Identifying armed respondents to domestic violence restraining orders and recovering their firearms: process evaluation of an initiative in California.


OBJECTIVES:We evaluated a law enforcement initiative to screen respondents to domestic violence restraining orders for firearm ownership or possession and recover their firearms. METHODS:The initiative was implemented in San Mateo and Butte counties in California from 2007 through 2010. We used descriptive methods to evaluate the screening process and recovery effort in each county, relying on records for individual cases. RESULTS:Screening relied on an archive of firearm transactions, court records, and petitioner interviews; no single source was adequate. Screening linked 525 respondents (17.7%) in San Mateo County to firearms; 405 firearms were recovered from 119 (22.7%) of them. In Butte County, 88 (31.1%) respondents were linked to firearms; 260 firearms were recovered from 45 (51.1%) of them. Nonrecovery occurred most often when orders were never served or respondents denied having firearms. There were no reports of serious violence or injury. CONCLUSIONS:Recovering firearms from persons subject to domestic violence restraining orders is possible. We have identified design and implementation changes that may improve the screening process and the yield from recovery efforts. Larger implementation trials are needed.


Am J Public Health


Wintemute GJ,Frattaroli S,Claire BE,Vittes KA,Webster DW




Has Abstract


2014-02-01 00:00:00












  • HIV seroprevalence and risk behaviors among lesbians and bisexual women in San Francisco and Berkeley, California.

    abstract::Few data are available on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and risk behaviors among lesbians and bisexual women. A total of 498 lesbians and bisexual women was sampled from public venues in San Francisco and Berkeley, Calif, during 1993. The overall HIV seroprevalence was 1.2%. Ten percent of participants ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lemp GF,Jones M,Kellogg TA,Nieri GN,Anderson L,Withum D,Katz M

    更新日期:1995-11-01 00:00:00

  • Consistency between increasing trends in added-sugar intake and body mass index among adults: the Minnesota Heart Survey, 1980-1982 to 2007-2009.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We described 27-year secular trends in added-sugar intake and body mass index (BMI) among Americans aged 25 to 74 years. METHODS:The Minnesota Heart Survey (1980-1982 to 2007-2009) is a surveillance study of cardiovascular risk factors among residents of the Minneapolis-St Paul area. We used generalized lin...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang H,Steffen LM,Zhou X,Harnack L,Luepker RV

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Ethnic disparities in access to care in post-apartheid South Africa.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We investigated ethnic disparities in obtaining medical care among the 4 major ethnic groups (Blacks, Whites, Coloreds [i.e., those of mixed race], and Asians) in post-apartheid South Africa. METHODS:Data for the study came from the 2002 Afrobarometer: Round II Survey of South Africa. Bivariate and multivar...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kon ZR,Lackan N

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

  • Position-specific HIV risk in a large network of homeless youths.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined interconnections among runaway and homeless youths (RHYs) and how aggregated network structure position was associated with HIV risk in this population. METHODS:We collected individual and social network data from 136 RHYs. On the basis of these data, we generated a sociomatrix, accomplished net...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rice E,Barman-Adhikari A,Milburn NG,Monro W

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Peer review of mammography interpretations in a breast cancer screening program.

    abstract::Mammograms from a statewide screening program were subjected to a blind review by a panel of expert mammographers. Ninety-five percent (173/182) of original normal mammograms and 53% (164/311) of original abnormal mammograms were reread as normal. In comparison with the expert panel community radiologists were more li...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Feldman J,Smith RA,Giusti R,DeBuono B,Fulton JP,Scott HD

    更新日期:1995-06-01 00:00:00

  • Drug prescribing in hospitals: an international comparison.

    abstract::This paper presents a comparison of prescribing habits for patients hospitalized in medical wards of university hospitals in America and Scotland. American patients received almost twice as many drugs both during and prior to hospitalization than did comparable Scots. The differences between the countries were consist...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lawson DH,Jick H

    更新日期:1976-07-01 00:00:00

  • Job strain and ambulatory blood pressure: a meta-analysis and systematic review.

    abstract::We reviewed evidence of the relationship between job strain and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in 29 studies (1985-2012). We conducted a quantitative meta-analysis on 22 cross-sectional studies of a single exposure to job strain. We systematically reviewed 1 case-control study, 3 studies of cumulative exposure to job...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Landsbergis PA,Dobson M,Koutsouras G,Schnall P

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Convenience Sampling of Children Presenting to Hospital-Based Outpatient Clinics to Estimate Childhood Obesity Levels in Local Surroundings.

    abstract::Childhood obesity is a critical public health matter associated with numerous pediatric comorbidities. Local-level data are required to monitor obesity and to help administer prevention efforts when and where they are most needed. We hypothesized that samples of children visiting hospital clinics could provide represe...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gilliland J,Clark AF,Kobrzynski M,Filler G

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Mortality and economic costs from regular cigar use in the United States, 2010.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We estimated annual mortality, years of potential life lost, and associated economic costs attributable to regular cigar smoking among US adults aged 35 years or older. METHODS:We estimated cigar-attributable mortality for the United States in 2010 using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Smok...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nonnemaker J,Rostron B,Hall P,MacMonegle A,Apelberg B

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Impact and costs of varicella prevention in a university hospital.

    abstract::Information regarding all patient and staff exposures to varicella-zoster virus (VZV) was prospectively accumulated from 1/1/86 to 12/31/86 at North Carolina Memorial Hospital. During this period of time 37 sources of exposure to VZV were reported: 10 outside and 27 within the hospital. Index cases for nosocomial expo...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weber DJ,Rutala WA,Parham C

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Projected changes in breast cancer incidence due to the trend toward delayed childbearing.

    abstract::Because there has been a recent trend toward delay of childbearing in the United States, women in the birth cohort of 1945-49 will have an estimated 5 per cent greater incidence of breast cancer, and those in the cohort of 1950-54 an estimated 9 per cent greater incidence compared with the cohort of 1935-39, which had...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: White E

    更新日期:1987-04-01 00:00:00

  • Policies toward medical technology: the case of electronic fetal monitoring.

    abstract::Electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) is an example of a medical technology that has been widely accepted since its introduction in the mid-1960s. However, review of the literature does not provide convincing evidence of EFM efficacy, and four recent, controlled, clinical trails show little if any benefit in terms of prev...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Banta HD,Thacker SB

    更新日期:1979-09-01 00:00:00

  • Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment: public health training for primary care.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to elucidate changes in attitudes, experiences, readiness, and confidence levels of medical residents to perform screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) and factors that moderate these changes. METHODS:A cohort of 121 medical residents received an educa...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marshall VJ,McLaurin-Jones TL,Kalu N,Kwagyan J,Scott DM,Cain G,Greene W,Adenuga B,Taylor RE

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • What has a decade of Daubert wrought?

    abstract::There have been changes within the judicial system that may be attributable to opinions on the admissibility of expert testimony that began with the Supreme Court's 1993 decision in Daubert v Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc. After surveying Daubert and subsequent related Supreme Court opinions, I examine a number of ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Berger MA

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • The transfer of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) across the human placenta and into maternal milk.

    abstract::Cord serum and maternal milk levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) were examined in relation to maternal serum levels. Maternal serum levels were significantly higher than cord serum levels for both types of compounds. Placental passage was indicated by significant maternal to ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jacobson JL,Fein GG,Jacobson SW,Schwartz PM,Dowler JK

    更新日期:1984-04-01 00:00:00

  • Underage drivers are separating drinking from driving.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:From 1985 to 1995, drivers younger than 21 years experienced a 50% drop in fatal crashes involving alcohol. This study addresses whether the decrease is explained by young drivers' drinking less or by their separating drinking from driving. METHODS:Nighttime roadside surveys were conducted in 3 communities ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roeper PJ,Voas RB

    更新日期:1999-05-01 00:00:00

  • Can medicaid reimbursement help give female condoms a second chance in the United States?

    abstract::The female condom is the only other barrier contraception method besides the male condom, and it is the only "woman-initiated" device for prevention of sexually transmitted infections. Although studies demonstrate high acceptability and effectiveness for this device, overall use in the United States remains low. The f...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Witte SS,Stefano K,Hawkins C

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • Trends in tobacco use on television.

    abstract::A two-week composite sample of prime time television programming from fall 1984 was analyzed for portrayals of alcohol and tobacco. Earlier studies note that smoking acts have progressively declined, suggesting smoking is no longer as frequent on prime time television. The current study notes higher levels of smoking....

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cruz J,Wallack L

    更新日期:1986-06-01 00:00:00

  • AIDS education for drug abusers: evaluation of short-term effectiveness.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Interventions are needed to assist drug abusers in reducing risky drug and sexual behavior. METHODS:A randomized controlled trial compared three small-group AIDS educational interventions among 567 clients of a 21-day inpatient drug detoxification program: a two-session informational intervention, given eit...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: McCusker J,Stoddard AM,Zapka JG,Morrison CS,Zorn M,Lewis BF

    更新日期:1992-04-01 00:00:00

  • Concussion incidences and severity in secondary school varsity football players.

    abstract::The head coaches and players of 103 secondary school football teams in Minnesota were asked to respond to mail questionnaires. Information about injury incidence and concomitant health care provision was elicited. Responses from 3,063 players (81 per cent) yielded a total injury rate of 78 injuries/100 players; 19/100...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gerberich SG,Priest JD,Boen JR,Straub CP,Maxwell RE

    更新日期:1983-12-01 00:00:00

  • Women's health after pregnancy and child outcomes at age 3 years: a prospective cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study examined the persistence and comorbidity of women's physical and mental health conditions after pregnancy and the association of these conditions with child outcomes. METHODS:A national cohort of women who recently gave birth were surveyed in 1988 and again in 1991. We examined longitudinal data ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kahn RS,Zuckerman B,Bauchner H,Homer CJ,Wise PH

    更新日期:2002-08-01 00:00:00

  • Swimming pool drownings among US residents aged 5-24 years: understanding racial/ethnic disparities.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We examined circumstances surrounding swimming pool drownings among US residents aged 5 to 24 years to understand why Black males and other racial/ethnic groups have high drowning rates. METHODS:We obtained data about drowning deaths in the United States (1995-1998) from death certificates, medical examiner ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saluja G,Brenner RA,Trumble AC,Smith GS,Schroeder T,Cox C

    更新日期:2006-04-01 00:00:00

  • Postneoliberal Public Health Care Reforms: Neoliberalism, Social Medicine, and Persistent Health Inequalities in Latin America.

    abstract::Several Latin American countries are implementing a suite of so-called "postneoliberal" social and political economic policies to counter neoliberal models that emerged in the 1980s. This article considers the influence of postneoliberalism on public health discourses, policies, institutions, and practices in Bolivia,...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hartmann C

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Ke 'Ano Ola: Moloka'i's community-based healthy lifestyle modification program.

    abstract::We evaluated a community-based 12-week healthy lifestyle program in Moloka'i, HI, called Ke 'Ano Ola, which was developed to decrease chronic disease risk through health education emphasizing weight loss, exercise, and risk factor reduction. Program leaders' strong commitment and positive role modeling, along with soc...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gellert KS,Aubert RE,Mikami JS

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • Letter: Random thoughts on abortion attitudes.

    abstract::Comments on a paper of physicians' attitudes toward abortion are presented. The reasons for approval of abortion which show about 80% citing medical or psychiatric and only 60% citing social reasons or a woman's right to do with her body what she wants support the belief in the sexist attitudes of physicians. Disbel...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Solomon K

    更新日期:1976-09-01 00:00:00

  • Geographic distribution of newborn HIV seroprevalence in relation to four sociodemographic variables.

    abstract::The geographic distribution of newborn human immunodeficiency virus seroprevalence at zip code level was compared with the distribution of four sociodemographic variables. For New York City significant univariate correlations were found between HIV and low birthweight, drug use (as measured by hospital discharges), ma...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morse DL,Lessner L,Medvesky MG,Glebatis DM,Novick LF

    更新日期:1991-05-01 00:00:00

  • Milestones in the process of cessation among novice adolescent smokers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to document the sequence and timing of milestones in the process of smoking cessation by prospectively studied cessation milestones among novice adolescent smokers. METHODS:Participants, aged 12 to 13 years in 1999 (n = 1293), completed self-report questionnaires every 3 months during the school y...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: O'Loughlin J,Gervais A,Dugas E,Meshefedjian G

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • A 5-year follow-up study of 117 battered women.

    abstract::This paper reports register data concerning somatic and psychiatric hospital care on 117 battered women who were identified in a surgical emergency department and offered a treatment program. Data were collected during a period of 10 years before to 5 years after the battering in question. It was concluded that the ba...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bergman B,Brismar B

    更新日期:1991-11-01 00:00:00

  • Ciprofloxacin-resistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in New York health care facilities, 1988. The New York MRSA Study Group.

    abstract::The emergence in 1988 of ciprofloxacin-resistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in New York City was studied in nine hospitals and eight nursing homes. Of the 43 hospitalized patients studied, 21 were admitted from home, while nine of the 12 nursing home patients were transferred from a hospital. T...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Budnick LD,Schaefler S

    更新日期:1990-07-01 00:00:00

  • Income inequality and mortality in US counties: does minority racial concentration matter?

    abstract:UNLABELLED:This study examined (1) the relationship between income inequality and mortality among all counties in the contiguous United States to ascertain whether the relationships found for states and metropolitan areas extend to smaller geographic units and (2) the influence of minority racial concentration on the i...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McLaughlin DK,Stokes CS

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00