene V

    更新日期:2006-07-05 00:00:00

  • Preventive home visits and health--experiences among very old people.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:As more people reach older age, there is a growing interest in improving old person's health, activity, independence and social participation, thereby adding quality to the extended years. Preventive home visits (PHV) programs for old people have received much attention in recent decades. A large body of res...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-378

    authors: Behm L,Ivanoff SD,Zidén L

    更新日期:2013-04-23 00:00:00

  • Low haemoglobin predicts early mortality among adults starting antiretroviral therapy in an HIV care programme in South Africa: a cohort study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has dramatically reduced morbidity and mortality among people with HIV infection; however, mortality after the start of ART is high in resource-limited settings. We investigated risk factors for mortality among adults starting ART in a multi-clinic community programme in South Af...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-433

    authors: Russell EC,Charalambous S,Pemba L,Churchyard GJ,Grant AD,Fielding K

    更新日期:2010-07-23 00:00:00

  • Self-harm in young people with perinatal HIV and HIV negative young people in England: cross sectional analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Self-harm in adolescents is of growing concern internationally but limited evidence exists on the prevalence of self-harm in those living with HIV, who may be at higher risk of poor mental health outcomes. Therefore our aim was to determine the prevalence and predictors of self-harm among young people with p...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/s12889-019-7424-7

    authors: Copelyn J,Thompson LC,Le Prevost M,Castro H,Sturgeon K,Rowson K,Brice S,Foster C,Gibb DM,Judd A,Adolescents and Adults Living with Perinatal HIV (AALPHI) Steering Committee.

    更新日期:2019-08-27 00:00:00

  • Washing our hands of the congenital cytomegalovirus disease epidemic.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Each year in the United States, an estimated 40,000 children are born with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, causing an estimated 400 deaths and leaving approximately 8000 children with permanent disabilities such as hearing or vision loss, or mental retardation. More children are affected by serio...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-5-70

    authors: Cannon MJ,Davis KF

    更新日期:2005-06-20 00:00:00

  • Weight misperception and psychological symptoms from adolescence to young adulthood: longitudinal study of an ethnically diverse UK cohort.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:To evaluate the association between weight misperception and psychological symptoms in the Determinants of young Adults Social well-being and Health (DASH) longitudinal study. METHODS:A longitudinal sample of 3227 adolescents, in 49 secondary schools in London, aged 11-16 years participated in 2002/2003 and...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/s12889-020-08823-1

    authors: Elia C,Karamanos A,Silva MJ,O'Connor M,Lu Y,Dregan A,Huang P,O'Keeffe M,Cruickshank JK,Enayat EZ,Cassidy A,Molaodi OR,Maynard M,Harding S

    更新日期:2020-05-18 00:00:00

  • A social cost-benefit analysis of meat taxation and a fruit and vegetables subsidy for a healthy and sustainable food consumption in the Netherlands.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Implementation of food taxes or subsidies may promote healthier and a more sustainable diet in a society. This study estimates the effects of a tax (15% or 30%) on meat and a subsidy (10%) on fruit and vegetables (F&V) consumption in the Netherlands using a social cost-benefit analysis with a 30-year time ho...

    journal_title:BMC public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1186/s12889-020-08590-z

    authors: Broeks MJ,Biesbroek S,Over EAB,van Gils PF,Toxopeus I,Beukers MH,Temme EHM

    更新日期:2020-05-11 00:00:00