A tumultuous transition to motherhood: Altered brain and hormonal responses in mothers with postpartum depression.

Abstract:

:Postpartum depression (PPD) is a common but complex condition that is poorly understood and multifactorial in aetiology. It is a condition that can compromise the mother's care for her infant, which may pose challenges to the formation of the mother-infant bond and the infant's overall development. Past research has looked at abnormalities in the brain circuitry and hormonal profiles of mothers with PPD compared to non-depressed mothers. However, abnormalities in PPD that may specifically affect the mother's care of her infant have not been clearly assessed. Thus, the present review aims to synthesise studies of altered brain and hormonal responses in mothers with PPD in relation to their care of their infant. First, we review maternal brain responses and their relation to PPD symptomatology, focusing on the salience/fear network, reward/attachment network and default mode network. Next, we discuss oxytocin and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis hormones in the context of maternal behaviour and PPD. Finally, we synthesise these findings and propose how future studies may benefit from the combined study of both neural and hormonal activity to better understand the underlying neurobiology of maternal care in PPD.

journal_name

J Neuroendocrinol

authors

Nguyen AJ,Hoyer E,Rajhans P,Strathearn L,Kim S

doi

10.1111/jne.12794

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-09-01 00:00:00

pages

e12794

issue

9

eissn

0953-8194

issn

1365-2826

journal_volume

31

pub_type

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