Effects of a catalytic converter on PCDD/F, chlorophenol and PAH emissions in residential wood combustion.

Abstract:

:Catalytic converters can be used to decrease carbon monoxide, organic compounds and soot from small-scale wood-fired appliances. The reduction is based on the oxidation of gaseous and particulate pollutants promoted by catalytic transition metal surfaces. However, many transition metals have also strong catalytic effect on PCDD/F formation. In this study birch logs were burned in a wood-fired stove (18 kW) with and without a catalytic converter with palladium and platinum as catalysts. PCDD/F, chlorophenol and PAH concentrations were analyzed from three phases of combustion (ignition, pyrolysis and burnout) and from the whole combustion cycle. PCDD/F emissions without the catalytic converter were at a level previously measured for wood combustion (0.15-0.74 ng N m(-3)). PAH emissions without the catalytic converter were high (47-85 mg N m(-3)) which is typical for batch combustion of wood logs. Total PAH concentrations were lower (on average 0.8-fold), and chlorophenol and PCDD/F levels were substantially higher (4.3-fold and 8.7-fold, respectively) when the catalytic converter was used. Increase in the chlorophenol and PCDD/F concentrations was most likely due to the catalytic effect of the platinum and palladium. Platinum and palladium may catalyze chlorination of PCDD/Fs via the Deacon reaction or an oxidation process. The influence of emissions from wood combustion to human health and the environment is a sum of effects caused by different compounds formed in the combustion. Therefore, the usage of platinum and palladium based catalytic converters to reduce emissions from residential wood combustion should be critically evaluated before wide-range utilization of the technology.

journal_name

Chemosphere

journal_title

Chemosphere

authors

Kaivosoja T,Virén A,Tissari J,Ruuskanen J,Tarhanen J,Sippula O,Jokiniemi J

doi

10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.02.027

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2012-07-01 00:00:00

pages

278-85

issue

3

eissn

0045-6535

issn

1879-1298

pii

S0045-6535(12)00217-2

journal_volume

88

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Trace analysis of polystyrene microplastics in natural waters.

    abstract::The development of quantitative and qualitative analytical methods to assess micro-plastics (MPLs) and nano-plastics (NPLs) content in the environment is a central issue for realistic risk assessment studies. However, the quantitative analysis continues being a critical issue, in particular for MPLs from 100 μm down t...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.07.052

    authors: Schirinzi GF,Llorca M,Seró R,Moyano E,Barceló D,Abad E,Farré M

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Synthesis and characterization of m- and p-methylbenzyl-mercapturic acids derived from m- and p-xylenes.

    abstract::Chemical synthesis and physical properties of two mercapturic acids suggested as urinary metabolites of m- and p-xylenes are described. These compounds may be used for the identification and quantitative determination by high-performance liquid chromatography of the corresponding mercapturic acids in urine. ...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0045-6535(97)00097-0

    authors: Tanaka M,Noda T,Moriwaki H,Tsujimoto Y

    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • A human health risk assessment of rare earth elements in soil and vegetables from a mining area in Fujian Province, Southeast China.

    abstract::Contaminated food through dietary intake has become the main potential risk impacts on human health. This study investigated concentrations of rare earth elements (REEs) in soil, vegetables, human hair and blood, and assessed human health risk through vegetables consumption in the vicinity of a large-scale mining area...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.06.085

    authors: Li X,Chen Z,Chen Z,Zhang Y

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Immobilisation of metal(loid)s in two contaminated soils using micro and nano zerovalent iron particles: Evaluating the long-term stability.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to compare the immobilisation of metal(loid)s in two differently contaminated soils using micro zerovalent iron (ZVI) and nano zerovalent iron (nZVI) particles. Chromated copper arsenate-contaminated soil contained high amounts of As, Cu, Cr, and Zn, whereas mining-contaminated soil contained...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.126054

    authors: Danila V,Kumpiene J,Kasiuliene A,Vasarevičius S

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effective gel-like floc matrix destruction and water seepage for enhancing waste activated sludge dewaterability under hybrid microwave-initiated Fe(II)-persulfate oxidation process.

    abstract::Chemical conditioning before mechanical dewatering is an indispensable step to enhance the waste activated sludge (WAS) dewaterability and solid-liquid separation. Feasibility of utilizing Fe(II)/S2O82- oxidation integrated with microwave irradiation (MW) in improving gel-like floc destruction, water seepage and WAS d...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.01.037

    authors: Zhen G,Wang J,Lu X,Su L,Zhu X,Zhou T,Zhao Y

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • Developmental exposure to Pb2+ induces transgenerational changes to zebrafish brain transcriptome.

    abstract::Lead (Pb2+) is a major public health hazard for urban children, with profound and well-characterized developmental and behavioral implications across the lifespan. The ability of early Pb2+ exposure to induce epigenetic changes is well-established, suggesting that Pb2+-induced neurobehavioral deficits may be heritable...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125527

    authors: Meyer DN,Crofts EJ,Akemann C,Gurdziel K,Farr R,Baker BB,Weber D,Baker TR

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of dispersants on bioconcentration factors of seven organic compounds with different lipophilicities and structures.

    abstract::Seven compounds with different lipophilicities and structures--1,3,5-trichlorobenzene, pentachlorobenzene, acenaphthylene, 1,4-dimethyl-2-(1-methylphenyl)benzene, 4-ethylbiphenyl, 4,4'-dibromobiphenyl, and 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethane--were subjected to bioconcentration tests in carp at concentrations...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.01.044

    authors: Yakata N,Sudo Y,Tadokoro H

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effective swine wastewater treatment by combining microbial fuel cells with flocculation.

    abstract::Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) provide a cost-effective method for treating swine wastewater treatment and simultaneously producing electricity, yet they need to be combined with other wastewater treatment processes to improve the effluent water quality. In this paper, we constructed single-chamber air-cathode MFCs with ...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.05.006

    authors: Ding W,Cheng S,Yu L,Huang H

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Beneficial dual role of biochars in inhibiting soil acidification resulting from nitrification.

    abstract::The dual role of biochar for inhibiting soil acidification induced by nitrification was determined through two-step incubation experiments in this study. Ca(OH)2 or biochar was added respectively to adjust soil pH to the same values (pH 5.15 and 5.85), and then the amended soils were incubated in the presence of urea ...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.06.030

    authors: Shi RY,Ni N,Nkoh JN,Li JY,Xu RK,Qian W

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00

  • Silencing MdGH3-2/12 in apple reduces cadmium resistance via the regulation of AM colonization.

    abstract::Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can form a symbiotic relationship with most terrestrial plant roots, promote plant growth, and heavy metal (HM) tolerance and thus plays a crucial role in phytoremediation. However, research on the relationship between colonization level and HM tolerance is limited. In this study, ap...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.129407

    authors: Huang D,Wang Q,Zou Y,Ma M,Jing G,Ma F,Li C

    更新日期:2020-12-22 00:00:00

  • Biogenic and anthropogenic organic components of Saharan sands.

    abstract::Till now, the Sahara desert sands have scarcely characterized for their organic contents, despite they are known to heavily affect Europe and America when transported by winds. In this study, the composition of sands collected in ten oasis lying in two regions of the Algerian Sahara during 2011 was investigated with r...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.02.069

    authors: Balducci C,Ladji R,Muto V,Romagnoli P,Yassaa N,Cecinato A

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Chemical characterization, sources and potential health risk of PM2.5 and PM1 pollution across the Greater Athens Area.

    abstract::With the principal aim to assess the typical Mediterranean profile of the PM2.5 and PM1 pollution, three intensive monitoring campaigns took place simultaneously within different types of environment across an urban location of the basin. Focusing on the PM components with numerous anthropogenic sources and increased ...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125026

    authors: Pateraki S,Asimakopoulos DN,Maggos T,Assimakopoulos VD,Bougiatioti A,Bairachtari K,Vasilakos C,Mihalopoulos N

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Kinetics of phenanthrene desorption from activated carbons to water.

    abstract::We determined the kinetics of phenanthrene desorption from three activated carbons to water using Tenax beads as an infinite sink for organic compounds in water. Desorption kinetic data very well fitted a biphasic kinetic model based on the presence of two different adsorption sites, viz. low-energy sites and high-ene...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.01.048

    authors: Morelis S,van Noort PC

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Organophosphorus pollutants (OPP) in aquatic environment at Damietta Governorate, Egypt: implications for monitoring and biomarker responses.

    abstract::The study was carried out from spring 1999 to spring 2001 to monitor the residue levels of organophosphorus pollutants (OPP) in aquatic environment of the drainage canal surrounding a pesticide factory at Damietta Governorate. Water, sediment, and fish samples were collected at six different seasonal periods. OPPs wer...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.09.019

    authors: Abdel-Halim KY,Salama AK,El-Khateeb EN,Bakry NM

    更新日期:2006-06-01 00:00:00

  • Compilation and analysis of types and concentrations of airborne chemicals measured in various indoor and outdoor human environments.

    abstract::The main purpose of this article is to summarize and illustrate the results of a literature search on the types, levels, relative concentrations, concentration spread of individual chemicals, and number of airborne compounds (mostly volatile organic compounds, VOCs) that have been found, measured, and reported both in...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.12.089

    authors: Cometto-Muñiz JE,Abraham MH

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Application of co-composted biochar significantly improved plant-growth relevant physical/chemical properties of a metal contaminated soil.

    abstract::A woody-biochar was added to waste biomass during a composting process. The resulting compost-char was amended to a metal contaminated soil and two plant species, L. perenne and E. sativa, were grown in a pot experiment to determine 1) plant survival and stress factors, 2) uptake of metals to plants and, 3) chemical c...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125255

    authors: Teodoro M,Trakal L,Gallagher BN,Šimek P,Soudek P,Pohořelý M,Beesley L,Jačka L,Kovář M,Seyedsadr S,Mohan D

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of modified Fenton treatment on the thermal behavior of contaminated harbor sediments.

    abstract::This study presents the results of experimental Fenton-like treatments conducted on marine sediment slurries (2g sediment vs. 20 ml liquid). The sediment was collected in a harbor situated in a high density industrial area, characterized by a great hydrocarbon C>12 and PAHs contamination. The investigated parameters w...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.11.034

    authors: Mecozzi R,Palma LD,Filippis PD

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Characterization of nanofilm spray products by mass spectrometry.

    abstract::The use of nanofilm spray products (NFPs) has been associated with a number of severe cases of airway injuries; however, the causative agents are unknown. To identify possible causative agents, 10 products from three different suppliers have been analysed using two mass spectrometric methods: (1) ESI-MS and ESI-MS/MS;...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.06.004

    authors: Nørgaard AW,Wolkoff P,Lauritsen FR

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Heavy metal accumulation in Halimione portulacoides: intra- and extra-cellular metal binding sites.

    abstract::Salt marsh plants can sequestrate and inherently tolerate high metal concentrations found in salt marsh sediments. This work intended to understand the Halimione portulacoides (L.) Aellen strategies to prevent metal toxicity, by investigating the metal location in different plant organs and in the cell. A sequential e...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.07.012

    authors: Sousa AI,Caçador I,Lillebø AI,Pardal MA

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • A highly facile and selective Chemo-Paper-Sensor (CPS) for detection of strontium.

    abstract::Chemosensors have attracted increasing attention for their usefulness on-site detection and monitoring. In this study, we elucidated a novel, facile, and highly selective Chemo-Paper-Sensor (CPS) for detection and monitoring of strontium (Sr(2+)) ions, which means a potent colorimetric sensor based on a Chrysoidine G ...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.02.110

    authors: Kang SM,Jang SC,Huh YS,Lee CS,Roh C

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Antioxidative defense mechanism against lead-induced phytotoxicity in Fagopyrum kashmirianum.

    abstract::The effect of lead (Pb)-induced oxidative stress was investigated in Fagopyrum kashmirianum. The seedlings absorbed the Pb readily by showing time (15 and 30 days) and concentration (0, 100, 200 and 300 μM) dependent effects. Pb caused reduction in both root and shoot lengths but its accumulation was more in roots (22...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.10.131

    authors: Hakeem KR,Alharby HF,Rehman R

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • A review of environmental and health effects of organochlorine pesticide residues in Africa.

    abstract::Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) are generally categorized as chlorinated cyclodienes, chlorodiphenylethanes, chlorinated benzenes and cyclohexanes. The presence of OCP residues in foodstuffs, water, soil, sediments, blood serum and air has generated a surge of global interest. This is due to their severe environmenta...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.01.001

    authors: Taiwo AM

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of PCDD/F and coplanar PCB concentrations in Japanese human adipose tissue collected in 1970-1971, 1994-1996 and 2000.

    abstract::Concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and coplanar biphenyls (Co-PCBs) were determined in Japanese human adipose tissues. Temporal trends were assessed by comparing data collected during 1970-1971, 1994-1996 and 2000. Mean TEQ levels of PCDD/Fs in human adipose tissue showe...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0045-6535(02)00008-5

    authors: Choi JW,Miyabara Y,Hashimoto S,Morita M

    更新日期:2002-05-01 00:00:00

  • PAHs in Indian diet: Assessing the cancer risk.

    abstract::Food products such as bread, biscuits, tea, coffee, oils, chocolates, grapes, pepper and fishes belonging to different categories represent a significant part of everyday diet in India and other countries having variable cooking techniques. In this study, we evaluated cancer risks of long term exposure to polycyclic a...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.03.100

    authors: Singh L,Agarwal T

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Calcium carbonate deposits and microbial assemblages on microplastics in oligotrophic freshwaters.

    abstract::Microplastics are solid polymer particles with a wide variety of surface properties, found in most waterbodies, and known as carriers of distinct microbial communities affecting the fate of the particles in the environment. Little is known about the formation of mineral deposits on microplastics and how these deposits...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.128942

    authors: Kniggendorf AK,Nogueira R,Lorey C,Roth B

    更新日期:2021-03-01 00:00:00

  • Chemical industry reduces emissions--from production to the consumer.

    abstract::Responsible care has always been an important issue at a chemical industry like Bayer. In recent years, the company has made extensive efforts to further improve its products and processes with regard to environmental protection and safety. In this contribution, a number of examples will highlight recent achievements ...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0045-6535(00)00318-0

    authors: Hugl H,Gürtler C

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00

  • Diagnosis of dissolved organic matter removal by GAC treatment in biologically treated papermill effluents using advanced organic characterisation techniques.

    abstract::Granular activated carbon (GAC) exhaustion rates on pulp and paper effluent from South East Australia were found to be a factor of three higher (3.62cf. 1.47kgm(-3)) on Kraft mills compared to mills using Thermomechanical pulping supplemented by Recycled Fibre (TMP/RCF). Biological waste treatment at both mills result...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.11.059

    authors: Antony A,Bassendeh M,Richardson D,Aquilina S,Hodgkinson A,Law I,Leslie G

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Distribution of bisphenol-A, triclosan and n-nonylphenol in human adipose tissue, liver and brain.

    abstract::In this study, an analytical method was optimized for the determination of bisphenol-A (BPA), triclosan (TCS) and 4-n-nonylphenol (4n-NP), environmental contaminants with potential endocrine disruptive activities, in human tissues. The method consisted of a liquid extraction step, derivatization with pentafluorobenzoy...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.01.002

    authors: Geens T,Neels H,Covaci A

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • The role of a combined coagulation and disk filtration process as a pre-treatment to microfiltration and reverse osmosis membranes in a municipal wastewater pilot plant.

    abstract::A pilot study was conducted to assess the performance of a municipal wastewater reclamation plant consisting of a combined coagulation-disk filtration (CC-DF) process, microfiltration (MF) and reverse osmosis (RO) membranes, in terms of the removal of water contaminants and changes in characteristics of effluent organ...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.05.042

    authors: Chon K,Cho J,Kim SJ,Jang A

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • Study on reaction kinetics and selective precipitation of Cu, Zn, Ni and Sn with H₂S in single-metal and multi-metal systems.

    abstract::Determination of reaction kinetics and selective precipitation of Cu, Zn, Ni and Sn with H(2)S in single-metal and multi-metal systems were studied to develop a process of metal recovery from plating wastewater. As samples, single-metal model wastewaters containing Cu, Sn, Zn or Ni, and multi-metal model wastewater co...

    journal_title:Chemosphere

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.07.073

    authors: Tokuda H,Kuchar D,Mihara N,Kubota M,Matsuda H,Fukuta T

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00