In vitro and in vivo models of drug ototoxicity: studying the mechanisms of a clinical problem.

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION:Drug ototoxicity represents one of the main preventable causes of deafness. Ototoxicity is a trait shared by aminoglycoside and macrolide antibiotics, antimalarial medications, loop diuretics, platinum-based chemotherapeutic agents, some NSAIDs and most recently described, acetaminophen when abused with narcotic medication. These medications are prescribed despite their side effects, which includes inner ear toxicity, because they are life-saving drugs or there is a lack of better treatment. AREAS COVERED:This review will discuss in vitro and in vivo models of ototoxicity highlighting recently published ototoxicity research. The reader will learn the strengths and limitations of different ototoxicity models and what molecular insights have been gained from their application. A better understanding of the cellular mechanisms of these ototoxins will help in the discovery of ways to prevent and treat hearing loss associated with ototoxic medications. EXPERT OPINION:There are benefits to both in vitro and in vivo models of ototoxicity. Research of a particular medication and its ototoxic mechanisms should draw from several models, enabling a better answer to the clinical question of prevention and treatment of inner ear drug toxicity.

authors

Yorgason JG,Luxford W,Kalinec F

doi

10.1517/17425255.2011.614231

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2011-12-01 00:00:00

pages

1521-34

issue

12

eissn

1742-5255

issn

1744-7607

journal_volume

7

pub_type

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